WH Final Review

25 July 2022
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The liberals believed in personal freedom
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What was a main difference between French conservatives and liberals following the Congress of Vienna? The liberals believed in absolute monarchs. The liberals did not want an elected parliament. The liberals believed in personal freedom. The liberals wanted to eliminate government.
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restore peace and stability to Europe
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After the French Revolution of 1791 and the Napoleonic Wars, European leaders' greatest goal was to restore peace and stability to Europe. punish Napoleon for his actions. help the Catholic Church regain power. unite Europe under one ruler.
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gave up territory it had won under Napoleon
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As a result of the Congress of Vienna, France became part of the German Confederation. gave up territory it had won under Napoleon. became more powerful than any other nation. annexed parts of Italy and the Netherlands.
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trying to increase the power of the monarchy
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Charles X sparked a revolt in France by favoring the interests of business owners over the wealthy. attempting to start a war with the rest of Europe. refusing to agree with the terms of the Congress of Vienna. trying to increase the power of the monarchy.
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1824
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Charles X became king of France in . 1812 1824 1830 1848
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Leaders believed the monarchs could help prevent any one ruler from taking too much power
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Why did Napoleon's reign make European leaders eager to restore the monarchies? Leaders believed the monarchs could help prevent any one ruler from taking too much power. Leaders thought that another powerful ruler like Napoleon might emerge from the monarchs. Leaders felt that the monarchs could determine which nation should be most powerful. Leaders believed that new monarchies would meet the people's demands for reform.
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few people supported the revolutions
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A main reason that the Age of Revolutions initially failed to achieve widespread change in some nations of Europe was because revolts were poorly organized. few people supported the revolutions. liberal reforms were impractical in daily life. monarchs reasoned with the rebels.
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People in other parts of Europe wanted more say in their government
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What is the most likely reason the revolt against Louis Philippe led to other revolts across Europe? People in other parts of Europe were opposed to Louis Philippe. People in other parts of Europe wanted more power for the monarchy. People in other parts of Europe wanted more say in their government. People in other parts of Europe were opposed to liberal views.
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Louis Philippe was liberal
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What was a major difference between Charles X and Louis Philippe? Louis Philippe was liberal. Louis Philippe believed in a monarchy. Louis Philippe was against reform. Louis Philippe was conservative.
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gave up the throne and fled for Great Britain
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As a result of the violent revolts in France in July 1830, Charles X gave up the throne and fled for Great Britain. agreed to increase the power of the monarchy. began to take the side of the conservatives. issued a proclamation supporting democracy.
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mestizos and American Indians
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Who sparked the independence movement in Mexico? peninsulares and mestizos criollos and peninsulares criollos and American Indians mestizos and American Indians
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mestizos
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In Spanish Latin America, people who were of mixed European and Indian ancestry were called criollos. mulattoes. mestizos. peninsulares.
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Toussaint L'Ouverture
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What is the name of this man, who led the 1791 revolt in Haiti? SimĂłn BolĂ­var Toussaint L'Ouverture Miguel Hidalgo P.J. Laborie
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haiti
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Saint Dominique, a French colony in the Caribbean Sea where 100,000 slaves rebelled, became a country called . Cuba Haiti the Dominican Republic the Bahamas
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rather die than go back to being enslaved
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The passage shows that L'Ouverture believed that freed enslaved persons would not be able to appreciate freedom. not fight for freedom anymore. rather die than go back to being enslaved. rather go back to being enslaved than die.
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conflicting views on government
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Political instability in the emerging Latin American countries was due in part to cultural similarities. conflicting views on government. better education for all. increased trade and commerce.
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criollos signed a petition and asked the king's son, Don Pedro, to rule
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Brazil's road to independence was different from that of its Latin American neighbors in that the battles with Portugal were much bloodier. Brazil sought independence from France and Portugal. criollos signed a petition and asked the king's son, Don Pedro, to rule. criollos killed the Portuguese king and appointed Don Pedro in his place.
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instead Latin America was divided into Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela
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Bolívar had hoped for a unified state in Latin America, but he was unable to launch a revolution strong enough to overthrow the government. instead Latin America was divided into Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. instead Latin American was divided into El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. he could not convince José de San Martin to give up control of the army.
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More and better food allowed people to be healthy and well fed
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What is the most likely reason the Agricultural Revolution caused a population increase? Wealthy landowners could afford to have many children. More and better food allowed people to be healthy and well fed. Tenant farmers were able to settle down and have families. Many people moved to cities in search of jobs.
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demand for goods increased and populations grew rapidly
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Which of these developments helped launch the Industrial Revolution? Check all that apply. Demand for goods increased. More families produced their own food. Populations grew rapidly. Many people moved back to rural areas. Landowners hired more workers.
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products would have been more expensive
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How would life have been different in the 1800s if the steam locomotive had not been invented? Products would have been more expensive. Locomotives would have used wood or coal. Most goods would have been transported by wagon. Most goods would have been transported by steamboat.
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most farmland was controlled by the wealthy, people moved to cities to find work, and landowners put enclosures around land
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Which of these statements describe life after the Agricultural Revolution? Check all that apply. Most farmland was controlled by the wealthy. People moved to cities to find work. Farms produced fewer crops. More people lived and worked in rural areas. Landowners put enclosures around land.
