MUS 121 Final Review

28 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
188 test answers
question
What does the term "crescendo" suggest?
answer
Dynamics that gradually become louder
question
What does the term "decrescendo" mean?
answer
Dynamics that gradually become quieter
question
In music, what do we specifically call the regular and recurrent pulse?
answer
Beat
question
When discussing the speed of a piece of music, you are discussing what?
answer
Tempo
question
What do we call a melody with smooth and connected notes?
answer
Legato
question
If the notes of a melody are short, disconnected, and jumpy, those notes are what?
answer
Staccato
question
The term "dynamics" refers to what aspect of music?
answer
The volume of music
question
Which term describes a series of notes that add up to a recognizable whole?
answer
Melody
question
If melody is the horizontal aspect of music, what is the vertical?
answer
Harmony
question
Which of the following are NOT dynamic indicators?
answer
presto, adagio, vivace
question
Consonant harmony creates a sense of purity and lacks tension.
answer
True
question
A combination of notes that is considered unstable and tense is called a consonance.
answer
False
question
Mezzo forte means what?
answer
Moderately loud
question
Adding "issimo" to a dynamic, such as piano, means to make that dynamic an extreme of itself. (Piano means soft so pianissimo means extremely soft. Forte means strong so fortissimo means extremely strong.)
answer
True
question
Tones are synonymous with noise, defined by their irregular and inconsistent sound waves.
answer
False
question
Which statement best defines music?
answer
Music is an art, based on the organization of sounds in time
question
Dissonance adds variety and a sense of tension to be resolved.
answer
True
question
Definite and steady vibrations create what? (select all that apply)
answer
Tone, Pitch
question
Pitch is determined by the frequency of its vibration: slower vibration will create lower pitch.
answer
True
question
Which of the following correctly orders tempi moving from fastest to slowest?
answer
Prestissimo, Presto, Allegro
question
A composition that presents a musical idea in one voice then immediately presents it in a second voice is using a compositional technique called what?
answer
imitation
question
Ternary form consists of three or more musical sections. Musical works in ternary form generally conclude with a repeat of the opening melodic material.
answer
True
question
The term used to describe a central note, scale, or chord is what?
answer
key
question
A musical composition can include both polyphonic and homophonic textures.
answer
True
question
A singer accompanying themself with chords on a guitar is performing which type of music?
answer
homophony
question
A piece of music with one melodic line, no accompaniment, no harmony, and no chords is best described as what?
answer
monophony
question
Which of these scales do composers use to create dissonance for special, dramatic effects?
answer
chromatic
question
Monophony uses a single solo voice. Under no circumstances can it occur simultaneously in multiple instruments.
answer
False
question
When talking about the primary melodic line we can also what term?
answer
voice
question
Form
answer
the organization of musical ideas in time
question
Theme
answer
An important and returning melody in a musical composition
question
Binary
answer
A musical form consisting of two contrasting sections
question
Ternary
answer
a musical form consisting of a beginning section, a contrasting middle section, and then a repeat of the beginning
question
What key was historically assumed to have an exuberant and bright quality?
answer
D major
question
The shift from one key to another within a composition is called what?
answer
modulation
question
A written notation in music, used to help the performer identify if a piece is in major or minor, is called what?
answer
key signature
question
A musical texture, defined by multiple voices occurring simultaneously yet in contrast to each other, is called what?
answer
polyphony
question
What texture is most common in popular music?
answer
homophony
question
Which of the following is NOT a difference between major and minor scales?
answer
A major scale is considered to be tonal, whereas a minor scale is not.
question
Binary form can present as any of the following structures: ABA, AABBA, AABA, or ABBA.
answer
False
question
If your entire class sings the melody to "Take Me Home, Country Roads" simultaneously and does not add harmony, the class has created _____.
answer
monophony
question
The major scale has a number of lowered notes, which give it a "sadder" sound when compared with the minor scale.
answer
False
question
A woman starts singing "Row, Row, Row Your Boat," and when she gets to the third word, a second woman starts singing the same song from the beginning. What is this called?
answer
Imitation
question
For the violin, viola, cello, and double-bass, an object is commonly used to create sound from the instrument. This object is a long and thin piece of wood with horse hairs stretched from end to end. Those horsehairs are moved over the strings of the instrument to create sound. What is this object called?
