APUSH Chapter 14

23 August 2022
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question
In the aftermath of Lincoln's election to the presidency in 1860, southerners feared that following?
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Lincoln would break his promise and interfere with slavery where it existed.
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The movement toward secession in the winter of 1860-1861 proceeded the most rapidly in the
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Deep South
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At which of the following points did the states of the Lower South secede and organize a provisional government of the Confederate States of America headed by Jefferson Davis?
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Before Buchanan left the White House and Lincoln was inaugurated
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President Buchanan responded to the secession crisis by
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declaring secession illegal but claiming that the federal government had no power to reverse it.
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The Crittenden Compromise of 1861 included a proposal to
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amend the Constitution to protect slavery where it already existed.
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Which of the following describes the Crittenden Compromise?
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The plan was a failed attempt to prevent secession.
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After his inauguration in March 1861, Lincoln
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stated that secession was illegal and declared that he would enforce federal law.
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Why was the battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861 significant?
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It was the first battle of the Civil War.
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Which of the following statements describes Virginia's secession after the outbreak of the war?
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Many Virginia whites voted against secession but lost to those in favor of secession 88 to 55.
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Which of the following border states quickly joined the Confederacy in 1861?
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Tennessee
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What was the Confederacy seeking to achieve with the war in 1861?
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Permanent independence and "to be let alone"
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On July 4, 1861, in a statement to a special session of Congress, President Lincoln
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declared that the war was a noble crusade that would determine the fate of democracy throughout the world.
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Which of the following describes Lincoln's military strategy at the beginning of the Civil War?
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Strike immediately against the Confederate capitol in Richmond, Virginia
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Which of the following describes the outcome of the first Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861?
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Union troops panicked during a Confederate counterattack and retreated to Washington.
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How did the battles that book place in Virginia from June 25 to July 1, 1862, unfold?
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Lee ferociously attacked Union troops under McClellan as they were approaching Richmond.
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Why did Robert E. Lee invade Maryland in August and September 1862?
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He hoped that a victory over Union forces would humiliate Lincoln's government.
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Which of the following statements describes the significance of the Battle of Antietam?
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Lincoln removed McClellan from command after the battle for his timidity.
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The Civil War has been described as the first total war in modern times. A total war is defined as
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one in which all the resources, including civilians, are mobilized for war.
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Why did President Lincoln decide to suspend habeas corpus during the Civil War?
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He believed it would stop disloyal activities, such as protests against the draft.
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The Enrollment Act of 1863
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led to riots in New York City.
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Which of the following describes the purpose of the U.S. Sanitary Commission?
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It was a voluntary organization in the North that provided medical services, distributed supplies and medicines, and recruited physicians and nurses.
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Which of the following was the major cause of death for Civil War soldiers?
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Disease and infection
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How did the Confederacy, with its agricultural economy, acquire the products and equipment it needed to supply its army?
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Profits from cotton exports provided funds to purchase imported products.
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The Republican-dominated U.S. Congress took advantage of southerners' absence to institute which of the following reforms during the Civil War?
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A neomercantilist program of government assisted economic development
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How did the Union raise money to pay for most of its Civil War costs?
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by issuing interest paying treasury bonds
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Which of the following constituted a critical problem for the Confederacy during the Civil War?
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High levels of inflation
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The Confederacy financed the Civil War primarily by
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issuing paper currency that was not backed by gold or silver.
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Which of the following characterizes government economic and political decisions during the Civil War?
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Both governments utilized their national power to make decisions.
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Which of the following statements describes the place of emancipation in the Union's war aims in 1861 and 1862?
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Moderate Republican leaders began to redefine the war as a struggle, not only against Confederate armies, but also against the institution of slavery.
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During the early years of the Civil War, the term contraband came into use to describe
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freedom-seeking slaves who fled from Confederate masters to Union armies.
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Which of the following statements describes the movement toward emancipation within the Republican Party in 1862?
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Radical Republicans in Congress pushed moderates toward embracing their agenda of total abolition.
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The second Confiscation Act, passed in July 1862, declared that
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any slave who came to Union lines, through either flight or capture, would be forever free
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The Emancipation Proclamation stated that
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slaves in the rebel states would be freed
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Which general is properly paired with a battle he led?
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Confederate general Robert E. Leeβ€”Antietam
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Which pair of battles marked the turning point in the Civil War?
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Vicksburg and Gettysburg
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Which of the following scenarios unfolded at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863?
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Picket's charge at the heart of the Union line was a costly blunder that forced a Confederate retreat.
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Which of the following resulted from the Union victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg in 1863?
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Republicans swept the 1863 elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York
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Why was the ship Alabama instrumental to the Confederate war effort?
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The warship captured or sank more than one hundred Union merchant ships.
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Why was the South unable to convince England to provide it with more support during the Civil war?
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England needed Union wheat more than the South's cotton.
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Why was the enlistment of African Americans in the Union army and their deployment in battle delayed until 1863?
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Most Union generals doubted that they would make good soldiers.
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Which of the following statements characterizes the role played by African Americans in the Civil War?
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African Americans served in segregated regiments and fought courageously.
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After being placed in charge of all Union armies in 1864, General Grant and Abraham Lincoln crafted which of the following new military strategies?
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An attack of every major Confederate army simultaneously
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Which of the following describes the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign?
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Union troops led a scorched-earth campaign to punish farmers who had aided the South.
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Which of these statements describes events that took place during the 1864 presidential campaign?
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the Republicans temporarily changed their name to the National Union Party in order to attract the border states and Democratic votes.
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In his attack on Atlanta in the summer of 1864, Sherman's Union forces
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waged a campaign that began in July and succeeded in early September.
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Which issue caused a split in the Democratic Party during the election of 1864?
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Continuing the war
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How did Abraham Lincoln fare in the 1864 presidential election?
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He was swept to victory in the wake of Sherman's capture of Atlanta.
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Approved by Congress in January 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment
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prohibited slavery throughout the United States.
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Why did so many Confederate soldiers flee their units by 1865?
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Poor white soldiers resented fighting for the benefit of wealthy slave owners.
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Which of the following describes the South after the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865?
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Many of the South's factories, railroads, and cities lay in ruins.
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51. The development described in the excerpt serves as evidence of which of the following occurrences in the United States at that time?
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d. The tremendous expansion of the U.S. federal government's reach and power in response to wartime needs.
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52. Which of the following evidence would most directly support Faust's argument in the excerpt?
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b. U.S. Sanitary Commission reports on conditions in Civil War battlefields and camps.
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53. The development Faust describes in the excerpt is most similar to which of the following from the same period?
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d. Middle-class women's purchase of "mourning" dresses to signify their state of greif
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Sourcebased: 1. The pair of excerpts above is best understood in the context of the
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d. the effectiveness of Union wartime strategies.
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Sourcebased: 2. The two excerpts quoted above would be most useful to historians analyzing the
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b. the mobilization of both Union and Confederate cultures, economies, and societies to wage war.
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Sourcebased: 3. The photograph above was most directly a result of
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d. Lincoln's decision to issue Emancipation Proclamation.
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Sourcebased: 4. The photograph above best serves as evidence of
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a. the changing purpose of the Civil War