Music Appreciation

20 August 2022
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393 test answers

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question
Structure is not a crucial aspect of music
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false
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The Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin is nicknamed Revolutionary because it started a major upheaval in Paris in 1820.
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false
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The term Ă©tude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers
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true
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An understanding of form enhances and improves one's appreciation of music
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true
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Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.
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true
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Which of the following is an example of a cadential point? (resting point)
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excerpt a
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Structure is important because it helps our minds begin to develop expectations about what will happen next in a piece of music
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true
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Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.
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true
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Understanding form is not necessary for enhancing the appreciation of music.
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false
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Listen to this excerpt Listen to this excerpt from Section B of Chopin's Étude in C minor. What is the function of the left hand in the following excerpt?
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Continues playing figurations (melodic patterns)
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In the Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin, the chords played by the right hand represent the accompaniment
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false
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Which section of Chopin's Étude in C minor does the following excerpt come from?
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B
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Which example comes from Section A of Chopin's Étude in C minor?
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Example B
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The Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin is an example of three-part form
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False; 2 part form
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Listen to this excerpt from Chopin's Étude in C minor. Where does this excerpt happen in the piece?
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Towards the end
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The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition
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true
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Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which of the following two excerpts combines more instruments and louder dynamics?
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Example A - Example A combines more instruments and louder dynamics
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Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which of the following excerpts combines ensemble playing and soft dynamics?
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Example B - Example B features ensemble playing and soft dynamics.
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Dynamic variety refers to the use of different sound sources.
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false
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Which of the following excerpts from See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes uses loud dynamics?
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Ex A
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A cadential point brings the musical phrase to a resting point or pause. Which of the following excerpts ends with a cadential point that brings the phrase to a resting point?
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Ex C
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Listen to the following excerpts of Idea A from G. F. Handel's See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes. Which one is played by a solo instrument?
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Ex B
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Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.
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False
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Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre
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true
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Interpretation is one of the composer's most important tasks.
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False - Performer's task to interpret
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The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.
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true
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Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.
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False
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Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.
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False - spiritual
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According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor.
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False
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Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences
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true
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Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.
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False
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Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
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True
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Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:
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All of the above: Greek, Chinese, & Ancient Egyptian
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Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
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True
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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music
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false
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Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.
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false
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Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
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A perceptive listener would not describe music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat". Instead, they would use more precise language to describe music.
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Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
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false
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The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
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false
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This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?
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Enjoy the music as background
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Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?
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B
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The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment
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true
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Music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event is called _________ music
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absolute
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A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations
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true
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Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
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true
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According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.
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false
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In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score
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True
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Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
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true
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Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
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true
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Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
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false
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What are the short segments played by the piano alone
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riffs
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According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres
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true
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According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music
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false
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A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.
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false
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Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by an individual
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true
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Riffs refers to:
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Short melodic and rhythmic patterns
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According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character
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False - Russian character
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Art music is superior to folk or popular music
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false
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Duration
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*The graphic representation of the symbol—its shape—conveys duration. *refers to the length of the sound; how long the sound lasts in time
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Pitch
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*The placement of this symbol on the music staff conveys pitch. The higher the symbol is placed on the staff, the higher its pitch. *The particular quality of a sound (e.g. an individual musical note) that fixes its position in the scale *the pitch of a sound is a person's relative perception of how high or low that sound is
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frequency
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*The number of sound waves *the number of vibrations or cycles per second
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.
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false
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The value of the ______ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes
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whole
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A rest symbol indicates:
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A period of silence
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A note's duration is indicated by
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Whether the note head is filled or not and the number of flags on the stem
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In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________.
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notation
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Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests
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true
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The text states that __________ is the essential element in music
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rhythm
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Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms.
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false
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch
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false
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Which of the two following statements is true? A)Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms. B)Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
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B) Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
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The following excerpt from Pictures at an Exhibition features low pitches
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true
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The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:
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16 and 20,000 Hertz
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A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string
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false
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Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?
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One cycle per second
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It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.
