Chapter 6: Congress

2 September 2023
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1.Each state has __________ senators, each of whom serves a __________-year term.
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2 senators , 6 year terms
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2.__________ is the process of allotting congressional seats to each state according to its proportion of the population.
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Apportionment
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3.The Constitutional Convention resulted in what form of legislature?
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Bicameral Legislature
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ā€‹4.In the House of Representatives, who is second in authority to the Speaker of the House?
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Majority Leader
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5.Congress is __________ than the general population.
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More educated, richer, whiter, male. (religious maybe?)
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ā€‹6.A(n) __________ committee is created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate.
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Conference Committee
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7.Pork may aid the district of a member of Congress by __________.
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increasing jobs and revenue with federally funded projects
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8.An elected official who votes the way his or her constituents would want is a __________.
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Delegate
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9.Whips serve what main function?
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close contact with party members, take vote counts on key legislation prepares summaries of bills and acts as communications link within a party.
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10.The formal method for ending a filibuster is __________; it requires the approval of __________ senators.
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cloture, sixty
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11.During an election, an incumbent representative might point to local allocations of a federal highway bill as a reason to be reelected. This is an example of __________.
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Credit claiming
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ā€‹12.Which of the following contributes to the incumbency advantage?
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Name recognition, Credit Claiming, Casework, Franking Privilege, Access to media, ease in fund raising, experience in running a campaign, redistricting .
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ā€‹13.How might a bill become law if it has been pocket vetoed?
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The bill must be reintroduced in the next session of Congress.
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14.Members of the House are apportioned to states based on __________. They serve __________-year terms.
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Population, 2 Years
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ā€‹15.What does the Congressional Research Service do?
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Provides members with nonpartisan studies and also tracks the progress of major bills, prepares summaries of bills, and makes information available electronically. ?
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16.Why were Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton impeached but not removed from office?
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A simple majority in the House led to charges of wrongdoing, but a Senate trial failed to impeach.
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17.Why are there currently 435 members in the House of Representatives?
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The number is fixed at this limit by a statute.
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ā€‹18.What occurs during the appropriations process?
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Congress grants funds to federal agencies and programs
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ā€‹19.A rise in party unity is indicative of __________.
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low bipartisanship levels
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20.The __________ is where members of Congress affiliated with a given party gather to select their leadership at the beginning of each term.
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Party Caucus
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21.A __________ committee is a temporary committee that is appointed for a specific purpose.
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Select Or Special Committee
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ā€‹22.How have Americans rated members of Congress in recent years?
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Individual members of Congress rate slightly higher than Congress as a whole, but approval ratings are at an all-time low.
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ā€‹23.The vice president of the United States is the ceremonial leader of the Senate, but he or she has little real leadership responsibilities. The true leader of the Senate is the __________.
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President Pro Tempore (Majority Leader)
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24.Incumbents are most likely to lose their bid for reelection when they are impacted by which of the following events?
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Redistricting
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ā€‹25.The president pro tempore __________.
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official chair of the senate; usually the most senior member of the majority party
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26.The __________ presides over the House of Representatives in a way that smooths the passage of majority-backed bills.
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Speaker
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27.According to the trustee model of representation, legislators are entrusted to __________.
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use their judgment when making decisions
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ā€‹28.What is the purpose of a discharge petition?
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to force a vote on a House bill within an opposing committee
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29.Which statement best characterizes a subcommittee hearing?
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Those opposed and those in favor of a bill can voice their opinions on it to the subcommittee. ?
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30.After a bill is reported by a full committee, it goes to __________.
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Committee action
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ā€‹31.When is the staff of a member of Congress most likely to have an influence over how he or she votes on a given bill?
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When the bill is non ideological
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32.What procedure limits debate of budget controversies to twenty hours, thereby ending the threat of a filibuster in the Senate?
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Reconciliation
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ā€‹33.Which is an example of logrolling in Congress?
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Supporting a bill in exchange for support of ones own bill
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34.What is the typical trajectory of a bill in the House of Representatives?
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Introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, rules committee, full house vote, conference committee, send to president
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35.ā€‹__________ is a good example of congressional casework.
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Assistance to a constituent in obtaining a social security check
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ā€‹37.What is the typical trajectory of a bill in the Senate?
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Introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, full senate debate and vote, conference committee, send to president
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38.A __________ is one tactic to signal the leadership that a senator may have objections to a bill.
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Hold
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39.The House minority leader __________.
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Is elected by the minority party
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40.Which individual keeps close contact with all members of his or her party, counts votes for key legislation, prepares summaries of bills, and acts as a communications link within the party?
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Whip
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41.Which statement about incumbency is most accurate?
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Incumbents have a huge advantage in re-election
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42.What does the Government Accountability Office do?
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Investigates how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars
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ā€‹43.In the event of a major scandal, which kind of committee would be convened to conduct a special investigation?
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Joint committee
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44.Which example best demonstrates a legislator acting according to a delegate view of representation?
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A legislator follows the public opinion of his or her constituency
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ā€‹45:Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between Congress and the judiciary?
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Congress must be increasingly mindful of the Supreme Courts reaction when it enacts new laws for the nation
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46.What occurs at a congressional party conference?
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Republicans meet to select leaders and determine objectives.
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47.ā€‹__________ is the practice whereby the president gives deference to senators from the home state where a judicial vacancy occurs.
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Senatorial courtesy
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48.How are committee chairs selected in the House?
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selected through a two-step procedure where the Democratic Caucus and the Republican Conference recommends members to serve on Committees
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ā€‹49.In response to Nixon's refusal to spend money for social programs despite Congress's authorization to do so, Congress __________.
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passed the Congressional Budget Act of 1974
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ā€‹50.Members of Congress are more religious than the general public. T/f
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True
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51.Incumbents are prohibited from pursuing casework because it is seen as an unfair electoral advantage. T/f
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False
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ā€‹52.A bill goes through markup in a full committee after a subcommittee votes in favor of it. T/f
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True
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53.Studies show that members of Congress vote in conformity with the prevailing opinion of their constituents a majority of the time. T/f
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True
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ā€‹54.The House currently has 435 members, but this number increases automatically every ten years after the census is conducted. T/f
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Flase
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55.The Congressional Budget Office evaluates the economic effects of different spending programs and provides information to Congress on the anticipated cost of proposed policies. T/f
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True
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56.Congress has ceded to the president a major role in the legislative process. T/f
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True
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57.Logrolling was deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court following the Civil Rights Act of 1964. T/f
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Flase
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ā€‹58.A conference committee is composed of members from the House and Senate committees that originally considered the bill. T/f
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False
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59.In the face of inaction by a House committee, a discharge petition signed by a majority can force a bill out of a committee and to the floor. T/f
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True
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60.Most bills become law. T/f
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False
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ā€‹61.The increasing partisanship and unproductivity of Congress have contributed to its low approval ratings. T/f
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True
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62.The Supreme Court has prohibited the practice of gerrymandering. T/f
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True
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ā€‹63.The necessary and proper clause allows Congress to increase the scope of its authority. T/f
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True