EOC Practice Test: US History

25 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
80 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (76)
question
What is the significance of Pinckney's Treaty (1795) with Spain?
answer
It gave the United States the right to navigate the Mississippi.
question
Why did the U.S. Congress pass the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798?
answer
to prevent government opposition
question
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions were based on which principle?
answer
the states' right to nullify acts of the federal government
question
What right did most Caucasian women have in the United States during the Federalist period?
answer
right to inherit land
question
During Thomas Jefferson's presidency, which event challenged his strict constructionist philosophy?
answer
the Louisiana Purchase
question
What impact did the Battle of New Orleans have on the United States in 1815?
answer
It boosted a sense of patriotism and unity among U.S. citizens.
question
Which idea did Tecumseh and his brother the Prophet support before 1820?
answer
unification of American Indians in resistance to the U.S. government
question
Why did many Mormons migrate to the western United States?
answer
to escape religious persecution
question
Which part of the Compromise of 1850 received the greatest support from southern farmers?
answer
the passage of a strict fugitive slave law
question
Why can the Emancipation Proclamation be seen as a diplomatic document?
answer
It made it hard for foreign nations to recognize and support the Confederacy.
question
Which action abolished slavery in the United States?
answer
passage of the Thirteenth Amendment
question
Which of these is the strongest evidence of the federal government showing its power over state governments during the Reconstruction period?
answer
the military occupation of former Confederate states
question
Why did the House of Representatives impeach Andrew Johnson?
answer
The president violated the Tenure of Office Act.
question
_______ _______ from the _______of 1877 {withdrawal of federal troops, funding for transportation improvements, president cabinet positions}
answer
Democratic Benefits from the Compromise of 1877
question
What impact did the transcontinental railroad have on the economy of the West during the mid-1800s?
answer
increased settlement and growth in the region
question
Which invention made western farming more efficient in the mid-1800s?
answer
the steel plow
question
During the mid to late 1800s, which major problem was more common for a farmer in the West than for a farmer living east of the Mississippi River?
answer
high railroad rates
question
Which issue led to the organization of the Populist Party?
answer
the desire to lift the burden of debt from farmers and other workers
question
Which factor contributed most to the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?
answer
rise of nativism
question
Why were immigrants more likely to settle in urban, industrial centers rather than rural, agricultural regions?
answer
Factories provided much-needed jobs.
question
What was the impact of westward expansion on American Indians during the Jacksonian era?
answer
Most American Indians were relocated to lands west of the Mississippi River.
question
Which statement best explains the increase in sectionalism between 1820 and 1850?
answer
Westward expansion caused a recurring debate over the expansion of slavery into the new territories.
question
How did the transcendental movement influence U.S. society during the mid to late 1800s?
answer
Transcendentalists wrote about the idea of self-reliance.
question
Which of these activities had the greatest economic impact on the southeastern United States between 1800 and 1860?
answer
cotton farming
question
In the 1830β€”1850 period, which section of the United States most opposed a protective tariff?
answer
South
question
What was the effect of the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
answer
The concept of popular sovereignty led to armed conflict between slave owners and abolitionists.
question
Democracy in America: While society in the United States gives the example of the most extended liberty, the prisons of the same country offer the spectacle of the most complete [dictatorship]. - Beaumont and A. de Tocqueville 1831 Which 19th century reformer most likely agreed with de Tocqueville?
answer
Dorothea Dix
question
Susan B. Anthony is best known for which area of reform?
answer
Suffrage
question
Which congressional act was passed to end the abuses of the spoils system?
answer
Pendleton Act
question
Which event contributed most to the demise of the Knights of Labor?
answer
Haymarket Square Riot
question
Monopolists of the late 1800s: {Andrew Carnegie, _________ __________, and John Rockefeller}
answer
J.P. Morgan
question
Which business strategy would a late-1800s industrial leader use to establish a monopoly?
answer
use a horizontal integration system
question
Why did the United States act as an imperial power during the late 1800s?
answer
a need for new markets for its manufactured goods
question
Which event is associated with the outbreak of war between the United States and Spain in 1898?
answer
the sinking of the USS Maine
question
In 1898, William Randolph Hearst reportedly sent a message to his photographer in Cuba that said, "You provide the photographs and I'll furnish the war." Which technique was Hearst using?
answer
Yellow Journalism
question
How did the action of the U.S. government in the late 1800s impact Hawaii?
answer
U.S. intervention led to the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy.
question
How did poll taxes limit citizens' rights to liberty in the late 1800s?
answer
The poll taxes prevented black males from voting and denied them a voice in the government.
question
How did the role of journalism change during the Progressive Era?
answer
Journalism uncovered scandals and evoked people's emotions.
question
Why did Theodore Roosevelt build the Great White Fleet?
answer
to establish the United States as a naval power
question
What justification did President Taft use to support his use of dollar diplomacy in Latin America and Asia?
