AMH2020 Ch. 23

29 August 2022
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55 test answers

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question
How did the United States respond to Joseph Stalin's blockade around Berlin?
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‚Äča.‚ÄčTruman ordered that supplies be brought to Berlin via an airlift.
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The Berlin Blockade was:
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d.‚Äčthe reaction by the Soviet Union to the establishment of a separate currency in western Berlin's occupied zones.
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Why did France and other Europeans understand NATO as a form of double containment?
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c.‚ÄčThe pact would guard them against Soviet aggression as well as against the resurgence of a powerful Germany.
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Why did the United States allow West Germany to become part of a defensive alliance less than ten years after the defeat of Nazi Germany?
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d.‚ÄčThe successful Soviet detonation of a nuclear bomb underlined the importance of a militarily united West.
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In 1949, Mao Zedong:
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b.‚Äčled a successful communist revolution in China.
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Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for?
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‚Äčb.‚ÄčA permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.
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Which statement about the Korean conflict is FALSE?
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‚Äčb.‚ÄčChinese troops threatened to enter the conflict, but never did.
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Which long-held U.S. territory was granted independence in 1946?
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‚Äčb.‚ÄčThe Philippines.
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According to some critics, how did the casting of the Cold War as a worldwide struggle between freedom and slavery have unfortunate consequences?
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‚Äče.‚ÄčA and B
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Why did the United States back away from pressuring its European allies to grant self-government to colonies in Asia and Africa?
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‚Äča.‚ÄčAmerican diplomats valued nations like France more highly for their alliance in the European Cold War.
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The impact of the Cold War on American culture was:
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‚Äča.‚Äčespecially evident in the movies.
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‚Äč"Militant Liberty" was the code name for a national security agency that:
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b.‚Äčencouraged Hollywood to produce anticommunist movies.
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To wage the cultural Cold War, the Central Intelligence Agency and Defense Department:
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c.‚Äčfunded artistic publications, concerts, performances, and exhibits.
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In the 1950s, what did the term "totalitarianism" describe?
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d.‚ÄčFascism, Nazism, and communism.
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What did Eleanor Roosevelt do of particular significance several years after the war ended?
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b.‚ÄčShe chaired the committee that drafted the United Nation's "Universal Declaration of Human Rights."
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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
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c.‚Äčincluded freedom of speech and religion.
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The principle of human rights‚ÄĒthe idea of basic rights belonging to all persons because they are human‚ÄĒwas introduced into international relations:
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d.‚Äčin the revolutionary period of the late eighteenth century.
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How did the Soviet focus on social and economic rights in the Cold War human rights debate affect American attitudes?
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c.‚ÄčIn the climate of anticommunist hysteria, it prompted many Americans to condemn these rights as a first step to socialism.
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‚ÄčAll of the following statements are true of the Fair Deal EXCEPT:
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b.‚ÄčCongress passed Truman's Fair Deal to raise the standard of living for Americans.
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In the aftermath of World War II:
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e.‚ÄčB and D
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Operation Dixie was:
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b.‚Äčthe postwar union campaign in the South.
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Why did nearly 5 million workers walk off their jobs over the course of 1946?
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d.‚ÄčThe removal of price controls resulted in a drop in workers' real income.
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‚ÄčThe Taft-Hartley Act:
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‚Äča.‚Äčoutlawed the closed shop.
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How had the political climate changed in the South during World War II in the early Cold War years?
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c.‚ÄčThe number of African-Americans in the region that were registered to vote increased sevenfold.
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President Truman's civil rights plan called for all of the following EXCEPT:
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d.‚Äčreparations.
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Why did southern Democrats fear losing their position in the Democratic Party following its national convention of 1948?
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‚Äčd.‚ÄčParty liberals under the leadership of Hubert Humphrey had added a strong civil rights plank to the party platform.
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Who were the "Dixiecrats"?
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‚Äčb.‚ÄčSouthern Democrats who walked out of the 1948 convention to form the "States' Rights Democratic Party."
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‚ÄčIn 1948, the Progressive Party:
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‚Äča.‚Äčadvocated expanded social welfare programs.
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The 1948 presidential race:
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b.‚Äčwas the last to occur before television forever changed campaigning.
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All of the following statements about the Cold War's impact on American life are true EXCEPT:
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e.‚ÄčCold War military spending weakened the economy.
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What reason did the Hollywood Ten give for not cooperating with the HUAC hearings?
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d.‚ÄčThey felt the hearings were a violation of the First Amendment.
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Why did Harry Truman's loyalty review system target homosexuals working for the government?
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‚Äčd.‚ÄčHomosexuals were considered susceptible to blackmail and thought to be lacking the manly qualities necessary to fight communism.
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Joseph McCarthy:
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e.‚Äčwas an embarrassment to his party by 1954.
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‚ÄčThe charges against which of the following organizations led to the downfall of Joseph McCarthy in 1954?
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d.‚ÄčThe army.
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During the Cold War, Americans:
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‚Äča.‚Äčformed anticommunist groups who pressured public libraries to remove "un-American" books from their shelves.
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Which of the following does NOT accurately depict one of the uses of anticommunism?
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b.‚ÄčConservative Catholic congregations were investigated for enforcing "principles of communist conformity" among parishioners.
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The McCarran-Walter Act:
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d.‚Äčauthorized the deportation of communists, including naturalized citizens.
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Why did anticommunist Harry Truman veto the McCarran-Walter Act?
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c.‚ÄčTruman had become alarmed at the excesses of the anticommunist crusade.
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Operation Wetback:
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c.‚Äčwas a military operation that rounded up illegal aliens found in Mexican-American neighborhoods for deportation.
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How did white supremacists take advantage of anticommunist rhetoric?
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‚Äčd.‚ÄčThey charged African-American civil rights leaders with a communist agenda.
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Organized labor emerged as:
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b.‚Äča major supporter of the foreign policy of the Cold War.
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The impact of the Cold War on the civil rights movement:
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c.‚Äčincluded government action against black leaders.
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How did black organizations employ the language of the Cold War?
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c.‚ÄčThey noted how the Russians could use racism to damage America's image abroad, given its hypocrisy about the meaning of "freedom" at home.
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What was so ironic about Dean Acheson's speech to the Delta Council in 1947?
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‚Äča.‚ÄčAcheson praised the president's defense of democratic institutions in the place that did not know democracy.
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Civil rights initiatives after 1948:
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‚Äča.‚Äčwaned, given widespread American sentiment that any criticism of American society smacked of "disloyalty."
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T or F: George Kennan's Long Telegram laid the foundation for the policy of containment.
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T
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T or F: Truman was advised to "scare the hell out of people" as a means of gaining support for aid to Greece and Turkey.
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T
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T or F: Overall, despite good intentions, the Marshall Plan was not very successful.
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F
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T or F: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was the first long-term military alliance between the United States and Europe since the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with France during the American Revolution.
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T
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T or F: The Berlin Airlift made it clear that Truman was determined to deny the Soviet Union any victories in the Cold War.
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T
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T or F: Despite the communist victory in China's civil war and the Soviets' successful development of an atomic bomb, the Truman administration refused to endorse a permanent U.S. military buildup.
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F
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T or F: The United States won the Korean War.
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F
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T or F: Generally speaking, economics and geopolitical interests motivated American foreign policy, but the language of freedom was used to justify America's actions.
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T
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T or F: Hollywood remained the one voice of protest during the McCarthy era, making films that glorified individualism, socialism, and the questioning of authority.
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F
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T or F: To improve the image of American race relations abroad, the U.S. government sponsored trips of African-American jazz musicians to Africa.
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F