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The locomotive used the same technology but could travel more broadly
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What is the most likely reason that the steam locomotive was developed soon after the steamboat? The steamboat was useful only for transporting goods, not people. The locomotive used the same technology but could travel more broadly. The steamboat was practical only in England, which is an island. The locomotive used more efficient technology and was less expensive.
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It helped restore nutrients to the soil so crops grew better
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What role did crop rotation play in the Agricultural Revolution? It enabled farmers to plant many new types of crops. It allowed farmers to share crops with one another. It introduced new machines to plant and harvest crops. It helped restore nutrients to the soil so crops grew better.
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increase the speed of textile production
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The purpose of a spinning jenny was to increase the speed of textile production. streamline the production of cotton. produce more power to run machines. improve the quality of soil on farms.
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improved farming methods
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What started the modern Agricultural Revolution? new types of crops improved farming methods greater demand for food more fertile soil
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people began to build canals in the United States and Europe
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An effect of the steamboat's popularity was that fewer people traveled by rail. steam locomotives became less popular. people began to build canals in the United States and Europe. more people began to travel between the United States and Europe.
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They used force to end union activities
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What did factory owners do to prevent unions from forming? They paid off union leaders so they would stay away. They had union leaders arrested for no cause. They only hired workers who promised they would not join a union. They used force to end union activities.
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Labor's work hours were limited
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What was one way the passage of the Factory Acts (1844-1847) affected labor? Labor's work hours were limited. Labor won the right to unionize. Labor could no longer strike. Labor earned yearly vacation time.
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they joined unions, they formed women's suffrage organizations, and they won property rights
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How did women use their positions in the workforce to demand rights? Check all that apply. They joined unions. They changed the rules where they worked. They got separate restrooms from men. They formed women's suffrage organizations. They won property rights.
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In 1807, he achieved a ban on British slave trade
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How was William Wilberforce, a member of Parliament, able to affect the future of slavery in Britain? In 1833, he achieved a ban on slave labor in factories. In 1807, he achieved a ban on British slave trade. In 1833, he was able to get reduced penalties for runaways. In 1804, he was able to establish safe-houses for runaway slaves.
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working conditions were horrible
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As the 1800s progressed, demands for labor reform increased mainly because hiring practices were not standardized and were unfair. wages were not based on workers' experience. working conditions were horrible. firings were without cause.
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workers can lose their jobs, factory production can be stopped, profits can be threatened, and strikes can sometimes turn violent
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What can happen when unions decide to strike? Check all that apply. Workers can lose their jobs. Factory production can be stopped. Police can prohibit the strike. Profits can be threatened. Strikes sometimes can turn violent. Profits can actually rise. Factory owners will always negotiate.
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revolutions were spreading across europe
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What was going on in Europe that most likely influenced the reform movements of the 1800s? Governments were slow to act. Populations were increasing rapidly. Revolutions were spreading across Europe. Populations were decreasing as a result of emigration.
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compulsory education and attendance laws were passed in both countries (?)
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In both Britain and the United States, what happened in the 1870s that limited child labor? As unions became stronger, they didn't allow children under 14 to work. Laws passed in both countries prohibited children under 14 from working. Laws passed in both countries limited children to work only 8 hours a day. Compulsory education and attendance laws were passed in both countries.
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collective bargaining
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Negotiation between union leaders and business management is called . striking collective bargaining joining a union protesting
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it abolished slavery
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What did the Thirteenth Amendment do? It abolished slavery. It gave women the right to vote. It made universal education mandatory. It established the right of unions to organize.
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the middle class
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A major accomplishment of Britain's Reform Act of 1832 was that it gave voting rights to the middle class. all males. all citizens. former enslaved persons.
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calls for the abolition of slavery increased
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During industrialization, what were the attitudes toward slavery? calls for the abolition of slavery increased. Even more slaves were put to work in factories. Factory owners refused to use slaves as their workers. Runaway slaves were not prosecuted.
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only five percent of the population was able to vote, only wealthy landowners were able to vote, and large cities were extremely underrepresented
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What were the major problems in the British parliamentary system? Check all that apply. Only five percent of the population was able to vote. Only wealthy landowners were able to vote. Only wealthy business owners were able to vote. Large cities were extremely underrepresented. Large and small cities had equal representation.
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collective bargaining
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What would be labor's first step in solving labor problems and effecting change? striking collective bargaining protest marching joining a union
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in 1807, he achieved a ban on british slave trade
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How was William Wilberforce, a member of Parliament, able to affect the future of slavery in Britain? In 1833, he achieved a ban on slave labor in factories. In 1807, he achieved a ban on British slave trade. In 1833, he was able to get reduced penalties for runaways. In 1804, he was able to establish safe-houses for runaway slaves.
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in 1833, before the united states did
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Britain abolished slavery in 1865, after the United States did. in 1804, before the United States did. in 1833, before the United States did. in 1848, after the United States did.
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communism
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An economic theory that calls for workers to take control of factories is . communism socialism capitalism utopianism
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assistance for the poor, better working conditions, and minimum wage laws
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What moderate reforms did European socialists support? Check all that apply. assistance for the poor working class revolution better working conditions lack of protections for unions minimum wage laws lack of regulation for prices
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competition, self interest, and laissez-faire
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The three main ideas behind capitalism as defined by Adam Smith are free markets, laissez-faire, and fair taxes. competition, self interest, and laissez-faire. laissez-faire, regulation, and self interest. competition, free markets, and trade limits.
