7.04 Semester Assessment: Modern U.S. History (all 59 Correct!)

26 August 2022
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question
Why were the founders of the Plymouth Colony called pilgrims?
answer
The colonists believed they were making a religious journey.
question
Which colony was founded as a haven for a religious group known as the Quakers?
answer
Pennsylvania
question
What did Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke believe?
answer
that government should protect citizens' rights to life, liberty, and property
question
Which sentence best describes an attitude toward religion during the Great Awakening?
answer
People do not have to attend an established church to experience God's forgiveness.
question
Whose scientific discoveries and inventions exemplified the achievements of the Enlightenment?
answer
Benjamin Franklin
question
Use the map of the thirteen colonies and your knowledge to answer the question.

 

Which southern colony is labeled F?
Use the map of the thirteen colonies and your knowledge to answer the question. Which southern colony is labeled F?
answer
North Carolina (double check with the map attached, just match them!!)
question
Use the map of the thirteen colonies and your knowledge to answer the question. Farmers in colony M grew rice and indigo as major cash crops because of the long growing season there. Which southern colony is labeled M?
answer
South Carolina (double check with the map attached, just match them!!)
question
What is one reason the colonists objected to paying taxes to the British government?
answer
They did not elect members to Parliament and so believed Parliament had no right to tax them.
question
What government post did George Washington hold during the American Revolution?
answer
He was commander in chief of the Continental Army.
question
Which sentence best expresses the self-evident truths stated in the Declaration of Independence?
answer
All people are created equal and are entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
question
Which document established the first government of the United States?
answer
Articles of Confederation
question
Who proposed the system of checks and balances that was included in the U.S. Constitution?
answer
James Madison
question
Use the information in the box and your knowledge to answer the question that follows. Which group does not include goals of the U.S. Constitution as found in the Preamble?
answer
Group B, secure freedom from britain establish three branches of govt set up a cabinet legalize collection of taxes
question
Use the information in the box and your knowledge to answer the question that follows. Which group describes the rights and responsibilities of the legislative branch?
answer
Group A declare war pass laws approve federal judges impeach officials
question
What effect did the Louisiana Purchase have on the United States?
answer
It doubled the size of the United States and provided access to the Mississippi River.
question
What issue most clearly divided Thomas Jefferson's Democratic-Republican Party and Alexander Hamilton's Federalist Party?
answer
whether federal or state governments should have more power
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How did John C. Marshall influence the role of the Supreme Court?
answer
During Marshall's tenure as chief justice, the court gained the power to rule on the constitutionality of laws.
question
Which group identifies items included in the first 10 amendments to the Constitution?
answer
Group A freedom of speech, religion, the press right 2 speedy trial search only w probably cause no forced self incrimination some reserved state powers
question
What tactic of Andrew Jackson's presidential campaign secured his election?
answer
He rallied voters by holding events, such as barbecues, that appealed to them.
question
Which area did the United States acquire in the 1840s, and how did it acquire the land?
answer
Mexico ceded California to the United States as part of a peace treaty.
question
Which best explains the concept of manifest destiny?
answer
the idea that it was God's plan for the nation to expand across the continent
question
How did the Republican Party begin in the 1850s?
answer
Several northern antislavery groups united.
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Which state was the first to secede from the Union and on what grounds?
answer
South Carolina; because it thought the federal government violated its obligations to the states
question
Which was primarily a political challenge that the United States faced after the Civil War?
answer
citizenship rights for freed slaves
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What was one of the successes of Reconstruction in the post-Civil War South?
answer
Amendments to the Constitution gave blacks citizenship and the right to vote.
question
How did western settlement affect Native Americans?
answer
Western settlement continued to force Native Americans from their lands.
question
How did railroads influence modern business practices?
answer
by issuing stocks and bonds
question
How did monopolies and trusts affect industry and banking in the late 1800s?
answer
They introduced business practices that created big industries and produced great wealth for a few.
question
Why was the Sherman Antitrust Act passed?
answer
to eliminate monopolies, trusts, or any agreement that restrained trade
question
What did the federal government do in response to union-led strikes?
answer
acted quickly to end strikes, using both the courts and federal troops
question
How did immigration in the late 1800s differ from earlier immigration patterns?
answer
Early immigrants came largely from northern and western Europe, while later immigrants came mainly from southern and eastern Europe.
question
What categories characterized the social stratification that developed in the United States in the late nineteenth century?
answer
ethnicity and race
question
What issue was not examined by the muckrakers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
answer
long hours required of sharecropping farmers
question
Why did the progressive movement support the direct election of senators?
answer
Progressives believed that direct election of senators gave more control of government to the people.
question
What was not an achievement of Theodore Roosevelt's administration?
answer
introducing the legislation for social security
question
What was one element of Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" agenda?
answer
establishing a graduated income tax
question
How did Jim Crow laws, poll taxes, and literacy tests affect blacks in the period following the Civil War?
answer
They promoted segregation and fewer rights for blacks.
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Which Supreme Court decision allowed for the segregation of blacks in "separate but equal" facilities?
answer
Plessy v. Ferguson
question
Which African American activist seemed to accept segregation, but strongly believed in schooling for blacks and founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute?
answer
Booker T. Washington
question
Who were two pioneers of the early women's movement?
answer
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
question
Why did some people support imperialism despite traditional American opposition to colonization?
answer
They wanted to compete with other nations for natural resources.
question
Both yellow journalism and the explosion on the battleship Maine contributed to the U.S. decision to go to war against Spain. What was another reason for going to war?
answer
to protect U.S. investments in Cuba
question
Which of the following is a territory that the United States acquired as a result of the Spanish-American War?
answer
Puerto Rico
question
Which president strongly promoted business as part of his foreign policy?
answer
William Howard Taft
question
What finally brought the United States into World War I?
answer
unrestricted German submarine attacks on shipping
question
What did the Selective Service Act authorize the government to do?
answer
draft men to serve in the military
question
What was the purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Acts that were passed during World War I?
answer
to reduce debate and dissent over U.S. participation in the war
question
Which was not one of Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points?
answer
reparations for France and England
question
What group could be described for the first time in the 1920s with the terms flapper, wage-earner, and voter?
answer
women (sexist sob s ¯_(ツ)_/¯)
question
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
answer
a 1920s African American cultural movement that included art, music, literature, drama, and dance
question
Which groups in the 1920s opposed immigration, feared the Red Scare, and believed white Protestants were better than others?
answer
nativists and the Ku Klux Klan
question
How did the 18th Amendment cause conflict in the United States?
answer
Some people believed that the prohibition of alcohol was unconstitutional.
question
Which presidents' administrations emphasized big business and corporate power?
answer
Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover
question
Which was not a cause of the Great Depression?
answer
high taxes on the wealthy
question
How did buying stocks on credit contribute to the Great Depression?
answer
When stock prices fell, people did not have the money to cover their losses.
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Which was a cause of the Dust Bowl in the Great Plains?
answer
Native grasses were removed to produce wheat, leaving nothing to hold the soil in place.
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What was one consequence of the severe drought in the Great Plains during the 1930s?
answer
Many farmers left for California.
question
In addition to lost jobs and poverty, what was another effect of the Great Depression on American lives?
answer
a drop in marriage and birth rates
question
What effect did Herbert Hoover's beliefs about government have on the American economy?
answer
They deepened the Depression because the government did not intervene.