Midterm Master Quizlet

21 August 2022
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question
True/False: Bach's concertos do not show any appeal of instrumental variety.
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False
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True/False: The Four Seasons are the most famous early examples of program music.
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True
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True/False: The harpsichord is not as touch-sensitive an instrument as the piano.
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True
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True/False: The sonata was a multimovement work.
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True
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A Baroque suite typically included the following movements: a. allemande b. gigue c. courante d. sarabande e. all of the above
answer
e
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A sarabande is... a. a band of sara players b. a slow stately dance of Spanish origin c. a musical instrument similar to the cello d. a group of Baroque instrumentalists e. a prelude for worship
answer
b
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A suite is... a. two musical works joined by a short bridge, similar to the way a suite of rooms are joined b. music that is light and cheerful c. a collection of dances linked by key and sometimes melodic material d. a set of songs that tell a story e. a collection of string instruments that play in a chamber suite of a castle
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c
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A trio sonata typically required a. three performers b. six performers, which doubled each part c. four performers with two on melody and two on continuo d. a full string ensemble e. the use of a piano
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c
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In an ensemble, one often hears... a. the rhythm of the harpsichord more clearly than the pitches b. the harpsichord ringing loudly over all other instruments c. the melody of the harpsichord, but cannot detect the rhythm d. no harpsichord at all because it is very soft e. the harpsichord only when it plays in the very low register
answer
a
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In Bach's third Brandenburg Concerto a. the entire movement grows out of the opening ritornello b. the opening ritornello begins with short, clearly articulated phrases c. there is no ritornello d. the ritornello appears at the end of the movement and not at the beginning e. the score is written in gray ink
answer
a
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The Baroque texture contains all of the following except a. a steady basso continuo b. an obbligato on every refrain c. one or more melodic parts at the top d. keyboard chords filling in the space e. common practice harmony unifying the parts
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b
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The concerto added a new expressive dimension to Baroque music because it a. added vocals b. used chordal harmony c. enabled composers to add variety d. eliminates the old use of a ritornello e. does not sustain a single affect throughout a movement
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c
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The core instruments of Baroque music are a. recorder, drums and harp b. harpsichord and strings c. piano and strings d. sackbut e. trumpets, cymbals and bells
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b
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The harpsichordist generally uses a. a fully notated musical score b. figured bass c. the Nashville number system d. total improvisation e. the same part as the violin
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b
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The one musical genre in which Bach did not compose was a. organ fugues b. cantatas c. orchestral works d. dance suites e. opera
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e
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The style of the sonata is derived most directly from the a. basso continuo b. canzona c. cantata d. opera overture e. music of Hildegard
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b
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Which of the following is not true of Bach's time of composition? a. Composers were highly regarded as the top of the social class and were given complete freedom to compose their own music and style. b. There was little financial incentive to compose. c. All works were guaranteed a large public performance in a major venue. d. The contrapuntal style grew increasingly more popular. e. There was a great financial gain offered for the completion of The Art of the Fugue.
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e
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True/False: A church sonata was a two movement work that was used in worship, but never during mass.
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False
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True/False: A concert conducted by Felix Mendelssohn, long after Bach's death, brought Bach's music to the attention of scholars and audiences and led to him being recognized as a great composer.
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True
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True/False: Arcangelo Corelli could have been considered a legend in his own time.
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True
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True/False: Bach was more inventive in instrumentation than any of his contemporary composers.
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True
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True/False: The dominant orchestral genre of the late Baroque, featuring the contrast between large and small or an orchestra made up of strings with one or more spotlighted instruments, is called a concerto.
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True (teacher said false)
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True/False: Luther's "Ein' Feste Burg" is a symphony.
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False
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True/False: The industrial reform movement swept sixteenth-century northern Europe.
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False
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Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.
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True
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The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
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False The term concerto refers to a soloist accompanied by an orchestra.
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What instrument plays the following excerpt? -play 0:00-0:21-
answer
Harpsichord
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Although Chopin admired Italian bel canto, he didn't think of the piano as a singing instrument.
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False Chopin was able to reinvent the piano as a singing instrument, much along the lines of the Italian bel canto (beautiful singing) which he so greatly admired.
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Handel's Eight Suites for Keyboard remained largely unknown in the 18th century, except among his friends.
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False Although many of his keyboard works circulated in manuscript form among his friends, his Eight Suites for Keyboard (1720)—which he himself painstakingly prepared—remain one of the best-known published collection of harpsichord pieces of the 18th century.
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What instrument plays this example?
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Organ
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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
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False Construction and sound production are not the same among keyboard instruments.
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Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
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True
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The following excerpt is a clear example of: -play 1:50-2:01-
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Word painting
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The following 11-second excerpt represents word painting in: -play 0:00-0:11-
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A suite by Jean-Phillippe Rameau. This excerpt comes from Rameau's Suite in G Major - minor where it's hard to miss the image of a chicken clucking and pecking away in the repeated notes and fast runs you just heard.
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The term controller refers to:
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The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
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False
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The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.
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False
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What instrument plays this example? (1:09)
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Organ
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What instrument plays this example? (2:06)
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Piano
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Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
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True
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The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.
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Recital
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The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
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False
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What instrument plays this example? (1:43)
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Harpsichord?
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What instrument plays this example? (5:37)
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Synthesizer
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A music ensemble is:
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A group of musicians that perform as a unit
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Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.
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false
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Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.
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True
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The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.
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True
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When applied to music, the term "dynamics" refers to changes in:
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Volume
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According to the Listening Guide for the "Hallelujah Chorus", both polyphonic and homophonic textures are featured.
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True
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Musicians can often hear the notes in a piece of music without actually playing them.
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True
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The performer's messages, emotions, images, memories, and/or thoughts are contained in the music score.
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False
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The degree to which the listener feels moved by or connected to the music is determined by the performer's technical skill.
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False
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A music score contains:
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The written notation of a music composition. Correct
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Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.
