Music Appreciation Pt 4 Ch 4-10

20 August 2022
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The ___ movement of Haydn's Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form.
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second.
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Each successive variation in a theme with variations
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retains some elements of the theme.
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Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as
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AA'A''A'''A''''.
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As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik
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sounds an octave lower than the cello part.
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The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it
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moves more quickly.
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The character of the minuet is best described as
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stately & dignified.
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The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a
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dance at the court of Louis XIV of France.
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In many of Beethoven's works, there is a ___ movement instead of the minuet.
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scherzo.
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The minuet as a whole may be outlined as
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ABA.
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The minuet is generally the ___ movement of a classical symphony.
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third.
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Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a
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finale.
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A common rondo pattern is
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ABACA.
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The main theme of the rondo
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is usually in the tonic key.
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Another common rondo pattern is
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ABACABA.
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The rondo was used
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as late as the twentieth century.
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A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same
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key in three of its movements.
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ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the
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slow/second movement.
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The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in ___ form.
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sonata.
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The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
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fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
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Symphony may be defined as an
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extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics.
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The first movement of a classical concerto
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has two expositions.
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A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a
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fermata.
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The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the
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piano.
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The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the
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minuet or scherzo.
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An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto's soloist is known as a
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cadenza.
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A classical concerto is a three-movement work for
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instrumental soloist & orchestra.
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Classical chamber music is designed
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for the intimate setting of a small room.
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The classical string quartet is a musical composition for
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2 violins, viola, & cello.
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The most important form in classical chamber music is the
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string quartet.
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The piano trio is a musical composition for
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violin, cello, piano.
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The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is
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fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast.
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A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music
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is performed by one player per part.
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Haydn's Trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major is performed today by the
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valve trumpet.
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List the characteristics of Hadyn's music.
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the music is robust and direct, radiating a healthy optimism, the music reflects a love of nature, & many works have a folk flavor, due to the influence of peasant tunes.
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Haydn's duties while in the service of the EsterhΓ‘zys included
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composing all the music, coaching the singers for operatic performances, & conducting the orchestra.
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Along with his symphonies, Haydn's ___ are considered his most important works.
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string quartets.