The electron affinity of atoms is also periodic. The electron affinity of an atom is the energy that is lost or gained when an electron is added to a neutral atom of the element in a gaseous state. A more negative electron affinity is considered a higher electron affinity value. It tends to become more negative going from left to right across a row in the table and less negative going down a column. Electron affinities are not as smoothly periodic as some of the other properties, with some major exceptions opposing the general trends. For example, the group 2 and group 18 elements have positive electron affinities, and each of the row 2 elements B through F are less negative than the elements just below them in the column. In general, however, electron affinities tend to be more negative as you move toward the upper right-hand corner of the periodic table.