Nutrition, Fitness, & Body Weight

25 July 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
84 test answers
question
American college of Sports Medicine recommendation for physics activity
answer
75 mins of vigorous-intensity exercise a week
question
The four components of cardio training
answer
Type, frequency, time, intensity
question
Mesomorphic
answer
Individuals with a body type that gain muscle more easily than other body types
question
Intensity
answer
You can turn light activity into moderate by increase
question
Common barriers to an active lifestyle cited by adults
answer
Fear of injury, perception that it's boring, and lack of confidence
question
Skill-Related Fitness
answer
Ability to perform specific skills associated with various sports and leisure activities and speed.
question
T or F A network of people can join you in your activities can make the difference between a sedentary and an active lifestyle
answer
True
question
T or F Many communities are passing public policies and laws that encourage physical activities
answer
True
question
How many times must a person exercise a week to experience improvements in cardiorespiratory functioning
answer
Twice
question
T or F The ACSM recommends people exercise at a THR between 25-40% of their max heart rate
answer
False
question
A very low calorie diet (800 or less) is...
answer
Only recommended under a dr's supervision
question
Core-strength training
answer
Strength training that conditions the body torso from neck to lower back
question
John weighs 242lbs and has body mass index of 26; he's considered
answer
Overweight
question
Complementary protein
answer
Protein formed when a person eats foods with different compositions in order to obtain sufficient amino acids
question
T or F You will experience the greatest improvement in flexibility if you do your stretching exercises before aerobic exercise
answer
False
question
T or F Short-term exercise has been shown to significantly improve cognitive functionjng
answer
False
question
Why did MyPlate replace the food pyramid that had been promoted by the USDA?
answer
Because the food pyramid was overly complicated and mislead info
question
Trans Fatty Acids
answer
Fats that have been artificially hardened by hydrogenation to remain solid at room temp
question
T or F Increases of daily fiber intake should be gradual
answer
True
question
Phytochemicals
answer
Chemicals derived from plants that may prevent degenerative diseases
question
FDA permits use of term "light" on food packaging if product has...
answer
1/3 fewer calories or half fat of regular product
question
Symptoms to look for to determine if child may have heart defect
answer
High blood pressure, irregular or high heart rate at rest or during exercise, fainting episodes, and sudden chest pain during exercise or at rest
question
Determine one's daily energy requirements
answer
Energy spent on basal metabolic rate, energy spent on physical activities, and the thermic effect of food
question
The greatest influence on growth of weight problems
answer
Growing availability and convenience of unhealthy foods
question
T or F Some hormones can't be produced when body fat falls below a certain threshold
answer
True
question
Truth about vitamins and minerals
answer
Consuming excessive amounts of them can lead to toxicity. 2 types of vitamins exist: fat and water-soluble. Vitamins and minerals are both micronutrients.
question
How many Americans die every year from food borne illness?
answer
3k
question
BMI
answer
Body weight in relationship to height
question
T or False Twin studies support a genetic tendency toward obesity
answer
True
question
Free Radicals
answer
Oxygen in the body metabolized to produce unstable molecules, which can damage cell structures and DNA
question
How many times are obese people likely to die before reaching their expected life span than non-obese people?
answer
4 times more likely
question
Pilates is most strongly associated with which type of exercise training?
answer
Core-strength
question
You can turn light activity into moderate activity by increasing the _____.
answer
Intensity
question
What percentage is the acceptable distribution range (AMDR) for protein daily energy intake?
answer
10-35
question
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that people exercise at a THR between what percentages of their max heart rate?
answer
50-90%
question
Tolerable Upper Intake Level
answer
Highest amount of nutrient a person can take without risking food toxicity
question
The main purpose of proteins.
answer
To build and maintain body tissue
question
What are the most common symptoms of poisoning?
answer
Nausea, vomiting, and fever
question
Antioxidants
answer
Can neutralize the effects of free radicals before they cause much damage.
question
Target heart rate zone
answer
The in-between point at which you are stressing your cardiovascular system for optical benefit but not overloading it.
question
What indicate a healthy body weight?
answer
Weight within an acceptable range for one's height. A fat distribution that's not a risk factor for illness. The absence of medical conditions that suggest a need for weight loss.
question
Phentermine
answer
The most common of a group of medications that act on the brain to reduce appetite, but are approved only for short-term use.
question
What percentage of all trips in the US are taken by car?
answer
75%
question
Obesity is defined as having a body mass index of ____ or higher.
answer
30
question
Weight cycling
answer
A yo-yo effect of repeated cycles in which a person loses weight only to be followed by new gain in weight.
question
T or F In general, it's necessary to exercise at least 5x a week to obtain adaptation changes in the cardiorespiratory system.
answer
False
question
The body mass index (BMI) is used mainly to determine ____.
answer
how your body weight may affect your health.
question
Skill-related fitness
answer
Ability to perform specific skills associated with various sports and leisure activities.
question
Health-related fitness
answer
The ability to perform daily living activities with vigor.
question
Truths about Flexibility
answer
It's at its highest in teen years. Stretching programs can reduce the flexibility loss associated with aging. Aging is accompanied by a shortening of tendons and increased rigidity in muscles and joints, thus reducing flexibility.
question
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
answer
Increases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and decreases the resting heart rate.
question
Most adults need only ____ percent of their daily calorie intake in the form of fat.
answer
15%
question
Food In fection
answer
A condition caused by eating foods contaminated by disease-causing microorganisms.
question
Ballistic
answer
A kind of stretching that is not recommended for most people (just elite athletes) due to it making an individual vulnerable to muscle pulls and tears.
question
T or F Taking a hot shower immediately after a main exercise program effectively aids in cool-down and blood flow return to the heart.
answer
False
question
Truth about E. Coli
answer
Some infections can be fatal to humans.
question
Institute of Medicine's recommended standard for front-of-package labels.
answer
Information about saturated and trans fats, info about sodium and added sugars, and checkmarks to indicate when ingredients are within healthy ranges.
question
The thermic effect of food--the energy required to process the food one eats--is estimated at ____ percent of energy intake.
answer
10%
question
What is a major premise of the size acceptance movement?
answer
There is no ideal body shape.
question
8 foods that are 90% of food allergies.
answer
Milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, soy, and wheat.
question
At least how many specific vitamins does a body need?
answer
11
question
Abdominal fat is _____.
answer
more easily enters the bloodstream.
question
Functions of water.
answer
Helping to regulate body temperature, lubricating our moving parts, absorbing and transporting nutrients, and carrying waste products out of the body.
question
At what age does weight typically begin to decline for males and females due to causes such as less muscle tissue, less body tissue, less body mass, and a decreased caloric need?
answer
60
question
Appetite Suppressant
answer
Type of diet drug that is Sibutramine.
question
After puberty, a boy of healthy weight typically levels off at what percent of body fat?
answer
15%
question
What's a macronutrient?
answer
Protein, carbohydrates, fat, and water
question
Four popular stretching techniques for exercise.
answer
Ballistic, Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), static, and passive
question
Glucose
answer
The main provider of energy for the brain and nervous system.
question
Food Intoxication
answer
Occurs when a food is contaminated by natural toxins
question
Fact about bananas
answer
Carries little pesticide residue.
question
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range
answer
Intake ranges that provide nutrition and are associated with reduced risk of chronic disease.
question
Association with low body fat levels
answer
Depression, hair loss, infertility, and lack of menstruation.
question
T or F Women, after menopause, experience a shift in body fat from the hips and thighs in the abdomen.
answer
True.
question
Static stretching
answer
Most recommended for general fitness purposes.
question
Four components of cardiorespiratory training.
answer
Type, frequency, time, and intensity.
question
What is an example of vigorous-intensity exercise?
answer
Jogging
question
To find a weight loss plan that offers the best chance of success, you should avoid plans that ____.
answer
Will drastically change your eating patterns.
question
Heart Rate Reserve
answer
Difference between maximum heart rate and resting heart rate.
question
Energy balance
answer
the relationship between caloric intake (food) and output (metabolism and activity).
question
When does the most significant drop in physical activity typically occur in people's lives?
answer
Later high school years and freshman year of college.
question
What is a common practice that creates greater risk of transmitting food borne illnesses?
answer
Defrosting meat and poultry at room temperature
question
Trans fatty acids
answer
The fatty acids now considered most hazardous to health.
question
BMR
answer
The rate at which bodies use energy for basic life functions and influenced by age, gender, and weight.