answer
to promote U.S. commercial interests abroad
question
How did passing the Sherman Antitrust Act attempt to reform U.S. business practices in the late 1800s?
answer
The legislation made business monopolies illegal, though enforcement of the law proved ineffective until later.
question
African American Responses to Jim Crow Laws During the Early 1900s: {Great Migration, National Association for Colored People, Militia Leagues, ___________ ___________ }
answer
Niagara Movement
question
How did assembly line production affect the U.S. economy during the early twentieth century?
answer
It helped expand modern consumerism.
question
Which group benefited the most from reform legislation passed during the Progressive Era?
answer
Factory Workers
question
Which event was a reason for the United States' entry into the First World War?
answer
the sinking of the Lusitania
question
How were the civil liberties of U.S. citizens threatened during World War I?
answer
The U.S. government restricted freedom of speech.
question
How did the United States help the Allies win World War I?
answer
The United States provided strong, energized troops.
question
The Kellogg-Briand Pact represented the desire of the United States and European nations to follow which policy?
answer
isolationism
question
Roaring twenties: {MEDIA - Ballyhoo, Tabloids; ________ - Speakeasies, Gangsters; LITERATURE - Expatriates, Lost Generation; IMMIGRANTS - Nativism, Red Scare}
answer
Prohibition
question
During the 1920s, which leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association advocated a return to Africa for African Americans?
answer
Marcus Garvey
question
What did the flapper image of the 1920s represent for U.S. women?
answer
a challenge to traditional values
question
Which evidence showed that the prosperity of the 1920s was an illusion?
answer
Many people increased their debt.
question
Which factor contributed to the stock market crash of 1929?
answer
overspeculation
question
Which factor added to the hardships of midwestern farmers during the Great Depression?
answer
the Dust Bowl
question
Which economic policy did President Franklin D. Roosevelt use to respond to the Great Depression?
answer
deficit spending
question
After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that several New Deal programs were unconstitutional, how did President Franklin Roosevelt try to influence future decisions of the Court?
answer
by trying to increase the number of Supreme Court justices
question
Which term best describes the diplomacy followed by some European nations in their relations with Germany, Italy, and Japan between 1931 and 1939?
answer
appeasement
question
Which advertising campaign represents the expanding role of women in the workplace during World War II?
answer
"Rosie the Riveter"
question
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb near the end of World War II?
answer
Truman wanted to save the lives of U.S. soldiers who would have to invade mainland Japan.
question
Which development best reflects the economic prosperity of the United States after the Second World War?
answer
the growth of suburbia and consumerism
question
What international organization was created immediately after the Second World War to promote world peace and cooperation among nations?
answer
the United Nations
question
According to this excerpt, for what was President Truman arguing? Truman Doctrine I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted [conquest] by armed minorities or by outside pressures. - President Harry Truman, 1947
answer
The United States must help protect independent nations from communist aggression.
question
Which U.S. initiative was designed to provide financial aid for war-torn European countries after the Second World War?
answer
the Marshall Plan
question
Which policy did the U.S. government use to respond to the Cold War tensions of the 1950s?
answer
containment
question
Which political trend characterized the era of McCarthyism?
answer
the use of false accusation of communism as a weapon against political opponents
question
Which government agency was developed in response to Cold War confrontations?
answer
Central Intelligence Agency
question
How did many U.S. families respond to the threat of a nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union as the Cold War intensified?
answer
They constructed bomb shelters in their backyards.
question
What was one purpose of President Kennedy's Alliance for Progress?
answer
to improve relations with Latin America
question
What precedent was established for U.S. presidents by the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
answer
the ability to engage in military activity without a congressional declaration of war
question
What strategy did both Martin Luther King Jr. and CΓ©sar ChΓ‘vez use to achieve social change?
answer
led nonviolent boycotts
question
Which group represents the counterculture of the 1960s?
answer
hippies
question
How did the war in Vietnam hinder President Lyndon B. Johnson's effort to create the Great Society?
answer
The war in Vietnam forced the United States to divert critical funds away from domestic issues.
question
Which statement best summarizes the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren?
answer
Supreme Court decisions defined rights for criminals and expanded rights for individuals.
question
What impact did Title IX have on educational institutions in the United States?
answer
equal funding of men's and women's athletics
question
What event during the 1970s resulted in the United States increasing its regulation of nuclear power plants?
answer
the incident at Three Mile Island
question
Which U.S. president regarded universal health care as a major issue for the federal government to resolve?
answer
Bill Clinton
question
The Watergate scandal is appropriately described by which statement?
answer
It concerned the Nixon administration's attempt to cover up a burglary at the Democratic National Committee headquarters.
question
What was the main purpose for Operation Desert Storm?
answer
to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait
question
In which country did president Clinton use force in an attempt to bring an end to regional conflicts?
answer
Bosnia
question
How has a revival of nativism in the late twentieth century affected recent immigration?
answer
increased support for restricting immigration