DEV EXAM #2

2 June 2023
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question
initiative versus guilt.
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According to Erik Erikson, the psychosocial stage that characterizes early childhood is: initiative versus guilt. industry versus inferiority. autonomy versus shame and doubt. trust versus mistrust.
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pride and embarrassment
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The emotions of ________ do not appear to develop until self-awareness appears around 18 months of age. pride and embarrassment guilt and sadness shame and fear disgust and guilt
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social competence.
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Emotional regulation is a foundational part of developing: self-recognition. self-understanding. self-awareness. social competence.
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emotion-coaching parent.
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Barbara saw her son get embarrassed and feel guilty because he dropped a plate of food. She took him in another room and talked about paying attention and asking for help when he needs it. She talked to him about making an apology and helped him decide what he wanted to say. Barbara is an: emotion-supportive parent. emotion-coaching parent. emotion-facilitator parent. emotion-encouraging parent.
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Freud; the superego
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According to ________, to reduce anxiety, avoid punishment, and maintain parental affection, children identify with parents, internalizing their standards of right and wrong, and thus form ________. Piaget; autonomous morality Freud; the superego Freud; the alter ego Erikson; independence
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Jerome—heteronomous morality; Hani—autonomous morality
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Jerome and Hani get up early on Saturday morning and decide to make "breakfast in bed" for their mother. While reaching for the bed tray in the back of the hall cabinet, they accidentally break one of their mother's favorite porcelain dolls. Jerome knows that he's going to get into "big trouble." Hani tells him not to worry because Mom would understand that it was an accident. In what stage would Jean Piaget categorize the moral reasoning of Jerome and Hani? Jerome—heteronomous morality; Hani—autonomous morality Jerome—autonomous morality; Hani—heteronomous morality Jerome—context-specific morality; Hani—universal law morality Jerome—universal law morality; Hani—context-specific morality
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immanent justice.
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Young children tend to believe that if a rule is broken, punishment will come immediately, thus they will look around in a concerned way after doing something wrong. This indicates a belief in the concept of: heteronomous justice. immanent justice. authoritative justice. guilt and shame.
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in a power position, handing down the rules.
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According to Jean Piaget, parent-child relations are less likely to advance moral reasoning than peer relations, because parents are: more likely to negotiate on rules. inconsistent in delivering the consequences for broken rules. in a power position, handing down the rules. more likely to consider consequences rather than intentions.
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three
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Most children have a sense of being female or male by about ________ years of age. four three five One
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Electra complex; Oedipus complex
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The psychoanalytic theory of gender stems from Freud's view that the preschool child develops a sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent, with girls moving through the ________ while boys move through the ________. Oedipus complex; Electra complex Olympian complex; Electric complex Electra complex; Oedipus complex Electric complex; Olympian complex
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boys are more likely to associate together in larger clusters than girls are.
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In the context of the size of same-sex groups of children, from about five years of age onward: boys are more likely than girls to play in dyads or triads. girls are more likely to participate in organized group games than boys are. boys are more likely to associate together in larger clusters than girls are. girls are more likely to engage in rough-and-tumble play than boys.
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schema
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As Misty learns what is appropriate for boys and girls, she begins to organize new information according to those divisions. It is her gender ________ that informs her that anything that is pink must be made for girls. identity role schema bias
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more satisfaction in their lives
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A recent study found that parents reported ________ than nonparents more frustration in their lives feeling worse on a daily basis less enjoyment in their lives more satisfaction in their lives
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authoritarian parent.
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Lucy has strict rules for her children, and gets frustrated and angry when they aren't followed. When the children disobey she often spanks them and sends them off to their room without much explanation. Lucy is most likely a(n): neglectful parent. authoritarian parent. authoritative parent. indulgent parent.
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Authoritative
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Misha has been sent to his room for hitting his baby sister. His mother will come in and talk to him about why he cannot treat his sister this way and about other, more acceptable ways for him to express his anger. Which parenting style does this exemplify? Indulgent Authoritarian Neglectful Authoritative
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co-parenting.
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Lucas and Sophia always check with each other when it comes to parenting decisions. When their son, Nathan, tried to be sneaky and said to Sophia, "Dad said I could stay up late. It that okay with you?" Sophia did not fall for it, saying, "Let me hear that from Dad first." Lucas and Sophia are practicing: positive punishment. timeout techniques. cooperative development. co-parenting.