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socialism
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An economic theory that stresses government management of the production and distribution of goods is . communism socialism capitalism utopianism
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workers
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Karl Marx called for to control government and develop a classless society. dictators capitalists monarchs workers
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a gap between rich and poor
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During industrialization, which led to an exploration of new economic theories? a war between socialists and capitalists a gap between rich and poor the seizure of property by the government the fight to control businesses by individuals
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he built schools
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Workers competed for jobs in the model factory started by Robert Owen because he overpaid them. he built schools. he was famous. he guaranteed jobs.
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communism
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Karl Marx developed the economic theory of socialism. capitalism. utopianism. communism.
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capitalist governments enacted reforms
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In general, which best explains why communist revolutions did not happen? Workers were too tired and poor to revolt. Moderate socialists were less radical. Capitalist governments enacted reforms. Workers were not convinced they would work.
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Government regulation was minimal, but new laws protected workers and their standard of living
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Which best explains how a mixed economy addressed problems that arose from capitalism? Laissez-faire principles remained, but government passed laws promoting worker safety. Government interference continued, and new laws allowed workers to own companies. Supply and demand remained, and government took control of the means of production. Government regulation was minimal, but new laws protected workers and their standard of living.
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A, D, E, F
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Which statements accurately describe José de San Martín, a powerful criollo leader? Check all that apply. A) José de San Martín led Argentine rebels against the Spanish colonial government. B) José de San Martín supported the Spanish colonial government against Argentine rebels. C) José de San Martín seized control of the army from Bolivar. D) José de San Martín gave control of the army to Bolivar. E) José de San Martín led an army over the Andes mountains to Chile. F) José de San Martín served in the army during the Napoleonic Wars.
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citizens wanted an end to foreign rule, working people wanted social relief, and middle classes wanted more political power
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What caused the Revolutions of 1848 in Europe? Check all that apply. Citizens wanted an end to foreign rule. Conservatives wanted stronger monarchs. Working people wanted social relief. Middle classes wanted more political power. Liberals wanted to remove all monarchs.
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strong regional rule
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While Latin American countries had many different ideas about government, those that wanted a liberal government preferred strong regional rule. strong centralized government. authoritarian rule. maintaining class structures.
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US workers won the right to unionize after britain in 1898
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Which is a true statement? US workers won the right to unionize before Britain in 1898. US workers won the right to unionize after Britain in 1898. US workers won the right to unionize before Britain in 1870. US workers won the right to unionize after Britain in 1870.
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goods were produced efficiently and needed more efficient transportation
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How did innovations in manufacturing lead to improvements in transportation? Goods were produced efficiently and needed more efficient transportation. Goods became more valuable and required safer transportation. Inventions used in textile production also improved transportation systems. Multiple cottage industries meant an increased need for travel to cities.
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he leaves the throne
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When a king abdicates, he seizes power. he leaves the throne. he makes new laws. he rules the nation.
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slavery would be abolished
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Toussaint L'Ouverture issued a constitution to ensure that Haiti would never rejoin the French republic. Haiti would rejoin the French republic. officials would be elected. slavery would be abolished.
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father of capitalism
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Philosopher Adam Smith is known as the father of communism. father of capitalism. founder of socialism. founder of utopianism.
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the wealth of nations
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Adam Smith is the author of what influential book? Capitalism, the Unknown Ideal Conditions of the Working Class The Communist Manifesto The Wealth of Nations
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government reform
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As a result of the French Revolution of 1791 and the Napoleonic Wars, people most wanted a new emperor. punishment for France. an end to war. government reform.
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russia
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After the congress, the Kingdom of Poland became part of . russia spain austria france
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It kept nations from cooperating to achieve shared goals
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In what way did imperialism hurt rather than help European nations? It kept nations from cooperating to achieve shared goals. It slowed the development of new industries and trade. It prevented people from forming powerful nation-states. It led nations to put Europe's welfare above their own.
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exile, harness, and bind
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This is an excerpt from a British poem called "The White Man's Burden." Which words convey the "burden" Europeans had to bear? Check all that apply. exile captives harness bind fluttered
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C and D
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Why did European nations send missionaries to convert people in Africa and Asia to Christianity? Check all that apply. A) believed cultural exchange would improve international relations. B) Africans and Asians were continually at war over religious differences. C) Europeans believed Christianity would make people more civilized. D) Europeans wanted to expand their power around the world. E) Africa and Asia wanted to become part of the European empire.
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each taking charge of their own part of Persia
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Britain and Russia managed to peacefully share control of Persia by letting Persia decide how to divide its assets. setting up a joint committee to oversee resources. agreeing to share all duties of a protectorate. each taking charge of their own part of Persia.
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its oil supply
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Which most likely was Persia's most valuable asset? its canals its cotton crop its mines its oil supply
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each gained partial control of persia's economy
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When Russia and Britain established spheres of influence in Persia, Russia and Britain ______ each gained partial control of Persia's economy. together shared total control of Persia's government. together shared total control of Persia's economy. each gained partial control of Persia's government.
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building a large army and expanding egyptian territory
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Muhammad Ali tried to westernize Egypt by building a large army and expanding Egyptian territory. allowing Britain to take control of the government. expanding farms and developing a range of new crops. inviting European industries to expand to Egypt.
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it felt it had no choice because russia and britain were so powerful
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What is the most likely reason Persia gave economic control to Russia and Britain? It felt it had no choice because Russia and Britain were so powerful. It believed it would benefit from the deal more than Russia or Britain. It wanted to maintain peace in the region no matter the cost. It knew that Russia and Britain would not exploit its resources.
