Marketing of tobacco products currently targets all of the following EXCEPT...
A. Low-income groups through billboards and posters.
B. Affluent citizens through community-based events.
C. College students through music festivals and other targeted events.
D. Men through ads implying masculinity and ruggedness.
affluent citizens through community-based events
An addictive drug produced by fermentation is...
A. Ethyl alcohol.
What is the percentage of alcohol in 100 proof whiskey?
A. 80 percent.
B. 40 percent.
C. 50 percent.
D. 20 percent.
The water that is pulled out of the body when someone drinks heavily is taken from...
A. Cerebral tissue.
B. Cerebrospinal fluid.
C. Skeletal muscle.
D. Fat stores.
Drinking games result in the consumption of large quantities of alcohol in a short period of time and have been associated with...
A. Developing respiratory problems.
B. Paranoid behavior.
C. Muscle and joint disorders.
D. Death from alcohol poisoning.
death from alcohol poisoning
Approximately what percentage of Americans consume alcoholic beverages regularly?
A. 10 percent.
B. 25 percent.
C. 50 percent.
D. 75 percent.
The main site of alcohol metabolism is the...
What effect does carbon monoxide have on the body?
A. It binds with dopamine receptors to produce the pleasurable effects associated with smoking.
B. It diminishes hormone production.
C. It irritates nasal passages and lung tissue.
D. It diminishes the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells.
it diminishes the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells
Which of the following is FALSE about smokeless tobacco?
A. Snus is a stringy form of chewing tobacco.
B. It contains more nicotine than cigarettes.
C. Young people's use of smokeless tobacco has been declining steadily since 1999.
D. It is just as addictive as smoking.
young people's use of smokeless tobacco has been declining steadily since 1999
One standard drink equals...
A. 16 ounces of beer or wine.
B. 12 ounces of beer or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor.
C. 6 ounces of malt liquor or 8 ounces of beer.
D. 10 ounces of wine or 1 ounce of 80 proof liquor.
12 ounces of beer or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor
What substance in cigarettes is a highly addictive stimulant?
A. Carbon monoxide
If you know you will be at an event where alcohol will be served, what can you do to drink responsibly?
A. Attend with friends who drink more than you do.
B. Eat shortly before you go and alternate alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks.
C. Don't eat for several hours before the event.
D. Make sure that someone else has volunteered to be a designated driver.
eat shortly before you go and alternate alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks
What substance in certain cigarettes numbs the throat to allow for deeper inhalation?
B. Carbon monoxide.
The effects of fetal alcohol syndrome include...
A. Passive and calm behavior.
B. Mental retardation.
C. Down's syndrome.
D. Abnormally large head size.
How long does it take for the average adult to metabolize four 12-ounce beers?
A. 5 hours.
B. 2 hours.
C. 4 hours.
D. 3 hours.
Which statement BEST summarizes what happens when particulate matter condenses in the lungs?
A. It forms tar, which is a thick, brownish sludge.
B. It paralyzes the cilia for up to an hour.
C. It causes delirium tremens.
D. It forms carbon monoxide.
it forms tar, which is a thick, brownish sludge
Which of the following statements about college drinking is TRUE?
A. Three-quarters of college students are classified as heavy episodic drinkers.
B. Female college students' alcohol consumption is close to that of male college students.
C. The majority of college students drink alcohol on a daily basis.
D. Few students experience negative consequences as a result of alcohol consumption.
female college students' alcohol consumption is close to that of male college students
Which of the following is TRUE about environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)?
A. Between 1988 and 2008, detectable levels of nicotine exposure in nonsmokers decreased.
B. As of 2016, all workplaces throughout the United States are required to be 100 percent smoke-free.
C. Whereas mainstream smoke is the smoke exhaled by smokers, sidestream smoke is the smoke emitted from the end of a burning cigarette.
D. ETS has far fewer carcinogens, tar, and nicotine than mainstream smoke.
between 1988 and 2008, detectable levels of nicotine exposure in nonsmokers decreased
The last stage of liver disease that can result from years of heavy drinking is...
A. Hepatic amyloidosis.
B. Alcoholic hepatitis.
Jeff has been drinking a lot over the past few months, including frequent binges. His friends are concerned that this behavior puts him at risk for a condition that involves a potentially lethal blood alcohol concentration. Which condition is this?
A. Alcohol poisoning.
B. Coronary artery disease.
D. Alcoholic hepatitis.
The action of nicotine on the cilia of upper respiratory passages prevents them from...
A. Stimulating the cough reflex.
B. Cleaning out foreign matter.
C. Participating in gas exchange.
D. Producing mucus.
cleaning out foreign matter
When personal and health problems related to alcohol use have become severe and a person suffers withdrawal symptoms if they don't drink, they have reached the point of alcoholism or...
C. Binge drinking.
D. Alcohol dependence.
One reason that the effects of alcohol are different for women and men is that...
A. Women have lower levels of body fat than men.
B. Women are not affected by congeners.
C. Men are not affected by congeners.
D. Women have less water in their tissues than men.
women have less water in their tissues than men
A form of alcohol that metabolizes slowly and produces toxic byproducts is a(n)...
A. Ethyl alcohol product.
C. Distilled alcohol product.
Which of the following statements about nicotine is TRUE?
A. It is mildly addictive.
B. It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant.
C. It causes a drop in blood pressure.
D. It decreases production of adrenaline.
it is a powerful central nervous system stimulant
How many Americans suffer from health disorders caused by tobacco?