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have a heterosexual orientation.
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The overwhelming majority of children from gay or lesbian families: have a heterosexual orientation. are likely to be bisexual. are also homosexual. grow up confused about their sexual orientation.
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it advances the child's cognitive development.
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Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky considered play to be valuable because: it allows children to release tension. it advances the child's cognitive development. it helps children express their true feelings. it allows children to interact with their peers.
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social play
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Enzo used to play mostly by himself. It was a transition for him when he started preschool, but now he is good at taking turns and interacting in conversations. His ________ is increasing dramatically, as expected. sensorimotor play social play constructive play practice play
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1 hour
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Regardless of the form of screen time, whether television, computer, or other device, it is recommended that children two to four years old spend no more than ________ watching or playing. 2 hours 30 minutes 1 hour 3 hours
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aerobic exercise.
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Improvements in attention, memory, effortful and goal-directed thinking, and behavior have been linked to: anaerobic exercise. less required physical activity at school. aerobic exercise. increased media/screen time.
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the part of the country where the child lives.
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All of the following are associated with childhood obesity in the United States EXCEPT: having overweight parents. the availability of food. the part of the country where the child lives. parents' eating habits.
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leukemia
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Lillette, age nine, is particularly susceptible to bruising and infections. She has been diagnosed with ________, a cancer in which the bone marrow manufactures an abundance of abnormal white blood cells. leukemia lymphosarcoma clear cell sarcoma neuroblastoma
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Dysgraphia
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Marshall writes very slowly and his handwriting is virtually illegible. He also makes numerous spelling errors because of his inability to match up sounds and letters. Which of the following conditions does Marshall suffer from? Dyslexia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Dyscalculia Dysgraphia
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reading ability.
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Interventions with children who have a learning disability often focus on improving: writing skills. speech skills. reading ability. math ability.
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ADHD.
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Neurofeedback and mindfulness training have both been used to improve symptoms associated with: ADHD. obesity. autism. cancer.
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autistic disorder.
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Jared, age three, was taken to the doctor by his parents who were concerned by his seeming lack of attachment to those around him. Jared hardly spoke at all and spent all day preoccupied with bouncing his ball off a wall. After a thorough investigation, his pediatrician diagnosed him with: Asperger syndrome. ADHD. autistic disorder. ICF syndrome.
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all students with disabilities be given a free, appropriate public education
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The Education for All Handicapped Children Act, enacted in 1975, required that: parents of children with disabilities provide homeschooling for their children. a standard curriculum be provided for students with and without disabilities. all students with disabilities be given a free, appropriate public education all students with disabilities be brought into mainstream schools.
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Concrete operational stage
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A child is presented with two identical balls of clay. The experimenter rolls one ball into a long, thin shape; the other remains in its original ball. The child is then asked if there is more clay in the ball or in the long, thin piece of clay. If the child answers the problem correctly the child most likely is in which stage of Piaget's cognitive development theory? Concrete operational stage Sensorimotor stage Postoperational stage Preoperational stage
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transitivity.
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Byron can take sticks of different lengths and put them all in order from shortest to longest. He can also discern that if stick A is longer than B and B is longer than C, then A is longer than C. This ability to logically combine relations to understand certain conclusions is: transduction. classification. transitivity. seriation.
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Embed memory-relevant language when instructing children.
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Which of the following is a strategy for improving children's memory skills? Embed memory-relevant language when instructing children. Motivate children to remember material by memorizing it. Discourage children from engaging in mental imagery. Avoid repetition of the same instructional information.
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divergent thinking.
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Daryl quizzed his roommate's creativity by asking, "How many different uses for a newspaper can you come up with?" This is a test of: divergent thinking. expressive thinking. convergent thinking. productive thinking.
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convergent
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Shana and her father love to take reference books into the forest and identify trees. From all the possible trees described in her book, she wants to find the one tree that matches the one she is standing by. This exercise fosters ________ thinking. divergent convergent productive expressive
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Her IQ score is above the majority of the population.
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Amber is given a Stanford-Binet intelligence test. Her mental age is determined to be 14 and her chronological age is 10. Which of the following can be said about Amber? Her IQ score is below the majority of the population. Her IQ score is above the majority of the population. Her IQ score is 86. Her IQ score is about average.
