US History Second Semester Final

21 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
50 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (46)
question
Propaganda posters painted an unrealistic picture of war because they showed
answer
only happy people, not people suffering or dying.
question
How did Roosevelt's Lend-Lease Act shift US foreign policy away from isolationism?
answer
It lent arms to Allied forces and allowed them to pay later.
question
A provision of the US Neutrality Act of 1935
answer
prohibited the sale of arms to any belligerent nations.
question
US war bonds helped the war effort by
answer
loaning money to the government.
question
The raw materials that the US produced more of during World War II than any other country were
answer
oil and steel.
question
Who made up the National Defense Advisory Commission?
answer
politicians, businessmen, and scientists
question
In the Supreme Court's decision in Korematsu v. United States, the court said that Korematsu
answer
was not a spy but could not be granted equal rights.
question
Which statement best describes the role of West Coast newspapers in provoking fear of Japanese people in the 1940s?
answer
The newspapers reported rumors about Japanese Americans being spies.
question
Shortly after the Munich Agreement gave Germany the Sudetenland, Hilter invaded
answer
Poland.
question
Which of the following is a feature of democratic systems but not totalitarian systems?
answer
freedom of speech
question
How did America's involvement in World War II impact race relations in the military?
answer
Individuals of different backgrounds made significant contributions to the war effort, which encouraged racial integration in the military.
question
How did the US government limit the amount of scarce goods that a person could obtain?
answer
It made the purchase of large quantities of goods illegal.
question
Which of the following best describes the beginning of the World War II?
answer
France and Britain declared war on Germany following Germany's invasion of Poland.
question
How did braceros help the war effort?
answer
They helped meet labor shortages for industry.
question
Which of the following best describes the state of the US economy at the end of World War II?
answer
It was starting to come out of the Great Depression.
question
Under Executive Order 9066, the military
answer
could remove people considered a threat from their homes.
question
How were the Japanese able to surprise the US at Pearl Harbor?
answer
Japanese aircraft carriers had approached Hawaii unnoticed.
question
A result of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor was
answer
thousands of Americans died, and the US declared war.
question
Which of the following best explains why Germans and Italians gave up their civil liberties and embraced totalitarianism?
answer
They supported fascist leaders who promised relief from economic hardships.
question
Which of the following best summarizes the status of World War II technologies today?
answer
They have continued to improve and are still used today.
question
Which of the following best defines the term braceros?
answer
immigrants from Mexico who had contracts to work in America, mostly in agriculture
question
Before World War II, women had served in war as
answer
nurses.
question
During World War II, the US government sent people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps based on
answer
whether they lived in an exclusion zone.
question
Which of the following explains why the Munich Agreement is an example of appeasement?
answer
The participants gave Hitler something valuable in exchange for peace.
question
Which two groups helped the US boost its World War II production to record levels?
answer
labor and business
question
If Honduras wanted to trade goods with China, how would they negotiate the treaty?
answer
through representatives elected from each country
question
The Preamble states all of the following reasons for presenting the Declaration except —
answer
the United States has become a light of freedom for other nations of the world
question
The main purpose of the G20 is to
answer
cooperate to prevent financial crises.
question
Many children around the world suffer from __________, or a lack of essential vitamins and minerals.
answer
malnutrition
question
A company that builds a factory in another country to hire workers for less money is trying to save on its
answer
human resources.
question
How are MNCs and the WTO similar?
answer
They influence the world economy.
question
Civil society organizations focus efforts on __________.
answer
finding long-term solutions to poverty and creating a greater quality of life for all people
question
In the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights," what is most important for the full realization of the pledge made in the Declaration of Human Rights?
answer
universal respect and observance of human rights
question
Even though nearly 200 nations have adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in many nations these rights are frequently abused.
answer
True
question
The primary mission of the World Bank today is to __________
answer
reduce poverty around the globe
question
If a country lowers tariffs, what will most likely happen?
answer
Imports will increase.
question
When was the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" written?
answer
1946-1948
question
In the preamble to the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights," which freedom is not identified as a fundamental human right?
answer
freedom to bear arms
question
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created by which international organization?
answer
United Nations
question
Which statement best explains financial crises in the global economy?
answer
A financial crisis in one country can quickly spread to other countries.
question
An important function of __________ is to develop programs for rebuilding a nation's economy.
answer
the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
question
Which of the following nations is known to enlist children as young as eight into its army?
answer
Colombia
question
Which of the following professions is most similar to an MNC?
answer
a traveling salesperson with business offices in different cities and countries
question
In 2000 how many members were in the United Nations?
answer
189
question
In which country were tens of thousands of children forced to serve in rebel armies?
answer
Uganda
question
According to United Nations, Human Rights are __________, meaning they apply to everyone regardless of race, age, nationality, gender, or ethnicity.
answer
universal
question
Poverty reduction is the main goal of the
answer
World Bank.
question
Which one of the following statements about air pollution is FALSE?
answer
Air pollution is only a problem in the developing world.
question
Which of the following nations or regions does not dominate the global marketplace?
answer
South Asia
question
In what year was the United Nations established?
answer
1945