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true
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The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz
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true
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Tablature
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a combination of letters, numbers and staff—was used for particular string instruments
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The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation
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false
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In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:
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Pitch is represented by the position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff
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The staff is a system of:
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Five lines and four spaces
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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration
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true
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A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.
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false
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Each line and space on the staff represents a different:
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pitch
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Octave
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Set of 8 keys
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Sharp
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higher in pitch
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flat
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lower in pitch
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Volume (Dynamics)
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*one of most important aspects of sound *Composers use volume as a way of controlling the emotional content and shape of a piece. * refers to the infinitely subtle shadings that are possible between discrete dynamic levels
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pianississimo (ppp)
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very, very softly
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pianissimo (pp)
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very softly
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piano (p)
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soft
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mezzo piano (mp)
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half soft
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mezzo forte (mf)
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half loud
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forte (f)
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loud
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fortissimo (ff)
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very loud
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fortississimo (fff)
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very, very loud
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al niente
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to nothing
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crescendo
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become louder
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descrescendo diminuendo
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becoming softer
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morendo
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dying away
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Among other factors, composers started writing dynamic markings in their scores because
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New instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast.
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Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms.
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true
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As a musical concept, dynamics covers only the overall loudness or softness of a piece of music
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false
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Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:
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His work in music education
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For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don't have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a _____ mechanism
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keyboard
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Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics:
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17th century
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A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's ____.
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touch
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Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed.
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false
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Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas
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false
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Which of the following is a true statement
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Octave is the name of a particular interval size.
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The distance between two pitches is called a/an _____ .
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interval
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The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:
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fifth
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The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies
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false
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Ascending and descending intervals are calculated
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exactly the same time
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Timbre
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*quality of a sound *referred to as tone color
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Chordophones
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Instruments that produce sounds via vibrating strings, such as the guitar. The strings may be plucked, bowed, hit, or strummed
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Aerophones
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Instruments that produce sounds via vibrating columns of air, such as the horn.
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Membranophones
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Instruments that produce sounds via vibrating membranes, such as the drum. The membranes may be struck or rubbed.
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Idiophones
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Instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves, such as the castanets. This class includes instruments of various materials (e.g., metal, wood, glass, stone) producing sounds using various techniques (e.g., beating, scraping, shaking, plucking, stamping, rubbing)
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Electrophones
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Instruments that produce sounds via electronic means, such as the synthesizer.
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According to the way sounds are produced, piano is considered in what instrumental classification?
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Chordophone
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The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:
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Electrophone
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tessitura
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vocal range used most in a song
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soprano
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highest female voice
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mezzo-soprano
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lower voice range than soprano
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alto
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lowest range in female voice
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tenor
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highest male voice
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bass
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lowest male voice
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baritone
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most common male voice; between tenor and bass
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The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.
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false
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The aria Lucevan le Stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini.
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false
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The aria Lucevan le Stelle is composed for a/an:
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tenor
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The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called
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A cappella choir
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The soprano register lies between the alto and tenor vocal ranges.
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false
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The English madrigal is characterized by:
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The English madrigal is characterized by the intensity and intimacy of the choral writing
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symphony orchestra
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different instrument families when they get together
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Where do the viola players sit
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No 2
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A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.
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true
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What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?
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Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly
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The sole function of the conductor is to beat time
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false
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Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?
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Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton
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Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Which orchestral family performs the main theme in this selection?
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String
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According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts
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false
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Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Which brass instrument is featured in this selection?
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French horn
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Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?
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snare drum
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The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings
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true
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What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?
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violin concerto
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The main orchestral string instruments are:
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violin, viola, cello, double bass
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The sound of string instruments is produced by a _____ stretched between two points
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string
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__________ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch
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vibrato
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Listen to this excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
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harp
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Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments
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blowing
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How does a violinist control dynamics?
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By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings
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Which string instrument carries the melody in this short excerpt
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violin
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The text states that guitars are strummed or __________
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plucked
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Which string instrument is featured in this excerpt from Paganini's 24 Caprices?