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intelligence consists of a number of specific abilities.
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Robert J. Sternberg's triarchic theory and Howard Gardner's theory of intelligence are examples of the idea that: intelligence is a general ability. intelligence consists of a number of specific abilities. culture plays an important role in the development of intelligence. there are three types of intelligence.
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An architect
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Who among the following would have good spatial abilities? An architect A theologian A journalist A botanist
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Studies of fraternal and identical twins suggest a low correlation between genetics and intelligence.
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Which of the following statements about the effect of genetics on intelligence is TRUE? The influence of genetics is much greater than that of the environment. There are about 100 genes with significant influence on intelligence. Most studies of genetics and environment include radically different environments. Studies of fraternal and identical twins suggest a low correlation between genetics and intelligence.
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reflect the cultures of some test takers more than others.
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Many intelligence tests are biased in that they: reflect the cultures of some test takers more than others. consider the values common to all test takers. use only standardized test items familiar to all test takers. test predominantly nonverbal skills.
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40 to 54
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Individuals who are categorized as having moderate intellectual disability have an IQ of ________. 71 to 100 55 to 70 25 to 39 40 to 54
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130
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Albert's parents knew he was unusually curious and mature for his age. They decided to have his IQ tested, and his score was higher than ________, indicating he is gifted. 90 100 130 120
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physical characteristics.
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During the elementary years, a child's self-understanding includes increasing references to all of the following EXCEPT: social comparison. psychological characteristics physical characteristics. social aspects.
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Self-concept
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Which of the following terms refers to self-evaluations in the specific domains of an individual's life? Self-concept Self-esteem Self-control Self-awareness
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challenging.
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Gisela's parents routinely give her praise for everything she does, even if it is not very good. No matter how poor her performance, she is always "a winner"! As a result, Gisela tends to avoid attempting tasks that are: easy. challenging. boring. social.
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they perform well in areas that are important to them.
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When working with at-risk children with low self-esteem, it is important to remember that children feel the best about themselves when: they perform well in areas that are important to them. they are extrinsically rewarded by role models. they are challenged in many areas. they are encouraged to forget about the problems they face.
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self-efficacy.
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Mark's daughter wants to start taking guitar lessons. He believes her when she says, "I know it will be hard and take a long time, but I know I can learn to play hard songs." Mark's daughter is high in: self-efficacy. self-concept. self-awareness. self-regulation.
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inferiority
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Justin, age 12, cannot get his science project to work. In fact, it seems to him that nothing he makes ever works properly. Like usual, Justin decides to give up and just take the bad grade. According to Erik Erikson, Justin is at risk for developing a sense of: identity diffusion. stagnation. shame and doubt. inferiority.
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the conflict between an individual's current stage and the challenge posed by reasoning from someone at a higher level.
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Kohlberg believed that development from one moral stage to the next was prompted by opportunities for perspective taking and: the conflict between an individual's stable self-concept and shifting self-esteem. the conflict between an individual's current stage and the challenge posed by reasoning from someone at a higher level. empathy. self-efficacy.
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Individualism, instrumental purpose, and exchange
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According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, during which of the following stages do people pursue their own interests but also let others do the same? Social contract or utility and individual rights Individualism, instrumental purpose, and exchange Social systems morality Punishment and obedience orientation
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Conventional reasoning
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In which of Kohlberg's levels do individuals shift from desiring to be admired in the eyes of important people in their lives to focusing on what is good for the most people? Conventional reasoning Formal conventional reasoning Preconventional reasoning Postconventional reasoning
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social systems morality
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When Mason's father was pulled over by law enforcement for not stopping at a red light, the officer said, "We cannot have people ignoring the traffic signs and signals. Our community couldn't function or protect its citizens if that happened." Kohlberg would say the officer is thinking in the ________ stage. individualism, instrumental purpose, and exchange mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and interpersonal conformity social contract or utility and individual rights social systems morality
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Girls report experiencing and expressing more anger than boys.
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Which of the following is not true regarding gender differences in the use of aggression? No gender differences are found in verbal aggression. Boys are more physically aggressive than girls. Relational aggression comprises a greater percentage of girls' overall aggression. Girls report experiencing and expressing more anger than boys.
