APUSH Chapter 21 Terms

22 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
22 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (18)
question
Allies
answer
The Allies of World War I, also known as the Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers during the First World War. The members of the Allies of World War I were Britain, France, Italy, and Russia.
question
American Expeditionary Force
answer
The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) consisted of the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe under the command of General John J. Pershing in 1917 to help fight World War I . During the United States campaigns in World War I the AEF fought in France alongside French and British allied forces in the last year of the war, against German forces.
question
Central Powers
answer
Began as an alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Ottoman Empire joined them in 1914 and Bulgaria in 1915. They were the countries that opposed the Allies.
question
Dollar Diplomacy
answer
It was particularly during President William Howard Taft's termโ€”to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
question
General John J. Pershing
answer
Pershing was an American general who led troops against "Pancho" Villa in 1916. He took on the Meuse-Argonne offensive in 1918 which was one of the longest lasting battles- 47 days in World War I. He was the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I.
question
" Great Migration
answer
The movement of African Americans from the South to the industrial centers of the Northeast and the Midwest. Causes for migration included decreasing cotton prices, the lack of immigrant workers in the North, increased manufacturing as a result of the war, and the strengthening of the KKK. Migration led to higher wages, more educational opportunities, and better standards of life for some blacks.
question
League of Nations
answer
International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s
question
Ludlow Massacre
answer
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. Some two dozen people, including miners' wives and children, were killed.
question
Lusitania
answer
It was a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The unrestricted submarine warfare caused the U.S. to enter World War I against the Germans.
question
Marcus Garvey
answer
A powerful African American leader during the 1920s. Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated a mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Garvey was convicted of fraud in 1923 and deported to Jamaica in 1927.
question
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
answer
These two men were convicted in 1921 of the murder of a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard. They were given a trial, but the jury and judge were prejudiced against the men because they were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers. Despite criticism from liberals and radicals all over the world, the men were electrocuted in 1927 .
question
Nineteenth Amendment
answer
The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. It gave women the right to vote and was ratified on August 18, 1920
question
The Fourteen Points
answer
It was a statement of principles for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations after World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
question
Treaty of Versailles
answer
It was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919. The Germans were ordered to sign the treaty drawn up by Allies. German reparations would come to over $30 billion dollars. They were forced to assume full responsibility for causing the war.
question
Triple Alliance
answer
The Triple Alliance was a military alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. They formed an alliance for protection from the Triple Entente. It lasted from 20 May 1882 until World War I in 1914
question
Triple Entente
answer
Britain, France and Russia all had economic and territorial ambitions .They all disliked Germany so they formed an alliance for protection
question
Trench Warfare
answer
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
question
United Negro Improvement Association
answer
It is a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey. The organization enjoyed its greatest strength in the 1920s, prior to Garvey's deportation from the United States of America, after which its prestige and influence declined.
question
Red Scare
answer
It began following the Bolshevik Russian Revolution of 1917. It was a nationwide fear of communists, socialists, and anarchists.
question
Pancho Villa
answer
Mexican revolutionary whose assaults on American citizens and territory provoked a U. S. expedition into Mexico
question
Roosevelt Corollary
answer
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force.
question
Sanator Henry Cabot Lodge
answer
was a Republican who disagreed with the Versailles Treaty, and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.He mostly disagree with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened