Music Mid Term

20 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
100 test answers
question
The approximate dates of the Baroque period are:
answer
1600-1750.
question
Which of the following does NOT characterize the Baroque era?
answer
an age of freedom and democracy
question
John Milton's Paradise Lost is an epic poem expressing the views of:
answer
Protestantism
question
Which best describes how Baroque musicians made a living?
answer
as servants to royalty or nobility as members of the church as employees of a free city
question
The Baroque period witnessed a new style of music, which featured a single vocal melody with accompaniment. This was known as:
answer
monody
question
The introduction of monody in music represented a major shift in texture from:
answer
polyphonic to homophonic.
question
The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as:
answer
the Florentine Camerata.
question
The ideas and music of the Florentine Camerata led the way directly toward:
answer
the development of opera.
question
Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era?
answer
cello and harpsichord
question
The Baroque technique of placing numerals, indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes, is called:
answer
figured bass.
question
The primary tonality used during the Baroque was:
answer
major-minor.
question
A system of slightly adjusting the tuning of intervals within the octave, thus making it possible to play in every major and minor key, was called:
answer
equal temperament
question
All of the following characterize Baroque musical style EXCEPT:
answer
harmonies built on the early church modes.
question
Which best describes the relentless beat and regular accent of later Baroque music?
answer
vigorous rhythm
question
The artificially created male soprano or alto who dominated opera was known as:
answer
the castrato.
question
The Baroque performance practice where musicians embellished the melodies was called:
answer
improvisation.
question
Women's roles in Baroque music:
answer
expanded into professional performance careers including opera
question
A drama that is sung is called:
answer
a madrigal.
question
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
answer
madrigal.
question
It was through the musical innovations of the _____ that opera was born.
answer
Florentine Camerata
question
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
answer
an aria.
question
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
answer
an overture.
question
The text of an opera is called:
answer
the libretto.
question
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
answer
Monteverdi
question
The earliest operas took their plots from:
answer
Greek mythology.
question
The English type of entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:
answer
masque.
question
The greatest native English composer of the Baroque was:
answer
Henry Purcell.
question
Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for:
answer
a girl's school production.
question
On which epic poem was Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas based?
answer
Virgil's The Aeneid
question
Dido's Lament from Purcell's opera Dido and Aenaes is composed:
answer
over a ground bass.
question
The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
answer
Lutheran church.
question
The chorale is a type of hymn tune created by:
answer
Martin Luther.
question
The chorale tune A Mighty Fortress Is Our God was:
answer
written by Martin Luther.
question
The opening movement of Bach's cantata A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is best described as:
answer
a chorale fugue.
question
Which does NOT characterize an oratorio?
answer
elaborate scenery
question
George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
answer
the oratorio.
question
Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
answer
the oratorio.
question
Handel's Messiah is:
answer
an oratorio.
question
The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel's Messiah is:
answer
"Hallelujah Chorus."
question
The first era of Western music in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:
answer
Baroque era.
question
The Baroque era witnessed the appearance of the:
answer
solo concerto. concerto grosso.
question
The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called:
answer
the concerto.
question
The solo concerto is:
answer
an instrumental work, usually in three movements, that features one performer supported by an accompanying group of instruments.
question
Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
answer
Vivaldi
question
Vivaldi lived and worked in:
answer
Venice.
question
Which of the following is a well known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
answer
The Four Seasons
question
The solo instrument in Spring from The Four Seasons is:
answer
the violin.
question
The opening movement of Spring from The Four Seasons features _____
answer
ritornello form.
question
Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?
answer
Bach
question
Bach's Brandenburg Concertos comprise _____ separate concertos.
answer
six
question
The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
answer
the ripieno.
question
The solo group in a concerto grosso is called:
answer
the concertino
question
Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?
answer
tarantella
question
A gigue is best described as:
answer
a lively sextuple-meter dance.
question
What is the form of the individual movements in a suite?
answer
binary
question
Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
answer
suite.
question
Handel's Water Music opens with a:
answer
French overture.
question
During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
answer
-cantor of St. Thomas's Church in Leipzig. -court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar. -court musician to the prince of Anhalt-Cthen.
question
Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
answer
the organ.
question
In the field of keyboard music, Bach's most important collection was:
answer
The Well Tempered Clavier.
question
Which of the following is a set of forty eight preludes and fugues by Bach?
answer
The Well Tempered Clavier
question
Which was NOT an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?
answer
the piano
question
A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
answer
the harpsichord.
question
The harpsichord is different from the piano because:
answer
it usually has two keyboards, rather than one. its strings are plucked, rather than struck. it is not capable of a wide dynamic range.
question
What is a toccata?