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coregulation
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During the time of ________, children are allowed to engage in moment-to-moment self-regulation while parents continue to exercise general supervision and control. socioregulation primitive attachment deregulation coregulation
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sociometric status.
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The term that describes the extent to which children are liked or disliked by their peer group is: socioeconomic status. sociometric status. psychometric status. popularity status.
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Neglected
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Bellah sits in the back of the room, and very few of the children in class ever speak to him. He does not have any best friends or enemies among his classmates. He isn't directly picked on or bullied, but most of the time he feels invisible. Which of the following is Bellah's probable sociometric status? Neglected Rejected Popular Controversial
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Subject of sexual comments or gestures
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Which of the following is the MOST frequent type of bullying among girls? Subject of sexual comments or gestures Hit, slapped, or pushed Belittled about religion or race Subject of rumors
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Belittled about religion or race
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Which of the following types of bullying is experienced more frequently by boys than girls? Belittled about looks or speech Belittled about religion or race Subject of rumors Subject of sexual comments or gestures
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ego support
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Maya is struggling with her history paper. She is getting discouraged and starting to feel like a failure. Her friend Wanda offered to read it and make some suggestions. Wanda said she would work on her homework while Maya worked on the paper so they could talk about it. Wanda made sure to say several times, "Maya, I know you can do this!" Wanda is providing the ________ part of friendship. ego support social comparison physical support affection and intimacy
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constructivist
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The belief that children should be encouraged to explore their world and discover knowledge with the guidance and support of teachers is central to the ________ approach to learning. constructivist direct instruction collaborative social cognitive
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direct instruction approach.
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Educational experts agree that students with a disability in reading or writing will do best in a: peer-led discussion approach. direct instruction approach. group discussion approach. constructivist approach.
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effort and training; innate ability.
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In terms of cross-cultural comparisons, Asian parents believe that their children's math achievement was due to ________, and U.S. parents believe their children's math achievement is due to: the parent's skills; the teacher's skills. effort and training; innate ability. innate ability; effort and training. the teacher's skills; the parent's skills.
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Puberty
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________ is a brain-neuroendocrine process occurring primarily in early adolescence that provides stimulation for the rapid physical changes that occur in this period of development. Estrogen Myelination Menarche Puberty
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menarch; late
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A girl's first menstruation is called ________ and usually comes ________ in the process of puberty. gonadarche; late menarch; late gonadarche; early menarche; early
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Marked weight gains coincide with the onset of puberty for both boys and girls.
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Which of the following statements is TRUE? Boys go through growth spurts earlier than girls do. By the end of adolescence, most girls will be taller than boys. Both boys and girls who are shorter than their peers before puberty often surpass their peers during adolescence. Marked weight gains coincide with the onset of puberty for both boys and girls.
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hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonads.
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The endocrine system's role in puberty involves the interaction of the: pituitary gland, prefrontal cortex, and hypothalamus. amygdala, prefrontal cortex, and gonads. hypothalamus, amygdala, and pituitary gland. hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonads.
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corpus callosum
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The ________, where fibers connect the brain's left and right hemispheres, thickens in adolescence, and this improves adolescents' ability to process information. amygdala parietal lobe corpus callosum temporal lobe
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dopamine.
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The neurotransmitter associated with risk taking and use of addictive drugs is: testosterone. norepinephrine. dopamine. estradiol.
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50%
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In a single act of unprotected sex with an infected partner, a teenage girl has a _________ risk of contracting gonorrhea. 40% 50% 30% 20%
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are less effective at reducing the risk of adolescent pregnancy than sex education programs.
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A number of leading experts on adolescent sexuality conclude that abstinence-only programs: are more effective at reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections than sex education programs. prevent adolescent pregnancies better than sex-education programs emphasizing contraceptive knowledge. are less effective at reducing the risk of adolescent pregnancy than sex education programs. provide useful knowledge about safe sex to sexually active adolescents.
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that sex education programs reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections.
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In terms of sex education, most experts agree: that sex education programs promote sexual intercourse. that abstinence-only programs are the most effective. that sex education programs reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections. that abstinence-only programs reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections, but increase sexual activity among their participants.
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minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise per day.