A. Half a million.
B. 7 million.
C. 16 million.
D. 2 million.
The toxic chemical byproduct of alcohol metabolism that causes nausea and vomiting is called...
B. Alcohol dehydrogenase.
What percentage of Americans abstain from drinking alcohol?
A. 41 percent.
B. 21 percent.
C. 11 percent.
D. 31 percent.
Which of the following is TRUE of drinking and driving?
A. Over the last 20 years, the percentage of intoxicated drivers involved in fatal crashes has decreased.
B. Twenty percent of all traffic fatalities are alcohol-related.
C. More than 50 percent of college students report that they have driven after consuming alcohol.
D. The majority of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities occur in the 16- to 20-year-old age group.
over the last 20 years, the percentage of intoxicated drivers involved in fatal crashes has decreased
Which of the following is TRUE with respect to the health effects of smoking?
A. Women who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than non-smokers.
B. Nicotine slows the body's use and elimination of medications, increasing their effects.
C. Smoking can cause erectile dysfunction in men, but not impotence.
D. Women can smoke occasionally during pregnancy without ill effects.
women who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than non-smokers
Which of the following is a smoking cessation medication?
Which of the following statements about hookahs is true?
A. Hookah use has not been associated with lung cancer or other respiratory disease.
B. Hookah use has been linked to an increased risk for periodontal disease.
C. A hookah is a type of pipe that uses smokeless tobacco.
D. Hookah use originated in Africa.
hookah use has been linked to an increased risk for periodontal disease
Which nicotine replacement product requires a prescription?
A. Nicotine gum.
B. Nicotine nasal spray.
C. Nicotine patch.
D. Nicotine lozenges.
nicotine nasal spray
Which of the following is TRUE about women and alcoholism?
A. Alcoholism death rates are lower for women than for men.
B. Married women are at the highest risk for alcoholism among females.
C. As opposed to men with alcoholism, women with alcoholism have a lower risk for cirrhosis.
D. Women get addicted faster with less alcohol use than men.
women get addicted faster with less alcohol use than men
Which of the following is TRUE with respect to global health and alcohol use?
A. Almost 4 percent of all deaths worldwide are attributed to alcohol.
B. Alcohol is a factor in 30 types of diseases and injuries.
C. At the same consumption level, men are more likely than women to develop cancer.
D. The highest consumption levels can be found in the developing world.
almost 4 percent of all deaths worldwide are attributed to alcohol
Risk for developing lung cancer varies among smokers due to all of the following EXCEPT...
A. Amount of inhalation of cigarette smoke.
B. Age of onset of smoking.
C. Tolerance to nicotine.
D. Frequency of smoking.
tolerance to nicotine
Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include all of the following EXCEPT...
A. Weakness in the limbs.
D. Nausea and vomiting.
weakness in limbs
A disease associated with smoking in which alveoli are destroyed is known as...
C. Chronic bronchitis.
Smokeless tobacco users...
A. Have an easier time quitting than cigarette smokers.
B. Rarely "graduate" to cigarette smoking.
C. Are significantly more likely to develop oral cancers than nonusers.
D. Generally develop cancer after first use more slowly than smokers.
are significantly more likely to develop oral cancers than nonusers
Factors affecting alcohol absorption include all of the following EXCEPT...
A. The type of drink.
B. The drinker's weight and body mass.
C. The time of day the alcohol is consumed.
D. The drinker's mood.
the time of day the alcohol is consumed
Bidis are becoming increasingly popular because they are viewed as safer than regular cigarettes. Research shows that bidis...
A. Produce three times more nicotine than cigarettes.
B. Decrease the smoker's exposure to carbon monoxide as compared to cigarettes.
C. Produce five times less tar than cigarettes.
D. Produce 20 percent less tar than cigarettes.
produce three times more nicotine than cigarettes
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of alcohol poisoning?
A. Inability to be roused.
B. Irregular breathing patterns.
C. Yellowish tint to the skin.
D. Weak, rapid pulse.
yellowish tint to the skin
The ratio of alcohol to total blood volume is the...
A. Ethyl alcohol density.
B. Blood alcohol concentration.
C. Red blood cell volume.
D. Complete blood count.
blood alcohol concentration
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause significant brain damage and other impairments in the fetus; this condition is known as...
A. Fetal alcohol syndrome.
B. Alcoholic hepatitis.
C. Teratogenic paralysis.
D. Fetal cirrhosis.
fetal alcohol syndrome
Which of the following is a TRUE statement?
A. Tobacco is the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States.
B. More deaths are due to illegal drug use than are due to tobacco use.
C. Twenty-five percent of all regular smokers die of smoking-related diseases.
D. Tobacco is known to cause about 20 diseases.
tobacco is known to cause about 20 diseases
Urinating frequently after alcohol consumption occurs because...
A. Alcohol can be a gastrointestinal irritant.
B. Alcohol shrinks the bladder.
C. Alcohol is a diuretic.
D. Alcohol filters through the kidneys faster than water.
alcohol is a diuretic
A standard rum and cola will be absorbed faster than a 5-ounce glass of wine because...
A. A rum and cola has more alcohol than the glass of wine.
B. Carbonated beverages have less alcohol.
C. Carbonation causes the pyloric valve to relax.
D. Distilled beverages are absorbed more slowly than nondistilled.
carbonation causes the pyloric valve to relax
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