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False
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All world music traditions make a distinction between composer and performer.
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False
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An ensemble can be comprised of as few as 2 or as many as 100 musicians or more.
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True
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According to the text, A-B-A form can be thought of as:
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A musical sandwich Correct
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The concept of form is associated with the following elements:
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All of these options Correct
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In the Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin, the chords played by the right hand represent the accompaniment.
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False
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Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.
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True
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According to the text, the form of a piece of music does not contribute to its emotional message.
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False
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The term étude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers.
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True
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Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.
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True
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Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.
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False Correct
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Musical associations remained fixed in time.
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False
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Which instrument is not the name of a type of African talking drum:
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atele?
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Music's main power is its ability to symbolize an era of society or culture.
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False
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Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
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True
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Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
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True
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Which of the following statements is not true:
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Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes. Correct
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Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.
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True
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In many commercial establishments, music is used to manipulate a consumer's mood.
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True
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Evidence of the healing power of music has only been collected recently.
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False
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Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:
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All of these answers Correct
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.
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False
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Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
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The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat" Correct
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Which of the following is true of the casual listener?
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Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat." Correct
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A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
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False
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A listener's classification can change from casual to referential, but not from critical to perceptive.
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False
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A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
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True
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Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:
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"Scenes from the Field" Correct
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Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
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False
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Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
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True
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The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.
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True
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What are the short segments played by the piano alone?
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Riffs
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According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music
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False
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According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.
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False
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Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
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True
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Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.
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True
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It is common to think of art music as superior to other kinds of music.
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True
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Riffs refers to:
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Short melodic and rhythmic patterns Correct
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According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not musically exclusive genres.
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True
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.
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False
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Rhythm is created by the combination of duration and _________.
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Tempo
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A rest symbol indicates:
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A rest symbol indicates:
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Music notation can be thought of as a:
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Form of communication among musicians. Correct
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The value of the ___ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.
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whole
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In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical:
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notation
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.
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False
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Which of the two following statements is true?
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Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
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According to the text, because composers provide notation, musicians do not need to be concerned with fitting sounds together in time.
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False
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In the Western music tradition, understanding regarding the duration of sounds has been transmitted via oral means.
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False
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Which of the following determines the precise pitch of a sound?
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vibrations
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Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?
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One cycle per second Correct
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The pitch of a sound is a person's absolute perception of how high or low that sound is.
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False
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On a piano keyboard, playing successive keys to the right produces:
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Slightly higher pitches Correct
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Our ears can perceive the entire range of possible sounds.
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False
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The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:
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16 and 20,000 Hertz Correct
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A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.
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False
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he black key to the right of G is called G
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sharp
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The letter name for white keys on the keyboard is fixed regardless of the musical context of a given composition.
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False
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The name of the white key to the immediate left of the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:
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C
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The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B
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flat
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The pitch letter names correspond to:
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The white keys on a piano keyboard Correct
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According to the text, there are always ____ keys from a letter name to its next occurrence up or down the keyboard.
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eight
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The "sandwich" key on the piano keyboard is always D.
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True Correct
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If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:
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Twice as fast Correct
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If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the left (down) will vibrate:
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Twice as slow Correct
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We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G.
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True
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A music notation system is a collection of _______ that people use to represent and interpret sounds.
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Symbols
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration.
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True
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A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.
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False
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Noteheads are placed on either lines or spaces on the staff to represent different pitches.
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True
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The following are examples of notation systems:
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All of these options Correct
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Successive lines and spaces from top to bottom of the staff represent successively lower pitches.
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True
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The system of parallel lines and spaces used to write music is called notation.
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True
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In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:
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The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff Correct
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The staff is a system of:
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Five lines and four spaces Correct
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Noteheads always need to be centered on the line or space they inhabit.
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True
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The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.
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False
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When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.
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True
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The distance between two pitches is called a/an
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interval
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The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:
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Fifth
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A fifth above E is
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B Correct
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The descending interval between A and F is a:
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Third
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A(n)________ is the interval from any note to its nearest neighbor.
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Second
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Which of the following is a true statement?
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Octave is the name of a particular interval size Correct
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A fourth below D is A.
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true
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An interval can be thought of as the distance between two letter names.
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true
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Musicians have always made their own choices regarding volume to fine tune their playing to specific performance spaces.
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False
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Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms.
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True
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A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's
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touch
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Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:
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His work in music education Correct
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Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics:
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Well into the 17th century Correct
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Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.
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False
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To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.
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False
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Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?
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tone color Correct
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The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:
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Electrophone
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What instrument category does the horn belong to?
answer
Aerophone
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If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?
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False
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The term________ refers to the part of a singer's vocal range that is used most in a song.
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Tessitura
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Some famous female roles in the history of opera have only been possible because 19th-century composers started giving important roles to:
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Mezzo-sopranos Correct
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The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor.
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True
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Which of the following operas is based on a story set in British India, where a British officer falls in love with the daughter of a Brahmin priest, with tragic consequences for her?
answer
Lakmé
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The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.
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False
question
Where do the viola players sit?
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In area No. 2
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A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.
answer
False
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According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.
answer
False
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In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play.
answer
False
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The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:
answer
A traditional form of composition in which one part enters after another using the same theme. Correct
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According to the text, keyboards make up the fifth family of instruments and occasionally appear with the orchestra.
answer
True
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All string instruments are traditionally played using all of the available performance techniques such as plucking, strumming, bowing, and rubbing.
answer
False
question
The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.
answer
True
question
How does a violinist control dynamics?
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By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings Correct
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According to the text, guitars can be strummed and also:
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Plucked
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The way that a wind instrument player places the lips, teeth, and tongue on the instrument's mouthpiece is NOT significant to the sound of the instrument.
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False
question
Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:
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Oboe, Bassoon Correct
question
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines:
answer
volume
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Woodwind instruments can be classified as:
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Aerophones
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The trumpet and the French horn use valves to change pitch.
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True
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The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:
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Trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba Correct
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The modern tuba was invented by a bandmaster in Rome.