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russia, the ottoman empire, france, and britain
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Which correctly lists all of the belligerents in the Crimean War? Russia, the Ottoman Empire, France, and Britain Russia, France, Britain, and India Russia and the Ottoman Empire Russia, France, and Britain
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central asia
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Persia was located between the Middle East and Great Britain. Central Asia. Africa. Russia.
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weakening the empire as a whole
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Nationalist movements in the Ottoman Empire helped Europe by putting Europeans at the head of new governments. opening up new trade routes in the empire. creating allies in newly formed nations. weakening the empire as a whole.
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B
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Which statement best describes the Mughals who once lived in India? A) In the 1700s, the Mughals were Hindu rulers who opposed trade with Britain and other European nations. B) In the 1700s, the Mughals were Muslim rulers who allowed the East India Company to establish trading posts. C) In the 1800s, the Mughals were Indian nationalists who fought for freedom from British rule. D) In the 1800s, the Mughals were Indian loyalists who supported British rule and fought on behalf of the viceroy.
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D
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Which option shows the correct order of events in India's history? A) I. The Sepoy Rebellion takes place. II. Mughal officials lose their land and wealth. III. The British raj forms and begins to rule. IV. The East India Company loses control. B) I. The British raj forms and begins to rule. II. The East India Company loses control. III. Mughal officials lose their land and wealth. IV. The Sepoy Rebellion takes place. C) I. The East India Company loses control. II. The British raj forms and begins to rule. III. The Sepoy Rebellion takes place. IV. Mughal officials lose their land and wealth. D) I. Mughal officials lose their land and wealth. II. The Sepoy Rebellion takes place. III.The East India Company loses control. IV. The British raj forms and begins to rule. Submitted
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the materials used to make rifle cartridges
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The incident that started the Sepoy Rebellion was related to a rumor about the the working conditions at trading posts. the working conditions in textile factories. the materials used to make rifle cartridges. the materials used to sew soldiers' uniforms.
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japan launched a surprise attack on the city of port arthur in russia
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What started the Russo-Japanese War? Russia issued a preemptive strike on Japan in the Sea of China. The conflict over Korea escalated into war near Seoul, Korea. Japan launched a surprise attack on the city of Port Arthur in Russia. Negotiations to avoid war broke down, and war ensued.
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the tokugawa shogunate rule
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Which of these events occurred first? the Sino-Japanese War the Meiji Restoration the Treaty of Kanagawa the Tokugawa Shogunate rule
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zulus
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Resistance to British rule in southern Africa was led by the Ethiopians. Egyptians. Liberians. Zulus.
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france and great britain
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The two European countries with the most colonies in Africa were Germany and Portugal. Belgium and Spain. Germany and Italy. France and Great Britain.
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coal
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Which is not an abundant natural resource found in Africa? Diamonds Palm oil Coal Farm land
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guam, the philippines, cuba, puerto rico
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What territories did the United States acquire as a result of the Spanish-American War? Guam, the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico Spain, Cuba, Hawaii, Panama Colombia, Panama, Cuba, the Philippines Cuba, Spain, Hawaii , Alaska
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italy, germany, austria-hungary
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The Triple Alliance (1882) was the first alliance in Europe in the years leading to World War I. Which nations were members of that alliance? Check all the apply. Great Britain France Italy Russia Germany Austria-Hungary
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russia mobilizes its forces on germany's eastern borders
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Which event had the immediate effect of causing Germany to declare war on the Allies? The Berlin Conference of 1885 sets off the "scramble for Africa." Russia mobilizes its forces on Germany's eastern borders. Great Britain declares war on Germany. The Austrian archduke is assassinated.
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the french stopped the german advance in the west
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When World War I began in August 1914, many people anticipated that the war would end by Christmas of that year. Which event extended the war into 1915 and beyond? The Americans entered the war. The French stopped the German advance in the west. The Russian Revolution expanded the war in the east. The Russians stopped the German advance in the east.
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a large supply of soldiers
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Which factor was most important in enabling Russia to fight in World War I for as long as it did? financial wealth early successes in the war a large supply of soldiers popular support
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a nation is politically independent, but an imperial power controls its trade
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Which is an example of a sphere of influence? A nation is politically independent, but an imperial power controls its trade. A nation is under complete political and cultural control of an imperial power. A nation is protected by an imperial power in return for trade privileges. A nation forms an alliance with an imperial power, and both reap benefits.
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congo
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Which of the following African colonies did Belgium control? Congo Algeria South Africa Ethiopia
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reversed earlier changes and gave the economy a boost
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In the early 1920s, Lenin established the New Economic Policy, which instituted communist reforms and gave the economy a boost. instituted communist reforms and damaged the economy. reversed earlier changes and gave the economy a boost. reversed earlier changes and damaged the economy.
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an autocratic monarchy
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What was a cause of the Russian Revolution? a large, restless middle class an autocratic monarchy victories on the battlefield in World War I a powerful legislature
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large but ill prepared to fight
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During World War I, the Russian army was small and ill prepared to fight. small but well prepared to fight. large but ill prepared to fight. large and well prepared to fight.
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he was a leader of the bolsheviks in russia
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Who was Vladimir Lenin? He was a leader of the Bolsheviks in Russia. He was a Russian activist who was executed. He was a Russian general during World War I. He was a member of Russia's provisional government.
