The Eastern Roman Empire, more commonly known as the Byzantine Empire, was the continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire after its division in 395 AD. It was an extremely influential and powerful empire that lasted for over a thousand years until its fall in 1453. During this time period, the Byzantine Empire controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa. Under its rule, it witnessed some incredible cultural and technological developments as well as a great expansion of trade. The Byzantine Empire was founded by Emperor Constantine I in 330 AD when he moved his capital from Rome to Constantinople (now Istanbul). There he established a new government based on Christian values which would be called Byzantium” from then on. This new government adopted many aspects of Roman law but also developed its own unique culture and laws which distinguished it from other empires at the time. As time went on, the Byzantines became increasingly influenced by Greek culture which shaped their art, architecture, literature and language all throughout their rule.
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