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False
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According to the text, the modern horn is a straight tube measuring anywhere between 9 and 12 feet that ends in a widely flared bell.
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False Correct
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Which of the following is not a member of the brass family?
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English horn Correct
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Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:
answer
Cymbals
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Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?
answer
Timpani
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Timpani are capable of producing an actual pitch.
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True
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Kettledrum is another name for timpani.
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True
question
The orchestra snare drum is played attached by a sling to the player's side.
answer
False
question
Castanets are traditionally played by shaking them.
answer
False
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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
answer
False
question
Chopin continued to play organ concertos even after he lost his sight.
answer
False
question
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
answer
False
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Unfortunately, Chopin died before he could take advantage of advances in piano construction developed by Pleyel and Company.
answer
False
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Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.
answer
True
question
The term controller refers to:
answer
The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument Correct
question
The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.
answer
False
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Harpsichord was used in the following ways:
answer
As a solo instrument, as an accompanying instrument, and in opera. Correct
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On the harpsichord, tones are produced by strings stretched over the
answer
sound board
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All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.
answer
False
question
When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.
answer
quill; pluck Correct
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The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:
answer
Moves the hammers closer to the strings Correct
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The piano was developed from the harpsichord.
answer
True
question
The upright piano was first developed in:
answer
Philadelphia, USA
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There are only 88 keys on a piano, but there are over 200 strings.
answer
True
question
The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.
answer
Keyboard, Pipes
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The first organ used water to control wind pressure.
answer
True
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The three types of organ pipes are reed pipes, flue pipes, and rank pipes.
answer
False
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Ctesibius is credited with having invented the first organ in 1853.
answer
False
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In the organ, volume is determined by:
answer
Wind pressure Correct
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Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.
answer
False
question
What is the function of the amplifier?
answer
It amplifies loudness
question
The three types of synthesizers are:
answer
Analog synthesizers, digital synthesizers, samplers Correct
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The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.
answer
True
question
The Mimimoog Model D, one of the most popular synthesizers in history, was launched in what year:
answer
1970
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In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.
answer
True
question
Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf? (00:15)
answer
Bassoon
question
The name of this instrument is:
answer
Oboe
question
Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev (00:47)
answer
Bassoon
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Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt? (00:12)
answer
Clarinet
question
Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?
answer
Flute
question
The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:
answer
Flute, clarinet, oboe and bassoon
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Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.
answer
Flute
question
In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.
answer
True
question
In Prokofiev's: ""Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "Duck"?
answer
oboe
question
Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?
answer
Clarinet
question
The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is le bouche.
answer
False
question
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines ___________.
answer
Volume
question
Identify the single reed instrument:
answer
Clarinet
question
In prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf, which instrument represents the Peter?
answer
Strings
question
Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:
answer
Oboe, Bassoon
question
A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.
answer
False; a Fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase (the subject) is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts.
question
Traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.
answer
False
question
What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?
answer
Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly
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A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.
answer
True
question
The sole function of the conductor is to beat time
answer
False
question
In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play
answer
False
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. This 16-second example represents:
answer
An excerpt played by the woodwinds.
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Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. In this short excerpt:
answer
The trumpets play a variation
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Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. This short excerpt represents
answer
The grand conclusion of the piece
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Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?
answer
Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton
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According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.
answer
False
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. In this 20-second excerpt:
answer
NOT The full orchestra plays throughout.
question
The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:
answer
NOT None of these options
question
The sole function of the conductor is to beat time.
answer
False
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?
answer
Snare drum
question
false
answer
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. In this 20-second excerpt, the brass family plays throughout.
question
the brass start and the strings take over
answer
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. In this 20-second excerpt:
question
the grand conclusion of the piece
answer
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. In this 20-second excerpt:
question
brass
answer
This example is played by the ________.
question
whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton
answer
Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?
question
woodwind family
answer
Which instrument family plays this example?
question
in area No. 2
answer
Seating Chart of the Traditional Symphony Orchestra Where do the viola players sit?
question
french horns
answer
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Which brass instruments are featured prominently in this selection?
question
snare drum
answer
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?
question
false
answer
According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts
question
The height of vocal music in the church was written by:
answer
Palestrina
question
Stirring brass music, performed in Venice, composed by:
answer
Gabrieli
question
The Venetian School in St. Mark's Basilica provided:
answer
early brass music
question
A secular 'a-cappella' vocal style, performed in homes, was called:
answer
a Madrigal
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Madrigals were first created in:
answer
Italy
question
Madrigals were greatly enhanced by the:
answer
composers of England
question
One of the greatest of the English Madrigal composers was:
answer
Sir Thomas Morley
question
The term 'a Cappella' means:
answer
vocal music without accompaniment
question
As a reversal of the rules from the Council of Trent:
answer
Palestrina saved polyphony
question
The Catholic Church countered the reform nation with its own:
answer
Counter Reformation
question
One of the greatest composers the mid Renaissance was:
answer
Josquin Desprez
question
Musica Reservata refers to:
answer
Reserved music Calm and beautiful
question
The style of harmony based on the interval of a 3rd is called:
answer
Tertian Harmony
question
The music of John Dunstable is well known for:
answer
The usage of the 3rd
question
The Council of Trent opposed the usage of:
answer
Florid polyphony
question
The Protestant church was born because of:
answer
The Reformation
question
English Madrigals were known for:
answer
"Nonsense" syllables such as fa, la, la
question
The Lutheran Church was founded by:
answer
Martin Luther
question
Madrigals, sung for pleasure in homes:
answer
We're typically a-Cappella
question
Madrigals typically used:
answer
"Pastoral" texts
question
Martin Luther wanted his church service to be:
answer
Centered on the Chorale
question
Palestrina wrote the famous:
answer
Pope Marsellus mass
question
The middle class made huge gains during the:
answer
Renaissance
question
Madrigals provided great enjoyment when:
answer
Sung in the home
question
The great composer Giovanni Pierluigi is known by his towns name:
answer
Palestrina
question
The reformation was begun by a German priest named:
answer
Martin Luther
question
The Dance Suite was the most popular usage of instrumental music:
answer
During the era
question
The renaissance is said to have spanned the years from:
answer
1400-1600
question
Italy was the main center of musical activity during the:
answer
16th century
question
The meaning of the French word Renaissance means:
answer
Rebirth
question
Chordophones
answer
Instruments with strings that can be plucked or bowed
question
The shape of the sound waves produced by a violin is what makes it sound like a violin.