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great britain
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Following the Great Depression, in which country did economic recovery occur most quickly? Germany France United States Great Britain
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international volunteers
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Who fought on the side of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War? anti-communist groups fascist rebel troops a professional army international volunteers
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it is more extreme and rigid
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How does a totalitarian government differ from most authoritarian governments? It is less involved in people's lives. It is more democratic. It is more extreme and rigid. It is less powerful.
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the fascist dictator of spain
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Who was Francisco Franco? the Blackshirts' leader in Italy the Republican leader in Spain the fascist dictator of Spain Mussolini's successor in Italy
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history
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Under Nazi rule, the university curriculum was changed to place the most emphasis on history. engineering. mathematics. philosophy.
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czechoslovakia
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Six months after the Munich Conference, Hitler annexed Austria. Sudetenland. Poland. Czechoslovakia.
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to intimidate the german population
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What was the original purpose of the SS? to eliminate German unions to punish communists to intimidate the German population to limit the rights of women
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fear
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The Third Reich based its power primarily on fear. censorship. laws. incentive.
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the invasion of poland
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What caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939? the appeasement policy the invasion of Poland the nonaggression pact the surrender of Poland
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united states
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Which country was the last to join the Allied Powers? Great Britain France United States China
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hitler had broken a pact and attacked
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Why did the Soviet Union join the Allies? Stalin was afraid of Hitler. Hitler had broken a pact and attacked. Hitler was becoming too powerful in Eastern Europe. Stalin wished to take control of territories captured by Germany.
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japan
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Which country was a member of the Axis powers? Japan Soviet Union Austria Czechoslovakia
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france
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Hitler was confident about invading Russia because he had recently captured Spain. France. Great Britain. Switzerland.
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belgium and the netherlands
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In 1940, Hitler indicated his switch to military conquest rather than annexation by invading Belgium and the Netherlands. Poland and Russia. Austria and Czechoslovakia. Turkey and Sweden.
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the philippines
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In a major blow to Japan, Allied troops returned to free which of these areas from Japanese control in 1944? Hawaiian Islands China India the Philippines
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the philippines
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Where did the Bataan Death March take place? Hawaiian Islands China Japan the Philippines
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franklin D. roosevelt
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Who was president of the United States when World War II started in Europe? Herbert Hoover Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower
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the final solution
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At the Wannsee Conference in 1942, the Nazis made plans for the invasion of Poland. air raids on London. an attack on Pearl Harbor. the Final Solution.
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anti-semitism
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Mein Kampf was a book that described plans for world peace. love of sports. anti-Semitism. views on multiculturalism.
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the extermination of two-thirds of europe's jewish population
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Which of the following was the actual result of the Final Solution? the failure of the Nazis to exterminate their enemies the extermination of two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population the German occupation of France the end to genocide around the world
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no, the germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures
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Did D-Day ultimately end German ambitions in Europe? Yes, German leaders surrendered shortly after the D-Day invasion. No, the Germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures. Yes, D-Day weakened German forces, who abandoned the military en masse. No, the Germans had a steady supply of young soldiers to continue the fight.
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dwight D. eisenhower
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Who was the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II? Dwight D. Eisenhower Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle
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the allies defeated a major german commander
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Why was the battle of El Alamein significant? The Allies defeated a major German commander. The German army defeated the Allies severely. It allowed Allied troops access to Egypt. It served as the turning point of World War II.
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the battle of okinawa
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Which battle or event caused the most Japanese casualties? the Battle of Iwo Jima the bombing of Hiroshima the bombing of Nagasaki the Battle of Okinawa
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supporters of mussolini's ideology
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Who were the Blackshirts? citizens who opposed Mussolini members of the Italian secret police wealthy Italian industrialists and army officers supporters of Mussolini's ideology
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to outproduce capitalist nations
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What was Joseph Stalin's goal in creating a command economy? to gradually move to a market economy to conserve limited resources to shift resources toward necessities to outproduce capitalist nations
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soviet farms were old-fashioned and inefficient
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What was the main reason Joseph Stalin created collective farms? Soviet farms were old-fashioned and inefficient. Collective farms would create many new jobs. Farmland could be turned into industrial land. Wasteful crop surpluses would be eliminated.
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women would have been much less in demand in the workforce
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If the USSR's economy had remained agriculture-based rather than industrialized, then the unemployment rate among men would have been much lower. women would have been much less in demand in the workforce. crop productivity would have led to larger, better nourished populations. children would not have had to leave school early to work in factories.
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a labor camp
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What is the definition of a gulag? a political uprising a terror campaign a labor camp a police raid
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achieved less impressive results, but at less cost to workers
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If Joseph Stalin had set lower production quotas for his first Five-Year Plan, he would have won more public support for his command economy. achieved better results and conserved resources. achieved less impressive results, but at less cost to workers. met his goals, but workers would have worked longer hours.
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wealthy people who supported the party were concentrated in cities
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Why was the Nationalist Party more popular in China's cities than in the countryside? Wealthy people who supported the party were concentrated in cities. People in the countryside were less active in politics than people in the city. Poor city dwellers hoped the Nationalist Party would bring economic change. The Nationalist Party threatened to end crop trade with Western nations.
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china's presidents did not have enough power
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What contributed to the downfall of China's republic? Chiang Kai-shek seized power as a dictator. Warlords overthrew president Sun Yat-sen. China's presidents did not have enough power. Nationalists attacked the republican government.