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violin
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Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen
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flute
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In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "grandfather"?
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bassoon
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In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument
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true
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Which instrument, along with the orchestra, plays this example?
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oboe
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The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is la bouche
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false - embouchure
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Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?
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clarinet
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Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf?
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bassoon
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The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.
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volume
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In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instruments represents the Peter?
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strings
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Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev. Woodwind instrument?
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bassoon
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In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "duck"?
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oboe
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Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:
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oboe, bassoon
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In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "cat"?
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clarinet
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The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:
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Flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon
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Identify the single reed instrument:
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clarinet
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Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a "brassy" timbre? A) The instruments are made out of metal. B) The flared bell that all of them have at the end C) The vibration of the player's lips on the mouthpiece D) All of the above
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all of the above
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The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet
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true
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In brass instruments, pitch depends on the ______ of the air column
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length
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The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:
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trombone, trumpet, horn, tuba
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Listen to the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony No. 6. There is a dialogue between a high-sounding part and a low one. Which brass instrument plays the low part?
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tuba
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Which of the following is a member of the brass family?
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bass trombone
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Idiophones
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instruments that produce sounds from the vibrations of their own bodies EX: castanets,
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Membranophones
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instruments that produce sounds by vibrating a membrane or skin that is stretched over a wood or metal frame EX: drums
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Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the ________ group
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concussion/idiophone
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Listen to this excerpt from Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.
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bass drum
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Castanets are non-pitched instruments
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true
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Kettledrum is another name for timpani.
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true
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Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.
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false
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Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?
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timpani
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Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:
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cymbals
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Definite Percussion Pitches:
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timpani (also known as kettledrums), the chimes xylophone, vibraphone, and marimba.
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Indefinite Percussion Pitches:
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tambourine, triangle, cymbals, and drums,
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The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
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false
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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
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false
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The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.
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false
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The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.
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recital
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Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
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true
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The term controller refers to:
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The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
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The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by
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Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825
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The upright piano was first developed in:
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The upright piano developed by John Isaac Hawkins in Philadelphia at the beginning of the 19th century.
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The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal
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Moves the hammers closer to the strings
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There are ___ keys in a full size piano keyboard.
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88
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When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.
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false
question
In the organ, volume is determined by:
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wind pressure
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In the organ, pipe length determines
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pitch
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The first organ used water to control wind pressure.
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true
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The function of the organ's stops is to:
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control the flow of air to pipes
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The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.
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keyboard, pipes
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The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.
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true
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Identify the false statement
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Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.
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What is the function of the amplifier?
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It amplifies loudness
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Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.
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false
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The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.
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true
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Lento or largo
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slowly
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adagio
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at ease
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andante
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at leisurely walking speed
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moderato
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moderately fast
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allegretto
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fairly fast
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vivace
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lively
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presto
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very fast
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The rhythmic "surprise" created by accents occurring in unexpected places in the following example is called..
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syncopation
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Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played.
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true
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3/4 The top number of the time signature above, represents
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There are three beats in each measure - The top number (3) tells how many beats there are in each measure.
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Rhythm is defined as:
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The organization of sound in time
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The proper musical term for 'decreasing the tempo' is _________
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ritardando
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If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect
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The first movement to be fast, the second slower
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__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo
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moderato
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Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures.
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stressed, unstressed
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Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score?
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over the staff
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The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is:
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presto
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Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music.
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beats, pulse
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Syncopation is often used in jazz settings.
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true
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The Italian term for at ease is:
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adagio
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Which of the following is a false statement?
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Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms
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Meter in music can best be described as:
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The grouping of pulses into consistent units
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The proper musical term for "increasing the tempo" is __________
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accelerando
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The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of:
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shape, direction, and range
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When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:
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theme
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A melody consists of a succession of:
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pitches
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Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as:
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double stops
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Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony.
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false
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The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music.
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false
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Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
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false
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This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called:
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arpeggio
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Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other.
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true
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Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?
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cacophony
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Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony?