answer
True
question
The shape of the sound waves produced by a voice or instrument determines timbre.
answer
True
question
If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?
answer
False
question
Aerophones
answer
Instruments that sound by means of vibrating air
question
Idiophone
answer
an instrument the whole of which vibrates to produce a sound when struck, shaken, or scraped, such as a bell, gong, or rattle.
question
Membranophone
answer
instruments, typically drums, that use a vibrating stretched membrane as the principal means of sound production
question
Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?
answer
Tone color
question
To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.
answer
False
question
If someone said that instruments that produce sounds via vibrating columns of air are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?
answer
True
question
Descending intervals are calculated differently from ascending ones.
answer
False
question
The distance between D and A (above that D) is a: Third Sixth Fifth Fourth
answer
Fifth
question
Which of the following is a true statement? A synonym for distance is octave The fifth is a kind of octave Interval is the name of a particular octave size Octave is the name of a particular interval size
answer
Octave is the name of a particular interval size
question
The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.
answer
False: The two tones of an octave DO NOT vibrate at the same frequency rate: the higher tone vibrates at twice the frequency rate of the lower tone.
question
The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies.
answer
False: The two notes of an octave sound similar, not exactly the same.
question
The interval between D and the next G above that D, is called a: Fourth Fifth Octave Third
answer
Fourth
question
The distance between two pitches is called a/an _________
answer
interval
question
When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.
answer
True
question
Ascending and descending intervals are calculated: Exactly the same Differently because one goes upwards and the other downwards Taking into account white and black keys. Carefully considering ascending or descending frequencies
answer
A: Exactly the same
question
The descending interval between A and F is a: Fifth Fourth Third Second
answer
Third
question
The text states that __________ is the essential element in music
answer
Rhythm
question
In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________
answer
Notation
question
Which of the two following statements is true?
answer
Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
question
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.
answer
False
question
Time values in music are expressed in:
answer
Relative terms
question
The value of the ______ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.
answer
whole
question
Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests.
answer
True
question
One of the main purposes of music notation is to preserve the oral tradition of almost every type of society.
answer
False
question
A rest symbol indicates:
answer
A period of silence
question
instrument heard
answer
horn
question
A cadential point brings the musical phrase to a resting point, which may or may not be followed by a pause.
answer
example c
question
The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.
answer
true
question
Which of the following excerpts from See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes uses loud dynamics?
answer
Example A
question
Dynamic variety refers to the use of different sound sources.
answer
False, refers to different volumes
question
Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.
answer
True
question
Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which of the following two excerpts combines more instruments and louder dynamics?
answer
Example A
question
Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which of the following excerpts combines ensemble playing and soft dynamics?
answer
Example B
question
Listen to the following excerpts of Idea A from G. F. Handel's See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which one is played by a solo instrument?
answer
Example B
question
Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.
answer
False; unity is for familiarity and variety for interest and unexpected
question
The following is an example of solo performer
answer
False; can hear wind and string
question
The following features instrumental, string, vocal, or percussion?
answer
vocal, sounds like opera
question
The following features a musical ensemble
answer
False, solo piano
question
The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.
answer
True
question
Interpretation is one of the composer's most important tasks.
answer
False, performer is interpreter
question
The following excerpt features a musical ensemble (Hallelujah)
answer
True
question
Deep River is an example of Jazz
answer
False; spiritual piece
question
The following features a solo performer
answer
True: quick paced solo piano
question
According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor.
answer
False
question
Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.
answer
False; technique and understanding
question
A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
answer
True
question
Referential listeners are most common types of listeners
answer
False; casual are
question
Music not associated with particular story, image, object, or event is called
answer
Absolute
question
Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional charecters
answer
false; for example Symphonia Fantastique
question
This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?
answer
enjoy music as background
question
The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
answer
false; that's perspective listener
question
The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.
answer
true
question
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
answer
False; perceptive listeners combine all 3 charecteristics and is not limited to any 1
question
Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
answer
true
question
Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
answer
The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"
question
Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?
answer
Excerpt B was used in the text to illustrate program music. Listen to how the music tells a story with a quick tempo, interesting instrumentation and a skipping elf-like rhythm at the beginning.
question
Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
answer
true;Jazz predecessors include, among others, plantation songs, spirituals, and river boat music.
question
Art music is superior to folk or popular music
answer
False
question
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
answer
false, cannot agree
question
Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
answer
False, that would me folk- no written documents or music scores
question
Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by individual
answer
True
question
According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres.
answer
True
question
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
answer
True
question
According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.
answer
False; rich, varied, and complicated
question
Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
answer
True
question
A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.
answer
False
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?
answer
Excerpt A; drum african music
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?
answer
Excerpt B; wind instruments
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of art music?
answer
Excerpt B- sounds like mozart or somethin
question
According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.
answer
False, Russian character not Romanian
question
Which of the following most likely contains an improvised solo?
answer
Excerpt C; Jazz solo
question
Riff
answer
short melodic and rhythmic patterns
question
short segments played by piano alone
answer
riffs
question
A rest symbol indicates:
answer
period of silence
question
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.
answer
False, only duration
question
Time values are expressed in absolute terms
answer
False; only relative terms
question
A notes duration is indicated by
answer
whether note head is filled in or not and # of flags on stem
question
Text states that________ is essential element in music
answer
rhythm
question
in western tradition, note symbol indicates pitch
answer
false, indicates duration not pitch pitch is by notehead on specific line or space on staff
question
Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests
answer
true
question
Which of the two following statements is true? Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms. Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
answer
Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
question
Value of a ___ note serves as basis for relative value of all other notes
answer
whole note
question
IN western tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical _____
answer
notation
question
The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz.
answer
True
question
A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.
answer
False; Regardless of how hard we pluck it, a long string will always vibrate at a slower frequency than a shorter one and, therefore, will produce a lower pitch.
question
The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:
answer
16 and 20,000 hertz
question
The following excerpt from Pictures at an Exhibition features low pitches.
answer
True
question
Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?
answer
one cycle per second
question
Which of the following excerpts suggests increasing tension in the music?
answer
excerpt B suggests an increase in tension brought about through the increasing rise in pitch
question
It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.
answer
true
question
In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:
answer
The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff
question
Each line and space on the staff represents a different:
answer
Pitch
question
The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation.
answer
false; that would be staff
question
The staff is a system of:
answer
5 lines and 4 spaces
question
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration
answer
true
question
A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.
answer
False;
question
The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B
answer
flat
question
The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:
answer
D
question
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:
answer
twice as fast
question
The interval between any two adjacent C's on the keyboard is called a/an
answer
Octave
question
We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G
answer
true
question
The black key to the right of G is called G
answer
G Sharp
question
The key indicated by the arrow above is correctly labeled.
answer
false, F sharp or G flat
question
If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are
answer
512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left
question
The pitch letter names correspond to:
answer
the white keys on a piano
question
When keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create a
answer
Scale
question
Which of the following is a true statement?
answer
Octave is name of particular interval size
question
The distance between two pitches is called a/an
answer
interval
question
The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies
answer
false; similar not same
question
The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:
answer
fifth
question
Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:
answer
exactly the same
question
Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed.
answer
False; they don't use a bow
question
The volume of this excerpt is an example of crescendo.
answer
False; volume is constant
question
Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:
answer
His work in music education
question
Volume of Beethovens Pastoral Symphony is decrescendo
answer
true; becomes softer
question
Musical excerpt is an example of piano volume
answer
False; This excerpt from Chopin's Revolutionary Étude is an example of forte volume
question
Music excerpt is an example of forte
answer
true; This excerpt from Antonin Dvorak's Slavonic Dance No. 8 is an example of forte.
question
This volume excerpt is an example of
answer
crescendo; louder
question
A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's____
answer
touch
question
Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.
answer
false; one of most imp opera composers
question
For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don't have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a ____mechanism.
answer
keyboard mechanism attached to a hammer (piano) or plectrum (harpsichord) that strikes or plucks the strings.
question
Which of the following factors that influence dynamic change is at work in the following example?
answer
energy
question
As a musical concept, dynamics covers only the overall loudness or softness of a piece of music.
answer
false; also gradual volume changes
question
The volume of this excerpt is an example of which of the following
answer
piano
question
volume of this excerpt is loud
answer
false
question
Which of the following two excerpts uses soft dynamics?
answer
excerpt B; beethovens moonlight sonata
question
volume and dynamic are interchangeable terms
answer
true
question
Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamic
answer
well into 17th C
question
composers starterd writing dynamic markings in scores bc
answer
new instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast
question
instrument played in this excerpt
answer
chordophone; guitar
question
instrument played with flute
answer
aerophone
question
instrument played : synthesizer
answer
electrphone
question
According to the classification of instruments by sound source, the one in this example is a/an:
answer
cello: chordophone
question
The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:
answer
electrophone
question
snare drum
answer
membranophone
question
traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here?
answer
idiophones and membranophones
question
Timbre is often referred to as _________ color.
answer
tone
question
Listen to this excerpt from Midsummer Night's Dream. Which instrument classification is represented?
answer
aerophone
question
instrument playing: tapping of chutes
answer
idiophone
question
range most prominent from Listen to these two excerpts from Carmina Burana
answer
excerpt B soprano
question
super deep male
answer
bass
question
super high female
answer
soprano
question
The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called:
answer
A cappella choir
question
soprano register lies between alto and tenor ranges
answer
false;soprano is highest female range
question
High male voice
answer
tenor
question
The aria Lucevan le Stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini
answer
false; from opera tosca
question
The English madrigal is characterized by:
answer
intensity and intimacy of choral writing
question
The aria Lucevan le Stelle is composed for a/an:
answer
tenor
question
The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.
answer
false
question
triumph music
answer
by brass
question
sole function of conductor is beat time
answer
false
question
viola players sit
answer
dead center front
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.
answer
string family
question
Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?
answer
whether to use modern or old fashioned baton
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.
answer
french horns
question
What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?
answer
make sure when approporiate, players improvise parts correctly
question
According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts
answer
false
question
A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.
answer
true
question
What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?
answer
violin concerto
question
The text states that guitars are strummed or __________.
answer
plucked
question
Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments?
answer
blowing
question
The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.
answer
true
question
which instrument carries melody
answer
violin
question
____ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch.
answer
vibrato
question
The main orchestral string instruments are:
answer
Violin, viola, cello, and double bass
question
The sound of string instruments is produced by a _______ stretched between two points.
answer
string
question
How does a violinist control dynamics?
answer
By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings
question
Listen to this excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.
answer
harp
question
Which string instrument is featured in this excerpt from Paganini's 24 Caprices?
answer
violin
question
In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instruments represents the Peter?
answer
strings
question
The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is la bouche.
answer
false; embouchure
question
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.
answer
volume
question
The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:
answer
flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon
question
Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.
answer
flute
question
Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf?
answer
bassoon
question
Identify the single reed instrument:
answer
clarinet
question
Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:
answer
oboe, bassoon
question
Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?
answer
clarinet
question
Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?
answer
flute
question
Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev.
answer
bassoon
question
In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "duck"?
answer
oboe
question
In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "grandfather"?
answer
bassoon
question
In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "cat"?
answer
clarinet
question
In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.