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A and B
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Which of the following did the Revolution of 1911 achieve in China? Check all that apply. A) The Revolution of 1911 established a republic. B) The Revolution of 1911 ended imperialist rule. C) The Revolution of 1911 prevented civil wars. D) The Revolution of 1911 ended European influence. E) The Revolution of 1911 ushered in Communism.
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1949
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In ____, the Communists won the civil war and the People's Republic of China was formed. 1943 1946 1949 1952
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they were both members of the allies
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Which statement best describes the United States and the Soviet Union during World War II? They had nothing to do with each other. They were on opposite sides. They were both members of the Axis. They were both members of the Allies.
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divided just as germany was divided
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The map shows Germany at the height of the Cold War. The inset on the map shows that Berlin was... located in West Germany. divided just as Germany was divided. under the control of the Soviet Union. under the control of the United States.
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the berlin wall is built
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Which Cold War event happened last? Germany is divided. The Berlin Wall is built. The Korean War starts. The Warsaw Pact is formed.
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the vietnam war ends
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Which Cold War event happened last? The Korean War ends. Sputnik is launched. The Vietnam War ends. The Cuban Missile Crisis takes place.
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dictator josep tito was a very powerful leader
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What is the most likely reason the republics of Yugoslavia held together until the fall of communism? All six republics shared strong historic bonds. The constitution forbade the republics to separate. Citizens were united by their belief in communism. Dictator Josep Tito was a very powerful leader.
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iron curtain
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When Hungary opened its borders, it created a "hole" in the ____
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lech walesa became the first freely elected president
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What happened in Poland in 1989? Many solidarity candidates were voted out of office. Workers finally were given the right to form unions. The Polish government banned all workers' unions. Lech Walesa became the first freely elected president.
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gorbachev made reforms in the soviet union
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Which event preceded the revolutions of 1989? Solidarity candidates were elected in Poland. Hungary implemented a free market economy. Communist rule ended in Czechoslovakia. Gorbachev made reforms in the Soviet Union.
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the USSR and other warsaw pact nations invaded
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What happened when the Czechs tried to implement liberal reforms in 1968? The communist government was forced to step down. Slovakia protested and blocked the proposed changes. The USSR and other Warsaw pact nations invaded. Czechoslovakian residents gained new civil liberties.
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1990
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Germany was reunified in . 1990 1991 1995 1998
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2004
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Former Communist nations began to join the European Union in . 2000 2002 2004 2006
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B and C
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Why was the European Coal and Steel Community created? Check all that apply. A) to develop new coal and steel supplies overseas B) to share the management of heavy industry C) to help prevent the creation of weapons of war D) to stop foreign exports of coal and steel E) to enforce safety rules in mining industries
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A, B, D, and F
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What proposed changes in 1960 caused Mao to launch a Cultural Revolution? Check all that apply. A) to allow workers to compete for wages B) to introduce the concept of rural markets C) to prosecute government officials D) to permit farmers to sell excess crops E) to form paramilitary groups of students F) to encourage farmers to own private land
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It went down, causing a drop in food production and famine
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The graph shows China's grain production during the Five-Year Plan and the Great Leap Forward. Based on the graph, what conclusion best describes grain production during the Great Leap Forward from 1958-60? It went down, causing a drop in food production and hunger. It went down, causing a rise in grain prices and extra food. It went down, causing a drop in food production and famine. It went down, causing a decline in grain prices and famine.
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1934
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The Long March took place in the year . 1911 1924 1934 1937
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jawarharlal nehru
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Who made the following statement regarding the partitioning of India? "Those who demand separation would, in the end, suffer most for it . . . " Mahatma Gandhi Muhammad Ali Jinnah Jawarharlal Nehru Indira Gandhi
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1920
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In , the Indian National Congress adopted Gandhi's strategy to boycott British goods. 1920 1925 1930 1935
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1994
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The Rwandan genocide took place in which year? 1962 1994 1992 1967
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soweto
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A student uprising in South Africa took place in Cape Town. Johannesburg. Sharpeville. Soweto
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the deaths of sixty-nine people
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The Sharpeville demonstration of 1960 resulted in the deaths of sixty-nine people. the arrest of a famous leader. the Population Registration Act. the creation of segregated societies.
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He was a politician who lifted the long-standing ban on the African National Congress
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Which statement best describes Desmond Tutu? He was a politician who lifted the long-standing ban on the African National Congress. He was sent to prison on various charges for protesting South Africa's policies of apartheid. He was the president of South Africa in 1990 and pushed reforms that ended apartheid. He was a religious leader who called for international sanctions against South Africa.
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1994
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South Africa became a democracy when a new constitution was written in . 1984 1994 2004 2014
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unite non-white south africans and further their cause
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The African National Congress was founded to draft a constitution and establish a policy of apartheid. unite non-white South Africans and further their cause. help relocate certain citizens to South African homelands. set up National Party rule to divide South African society.
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He created a division dedicated to sabotage
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How did Nelson Mandela expand his anti-government activities in the 1960s? He co-wrote and signed The Freedom Charter. He created a division dedicated to sabotage. He founded the African National Congress. He ran for president of South Africa.
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benito juarez
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Mexico experienced a series of liberal reforms in the 1860s instituted by Santa Anna. Benito Juarez. Porfirio Diaz. Lázaro Cárdenas.