answer
Bow
question
What do we call a group of voices that sing together?
answer
Choir
question
List these string family instruments from highest in pitch-range (1) to lowest in pitch-range (4).
answer
(1) violin (2) viola (3) cello (4) double-bass
question
As discussed in your book, list these brass family instruments from highest in pitch-range (1) to lowest in pitch-range (4).
answer
(1) trumpet (2) horn (3) trombone (4) tuba
question
When the keys of this instrument are pressed, air flows through specific metal pipes to create the needed pitch. Which instrument is this?
answer
organ
question
A group of musicians performing together is referred to as a/an_____.
answer
ensemble
question
In concert and rehearsal, orchestras, wind ensembles, choirs, and other large ensembles are led by whom?
answer
conductor
question
In music, the composer always leads the orchestra while the conductor always writes the music.
answer
False
question
In music, the composer always leads the orchestra while the conductor always writes the music.
answer
Choir
question
Which of the following techniques is used exclusively by harp and guitarists, and is achieved by using the finger to pluck a stringed instrument?
answer
pizzicato
question
Which of the following vocal ranges is typical performed by a female voice type?
answer
soprano
question
Which initialism represents the correct pitch range order, moving from highest to lowest, within an instrumental families?
answer
SATB
question
The piccolo is a member of the woodwind family.
answer
True
question
The "B" in SATB initialism stands for "Baritone."
answer
False
question
The term madrigalism was often synonymous with what other term?
answer
word painting
question
A secular vocal genre containing a short poem set in the vernacular, this type of music was for multiple voices, found during the renaissance period, and used word painting so frequently that the genre's title became synonymous with the word painting technique. What is this describing?
answer
madrigal
question
Music that is sung with no instrument accompaniment is called a capella.
answer
True
question
What is word painting?
answer
A musical concept in which melodies depict specific words that are sung (like notes going higher in pitch on the word "ascend").
question
1450-1600 marks the years of which musical period?
answer
Renaissance
question
This medieval period composer was an advocate of the ars nova (which brought great change to music). He was a well-educated poet-musician. Because of his preservation of music manuscripts (mainly by gifting them to patrons), his music was preserved. This helped push the music scene forward into the next musical period. Who was this composer?
answer
Guillaume de Machaut
question
When a second melodic line was added to Gregorian chant, the song was then referred to as _____.
answer
Organum
question
Who was Hildegard of Bingen?
answer
The main documented female composer of the medieval period.
question
Which musical period took place from 450-1450?
answer
Medieval
question
Select all musical characteristics that correctly define early Gregorian Chant.
answer
monophonic texture, modal ambiguity rather than major/minor, melody is derived from inflection of the sacred text
question
The section of the Mass that changes based on relevant events on the liturgical calendar is called the Proper.
answer
True
question
The Ordinary portion of Catholic Mass uses the same text and process all year.
answer
True
question
Medieval motets used sacred language rather than secular.
answer
False
question
Church doctrine during the Middle Ages portrayed life on Earth as the ultimate point of a person's existence. Cultural pluralism was embraced and celebrated.
answer
False
question
The most solemn service of the Catholic church, commemorating and reenacting the Last Supper, is called
answer
The Mass
question
The motet uses what kind of texture?
answer
Polyphony
question
Which statements regarding the "Ars Antiqua" style of music are true?
answer
Leonin and Perotin were pivotal composers of the style, Occurred during the 12th-14th century, compelled the creation of mensural notation
question
The main melody of a fugue is called the what?
answer
Subject
question
The exposition in a fugue includes the first statement of the subject only.
answer
False
question
Later in the baroque, royals and other aristocracy employed orchestras to provide music for their court.
answer
True
question
Which statement is true?
answer
By the end of the baroque era, instrumental music had gradually equaled or surpassed vocal music in popularity.
question
The countersubject of a fugue appears only at the very end of the piece.
answer
False
question
A toccata keyboard piece is characterized by which element(s)?
answer
many scale passages, rapid runs and trills, and massive chords.
question
Which painting from our lecture best represents the Baroque era aesthetic?
answer
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula by Caravaggio
question
The organic "spinning out" of a musical work based on the first few notes played is called what?
answer
Fortspinnung
question
What section of a fugue begins immediately after the exposition?