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The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
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The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called:
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monophony
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In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music
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true
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Which of the following forms is NOT based on the principle of repetition?
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binary
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Which form is NOT based on the principle of contrast?
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strophic
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Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are NOT good examples of strophic form.
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false
question
Arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering the basic form of a piece
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true
question
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies:
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rondo
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Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music.
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true
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This cello piece exemplifies __________ form
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binary
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The following composition, featuring 40 voices, was written by:
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thomas tallis
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The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture. (4:32)
answer
false
question
The Renaissance period saw inventions and developments that:
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Changed the physical and intellectual landscape of Europe.
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Renaissance artists didn't really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the "purity" of their music.
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false
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During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?
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cantus firmus
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The following example is played on an instrument that was very popular during the Renaissance. That instrument is the:
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lute
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Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?
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1450-1600
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Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?
answer
ex b (1:58)
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Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?
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Columbus discovered "The New World."
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Venit ad Petrum was often used as the cantus firmus for the mass.
answer
true
question
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period
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false
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The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance
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Josquin Desprez
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According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:
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The Golden Age of Choral Music
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Two important composers from the Renaissance period were:
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Desprez and Palestrina
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One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is:
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A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day
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Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period?
answer
plainsong
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The Renaissance was the Golden Age of:
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Compositions for large choral ensembles
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The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based.
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false
question
Which of the following is not part of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass?
answer
alleluia
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The Renaissance may be described as an age in which:
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Individualism, humanism, and secular values started to flourish once again
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Concentration on vocal music during the Renaissance period meant that instrumental music continued to be used as mere accompaniment for voices.
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false
question
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period?
answer
It features imitation that goes through all the voices
question
The great European churches and cathedrals of the Medieval period were important to the development of Western music
answer
true
question
LĂ©onin and PĂ©rotin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony.
answer
true
question
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain
answer
false
question
The two most important French composers of organum and discant during the Medieval period were:
answer
LĂ©onin and PĂ©rotin
question
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:
answer
vocal music
question
The dates for the Medieval period are generally considered to be:
answer
1150-1450
question
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was...
answer
The Roman Catholic Church
question
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period?
answer
Smooth melodies sung a cappella
question
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies
answer
false
question
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period?
answer
Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
question
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?
answer
Pope Gregory I
question
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?
answer
Charlemagne
question
Which of the following was regarded as a leading composer of the Ars Nova style?
answer
Guillaume de Machaut
question
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
answer
False
question
Guido d'Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
answer
false
question
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?
answer
Sederunt Principes
question
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period?
answer
Masses and motets
question
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period?
answer
Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
question
Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period?
answer
Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
question
One characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it might be from the Baroque Period is
answer
It contrasts a group of instruments with a solo instrument.
question
The Baroque concerto is...
answer
A piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble
question
Which of the following is NOT a Baroque composer?
answer
Dufay
question
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
answer
The Scientific Revolution
question
Early baroque music is characterized by frequent use of polyphonic texture.
answer
false
question
During the Baroque period, the musical feature that lent harmonic support to the main melodic line of a composition was called
answer
basso continuo
question
In contrast to the Renaissance, where vocal and choral music took center stage, instrumental music established itself as the most significant genre of the Baroque period
answer
true
question
The dates given in the course for the Baroque Period place it between:
answer
1600-1750
question
The following selection, sung by Historicus, comes from a well-known __________.
answer
oratorio
question
The earliest surviving opera—then called dramma per musica—was written by a member of the Florentine Camerata named
answer
Jacopo Peri
question
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________.
answer
to be played
question
Who composed La favola d'Orfeo, a work that marks the beginning of opera as a major art form?
answer
Claudio Monteverdi
question
Which group was credited with inventing the recitative?
answer
The Florentine Camerata
question
Which one of the following pairs of words or phrases represents the two main concepts behind Baroque music?
answer
Basso continuo; The Doctrine of Affections
question
Farinelli was a famous:
answer
castrato
question
A Baroque sonata is...