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Myron is concerned that his son is not getting enough exercise, particularly for a teenager. After some research, Myron finds that the U.S. federal government's exercise recommendations for adolescents are a: minimum of 15 minutes of mild exercise per day. maximum of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise per day. minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise per day. maximum of 15 minutes of mild exercise per day.
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a lower incidence of type I diabetes.
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Wayne is attending a parents' meeting to discuss funding the purchase of gym equipment for the high school. Most people think it's too expensive. Those who are in favor of getting students on a treadmill or similar machine argue that daily exercise is related to all of the following positive outcomes in adolescence, EXCEPT: normal weight status. reduced triglyceride levels. lower blood pressure. a lower incidence of type I diabetes.
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better sleep.
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Screen-based activity is linked to adolescent health in all of the following ways EXCEPT: being overweight. better sleep. higher stress. more depression.
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unintentional injuries.
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Almost half of all deaths from 15 to 24 years of age are due to: a chronic disease. suicide. unintentional injuries. homicide.
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have family dinners most nights of the week.
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Bill wants to know how he can prevent drug abuse by his adolescent son. You would suggest that Bill: discourage his son from making more friends at school. engage in lesser parental monitoring and control. cease to emphasize educational success. have family dinners most nights of the week.
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authoritative
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Beverly is conducting a workshop for young parents from disadvantaged backgrounds. She advises taking a ________ approach, setting high expectations while helping children meet such expectations, and discussing discipline and the reasons for house rules. "For those with alcohol issues in the family, this parenting style is linked to lower alcohol consumption in adolescence." indulgent neglectful authoritarian authoritative
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is competitive and high achieving.
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Jackie, age 15, has been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. It is most likely that Jackie: sets very low standards for herself. is not very concerned about how others perceive her. is an African American from a low-income family. is competitive and high achieving.
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abstract thinking.
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Gabriel said to his son, "I can tell you are getting smarter because you can talk about things like democracy and freedom in a more philosophical way." Basically, Gabriel is saying his son is capable of: abstract thinking. conservation. inductive logic. preoperations.
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cognitive control.
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Carissa is ready to read the chapter in her textbook for tomorrow. She knows that her smartphone is a distraction for her, so she turns the sound off. A few times while she was reading she wondered if she had any messages, but then thought, "Well, that will be my reward for getting through this. I need to keep reading." Carissa is demonstrating: hypothetical-deductive reasoning. cognitive control. personal fable. postformal operations.
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early reading programs.
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The most effective programs that discourage dropping out of high school include: abstinence-only programs. early reading programs. financial aid programs. special education services.
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Service
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________ learning is a form of education, usually involving time outside of the classroom, that promotes social responsibility and service to the community. Service Problem-based Cooperative Collaborative
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is a mix of negations and affirmations.
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Identity development: is a single, easy process. happens cataclysmically. is a mix of negations and affirmations. involves making decisions once and for all.
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Identity development is a lifelong process of adjustments.
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Which of the following statements about identity development is TRUE? Decisions about identity may take time, but once they are made, they are set for life. Identity development occurs in a single, one-step process. Identity development is a lifelong process of adjustments. Synthesizing identity components is easy for most people.
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identity foreclosure.
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Abigail's parents own a small restaurant. She has helped out and worked there for as long as she can remember. Her father keeps saying that Abigail will eventually run the business side and her brother, Anthony, will run the kitchen. Abigail has accepted this for her future, knowing it would devastate her parents if she didn't. Abigail is displaying: identity moratorium. identity foreclosure. identity diffusion. identity achievement.
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identity moratorium.
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Christopher is trying to figure out what he wants to do after high school by volunteering at a local hospital and tutoring children after school. He keeps changing his mind on what he wants to focus on in college, and every time he settles on something he soon starts to question the decision. Christopher is displaying: identity moratorium. identity achievement. identity foreclosure. identity diffusion.
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lower substance abuse
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Researchers find that a positive ethnic identity is related to ________ for minority adolescents. paradoxical identity a loss of friends lower substance abuse parental conflicts
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bicultural
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Irena, age 16, is a first-generation immigrant whose parents came to the United States from Ukraine when she was just a baby. Irena enjoys many of the same things that her American friends do, but respects her culture's traditions and speaks to her parents in their native language. Irena seems to have formed a ________ identity. bicultural mixed-cultural bilingual culturally confused
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intimacy
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Sullivan argued that the need for social ________ intensifies during early adolescence, motivating teenagers to seek out close friends. intimacy similarity respect compatibility
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Eighth and ninth grades
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At which grade level does conformity to peers, particularly to their antisocial standards, peak? Twelfth grade Sixth and seventh grades Eighth and ninth grades Tenth and eleventh grades
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Cliques are more personal than crowds.
