5. Types Of Listeners, Types Of Listeners Assessment, Music Appreciation Midterm (1-9)

24 August 2022
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A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
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true
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What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?
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absolute
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Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
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The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"
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The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.
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true
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music
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false
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A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
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false
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Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
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false
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Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:
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"Scenes from the Field"
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.
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false
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This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?
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enjoy the music as background
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The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.
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True
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Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.
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False
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Which of the following is true of the casual listener?
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Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat."
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
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False
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What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?
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Absolute
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.
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False
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The perceptive listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
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True
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Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?
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Excerpt B
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Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
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True
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A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
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False
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Critical Listener
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primary motivation is to identify what is wrong with a performance. For very scrupulous critical listeners, every detail of the performance must be perfect, including the accuracy of the notes. Such listeners may even demand perfection in live music, with anything short of perfection considered a poor performance.
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Tempo
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The speed of the rhythm of a composition. Tempo is measured according to beats per minute. A very fast tempo, prestissimo, has between 200 and 208 beats per minute, presto has 168 to 200 beats per minute, allegro has between 120 and 168 beats per minute, moderato has 108 to 120 beats per minute, andante has 76 to 108, adagio has 66 to 76, larghetto has 60 to 66, and largo, the slowest tempo, has 40 to 60.
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Perceptive Listener
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combines the characteristics of the previous three types of listeners but is not limited by them. The perceptive listener:
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Perceptive listener like the casual
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Enjoys sound for sound's sake, but asks: What is it in the music that makes me feel this way? Is it the way the performer is interpreting the music? Is it because of the volume or speed at which it is played? Is it because it is sung, played by instruments, or because it has a good balance of unity and variety? Is it a combination of all these elements? If so, which combination is at work?
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Perceptive Listener like the Referential
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Like the referential listener, may have associations with the music being heard, but also tries to remember: When and where the music was heard most recently. What other works from that composer or performer she knows.
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Perceptive Listener like the Critical
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is aware of the quality of a performance but goes beyond the technical aspects to seek understanding and appreciation of the human and cultural values embodied in the music.
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Perceptive Listener Contd'
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Attends concerts regularly and listens with concentration. Uses appropriate musical vocabulary, not lay terms like "mellow" or "upbeat," to describe music. Tries to develop an awareness of different musical styles and realizes that there are significant and valid differences among these styles. The perceptive listener is open to all kinds of music. Realizes that music is created for many different purposes and by many different kinds of people. Really tries to understand the music and what makes it interesting before passing judgment on it. Would never decide that she does not like a certain kind of music without having listened to it. Tries to learn something about the music before listening to a live or recorded performance of it. Is aware of the fact that a piece of music, regardless of style, might take some time to reveal its structure, meaning and beauty, and is therefore prepared to reserve judgment until she has heard it many times.
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Antonio Vilvaldi's Concerto in F minor (Winter)
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It is one of four compositions that, as a group, form a work called The Four Seasons. A fine example of program music, each of the four compositions depicts one of the four seasons of the year. Vivaldi also wrote poems to accompany each movement and linked lines of the poems to corresponding sections of the music.
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Program Music
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Compositions with extra-musical content that directs the attention of the listener to a literary or pictoral association. Program music was especially popular in the 19th century.
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The character of the minuet is best described as
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Stately and dignified
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A common rondo pattern is
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ABACABA
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A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called a
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cadenza
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The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
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fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
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In many of Beethoven's works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet.
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scherzo
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The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for
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solo instrument and orchestra
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the standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by
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Ludwig von Kรถchel
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Chamber music is characterized by
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having one performer per part
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A string quartet is a musical composition for
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2 violins, viola, cello
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Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years
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1750-1820
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Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as
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AA'A''A'''A''''.
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The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of
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strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
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The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony.
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third
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A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for
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piano
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One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the
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early Baroque
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The early baroque was characterized by
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homophonic texture
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The middle baroque was characterized by
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A diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.
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A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the
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clavichord
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Affections in baroque usage refers to
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Emotional states or moods of music
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The intellectual movement called humanism
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focused on human life and its accomplishments
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Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass? Credo, Kyrie, Ave Maria, Gloria.
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Ave Maria
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The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the
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motet
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The Renaissance madrigal is a
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Piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love.