answer
A piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments
question
According to Monteverdi, what is the difference between prima practica and seconda practica?
answer
Prima practica emphasized equality of voices whereas seconda practica emphasized a hierarchy of voices.
question
A Baroque suite is...
answer
A multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances
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In the Baroque period, music for keyboard...
answer
Was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
question
A Baroque oratorio is...
answer
A multi-movement sacred work for soloist and choir intended for a concert performance
question
Which of the following is not an overture by Beethoven:
answer
Pastoral
question
A string _____ is composed of two violins, one viola, and a cello.
answer
quartet
question
Which of the following is a composition for an orchestral ensemble?
answer
symphony
question
The sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are:
answer
Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation
question
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music
answer
false
question
The dates given in this course for the Classical period are:
answer
1750 - 1825
question
Identify the event that did not occur during the Classical period:
answer
American Civil Rights Movement
question
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as "The Father of the Symphony."
answer
false
question
During the Classical period, opera buffa (comic opera) plots were based on myths and historical figures
answer
false
question
The symphony had its origins in the overture, which was the introductory music for Italian opera.
answer
true
question
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next?
answer
A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
question
Which of the following were important composers of the Classical period?
answer
Mozart and Haydn
question
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style?
answer
Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
question
Sonata-allegro form was used mainly in works for solo piano and did not apply to works for larger ensembles
answer
false
question
According to the text, Beethoven strongly influenced the music of Haydn.
answer
false
question
Changes in tempo were rarely found in music of the Romantic period, in keeping with Classical period values.
answer
false
question
This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is
answer
Johann Strauss Jr
question
Which one of the following is not a general characteristic of Romantic music:
answer
Compositions were based on logic and controlled feelings.
question
Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period?
answer
Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs.
question
Which of the following is not a composer from the Romantic period?
answer
Delacroix was not a composer.
question
The composer pictured above, an international artist of Hungarian heritage, decided to become a technical wizard at the keyboard after hearing Paganini playing the violin. What is his name?
answer
Liszt
question
During the Romantic period, choral music enjoyed its highest popularity since the Renaissance period.
answer
true
question
According to the text, art of the Romantic period valued emotional restraint and clarity of form.
answer
false
question
The following difficult piece for the violin was written by one of the few musicians of the time who could play it. Identify this composer
answer
Paganini
question
Which of the following was NOT known as a composer of choral music?
answer
Chopin
question
The course places the Romantic period in music between the years:
answer
1820=1910
question
Notes that don't belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations.
answer
Chromatic
question
From the following composers, select the one that best understood the intrinsic nature and potential of the piano as an expressive instrument
answer
Frédéric Chopin
question
The dance-like characteristics of the following piece indicate that it was written by
answer
Choplin
question
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:
answer
Franz Schubert
question
Which of the following statements best characterizes the "mood" of the Romantic period?
answer
Rules and logic are less important that the free expression of human feelings. Humans can only "fully become" by exploring their inner feelings.
question
According to the text, which of the following are Post-Romantic composers?
answer
Rachmaninoff and Holst
question
The following choral work, based on the German Bible, was written by:
answer
Brahms
question
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer's name?
answer
Brahms
question
An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is:
answer
Schumann
question
The following piano sonata was composed by one of the first female virtuoso performers. Identify this composer
answer
Clara Wieck Schumann
question
A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is:
answer
Richard Wagner
question
According to the text, Romantic composers abandoned the principles of unity and variety in pursuit of more innovative and expressive sounds
answer
false
question
According to the text, composers of the Romantic period were reluctant to stray from the seven tones of the traditional scale (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, G).
answer
false
question
Which of the following composers, upon arriving in Paris in 1831, quickly became closely associated with the most prominent intellectuals, artists, musicians, political activists, and financiers of his day, thus launching his career?
answer
Frédéric Chopin
question
Which of the following composers envisioned operas as "musical dramas"—a combination of all the arts?
answer
Wagner
question
During the Romantic period, most composers were:
answer
Independent business persons, earning their living by performing music, writing music for specific occasions and commissions, and collecting royalties on published music.
