Music has been around since the dawn of time, and its history is long and complex. Throughout the centuries, music has been shaped by countless cultures, each one adding their own unique sounds and styles. From ancient folk songs to modern pop hits, this timeline covers the evolution of music from its earliest roots to today. The earliest evidence of musical instruments dates back over 40,000 years ago when ancient humans played flutes made from bone or animal horn. Over time, instruments such as drums and lyres were developed in a variety of cultures including Egypt and Mesopotamia. These early instruments laid the groundwork for more complex classical music forms like those found in Ancient Greece. Greek musicians wrote melodies that used mathematical ratios to evoke specific emotions, creating what would become the foundation for much later Western classical music. During the Middle Ages (500-1400 AD), vocal Church music such as Gregorian chant flourished while troubadours composed secular songs about love and chivalry. This was followed by Renaissance music (1400-1600 AD) which saw an increased emphasis on vocal harmonies along with new musical forms such as opera and madrigals. Baroque period composers like Bach began writing more complex works for orchestras which featured intricate counterpoint techniques and dynamic contrasts between different sections of the orchestra . In the 18th century during what became known as The Classical period (1750-1820), composers started writing works based on symmetrical motives rather than improvisation or song form as was common in previous eras . This resulted in highly structured symphonies which were often performed by large orchestras with specialized instruments like violins and harpsichords. During this era , Mozart wrote some of his most famous operas while Haydn created some of his iconic symphonies . The 19th century saw a great change in musical style known as Romanticism(1820-1910). While aspects of classicism remained , composers also started exploring new directions with more expressive melodies , larger orchestras , longer pieces , colorful orchestration , religious subject matter , exotic scales etc . Popular tunes such as polkas began to emerge while Chopin wrote some of his most famous piano works during this era . The late 19th century saw ragtime emerge out of African American communities before jazz came into prominence during the early 20th century . Jazz combined elements from African American spirituals with European classical influences to create new styles such as swing or bebop that are still popular today . Meanwhile blues combined elements from both folk traditions along with jazz influences resulting in a slower style that influenced many other genres including rock n roll . Rock n roll emerged out of 1950s America combining elements from black rhythm & blues along with white country & western resulting in Elvis Presley’s first hit records . Since then rock n roll has evolved into many subgenres including heavy metal punk alternative rock etc while hip hop has become just as popular thanks to artists like Tupac Shakur & Notorious B I G who helped bring rap into mainstream consciousness during he 1990s alongside other influential acts like Dr Dre Snoop Dogg Faith Evans Lauryn Hill Outkast etc.
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