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What is the difference between cliques and crowds? Cliques are more personal than crowds. The formation of crowds is based on friendship, while cliques are based on reputation. Cliques contain more members than crowds. The members of crowds spend a lot of time together, while the members of cliques do not.
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exploring romantic relationships
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Angelique and Gerard found out that they had a romantic interest in each other, and called themselves a couple for about a month. At 15 years old, Angelique thinks she should date around before getting serious with anyone. She is in the ________ stage of developing romantic relationships in adolescence. consolidating dyadic romantic bonds entering into romantic attractions and affiliations facilitating romantic connections exploring romantic relationships
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having more romantic experience was linked to a higher level of substance use and delinquency.
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A study of 200 tenth-graders revealed that: having more romantic experience was linked to a higher level of substance use and delinquency. co-rumination and romantic involvement predicted a decrease in depressive symptoms. the number of romantic experiences reported had no link with levels of social acceptance experienced by adolescents. having no experience of romantic relationships is a consistent predictor of depression and deviant behavior.
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the amount of money spent on a date.
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Cultural differences in dating patterns include all of the following EXCEPT: the roles of males and females in dating. the amount of money spent on a date. whether the date is chaperoned. the timing of when dating should begin.
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his father was born outside of the United States.
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Habib's family is originally from the Middle East, although he was born in the United States. He is considered to be a member of an immigrant family because: his culture is different from many non-Latino white families. he lives in a neighborhood with many other immigrant families. his father was born outside of the United States. he is bilingual.
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identity confusion.
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Monique admires her friends who seem to have their lives figured out. She struggles with inconsistencies and conflicts. The things that interest her generally aren't things people make a career out of. She enjoys parts of her culture, but disagrees with some of the attitudes and perspectives. In Erikson's terms, she is struggling with: identity confusion. shame and doubt. guilt. inferiority.
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rites of passage.
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Benjamin and Isaac, both from Jewish families, are looking forward to being full participants in their religious communities. Their bar mitzvahs are their: rites of passage. wedding days. induction into the military. graduation from high school.
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immigrant paradox model.
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Kabir's family came from India to the United States when he was two years old. Now that he is 12 years old, in spite of the obstacles and barriers, he is successful in school and well liked by his peers. Kabir's experience is consistent with the: immigrant risk model. immigrant adjustment model . immigrant personality model. immigrant paradox model.
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Family treatment
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According to a recent meta-analysis, which of the following program types was linked to a reduction in recidivism for juvenile offenders? Restorative justice Family treatment Individual treatment Case management
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authoritative parenting.
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All of the following are associated with adolescent depression EXCEPT: peer rejection. authoritative parenting. lack of a best friend. problems in romantic relationships.
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Integrate law enforcement into high-risk schools
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Which of the following was NOT one of the common components of programs that have been successful in preventing or reducing adolescent problems? Integrate law enforcement into high-risk schools Collaborate across community agencies Start with programs at the preschool level Provide a mentoring adult who is available full time
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providing a mentoring adult who is available full time
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Gino is a law enforcement officer in an area where the level of drug abuse and juvenile delinquency is high. He has a group of four male teens that he meets with every day. Often they play basketball or lift weights together. Gino's mentoring fits the common component of ________, found in successful prevention programs. providing a mentoring adult who is available full time starting with programs at the preschool level collaborating across community agencies integrating law enforcement into high-risk schools
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possibilities and transformations.
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Lillian came from a difficult and disadvantaged childhood. After struggling to find her way in college, she began to excel and find her strengths. Now she feels like nothing can hold her back from her dreams. Lillian is displaying the characteristic of emerging adulthood Jeffrey Arnett described as: feeling in-between stages. self-focused. instability and identity exploration. possibilities and transformations.
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get married.
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Arissa is preparing for her rite of passage into full adulthood. In her county, Malaysia, women move into adulthood when they: get married. have a child. have a prestigious, full-time job. purchase a home.