answer
Episode
question
Which statement regarding the movements of J.S. Bach's Baroque dance suite is incorrect?
answer
The Sarabande, a slow dance in three, was sexual in nature and originated in FRANCE
question
What is a cantata?
answer
An often dramatic musical work for solo voice or choir with instrumental accompaniment (like a small orchestra). Similar to an opera but shorter and has no costumes, stage props, or acting.
question
Cantatas can be sacred or secular.
answer
True
question
What is J.S. Bach's Coffee Cantata about?
answer
A young girl who is addicted to coffee and her father who desperately tries to free her of this addiction.
question
George Frederic Handel's Messiah is a/an_____.
answer
Oratorio
question
Handel's Messiah focuses on what subject?
answer
The life of Jesus from the Bible
question
A _____ is a musical work where the main melody (the subject) is developed polyphonically. After the initial melody is heard, that same melody enters a few seconds later but at a different note-level. This process continues until all layers of melodies have entered and a complicated web of sound has been created.
answer
Fugue
question
What is improvisation as it relates to music?
answer
Music that is created by the performer during the moment of performance.
question
Johann Sebastian Bach lived during what musical period?
answer
Baroque
question
What do we call a multi-movement work where each movement is based on a particular popular dance? It is composed for a solo instrument and commonly found in the baroque period.
answer
Suite
question
Which of the following is NOT one of the dances commonly present in a baroque suite?
answer
Fantasia
question
Franz Joseph Haydn belonged to which musical period?
answer
Classical
question
What famous work influenced Franz Joseph Haydn so much that it led to his creating the oratorio The Creation?
answer
Handel's Messiah (specifically, the "Hallelujah" Chorus)
question
Mozart was a master of all music genres in existence during his time.
answer
True
question
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart belonged to which musical period?
answer
Classical
question
The title of Mozart's works are often followed by the letter "K" and a number (like K. 273). What does this number represent?
answer
Where in Köchel's chronological listing the Mozart piece can be found.
question
In sonata form, what section comes immediately after the exposition?
answer
Development
question
What is the traditional form of the first movement of a classical symphony?
answer
Sonata Form
question
In the exposition, what tool serves to "transition" between themes and keys?
answer
Bridge
question
What did Denis Diderot, with the help of other French philosophers, contribute to the belief in enlightenment and reason?
answer
He compiled and wrote the first encyclopedia.
question
Which of the following best exemplifies the classical period's emphasis on clear and balanced artistic style?
answer
The Death of Socrates, by Jacques-Louis David
question
Absolute music tells a story or seeks to portray a tangible picture.
answer
False
question
According to our lecture on the Classical period, what is the respective number of movements within a String Quartet, Solo Concerto, and Sonata?
answer
4, 3, 3-4
question
Which philosopher does not belong to the Age of Enlightenment and its emphasis on human truth as being rational?
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced Gur - ta)
question
The Classical Era refers to all music that we, in modern day, refer to as "classical music."
answer
False
question
Which description correctly describes the contrast between an "A" theme and "B" theme in the exposition of Sonata Form?
answer
The "A" theme is generally more energetic, the "B" theme is more lyric.
question
What is opera buffa?
answer
Comic opera
question
Of the three main types of opera in the classical period, which used spoken dialogue rather than recitative?
answer
Singspiel
question
Mozart was a master of all music genres in existence during his time.
answer
True
question
With what impairment did Beethoven struggle for much of his life?
answer
Deafness
question
In 1802, Beethoven wrote a letter in which he poured out his heart and revealed his struggles, inner turmoil, and thoughts of suicide. This letter, though, also included his drive to fight through his struggles and succeed. Which letter is this?
answer
Heiligenstadt Testament
question
The opening rhythmic motif of Beethoven's 5th Symphony is often nicknamed what?
answer
The fate motif
question
To which composer do we often look as helping move the musical world from the classical period into the romantic period?
answer
Ludwig van Beethoven
question
The French Revolution, a political upheaval with massive and long reaching consequences across Europe, began in what year?
answer
1789
question
Beethoven's career can be divided into 3 periods, with the first period consisting of his time mastering the Classical style.
answer
True
question
Fearing mass protests, King Louis XVI banned the play-version of what Mozart opera, only to be eventually executed Guillotine anyway?