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Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called
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dynamics
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The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
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pitch
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The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with
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horsehair
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If a string player uses vibrato โ€” rocking of the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations โ€” it is because
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using vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive
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Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they
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do not contain a string section
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A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a
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cadence
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A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as
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staccato
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A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called
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a chord
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Harmony refers to
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the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
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A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a
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dissonance
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A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a
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consonance
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Another term for key is
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tonality
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The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the
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tonic
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when a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called
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imitation.
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When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is
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homophonic
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The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is
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monophonic
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The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called
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counterpoint
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When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
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polyphonic
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Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called
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variation
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The organization of musical ideas in time is called
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form
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The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counter statement would be called
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binary
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Music can be defined as...
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...an art based on the organization of sounds in time.
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The four main properties of musical sound are pitch, dynamic, tone color, and...
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...duration.
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The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called...
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...pitch.
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A sound that has a definite pitch is called a...
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...tone.
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The distance in pitch between any two tones is called an...
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...interval.
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When tones are separated by the interval called an _______, they sound very much alike.
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octave
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The distance between the lowest and highest tones an instrument can produce is called its...
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...pitch range.
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Dynamics in music refers to...
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...degrees of loudness and softness.
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A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a...
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...diminuendo.
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Timbre is synonymous with...
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...tone color.
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Which of the following is not a normal classification of male vocal ranges?
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Contralto (correct answer) Baritone Tenor Bass
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A symphonic band consists of mainly...
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...brass, woodwind, and percussion.
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Plucking the string with a finger instead of using a bow is called....
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...pizzicato.
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Woodwind instruments are so named because...
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...they were originally made of wood.
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The ______ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch.
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timpani
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The ______ has strings that a plucked by a set of plastic, quill, or leather wedges.
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harpsichord
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Rapidly repeating tones by quick up and down strokes of the bow is known as...
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...tremolo.
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regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
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beat
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organization of beats into regular groups is called
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meter
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the first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the
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downbeat
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this term refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music
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tempo
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in musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five lines called a
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staff
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the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch
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sequence
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musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
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harmony
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a series of chords is called a
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progression
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the simplest most basic chord in western music is the
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triad
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chromatic is used in music to refer to the
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twelve tones of an octave
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when two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
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polyphonic
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a round is an example of
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strict imitation
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homophonic texture consists of
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one main melody accompanied by chords
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some feature of a music idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as
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variation
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ordered flow of music through time
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rhythm
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in musical notation, silence is indicated by
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rests
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combination of tones that are unusable and tense
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dissonance
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central tone around which a musical composition is organized
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tonic
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texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is
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monophonic
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middle ages in european history
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450-1450
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who held virtual monopoly on learning in middle ages
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monks in monasteries
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most medieval music was
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vocal
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the music medieval monks made was
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gregorian chant
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texture of gregorian chant
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monophonic
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earliest chant manuscripts from what century
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ninth
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earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by
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Hildegard of Bingen
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The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by
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french nobles called troubadors
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first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when
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monks began to add a second line to gregorian chant
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gregorian chant with one additional melodic line
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organum
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center of polyphonic music in europe after 1150 was
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paris
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earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm
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Loenin and Perotin
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"ars nova" refers to
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italian and french music of the fourteenth century
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Renaissance in music occured between
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1450-1600
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texture of renaissance music is chiefly
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polyphonic
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two main forms of sacred renaissance music are
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mass and motet
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the renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in
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Italy
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Weelkes's "As Vesta Was Descending" is notable for its
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word painting
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nuns and monks sang at what two types of services
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office and mass
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a capella refers to
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unaccompanied choral music
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baroque style flourished in music during this period
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1600-1750
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early baroque period was characterized by
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homophonic texture
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Montoverdi created music that was
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passionate and dramatic
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instrumental music became as important as vocal music a this time
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middle baroque
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a baroque musical composition usually expresses ________ within the same movement
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constantly changing moods
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sudden alterations between loud and soft