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the creation of israel, the balfour declaration, and jewish emigration to palestine
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Which led to increased turmoil between Jews and Arabs? Check all that apply. the creation of Israel anti-Semitism in Germany the Balfour Declaration the Camp David Accords Jewish emigration to Palestine
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whether they should join the UN
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A subject many nations disagree on regarding the Palestinians is whether they should join the EU. whether they should join the UN. whether they have a right to independence. whether they should negotiate with Israel.
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B, D, and E
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Which statements best describe the Camp David Accords? Check all that apply. A) They ended all Arab-Israeli conflicts in the Middle East. B) They were the first peace agreement for Israel in the Middle East. C) They showed that the PLO could give up violence for negotiation. D) They showed that Arabs and Israelis could negotiate in good faith. E) They showed that the US could play an important role in negotiations.
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they have a right to independence
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A subject many nations agree on regarding the Palestinians is that they have a right to independence. they have a right to Israeli lands. they have a right to join the UN. they have a right to city of Jerusalem.
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reza pahlavi
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Who pushed the British out of Persia in the 1920s? Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Mustafa Kemal Ayatollah Khomeini Reza Pahlavi
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A, B, C, and E
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What were the causes of the Arab Spring movement? Check all that apply. A) Protestors opposed high poverty rates. B) Protestors opposed high unemployment. C) Protestors wanted changes within government. D) Protestors embraced autocratic rule. E) Protestors rejected autocratic rule.
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both nations struggle with unrest
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What best characterizes Iraq and Afghanistan today? Both nations have stable governments. Both nations are experiencing periods of peace. Both nations struggle with unrest. Both nations are ruled by dictators.
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A, C, and E
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Which statements about Saddam Hussein are accurate? Check all that apply. A) He was a dictator. B) He was president of Iran. C) He was overthrown. D) He invaded Iraq in 1980. E) He committed war crimes.
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Santa Anna, Benito Juarez, and Porfirio Diaz
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In chronological order, Mexico's leaders after its independence in 1821 and before its revolution in 1910 were Porfirio Diaz, Benito Juarez, and Santa Anna. Santa Anna, Benito Juarez, and Porfirio Diaz. Benito Juarez, Porfirio Diaz, and Lázaro Cárdenas. Santa Anna, Benito Juarez, and Lázaro Cárdenas.
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1948
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Beginning in , apartheid became official policy under National Party rule. 1921 1930 1948 1960
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1910
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Although Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, in what year did the Mexican Revolution begin? 1910 1915 1920 1925
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merged with the red crescent
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The International Red Cross is now working to get US POWs out of prison. headquartered in The Netherlands. merged with the Red Crescent. providing only humanitarian relief.
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UN peacekeeping forces
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Preventing the outbreak of a new war is the purpose of the UN Secretariat. UN Security Council. UN peacekeeping forces. International Court of Justice.
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the UN
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Using diplomacy as a way to end conflicts between nations is one of the functions of the UN. NGOs. the Chief Negotiator. the UN General Assembly.
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A, B, E, and F
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Which are examples of the UN's work? Check all that apply. A) providing humanitarian aid B) issuing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights C) providing support for foreign adoptions D) orchestrating the peace treaty between North and South Korea E) trying individuals for genocide F) providing peacekeepers to Africa and the Middle East G) serving as lead negotiator for the World War II peace treaty
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A, D, F, and G
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Which are UN Millennium Development goals? Check all that apply. A) to empower women B) to prevent war between North and South Korea C) to reduce the incidence of AIDS by 50% D) to reduce child mortality E) to fine countries that are harming the environment F) to promote gender equality G) to eliminate extreme poverty and hunger
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UN
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Whose sole function is to provide humanitarian aid around the world? USAID NGOs WHO UN
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doctors without borders
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Which organization functions to provide clinics and surgeries in developing nations? UNICEF Doctors Without Borders International Red Cross World Health Organization
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economic and social council
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Which part of the UN oversees UNICEF and WHO? Security Council General Assembly International Court of Justice Economic and Social Council
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promoting human welfare and social reform
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When an organization is described as having a humanitarian purpose, its goal is understood as promoting human welfare and social reform. working to solve economic and social problems. trying criminals for crimes against humanity. combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
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UNICEF
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Which organization provides assistance to mothers and children living in poverty? WHO UNICEF World Bank Security Council
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amnesty international
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To get information about helping to protect women from human trafficking, the best NGO to contact would be the International Red Cross. Amnesty International. Doctors Without Borders. the World Health Organization.
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agencies such as UNICEF and WHO
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Which supports the UN's purpose of promoting social progress and better standards of living? UN peacekeeping forces Universal Declaration of Human Rights International Court of Justice agencies such as UNICEF and WHO
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canada
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Which country is dealing with an independence movement totally based upon language? Tibet Sudan Ireland Canada
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a nation
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Descendents of a group of former slaves live on their own island and speak their own language. Which choice best describes these people? a nation a state a minority a multinational state
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the cherokee people
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Which choice would be considered a nation? the German Army the Cherokee people a group of Japanese chefs a French-language organization
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transporting oil through sudan
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Which is a serious problem for South Sudan? controlling the oil field using child soldiers from Sudan transporting oil through Sudan grazing rights on agricultural land
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unification issues
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The main reason conflict has broken out in Northern Ireland is because of its unique location. mix of religions. unification issues. minority population.
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tibet
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Which region wants independence for Buddhists in a communist country? Tibet Quebec Kashmir South Sudan
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an imagined political community
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The main difference between a nation and state is that a nation is a political unit within a state. an imagined political community. a territory with one ethnic group. an autonomous country.
