Chapter 9

28 August 2022
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question
In Latin America, by the early 1820s: Question 1 options: Spain had lost nearly all of its colonies. Russia was expanding its influence. Britain was aggressively acquiring new colonies. American missionaries were becoming more active. Argentina and Mexico were becoming world powers. Question 2 (1 point)
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Spain had lost nearly all of its colonies.
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The Convention of 1818 did all of the following, EXCEPT: Question 2 options: settle the northern limit of the Louisiana Purchase. open Oregon to joint occupation by the United States and Great Britain. return control of the Southwest to Spain. acknowledge the right of Americans to fish off Newfoundland and Labrador. settle several points of contention between the United States and Britain.
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return control of the Southwest to Spain.
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The Tariff of 1816 was intended to do all of the following, EXCEPT: Question 3 options: raise revenue. protect American industry. tax imports. promote economic independence. lower the price of British goods.
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lower the price of British goods.
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The new Bank of the United States created in 1816: Question 4 options: served as a depository for federal funds. was opposed by President Madison. was totally owned by the government. would be located in Washington, D.C. would be forbidden to issue paper money.
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served as a depository for federal funds.
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One of John Quincy Adams's major shortcomings as president was his lack of: Question 5 options: intellect. experience. ideas for the nation's future. personal energy. political skills.
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political skills.
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The ruling in Dartmouth College v. Woodward related to: Question 6 options: monopoly law. the right to tax federal currency. the constitutionality of a federal law. contract rights. interstate commerce.
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contract rights.
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The chief advocate of the program for economic development called the American System was: Question 7 options: Henry Clay. John Calhoun. Daniel Webster. James Monroe. James Madison.
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Henry Clay.
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The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819: Question 8 options: was negotiated by John C. Calhoun. strengthened the U.S. claim to Texas. brought permanent peace with Britain. extended the boundary of Louisiana to the Pacific. recognized Spanish control of Florida.
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extended the boundary of Louisiana to the Pacific.
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By the 1820s, the right to vote had generally been extended to: Question 9 options: women. adult white males. Indians. freed slaves. educated blacks.
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adult white males.
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Andrew Jackson: Question 10 options: was elected to the U.S. Senate from Tennessee in 1823. served as President Monroe's secretary of state. supported a national bank. worked hard to revive the Federalist party. was an advocate of protective tariffs.
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was elected to the U.S. Senate from Tennessee in 1823.
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The four major points of the Monroe Doctrine contained all of the following, EXCEPT that: Question 11 options: "the American continents . . . are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers." the United States would consider European intervention in South America to be an act of war. the United States would consider European intervention in the Western Hemisphere to be a threat to its "peace and safety." the United States would not interfere with existing European colonies in the Americas. the United States would stay out of the international affairs of European nations.
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the United States would consider European intervention in South America to be an act of war.
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The first judicial ruling that declared a federal law to be unconstitutional came from: Question 12 options: McCulloch v. Maryland. Gibbons v. Ogden. Cohens v. Virginia. Dartmouth College v. Woodward. Marbury v. Madison.
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Marbury v. Madison.
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The Tariff of 1828: Question 13 options: was once again opposed by Daniel Webster. showed Calhoun's continued devotion to nationalism. lowered tariffs dramatically over President Adams's objections. boosted the presidential hopes of Jackson. caused the breakup of the Republican party.
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boosted the presidential hopes of Jackson.
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Following the expiration of the first Bank of the United States in 1811, state banks: Question 14 options: guaranteed a stable economy. issued an excess of paper money. minted their own gold and silver coins. were closely regulated by the federal government. cut way back on credit.
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issued an excess of paper money.
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The 1828 presidential campaign was dominated by: Question 15 options: record levels of campaign spending. debate over tariff policy. vicious personal attacks. public concerns over foreign policy. controversy over foreign immigration.
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vicious personal attacks.
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The American System included support for all of the following policies, EXCEPT: Question 16 options: high tariffs. free public schools. a national bank. internal improvements. high prices for western lands.
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free public schools.
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The immediate cause of the Panic of 1819 was: Question 17 options: the flooding of the American market with cheap British goods. the collapse of the Bank of the United States. the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819. the difficulty of obtaining credit. a sudden collapse of cotton prices.
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a sudden collapse of cotton prices.
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Senator Thomas Hart Benton, in opposing the new Bank of the United States, spoke for the interests of: Question 18 options: New England merchants. southern planters. the West. Old Republicans. economic nationalists.
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the West.
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The Missouri Compromise stipulated that in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36°30': Question 19 options: slaves would become free at age twenty-five. slavery would be excluded. majority rule would determine whether slavery would be legal. there would be no restrictions on slavery. free blacks could not become citizens.
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slavery would be excluded.
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The phrase "Era of Good Feelings" resulted from President Monroe's tour of: Question 20 options: New England. Canada. the West. Pennsylvania. the Deep South.
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New England.
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As president, Adams did NOT propose to: Question 21 options: support internal improvements. create a department of the interior. establish a national university. promote science. create a new national bank.
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create a new national bank.
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Workingmen's parties: Question 22 options: were devoted to promoting the interest of laborers. concentrated on making labor unions a part of the American political landscape. promoted temperance and the role of men in ensuring family stability. were a constant presence in the political arena for the entirety of the industrialized nineteenth century. never found legitimacy, despite their representation of the Jacksonian ideal of the "common man."
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were devoted to promoting the interest of laborers.
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Missouri's admission to the Union as a slave state was balanced by the admission of the free state of: Question 23 options: Maine. Ohio. Vermont. Minnesota. Wisconsin.
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Maine.
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The 1824 election was ultimately decided by: Question 24 options: the electoral college. popular vote. a Supreme Court ruling. the House of Representatives. the stance of the candidates on the major issues.