question
According to the text, which of the following is NOT considered a form of program music?
answer
Mazurka
question
Who was NOT a nationalist composer?
answer
Liszt
question
Which of the following was not a member of the Five?
answer
Pyotr Tchaikovksy
question
According to the text, the Traditionalists were composers of the Romantic era who:
answer
Held reverence for the music of the masters
question
In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period...
answer
Gave full expression to a wide range of feelings, dreams, and the heroic human potential.
question
Which one of these composers was considered a national hero in his homeland?
answer
Jean Sibelius
question
An important artistic product of the Romantic period was:
answer
Vincent van Gogh's paintings
question
The Five was a group of nationalist composers who sought to incorporate elements of ______________ in their work
answer
: Russian music
question
Which of the following trends in contemporary music does this excerpt exemplify
answer
Jazz influence
question
Which of the following composers did NOT employ total serialism in his work?
answer
Ralph Vaughan Williams
question
Which of the following statements best describes the role of technology with regard to art music in the Contemporary period?
answer
Technology has enabled art music composers to experiment with and change the way that they create music.
question
Which of the following composers most heavily influenced the music of the French post-WWI school of musicians known as Les Six?
answer
Erik Satie
question
The factor that most clearly distinguishes this example from music of earlier periods is the use of:
answer
Extended dissonance that doesn't resolve directly to consonance
question
Many composers in the contemporary period sought alternatives to tonality, or key-centered music. Which of the following is one such alternative?
answer
Serialism
question
Which characteristic of texture in this example is most closely associated with music of the Contemporary period?
answer
Thick texture with full and frequently dissonant chords
question
Which of the following was not a French composer?
answer
Carl Orff
question
According to the text, what was the significance of Debussy's work?
answer
It represented the first viable alternative to tonal music.
question
Which of the following composers was known for using folk-based fiddle tunes like the one in the following example
answer
Aaron Copland
question
Which of the following best describes aleatory music?
answer
Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
question
What unique feature of this example suggests that it was written in the Contemporary period?
answer
use of traditional instruments in different ways.
question
Which one of these composers wrote music for prepared piano?
answer
John Cage
question
Which of the following composers developed the concept of total theater?
answer
Carl Orff
question
The composers Samuel Barber, Thea Musgrave, and Ned Rorem resisted the 20th-century trend of serialism.
answer
True
question
In 20th-century music, traditional harmony and tonality were redefined or rejected in favor of:
answer
Atonality and serialism
question
Nadia Boulanger was a prominent music teacher who taught some of the most influential composers of the 20th century, including Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, and Walter Piston
answer
true
question
The following piece was written by a leading figure of the post-WWII German avant-garde. Identify this composer.
answer
Karlheinz Stockhausen
question
Which of the following composers catapulted to the top of the 20th-century avant-garde after composing Firebird, Petrushka, and Le Sacre du Printemps?
answer
Igor Stravinsky
question
Which of the following composers invented the twelve-tone system of composition?
answer
Arnold Schoenberg
question
Which one of the following composers' style is most closely associated with that of the commercial music world known as Tin Pan Alley?
answer
George Gershwin
question
Which of the following excerpts is atonal music?
answer
B
question
Who composed the groundbreaking piece The Rite of Spring?
answer
Igor Stravinsky
question
Which of the following were important composers in the Contemporary period?
answer
Stravinsky and Schoenberg
question
What compositional technique is illustrated by the following excerpt?
answer
New ways to manipulate a traditional instrument.
question
Which of the following 20th-century trends sought to restore order, harmony, and emotional restraint to music?
answer
Neoclassicism
question
Audiences immediately embraced the dodecaphonic work of Arnold Schoenberg.
answer
false
question
Which of the following movements is associated with Debussy and Ravel?
answer
Impressionism
question
Given the atonal nature of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?
answer
Schoenberg
question
Given the Hungarian folk music flavor of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?
answer
BartĂłk