answer
an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work
question
A chorale prelude:
answer
is a work for organ. introduces the chorale to be sung by the congregation. displays the virtuosity of the organist.
question
The _____ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.
answer
fugue
question
What is the principal element of a fugue?
answer
counterpoint
question
In a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:
answer
episodes.
question
After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:
answer
answer.
question
Of the following, which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?
answer
prelude
question
In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
answer
diminution.
question
The opening section of a fugue, in which all voices introduce the subject successively, is called the:
answer
exposition.
question
How many preludes and fugues are contained in the two Well Tempered Clavier volumes?
answer
48
question
Bach's last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:
answer
The Art of Fugue.
question
How many voices, or individual lines, are there in Bach's Contrapunctus I from The Art of Fugue?
answer
four
question
In which voice is the subject first heard in Contrapunctus I from The Art of Fugue?
answer
the second to top voice, or alto
question
Amateur music making at home was popular during the Baroque era. T/F
answer
True
question
The new Baroque style of vocal music for one singer with instrumental accompaniment was known as monophony. T/F
answer
False
question
During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high pitched operatic roles. T/F
answer
True
question
Handel wrote his oratorio Messiah over a period of four years. T/F
answer
False
question
The "Hallelujah Chorus" is the climax of the Easter section of Messiah. T/F
answer
True
question
The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music. T/F
answer
True
question
Baroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation. T/F
answer
False
question
Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments. T/F
answer
False
question
Antonio Vivaldi became known as "the red priest" because of his fanatical religious beliefs. T/F
answer
False
question
Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls' school. T/F
answer
True
question
Vivaldi's solo concertos typically had four movements. T/F
answer
False
question
Handel's Water Music was performed without continuo instruments when played outdoors. T/F
answer
True
question
The Hornpipe from Handel's Water Music is in A-B-A form. T/F
answer
True
question
Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no children. T/F
answer
False
question
During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was primarily known as a great organist. T/F
answer
True
question
The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano. T/F
answer
False
question
The strings of a harpsichord are plucked by quills. T/F
answer
True
question
The clavichord was a popular instrument for the home. T/F
answer
True
question
The prelude originated in improvisation on keyboard instruments. T/F
answer
True
question
Bach's chorale prelude A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is based on a well known Lutheran chorale tune. T/F
answer
True
question
A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performance. T/F
answer
False
question
A fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work. T/F
answer
True
question
At the beginning of a fugue, the countersubject is stated alone. T/F
answer
False
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question
The approximate dates of the Baroque period are:
answer
1600-1750.
question
Which of the following does NOT characterize the Baroque era?
answer
an age of freedom and democracy
question
John Milton's Paradise Lost is an epic poem expressing the views of:
answer
Protestantism
question
Which best describes how Baroque musicians made a living?
answer
as servants to royalty or nobility as members of the church as employees of a free city
question
The Baroque period witnessed a new style of music, which featured a single vocal melody with accompaniment. This was known as:
answer
monody
question
The introduction of monody in music represented a major shift in texture from:
answer
polyphonic to homophonic.
question
The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as:
answer
the Florentine Camerata.
question
The ideas and music of the Florentine Camerata led the way directly toward:
answer
the development of opera.
question
Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era?
answer
cello and harpsichord
question
The Baroque technique of placing numerals, indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes, is called:
answer
figured bass.
question
The primary tonality used during the Baroque was:
answer
major-minor.
question
A system of slightly adjusting the tuning of intervals within the octave, thus making it possible to play in every major and minor key, was called:
answer
equal temperament
question
All of the following characterize Baroque musical style EXCEPT:
answer
harmonies built on the early church modes.
question
Which best describes the relentless beat and regular accent of later Baroque music?
answer
vigorous rhythm
question
The artificially created male soprano or alto who dominated opera was known as:
answer
the castrato.
question
The Baroque performance practice where musicians embellished the melodies was called:
answer
improvisation.
question
Women's roles in Baroque music:
answer
expanded into professional performance careers including opera
question
A drama that is sung is called:
answer
a madrigal.
question
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
answer
madrigal.
question
It was through the musical innovations of the _____ that opera was born.
answer
Florentine Camerata
question
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
answer
an aria.
question
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
answer
an overture.
question
The text of an opera is called:
answer
the libretto.
question
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
answer
Monteverdi
question
The earliest operas took their plots from:
answer
Greek mythology.
question
The English type of entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:
answer
masque.
question
The greatest native English composer of the Baroque was:
answer
Henry Purcell.
question
Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for:
answer
a girl's school production.
question
On which epic poem was Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas based?
answer
Virgil's The Aeneid
question
Dido's Lament from Purcell's opera Dido and Aenaes is composed:
answer
over a ground bass.
question
The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
answer
Lutheran church.