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the House of Representatives.
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In the presidential election of 1828: Question 25 options: John C. Calhoun won the South but lost in New England. John C. Calhoun won New England but lost in the South. most of Andrew Jackson's support was in New England. Adams won all of New England except for one of Maine's nine electoral votes. Jackson carried every state.
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Adams won all of New England except for one of Maine's nine electoral votes.
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The Supreme Court in Gibbons v. Ogden settled a controversy over: Question 1 options: state-chartered colleges. voting rights. canal construction. federal land sales. steamboat commerce.
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steamboat commerce.
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James Monroe: Question 2 options: was the first president born after the Revolution. enthusiastically supported Madison's policies of economic nationalism. had limited political experience before becoming president. like Madison, was a Virginia Republican. suffered from alcoholism and bouts of depression.
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like Madison, was a Virginia Republican.
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All of the following were presidential candidates in 1824, EXCEPT: Question 3 options: Andrew Jackson. William Crawford. John Calhoun. John Quincy Adams. Henry Clay.
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John Calhoun.
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In 1819, Spain decided to take the following stand concerning its claim to the Oregon Country: Question 4 options: abandon its claim above the 42nd parallel abandon all claims to lands west of the Rockies insist it still owned all the land above the 42nd parallel give its claim to above the 42nd parallel to France increase its military presence in the Pacific Northwest
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abandon its claim above the 42nd parallel
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In 1825, Florida belonged to: Question 5 options: France. Great Britain. Spain. the United States. the Seminoles.
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the United States.
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Which of the following statements is NOT true of Andrew Jackson? Question 6 options: He was the last president born of the Revolutionary generation. He was wounded in duels. He was a frontier attorney in Nashville, Tennessee. He had moral reservations about the institution of slavery, although he owned more than 100 slaves. He married Rachel Robards, who was not divorced from her husband at the time.
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He had moral reservations about the institution of slavery, although he owned more than 100 slaves.
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One notable thing about the 1820 presidential election was: Question 7 options: Monroe's defeat for a second term. how close it was in the electoral college. the rise of a powerful third party. Monroe's refusal to publicly campaign. the disappearance of the Federalists.
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the disappearance of the Federalists.
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The most important factor behind the U.S. acquisition of Florida in 1819 was: Question 8 options: Spain's need for money. President Monroe's invasion threat. Andrew Jackson's incursion in pursuit of the Seminoles. John Quincy Adams's diplomatic ability. Spain's determination to keep Florida from the British.
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Andrew Jackson's incursion in pursuit of the Seminoles.
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Andrew Jackson led American troops into Florida in 1818: Question 9 options: to recapture runaway slaves. to collect debts owed to the United States by Spain. in pursuit of hostile Seminoles. to acquire a port on the Gulf Coast. to further his personal political ambitions.
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in pursuit of hostile Seminoles.
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In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Marshall court struck down that state's ability to tax: Question 10 options: imports. income. farmers. the national bank. private contracts.
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the national bank.
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The South Carolina Exposition and Protest was published in response to the: Question 11 options: election of 1824. Tariff of 1828. Missouri Compromise. Second Bank of the United States. Panic of 1819.
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Tariff of 1828.
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The Rush-Bagot Agreement: Question 12 options: settled the boundary dispute with Florida. was a formal treaty dealing with trade with the British West Indies. ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there. dealt with fishing rights off Newfoundland. allowed more British to immigrate to the United States.
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ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there.
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Thomas Jefferson said, "This momentous question like a firebell in the night awakened and filled me with terror" about the: Question 13 options: debate over the Missouri Compromise. Panic of 1819. case of Marbury v. Madison. Second Bank of the United States. possible abolition of slavery.
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debate over the Missouri Compromise.
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One of Jackson's greatest personal vulnerabilities in the 1828 campaign was: Question 14 options: his reputation as a cruel slave master. charges that he was a coward. the scandal surrounding his marriage. his large amount of wealth. his lack of conviction.
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the scandal surrounding his marriage.
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The "corrupt bargain" in the election of 1824 referred to: Question 15 options: the widespread purchase of votes in several states. the belief that Clay supported Adams in return for becoming secretary of state. the blatant miscounting of ballots in the electoral college. Jackson's promise to make Calhoun his vice president. Jackson's belief that the Constitution had been disregarded.
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the belief that Clay supported Adams in return for becoming secretary of state.
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In the first half of the nineteenth century, internal improvements: Question 16 options: finally became the responsibility of the national government. were supported mainly by people in the West. were supported mainly by people in New England and the South. were supported mainly by people who held to a strict interpretation of the Constitution. caused the national debt to skyrocket.
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were supported mainly by people in the West.
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The secretary of state throughout James Monroe's presidency was: Question 17 options: John C. Calhoun. John Quincy Adams. Henry Clay. John Marshall. William Crawford.
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John Quincy Adams.
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Which one of the following opposed a national bank in 1816? Question 18 options: John C. Calhoun Daniel Webster Henry Clay James Madison John Quincy Adams
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Daniel Webster
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In the early 1800s, the Supreme Court decisions associated with John Marshall consistently championed: Question 19 options: states' rights. a literal reading of the Constitution. national authority. Jeffersonian Republicanism. judicial supremacy.
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national authority.
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The Panic of 1819 turned into a depression because: Question 20 options: cotton prices collapsed. international commerce slowed. banks failed. businessmen and speculators had recklessly borrowed money. the "whole Banking system" was "swindling on a large scale."
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businessmen and speculators had recklessly borrowed money.
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The 1824 election was ultimately decided by: Question 21 options: the electoral college. popular vote. a Supreme Court ruling. the House of Representatives. the stance of the candidates on the major issues.
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the House of Representatives.