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multinational state
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War erupted in Yugoslavia, because the country was a nation. state. stateless nation. multinational state.
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rwanda
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Because one million children were orphaned, child-headed households were a result of the genocide in Darfur. Bosnia. Rwanda. Cambodia.
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europe and africa
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What two areas of the world had the most acts of genocide during the 20th century? Latin America and Africa Europe and Africa Latin America and the Middle East the Middle East and Europe
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armenian, holocaust, cambodian, darfur
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Which is the proper order of genocides from earliest to most recent? Holocaust, Cambodian, Armenian, Darfur Armenian, Darfur, Holocaust, Cambodian Armenian, Holocaust, Cambodian, Darfur Holocaust, Armenian, Darfur, Cambodian
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the way they pronounced words
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Dominican soldiers could tell the nationality of a Haitian by their facial features. the way they pronounced words. the type of clothing they wore. their way of greeting strangers.
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distribution of power among ethnic groups
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Which is not a major factor leading to genocide? unequal distribution of resources. economic, political, or social instability. unequal distribution of power among classes. distribution of power among ethnic groups.
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in 1948 as defined by the UN
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When was genocide officially labeled a crime? in 1941 when Lemkin moved to the United States from Poland in 1943 when Lemkin used genocide in a quote in 1945 shortly after the end of WWII in 1948 as defined by the UN
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sweden, united states, japan, yemen
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Which is the correct ranking of countries from most equal in gender equality to least equal in gender equality? Japan, Sweden, Yemen, United States United States, Sweden, Japan, Yemen Sweden, United States, Japan, Yemen Sweden, United States, Yemen, Japan
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it was adopted in 1948 by the UN general assembly
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Which is a correct statement about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights? It was adopted by the UN Security Council during the worst of the Holocaust. It is not accepted by enough countries to make a real difference. It was adopted in 1948 by the UN General Assembly. Its intention was to protect women's rights.
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1979
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After Margaret Thatcher was elected prime minister of Great Britain, women became heads of state in numerous countries around the world. Women rarely served in national leadership roles before Thatcher's election in 1959. 1969. 1979. 1989.
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condoleezza rice
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Who was the first African American woman to serve as the US Secretary of State? Angela Merkel Margaret Thatcher Anita Hill Condoleezza Rice
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1950s
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During which decade were satellites first sent into orbit? 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
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agriculture
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The Green Revolution refers to advances that took place in education. agriculture. space exploration. medicine.
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sixteen nations
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Astronauts and scientists conduct research studies aboard the International Space Station, a satellite that was built by the United Nations. the United States. twenty nations. sixteen nations.
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aging due to decreased death rates
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Developed countries are facing challenges because their populations are aging due to decreased death rates. increasing due to higher birth rates. losing a sense of economic stability. competing for limited natural resources.
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africa
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Which region has the highest population growth rate? Africa India China Europe
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agriculture
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Population growth is influenced by improvements in architecture. technology. agriculture. communication.
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angola
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The chart shows the percentage of population growth in different countries. Based on the chart and the information in the lesson, which nation can expect to experience the most social issues of a developing country? Angola Iraq United Kingdom United States
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organization of petroleum exporting countries
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Which group is an example of a commodity organization? European Union World Trade Organization North American Free Trade Agreement Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
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by transporting resources from distant locations
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How can businesses best take advantage of globalization? by increasing employment and production by communicating with suppliers and buyers by transporting resources from distant locations by streamlining equipment to increase production
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to allow more trade between countries
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What is the primary purpose of the European Union? to create a common currency to allow more trade between countries to encourage immigration from one country to another to permit workers to seek employment in international areas
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the world wildlife fund
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The image shows polar bears, an endangered species. Which would be most appropriate to help the polar bears? international laws an international treaty the World Wildlife Fund the Environmental Protection Agency
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forty-five
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The Environmental Protection Agency has been the environment's watchdog for close to years. five twenty-five forty-five sixty
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the use of pesticides on plants causes air and water pollution
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Which is the best example of how one form of pollution affects another? The fumes from a dam's hydroelectric power causes air pollution. Chemicals seeping from a manufacturing plant causes air pollution. The use of natural fertilizer on infertile soil causes soil pollution. The use of pesticides on plants causes air and water pollution.
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A, B, C, and E
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What happens as connection and trade between countries increases? Check all that apply. A) There is more demand for natural resources. B) There will probably be more pollution from manufacturing. C) Natural resources are transported worldwide. D) With higher demand, all natural resources will be depleted. E) Finished products are transported worldwide.
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the millennium development goals
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The UN best fulfills one of its purposes, that of ending global poverty, by promoting the Millennium Development Goals. the functions of the United Nations. UNICEF. the WHO.
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landing a man on the moon
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Which of the following might be presented as evidence by someone arguing that the United States won the Space Race? landing a man on the moon launching the first satellite building the International Space Station inventing the computer
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turkey
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The map below shows the European Union. Which country has chosen to bypass membership in the European Union? Bulgaria Finland Turkey Cyprus
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general assembly
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What part of the UN has the sole function of discussing issues of international concern? Security Council General Assembly International Court of Justice Economic and Social Council
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they are both prime ministers of their country
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The women pictured here are Golda Meir (left) and Indira Gandhi (right). What do these two women have in common? They both are leaders of global businesses. They both are prime ministers of their countries. They both are presidents of their countries. They both are chancellors of their countries.