answer
TRUE
question
Which instrument, along with the orchestra, plays this example?
answer
oboe
question
This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.
answer
horn
question
The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:
answer
trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba
question
Which instrument of the brass family plays the melody in this example?
answer
trumpet
question
Which brass instrument plays the melody in this example?
answer
trombone
question
Listen to the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony No. 6. There is a dialogue between a high-sounding part and a low one.
answer
tuba
question
Which of the following is a member of the brass family?
answer
brass trombone
question
The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.
answer
true
question
Listen to this excerpt from Aaron Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man.
answer
trumpet
question
Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a "brassy" timbre?
answer
all the above
question
In brass instruments, pitch depends on the ______of the air column.
answer
length
question
This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.
answer
trumpet
question
Castanets are non-pitched instruments.
answer
true; idiophones under concussion group
question
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:
answer
cymbals
question
Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.
answer
false
question
Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the ____ group.
answer
concussion/idiophone
question
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?
answer
timpani; can be tuned
question
Kettledrum is another name for timpani.
answer
true
question
Listen to this excerpt from Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.
answer
timpani/kettle drums
question
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.
answer
false
question
Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
answer
true
question
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
answer
false; soloist plus orchestra
question
The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.
answer
recital
question
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
answer
false
question
The term controller refers to:
answer
The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
question
The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:
answer
1397
question
When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.
answer
quill;pluck
question
Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:
answer
for next 200 years
question
All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.
answer
false; not all built same
question
The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.
answer
false; in 16th, 17th, and 18th C It was used in chamber and orchestral music, and also in opera.
question
There are___keys in a full size piano keyboard.
answer
88
question
When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.
answer
false
question
The upright piano was first developed in:
answer
Philly, US
question
The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:
answer
Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825
question
The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:
answer
moves hammer closer to strings
question
In the organ, volume is determined by:
answer
wind pressure
question
The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.
answer
keyboard, pipes
question
The function of the organ's stops is to:
answer
control flow of air to pipes
question
The first organ used water to control wind pressure.
answer
true; hydraulos
question
In the organ, pipe length determines:
answer
pitch
question
function of amplifier
answer
amplifies loudness
question
The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.
answer
true
question
Identify the false statement:
answer
Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.
question
The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.
answer
true
question
Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.
answer
false
question
A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years
answer
False
question
Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
answer
False
question
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
answer
false
question
Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
answer
True
question
According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character. 0:00-3:20
answer
false
question
A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years
answer
False
question
The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:
answer
Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer
question
Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt. 0:18-0:26 What are the short segments played by the piano alone?
answer
riffs
question
-Play- The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:
answer
Not notated (at least, not in the traditional sense), and includes many improvised sections and solos
question
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
answer
True
question
Art music is superior to folk or popular music.
answer
false
question
Riffs refers to:
answer
Short melodic and rhythmic patterns
question
Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt. What are the short segments played by the piano alone?
answer
Riffs
question
Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
answer
true
question
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
answer
True
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music? A. Play B. Play C. Play
answer
Excerpt A
question
Riffs refers to:
answer
Short melodic and rhythmic patterns
question
Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
answer
false
question
Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
answer
True
question
Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.
answer
true
question
According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music
answer
False
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?
answer
Excerpt B
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz? A) 0:00-2:49 B) 0:00-3:46 C)0:00-6:10
answer
Excerpt B
question
-Play- The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:
answer
Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer
question
Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?
answer
Excerpt A
question
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
answer
true
question
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
answer
False
question
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
answer
False
question
Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
answer
true
question
Art music is superior to folk or popular music.
answer
False
question
A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
answer
true
question
What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?
answer
absolute
question
Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
answer
The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"
question
The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.
answer
true
question
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music
answer
false
question
A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
answer
false
question
Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
answer
false
question
Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:
answer
"Scenes from the Field"
question
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.
answer
false
question
This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?
answer
enjoy the music as background
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The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.
answer
True
question
Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.
answer
False
question
Which of the following is true of the casual listener?
answer
Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat."
question
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
answer
False
question
What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?
answer
Absolute
question
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.
answer
False
question
The perceptive listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
answer
True
question
Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?
answer
Excerpt B
question
Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
answer
True
question
A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
answer
False
question
Critical Listener
answer
primary motivation is to identify what is wrong with a performance. For very scrupulous critical listeners, every detail of the performance must be perfect, including the accuracy of the notes. Such listeners may even demand perfection in live music, with anything short of perfection considered a poor performance.
question
Tempo
answer
The speed of the rhythm of a composition. Tempo is measured according to beats per minute. A very fast tempo, prestissimo, has between 200 and 208 beats per minute, presto has 168 to 200 beats per minute, allegro has between 120 and 168 beats per minute, moderato has 108 to 120 beats per minute, andante has 76 to 108, adagio has 66 to 76, larghetto has 60 to 66, and largo, the slowest tempo, has 40 to 60.
question
Perceptive Listener
answer
combines the characteristics of the previous three types of listeners but is not limited by them. The perceptive listener:
question
Perceptive listener like the casual
answer
Enjoys sound for sound's sake, but asks: What is it in the music that makes me feel this way? Is it the way the performer is interpreting the music? Is it because of the volume or speed at which it is played? Is it because it is sung, played by instruments, or because it has a good balance of unity and variety? Is it a combination of all these elements? If so, which combination is at work?
question
Perceptive Listener like the Referential
answer
Like the referential listener, may have associations with the music being heard, but also tries to remember: When and where the music was heard most recently. What other works from that composer or performer she knows.
question
Perceptive Listener like the Critical
answer
is aware of the quality of a performance but goes beyond the technical aspects to seek understanding and appreciation of the human and cultural values embodied in the music.