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increases
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Matthew has kept his childhood tradition of recording his height and weight across his college years. His data are consistent with a recent study that found weight usually ________ from the freshman year in college to the senior year. decreases stays the same increases fluctuates dramatically
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42%
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Andrea knows she wants a career in the health professions. Her college advisor said, "In terms of opportunities, you may want to consider something related to reducing obesity. A recent analysis predicted that ________ of U.S. adults will be obese in 2030." 28% 11% 73% 42%
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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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Obesity is linked to increased risk of all of the following EXCEPT: hypertension. cardiovascular disease. diabetes. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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Diet-plus-exercise programs
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According to research, which of the following is an effective method of losing weight? Diet pills Diet supplements Diet-only programs Diet-plus-exercise programs
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exercise regularly
answer
Charles, a college student, knows his high stress level is keeping him from doing his best work. When talking with a counselor about his concerns, he was surprised when she said, "Studies have shown that young adults who ________ have less stress and greater life satisfaction." eat more fruits and vegetables exercise regularly have more friends change their majors
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aerobic exercises.
answer
Tapei is a young adult who has been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Her therapist told her about a recent meta-analysis indicating that moderate to vigorous exercises were effective in reducing major depressive disorder. Tapei should consider: flexibility exercises. calisthenics. strength training. aerobic exercises.
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fighting with their parents.
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A national survey of drinking patterns on 140 campuses showed binge drinkers reported all of the following problems EXCEPT: fighting with their parents. missing classes. having unprotected sex. sustaining physical injuries.
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extreme binge drinking.
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Mike, in his early twenties, is at a bachelor party with many of his friends. Across the evening Mike has 12 drinks in a row. His behavior would be labeled: binge drinking. typical male drinking. alcoholism. extreme binge drinking.
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psychological distress.
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A recent study of more than 3,900 participants, ranging from 18 to 25 years old, indicated that casual sex was related to: social popularity. psychological distress. a higher divorce rate later in life. poor grades in college.
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Married and cohabiting couples have sex more often than noncohabiting couples.
answer
Which of the following statements accurately reflects a key finding from the 1994 "Sex in America" survey? Married and cohabiting couples have sex more often than noncohabiting couples. Most Americans reported enjoying kinky sexual acts. Most Americans have sex twice a week or more. Women think about sex far more than men do.
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Sexual orientation is a continuum from exclusive male-female relations to exclusive same-sex relations.
answer
Which of the following statements about sexual orientation is considered TRUE today? Sexual orientation is an either/or proposition where individuals are either heterosexual or homosexual. Individuals of different sexual orientation have different physiological responses during sexual arousal. Sexual orientation is a continuum from exclusive male-female relations to exclusive same-sex relations. Most individuals have a bisexual orientation.
question
Genital herpes
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Which of the following has an incidence rate of one in five U.S. adults? Syphilis Chlamydia Genital herpes Gonorrhea
question
6
answer
The National Center for Health Statistics reported in 2016 that STIs affect about 1 in every ________ U.S. adults. 45 23 6 73
question
herpes.
answer
Condoms are less effective against the spread of: chlamydia. syphilis. herpes. gonorrhea.
question
The disappearing long-term career for an increasing number of adults
answer
Which of the following is a trend in the U.S. workforce? The disappearing short-term career paths for adults The decreasing number of individuals who work at a series of jobs The disappearing long-term career for an increasing number of adults The appearance of long-term careers for an increasing number of individuals
question
will be less productive because of stress.
answer
Ishmael is experiencing a lot of stress at the workplace. The increased use of robots and computerized machines has caused several of his coworkers to lose their jobs. Trends indicated in a recent national survey of U.S. adults suggest that Ishmael: will not make important career decisions based on the stress. is likely to view stress as a positive thing. will be less productive because of stress. will be energized by the stress.
question
low salaries.
answer
A recent national survey of U.S. adults identified the leading source of stress at the workplace as: long hours. low salaries. sexual harassment. uncertain job expectations.
question
lawyers
answer
According to the 2016-2017 Occupational Outlook Handbook, all of the following are projected to be the fastest growing job categories EXCEPT: wind turbine service technicians. statisticians. physical therapists. lawyers.