question
The chorale is a type of hymn tune created by:
answer
Martin Luther.
question
The chorale tune A Mighty Fortress Is Our God was:
answer
written by Martin Luther.
question
The opening movement of Bach's cantata A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is best described as:
answer
a chorale fugue.
question
Which does NOT characterize an oratorio?
answer
elaborate scenery
question
George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
answer
the oratorio.
question
Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
answer
the oratorio.
question
Handel's Messiah is:
answer
an oratorio.
question
The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel's Messiah is:
answer
"Hallelujah Chorus."
question
The first era of Western music in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:
answer
Baroque era.
question
The Baroque era witnessed the appearance of the:
answer
solo concerto. concerto grosso.
question
The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called:
answer
the concerto.
question
The solo concerto is:
answer
an instrumental work, usually in three movements, that features one performer supported by an accompanying group of instruments.
question
Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
answer
Vivaldi
question
Vivaldi lived and worked in:
answer
Venice.
question
Which of the following is a well known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
answer
The Four Seasons
question
The solo instrument in Spring from The Four Seasons is:
answer
the violin.
question
The opening movement of Spring from The Four Seasons features _____
answer
ritornello form.
question
Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?
answer
Bach
question
Bach's Brandenburg Concertos comprise _____ separate concertos.
answer
six
question
The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
answer
the ripieno.
question
The solo group in a concerto grosso is called:
answer
the concertino
question
Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?
answer
tarantella
question
A gigue is best described as:
answer
a lively sextuple-meter dance.
question
What is the form of the individual movements in a suite?
answer
binary
question
Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
answer
suite.
question
Handel's Water Music opens with a:
answer
French overture.
question
During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
answer
-cantor of St. Thomas's Church in Leipzig. -court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar. -court musician to the prince of Anhalt-Cthen.
question
Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
answer
the organ.
question
In the field of keyboard music, Bach's most important collection was:
answer
The Well Tempered Clavier.
question
Which of the following is a set of forty eight preludes and fugues by Bach?
answer
The Well Tempered Clavier
question
Which was NOT an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?
answer
the piano
question
A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
answer
the harpsichord.
question
The harpsichord is different from the piano because:
answer
it usually has two keyboards, rather than one. its strings are plucked, rather than struck. it is not capable of a wide dynamic range.
question
What is a toccata?
answer
an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work
question
A chorale prelude:
answer
is a work for organ. introduces the chorale to be sung by the congregation. displays the virtuosity of the organist.
question
The _____ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.
answer
fugue
question
What is the principal element of a fugue?
answer
counterpoint
question
In a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:
answer
episodes.
question
After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:
answer
answer.
question
Of the following, which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?
answer
prelude
question
In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
answer
diminution.
question
The opening section of a fugue, in which all voices introduce the subject successively, is called the:
answer
exposition.
question
How many preludes and fugues are contained in the two Well Tempered Clavier volumes?
answer
48
question
Bach's last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:
answer
The Art of Fugue.
question
How many voices, or individual lines, are there in Bach's Contrapunctus I from The Art of Fugue?
answer
four
question
In which voice is the subject first heard in Contrapunctus I from The Art of Fugue?
answer
the second to top voice, or alto
question
Amateur music making at home was popular during the Baroque era. T/F
answer
True
question
The new Baroque style of vocal music for one singer with instrumental accompaniment was known as monophony. T/F
answer
False
question
During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high pitched operatic roles. T/F
answer
True
question
Handel wrote his oratorio Messiah over a period of four years. T/F
answer
False
question
The "Hallelujah Chorus" is the climax of the Easter section of Messiah. T/F
answer
True
question
The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music. T/F
answer
True
question
Baroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation. T/F
answer
False
question
Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments. T/F
answer
False
question
Antonio Vivaldi became known as "the red priest" because of his fanatical religious beliefs. T/F
answer
False
question
Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls' school. T/F
answer
True
question
Vivaldi's solo concertos typically had four movements. T/F
answer
False
question
Handel's Water Music was performed without continuo instruments when played outdoors. T/F
answer
True
question
The Hornpipe from Handel's Water Music is in A-B-A form. T/F
answer
True
question
Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no children. T/F
answer
False
question
During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was primarily known as a great organist. T/F
answer
True
question
The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano. T/F
answer
False
question
The strings of a harpsichord are plucked by quills. T/F
answer
True
question
The clavichord was a popular instrument for the home. T/F
answer
True
question
The prelude originated in improvisation on keyboard instruments. T/F
answer
True
question
Bach's chorale prelude A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is based on a well known Lutheran chorale tune. T/F
answer
True
question
A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performance. T/F
answer
False
question
A fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work. T/F
answer
True
question
At the beginning of a fugue, the countersubject is stated alone. T/F
answer
False