question
Perceptive Listener Contd'
answer
Attends concerts regularly and listens with concentration. Uses appropriate musical vocabulary, not lay terms like "mellow" or "upbeat," to describe music. Tries to develop an awareness of different musical styles and realizes that there are significant and valid differences among these styles. The perceptive listener is open to all kinds of music. Realizes that music is created for many different purposes and by many different kinds of people. Really tries to understand the music and what makes it interesting before passing judgment on it. Would never decide that she does not like a certain kind of music without having listened to it. Tries to learn something about the music before listening to a live or recorded performance of it. Is aware of the fact that a piece of music, regardless of style, might take some time to reveal its structure, meaning and beauty, and is therefore prepared to reserve judgment until she has heard it many times.
question
Antonio Vilvaldi's Concerto in F minor (Winter)
answer
It is one of four compositions that, as a group, form a work called The Four Seasons. A fine example of program music, each of the four compositions depicts one of the four seasons of the year. Vivaldi also wrote poems to accompany each movement and linked lines of the poems to corresponding sections of the music.
question
Program Music
answer
Compositions with extra-musical content that directs the attention of the listener to a literary or pictoral association. Program music was especially popular in the 19th century.
question
The character of the minuet is best described as
answer
Stately and dignified
question
A common rondo pattern is
answer
ABACABA
question
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called a
answer
cadenza
question
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
answer
fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
question
In many of Beethoven's works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet.
answer
scherzo
question
The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for
answer
solo instrument and orchestra
question
the standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by
answer
Ludwig von Köchel
question
Chamber music is characterized by
answer
having one performer per part
question
A string quartet is a musical composition for
answer
2 violins, viola, cello
question
Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years
answer
1750-1820
question
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as
answer
AA'A''A'''A''''.
question
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of
answer
strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
question
The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony.
answer
third
question
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for
answer
piano
question
One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the
answer
early Baroque
question
The early baroque was characterized by
answer
homophonic texture
question
The middle baroque was characterized by
answer
A diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.
question
A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the
answer
clavichord
question
Affections in baroque usage refers to
answer
Emotional states or moods of music
question
The intellectual movement called humanism
answer
focused on human life and its accomplishments
question
Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass? Credo, Kyrie, Ave Maria, Gloria.
answer
Ave Maria
question
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the
answer
motet
question
The Renaissance madrigal is a
answer
Piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love.
question
Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called
answer
dynamics
question
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
answer
pitch
question
The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with
answer
horsehair
question
If a string player uses vibrato — rocking of the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations — it is because
answer
using vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive
question
Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they
answer
do not contain a string section
question
A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a
answer
cadence
question
A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as
answer
staccato
question
A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called
answer
a chord
question
Harmony refers to
answer
the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
question
A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a
answer
dissonance
question
A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a
answer
consonance
question
Another term for key is
answer
tonality
question
The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the
answer
tonic
question
when a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called
answer
imitation.
question
When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is
answer
homophonic
question
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is
answer
monophonic
question
The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called
answer
counterpoint
question
When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
answer
polyphonic
question
Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called
answer
variation
question
The organization of musical ideas in time is called
answer
form
question
The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counter statement would be called
answer
binary
question
Music can be defined as...
answer
...an art based on the organization of sounds in time.
question
The four main properties of musical sound are pitch, dynamic, tone color, and...
answer
...duration.
question
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called...
answer
...pitch.
question
A sound that has a definite pitch is called a...
answer
...tone.
question
The distance in pitch between any two tones is called an...
answer
...interval.
question
When tones are separated by the interval called an _______, they sound very much alike.
answer
octave
question
The distance between the lowest and highest tones an instrument can produce is called its...
answer
...pitch range.
question
Dynamics in music refers to...
answer
...degrees of loudness and softness.
question
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a...
answer
...diminuendo.
question
Timbre is synonymous with...
answer
...tone color.
question
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male vocal ranges?
answer
Contralto (correct answer) Baritone Tenor Bass
question
A symphonic band consists of mainly...
answer
...brass, woodwind, and percussion.
question
Plucking the string with a finger instead of using a bow is called....
answer
...pizzicato.
question
Woodwind instruments are so named because...
answer
...they were originally made of wood.
question
The ______ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch.
answer
timpani
question
The ______ has strings that a plucked by a set of plastic, quill, or leather wedges.
answer
harpsichord
question
Rapidly repeating tones by quick up and down strokes of the bow is known as...
answer
...tremolo.
question
regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
answer
beat
question
organization of beats into regular groups is called
answer
meter
question
the first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the
answer
downbeat
question
this term refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music
answer
tempo
question
in musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five lines called a
answer
staff
question
the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch
answer
sequence
question
musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
answer
harmony
question
a series of chords is called a
answer
progression
question
the simplest most basic chord in western music is the
answer
triad
question
chromatic is used in music to refer to the
answer
twelve tones of an octave
question
when two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
answer
polyphonic
question
a round is an example of
answer
strict imitation
question
homophonic texture consists of
answer
one main melody accompanied by chords
question
some feature of a music idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as
answer
variation
question
ordered flow of music through time
answer
rhythm
question
in musical notation, silence is indicated by
answer
rests
question
combination of tones that are unusable and tense
answer
dissonance
question
central tone around which a musical composition is organized
answer
tonic
question
texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is
answer
monophonic
question
middle ages in european history
answer
450-1450
question
who held virtual monopoly on learning in middle ages
answer
monks in monasteries
question
most medieval music was