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terraced dynamics
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main keyboard instuments of the baroque era were
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piano and harpsichord
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most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
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basso continuo
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a movement in music usually refers to
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piece that can be independent but is part of a larger composition
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three movements of concerto grosso
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fast, slow, fast
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first and last movements of concerto grosso are in what form
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ritornello
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main theme of a fugue is called the
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subject
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a play set to music with orchestral accompaniment with costumes and actors
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operas
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the text or book of a musical dramatic work
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libretto
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vocal line that imitates fluctuations of speech
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recitative
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camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow
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rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech
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first european opera house to offer admission to anyone paying the price opened in
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venice, italy
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castrati
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lung power of man, range of woman, highly paid, castrated (all answers correct)
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statement is not true about monteverdi
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all twelve of his operas are performed regularly in europe and america
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Dido and Aeneas was composed by
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Henry Purcell
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vivaldi spend most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in
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venice
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vivaldi was famous as a virtuoso on what instrument
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violin
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vivaldi wrote appox how many concerto grosso and solo concertos
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450
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Bach was most eminent of his day with what instrument
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organ
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Bach created masterpieces in every from except
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opera
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sets of dance inspired instrumental movements
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suites
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baroque suites typically begin with
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french overture
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congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to
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participate in the service
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bach's cantatas closely resembled what of that time
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operas
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sonata intended to be played in a church
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sonata de chiesa
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Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for
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two violins and basso continuo
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a vivaldi concerto typically has
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three
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vivaldi wrote concertos for a great variety of instruments (T/F)
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true
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A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach's
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well-tempered clavier
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which of the following is not a part of baroque suite
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waltz
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two sections of a french overture
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slow-fast
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A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the
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cantata
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how many performers in baroque trio sonata
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four
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dates for classicism in western art music
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1750-1820
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which is not a sonata form movement
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rondo
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concluding section of sonata form movement
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coda
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theme and variations form may be outlined as
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AA'A''A'''A''''.
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minuet and trio movement of classical symphony is in what form
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ABA
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minuet is generally what number movement of a classical symphony
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third
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beethoven replaces what kind of movement for the minuet in many of his works
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scherzo
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rondo may be schematically outlined as
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ABACABA
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return of the main theme in rondo form is welcome because it is in what key
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tonic
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rondo most often serves as the
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finale
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first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast and in what form
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sonata
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usual order of movements in classical symphony is
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fast, slow, dance-related, fast
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a concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for
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an instrumental soloist and orchestra
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mozart and beethoven wrote concertos for their favorite instrument, the
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piano
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sequence of movements in classical concerto is
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fast, slow, fast
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first movement of a classical concerto has
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two expositions
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classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it doesn't have these movements
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minuet or scherzo
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In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
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ridiculed the aristocracy
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In the exposition of a sonata form movement...
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the second theme is in a new key
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each successive variation in a theme with variations
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retains some elements of the theme
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pieces of an oratorio are usually connected by means of
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a narrators recitatives
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handel's messiah is an example of
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an oratorio
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Handel spent a major portion of his time in
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England
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the core of Handel's output was english oratorios and italian...
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operas
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oratorio differs from opera in that is has no
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acting, costumes or scenery
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Oratorios first appeared in
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Italy
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2 violins, viola, cello, four movements, most important form in chamber music
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string quartet
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Haydn's two popular oratorios: the seasons and
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the creation
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Mozart's symphony no. 40 in Gmin is
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one of his last three symphonies
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major factor that distinguishes chamber music from symphony
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one player per part
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in addition to 68 string quartets, how many symphonies did Haydn write?
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104
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where were the 12 symphonies for JP Saloman first performed? (Named the _______ symphonies)
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London
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family that helped make Haydn famous
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Esterhazy
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mozart's finest german opera
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the magic flute
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piano trio is written for what 3 instruments?
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violin, cello, piano
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after he went deaf, his compositions included piano sonatas, string quartets, and the 9th symphony. these are some of beethoven's...
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late works
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beethoven had 16 of these, and they were considered some of the greatest ever recorded
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string quartets
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piano sonata is for...
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piano only
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Beethoven's third symphony commemorated
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Napoleon
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beethoven had a habbit of carrying a
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musical sketchbook
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beethoven's only opera is entitled
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Fidelio
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Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
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True
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Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
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True
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Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.
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True
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Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.
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False
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Which of the following statements is Not true?
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Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes.
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Musical associations remained fixed in time.
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False
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Igor Stravinsky did not believe expression to be the primary purpose of music.
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True
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Whose mythology was filled with references to the healing power of music? ( Greek? Ancient Egyptian? Chinese?)
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All of the Above
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Which instrument is not an the name of a type of African talking drum:
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Yoruba
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Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.
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True