The Civil War was a crucial period of American history that changed the nation forever. It was fought between the Union, led by Abraham Lincoln, and the Confederacy, led by Jefferson Davis. Over 620,000 soldiers died in this four-year period and it is considered one of the bloodiest wars in American history. The main causes of the Civil War were slavery, states’ rights, and economic differences between the North and South. The issue of slavery was a major cause of contention between the Union and Confederacy. The Confederate States wanted to keep their right to own slaves while Northern states wanted to abolish slavery altogether. This caused a great divide in America that eventually escalated into war. Additionally, many states argued for their right to make their own laws without interference from other states or from federal authoritiesthis further contributed to tensions between North and South leading up to the war. Finally, there were huge economic differences between Northern and Southern states which added fuel to an already volatile situation. The Southern economy relied heavily on agricultural production while most Northern factories had shifted away from farming towards industrialization; this led to feelings of resentment from both sides as each saw themselves as unfairly treated by other states or regions within America. The Civil War was a pivotal moment in American history that changed the course of our nation forever; it brought an end to slavery after years of struggle and debate, it redefined how citizens view each other and it established new rules for governing alongside federal authorities across state lines.
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