1 of 84

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (80)
question
American college of Sports Medicine recommendation for physics activity
answer
75 mins of vigorous-intensity exercise a week
question
The four components of cardio training
answer
Type, frequency, time, intensity
question
Mesomorphic
answer
Individuals with a body type that gain muscle more easily than other body types
question
Intensity
answer
You can turn light activity into moderate by increase
question
Common barriers to an active lifestyle cited by adults
answer
Fear of injury, perception that it's boring, and lack of confidence
question
Skill-Related Fitness
answer
Ability to perform specific skills associated with various sports and leisure activities and speed.
question
T or F A network of people can join you in your activities can make the difference between a sedentary and an active lifestyle
answer
True
question
T or F Many communities are passing public policies and laws that encourage physical activities
answer
True
question
How many times must a person exercise a week to experience improvements in cardiorespiratory functioning
answer
Twice
question
T or F The ACSM recommends people exercise at a THR between 25-40% of their max heart rate
answer
False
question
A very low calorie diet (800 or less) is...
answer
Only recommended under a dr's supervision
question
Core-strength training
answer
Strength training that conditions the body torso from neck to lower back
question
John weighs 242lbs and has body mass index of 26; he's considered
answer
Overweight
question
Complementary protein
answer
Protein formed when a person eats foods with different compositions in order to obtain sufficient amino acids
question
T or F You will experience the greatest improvement in flexibility if you do your stretching exercises before aerobic exercise
answer
False
question
T or F Short-term exercise has been shown to significantly improve cognitive functionjng
answer
False
question
Why did MyPlate replace the food pyramid that had been promoted by the USDA?
answer
Because the food pyramid was overly complicated and mislead info
question
Trans Fatty Acids
answer
Fats that have been artificially hardened by hydrogenation to remain solid at room temp
question
T or F Increases of daily fiber intake should be gradual
answer
True
question
Phytochemicals
answer
Chemicals derived from plants that may prevent degenerative diseases
question
FDA permits use of term "light" on food packaging if product has...
answer
1/3 fewer calories or half fat of regular product
question
Symptoms to look for to determine if child may have heart defect
answer
High blood pressure, irregular or high heart rate at rest or during exercise, fainting episodes, and sudden chest pain during exercise or at rest
question
Determine one's daily energy requirements
answer
Energy spent on basal metabolic rate, energy spent on physical activities, and the thermic effect of food
question
The greatest influence on growth of weight problems
answer
Growing availability and convenience of unhealthy foods
question
T or F Some hormones can't be produced when body fat falls below a certain threshold
answer
True
question
Truth about vitamins and minerals
answer
Consuming excessive amounts of them can lead to toxicity. 2 types of vitamins exist: fat and water-soluble. Vitamins and minerals are both micronutrients.
question
How many Americans die every year from food borne illness?
answer
3k
question
BMI
answer
Body weight in relationship to height
question
T or False Twin studies support a genetic tendency toward obesity
answer
True
question
Free Radicals
answer
Oxygen in the body metabolized to produce unstable molecules, which can damage cell structures and DNA
question
How many times are obese people likely to die before reaching their expected life span than non-obese people?
answer
4 times more likely
question
Pilates is most strongly associated with which type of exercise training?
answer
Core-strength
question
You can turn light activity into moderate activity by increasing the _____.
answer
Intensity
question
What percentage is the acceptable distribution range (AMDR) for protein daily energy intake?
answer
10-35
question
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that people exercise at a THR between what percentages of their max heart rate?
answer
50-90%
question
Tolerable Upper Intake Level
answer
Highest amount of nutrient a person can take without risking food toxicity
question
The main purpose of proteins.
answer
To build and maintain body tissue
question
What are the most common symptoms of poisoning?
answer
Nausea, vomiting, and fever
question
Antioxidants
answer
Can neutralize the effects of free radicals before they cause much damage.
question
Target heart rate zone
answer
The in-between point at which you are stressing your cardiovascular system for optical benefit but not overloading it.
question
What indicate a healthy body weight?
answer
Weight within an acceptable range for one's height. A fat distribution that's not a risk factor for illness. The absence of medical conditions that suggest a need for weight loss.
question
Phentermine
answer
The most common of a group of medications that act on the brain to reduce appetite, but are approved only for short-term use.