answer
vocal
question
the music medieval monks made was
answer
gregorian chant
question
texture of gregorian chant
answer
monophonic
question
earliest chant manuscripts from what century
answer
ninth
question
earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by
answer
Hildegard of Bingen
question
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by
answer
french nobles called troubadors
question
first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when
answer
monks began to add a second line to gregorian chant
question
gregorian chant with one additional melodic line
answer
organum
question
center of polyphonic music in europe after 1150 was
answer
paris
question
earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm
answer
Loenin and Perotin
question
"ars nova" refers to
answer
italian and french music of the fourteenth century
question
Renaissance in music occured between
answer
1450-1600
question
texture of renaissance music is chiefly
answer
polyphonic
question
two main forms of sacred renaissance music are
answer
mass and motet
question
the renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in
answer
Italy
question
Weelkes's "As Vesta Was Descending" is notable for its
answer
word painting
question
nuns and monks sang at what two types of services
answer
office and mass
question
a capella refers to
answer
unaccompanied choral music
question
baroque style flourished in music during this period
answer
1600-1750
question
early baroque period was characterized by
answer
homophonic texture
question
Montoverdi created music that was
answer
passionate and dramatic
question
instrumental music became as important as vocal music a this time
answer
middle baroque
question
a baroque musical composition usually expresses ________ within the same movement
answer
constantly changing moods
question
sudden alterations between loud and soft
answer
terraced dynamics
question
main keyboard instuments of the baroque era were
answer
piano and harpsichord
question
most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
answer
basso continuo
question
a movement in music usually refers to
answer
piece that can be independent but is part of a larger composition
question
three movements of concerto grosso
answer
fast, slow, fast
question
first and last movements of concerto grosso are in what form
answer
ritornello
question
main theme of a fugue is called the
answer
subject
question
a play set to music with orchestral accompaniment with costumes and actors
answer
operas
question
the text or book of a musical dramatic work
answer
libretto
question
vocal line that imitates fluctuations of speech
answer
recitative
question
camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow
answer
rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech
question
first european opera house to offer admission to anyone paying the price opened in
answer
venice, italy
question
castrati
answer
lung power of man, range of woman, highly paid, castrated (all answers correct)
question
statement is not true about monteverdi
answer
all twelve of his operas are performed regularly in europe and america
question
Dido and Aeneas was composed by
answer
Henry Purcell
question
vivaldi spend most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in
answer
venice
question
vivaldi was famous as a virtuoso on what instrument
answer
violin
question
vivaldi wrote appox how many concerto grosso and solo concertos
answer
450
question
Bach was most eminent of his day with what instrument
answer
organ
question
Bach created masterpieces in every from except
answer
opera
question
sets of dance inspired instrumental movements
answer
suites
question
baroque suites typically begin with
answer
french overture
question
congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to
answer
participate in the service
question
bach's cantatas closely resembled what of that time
answer
operas
question
sonata intended to be played in a church
answer
sonata de chiesa
question
Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for
answer
two violins and basso continuo
question
a vivaldi concerto typically has
answer
three
question
vivaldi wrote concertos for a great variety of instruments (T/F)
answer
true
question
A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach's
answer
well-tempered clavier
question
which of the following is not a part of baroque suite
answer
waltz
question
two sections of a french overture
answer
slow-fast
question
A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the
answer
cantata
question
how many performers in baroque trio sonata
answer
four
question
dates for classicism in western art music
answer
1750-1820
question
which is not a sonata form movement
answer
rondo
question
concluding section of sonata form movement
answer
coda
question
theme and variations form may be outlined as
answer
AA'A''A'''A''''.
question
minuet and trio movement of classical symphony is in what form
answer
ABA
question
minuet is generally what number movement of a classical symphony
answer
third
question
beethoven replaces what kind of movement for the minuet in many of his works
answer
scherzo
question
rondo may be schematically outlined as
answer
ABACABA
question
return of the main theme in rondo form is welcome because it is in what key
answer
tonic
question
rondo most often serves as the
answer
finale
question
first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast and in what form
answer
sonata
question
usual order of movements in classical symphony is
answer
fast, slow, dance-related, fast
question
a concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for
answer
an instrumental soloist and orchestra
question
mozart and beethoven wrote concertos for their favorite instrument, the
answer
piano
question
sequence of movements in classical concerto is
answer
fast, slow, fast
question
first movement of a classical concerto has
answer
two expositions
question
classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it doesn't have these movements
answer
minuet or scherzo
question
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
answer
ridiculed the aristocracy
question
In the exposition of a sonata form movement...
answer
the second theme is in a new key
question
each successive variation in a theme with variations
answer
retains some elements of the theme
question
pieces of an oratorio are usually connected by means of
answer
a narrators recitatives
question
handel's messiah is an example of
answer
an oratorio
question
Handel spent a major portion of his time in
answer
England
question
the core of Handel's output was english oratorios and italian...
answer
operas
question
oratorio differs from opera in that is has no
answer
acting, costumes or scenery
question
Oratorios first appeared in
answer
Italy
question
2 violins, viola, cello, four movements, most important form in chamber music
answer
string quartet
question
Haydn's two popular oratorios: the seasons and
answer
the creation
question
Mozart's symphony no. 40 in Gmin is
answer
one of his last three symphonies
question
major factor that distinguishes chamber music from symphony
answer
one player per part
question
in addition to 68 string quartets, how many symphonies did Haydn write?
answer
104
question
where were the 12 symphonies for JP Saloman first performed? (Named the _______ symphonies)
answer
London
question
family that helped make Haydn famous
answer
Esterhazy
question
mozart's finest german opera
answer
the magic flute
question
piano trio is written for what 3 instruments?
answer
violin, cello, piano
question
after he went deaf, his compositions included piano sonatas, string quartets, and the 9th symphony. these are some of beethoven's...
answer
late works
question
beethoven had 16 of these, and they were considered some of the greatest ever recorded
answer
string quartets
question
piano sonata is for...
answer
piano only
question
Beethoven's third symphony commemorated
answer
Napoleon
question
beethoven had a habbit of carrying a
answer
musical sketchbook
question
beethoven's only opera is entitled
answer
Fidelio
question
Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
answer
True
question
Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
answer
True
question
Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.
answer
True
question
Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.
answer
False
question
Which of the following statements is Not true?
answer
Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes.
question
Musical associations remained fixed in time.
answer
False
question
Igor Stravinsky did not believe expression to be the primary purpose of music.
answer
True
question
Whose mythology was filled with references to the healing power of music? ( Greek? Ancient Egyptian? Chinese?)
answer
All of the Above
question
Which instrument is not an the name of a type of African talking drum:
answer
Yoruba
question
Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.
answer
True