question
What percentage of all trips in the US are taken by car?
answer
75%
question
Obesity is defined as having a body mass index of ____ or higher.
answer
30
question
Weight cycling
answer
A yo-yo effect of repeated cycles in which a person loses weight only to be followed by new gain in weight.
question
T or F In general, it's necessary to exercise at least 5x a week to obtain adaptation changes in the cardiorespiratory system.
answer
False
question
The body mass index (BMI) is used mainly to determine ____.
answer
how your body weight may affect your health.
question
Skill-related fitness
answer
Ability to perform specific skills associated with various sports and leisure activities.
question
Health-related fitness
answer
The ability to perform daily living activities with vigor.
question
Truths about Flexibility
answer
It's at its highest in teen years. Stretching programs can reduce the flexibility loss associated with aging. Aging is accompanied by a shortening of tendons and increased rigidity in muscles and joints, thus reducing flexibility.
question
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
answer
Increases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and decreases the resting heart rate.
question
Most adults need only ____ percent of their daily calorie intake in the form of fat.
answer
15%
question
Food In fection
answer
A condition caused by eating foods contaminated by disease-causing microorganisms.
question
Ballistic
answer
A kind of stretching that is not recommended for most people (just elite athletes) due to it making an individual vulnerable to muscle pulls and tears.
question
T or F Taking a hot shower immediately after a main exercise program effectively aids in cool-down and blood flow return to the heart.
answer
False
question
Truth about E. Coli
answer
Some infections can be fatal to humans.
question
Institute of Medicine's recommended standard for front-of-package labels.
answer
Information about saturated and trans fats, info about sodium and added sugars, and checkmarks to indicate when ingredients are within healthy ranges.
question
The thermic effect of food--the energy required to process the food one eats--is estimated at ____ percent of energy intake.
answer
10%
question
What is a major premise of the size acceptance movement?
answer
There is no ideal body shape.
question
8 foods that are 90% of food allergies.
answer
Milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, soy, and wheat.
question
At least how many specific vitamins does a body need?
answer
11
question
Abdominal fat is _____.
answer
more easily enters the bloodstream.
question
Functions of water.
answer
Helping to regulate body temperature, lubricating our moving parts, absorbing and transporting nutrients, and carrying waste products out of the body.
question
At what age does weight typically begin to decline for males and females due to causes such as less muscle tissue, less body tissue, less body mass, and a decreased caloric need?
answer
60
question
Appetite Suppressant
answer
Type of diet drug that is Sibutramine.
question
After puberty, a boy of healthy weight typically levels off at what percent of body fat?
answer
15%
question
What's a macronutrient?
answer
Protein, carbohydrates, fat, and water
question
Four popular stretching techniques for exercise.
answer
Ballistic, Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), static, and passive
question
Glucose
answer
The main provider of energy for the brain and nervous system.
question
Food Intoxication
answer
Occurs when a food is contaminated by natural toxins
question
Fact about bananas
answer
Carries little pesticide residue.
question
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range
answer
Intake ranges that provide nutrition and are associated with reduced risk of chronic disease.
question
Association with low body fat levels
answer
Depression, hair loss, infertility, and lack of menstruation.
question
T or F Women, after menopause, experience a shift in body fat from the hips and thighs in the abdomen.
answer
True.
question
Static stretching
answer
Most recommended for general fitness purposes.
question
Four components of cardiorespiratory training.
answer
Type, frequency, time, and intensity.
question
What is an example of vigorous-intensity exercise?
answer
Jogging
question
To find a weight loss plan that offers the best chance of success, you should avoid plans that ____.
answer
Will drastically change your eating patterns.
question
Heart Rate Reserve
answer
Difference between maximum heart rate and resting heart rate.
question
Energy balance
answer
the relationship between caloric intake (food) and output (metabolism and activity).
question
When does the most significant drop in physical activity typically occur in people's lives?
answer
Later high school years and freshman year of college.
question
What is a common practice that creates greater risk of transmitting food borne illnesses?
answer
Defrosting meat and poultry at room temperature
question
Trans fatty acids
answer
The fatty acids now considered most hazardous to health.
question
BMR
answer
The rate at which bodies use energy for basic life functions and influenced by age, gender, and weight.