answer
The Marriage of Figaro
question
Franz Schubert's greatest compositional output was in the genre of the _____.
answer
Art Song
question
What do we call a song in which a poem is set to music and is designed to be performed by one singer and one pianist? These songs were most popular during the romantic period.
answer
Art Song
question
In German, art songs are referred to as _____.
answer
Lieder
question
Schubert's Der Erlkönig (The Elf King) follows which of the following plots?
answer
A father and son ride on horseback through the woods. The boy screams that the Elf King is after him (though the father dismisses it as a shadow or the wind). The Elf King comes into contact with the boy and when they arrive home, the boy is dead.
question
Frederic Chopin was from _____. He loved his country and was incredibly nationalistic.
answer
Poland
question
Clara Schumann was among the first pianists to perform concerts from memory (i.e., she didn't use any printed music).
answer
True
question
What do we call a piece of music for solo piano that reflects the peace and quiet of night time?
answer
Nocturne
question
During the romantic period, who was given the title Queen of the Piano?
answer
Clara Schumann
question
Who started the trend of turning the piano sideways in concerts to allow the audience to better see the hands of the pianist while also hearing the intricate sounds produced by the instrument?
answer
Franz Liszt
question
Few romantic composers could escape the influence of ______ symphonies.
answer
Beethoven's
question
Despite the popularity of Ludwig van Beethoven in the classical period, his influence was hardly felt in the romantic period (as musicians began to forget who he was).
answer
False
question
In response to his time in the United States, what did Antonín Dvořák nickname his ninth symphony?
answer
From the New World
question
The third movement of Gustav Mahler's first symphony quotes the children's tune Frère Jacques (Brother John).
answer
True
question
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was frequently nicknamed _____.
answer
The black Mahler
question
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor sought to establish dignity for black people.
answer
True
question
The Strophic song form uses new music for each verse of a song.
answer
False
question
Ballad is most similar to which art song form?
answer
Through-composed
question
P.I. Tchaikovsky is most famous for what work that he ironically also despised?
answer
The Nutcracker
question
Which of the following does NOT match with the aesthetics of Romanticism?
answer
Absolute Music
question
A Salon during the Romantic period entailed a private gathering of citizens to discuss and present artistic works.
answer
True
question
Arnold Bocklin's painting, Self-Portrait with Death Playing the Fiddle, corresponds with the aesthetic of which musical period?
answer
Romanticism
question
George Bizet's operas, especially Carmen, present life as indifferent to human emotion, the term that best describes this artistic tradition toward realism is what?
answer
Verismo
question
The invention of what modern device compelled painters to begin experimenting with Impressionism in the mid-1800's?
answer
Camera
question
What is program music?
answer
Music that uses the sounds of the instruments to recreate an image, scene, or event in the listener's mind.
question
Symphonie fantastique was like an autobiography of Hector Berlioz's feelings for ____.
answer
Harriet Smithson
question
What is an idée fixe?
answer
The concept of associating a melody with a person, object, or idea (similar to the leitmotifs found in Richard Wagner's music dramas).
question
Symphonie fantastique is a multi-movement symphony that greatly employs the technique of _____.
answer
Program music
question
Soon after the premiere of Symphonie fantastique (in which the Artist ultimately kills the Beloved), Harriet Smithson and Hector Berlioz get married.
answer
True
question
During the fifth movement of Symphonie fantastique, loud funeral bells are heard, followed by brass instruments that boldly play a parody of the _____ melody from the Catholic Requiem (Mass for the Dead).
answer
Dies Irae
question
_____ was an art style in which painters sought to capture an impression of a scene or subject rather than depicting it literally with crisp detail. Composers sought to mimic the style in music by emphasizing atmosphere and mood, avoiding pomp, and drifting melodies in and out smoothly.
answer
Impressionism
question
Impressionism was heard around the world, but it most thrived in _____.
answer
France
question
Claude Debussy was born in what country?
answer
France
question
Who composed Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun)?
answer
Claude Debussy
question
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) is best described with which musical style?
answer
Impressionism
question
What answer below best fits with the musical style of primitivism?
answer
Melodies do not flow smoothly (they are harsh and angular) and contain many unexpected accents.
question
Though his total compositional output included works beyond the style, which composer was the main composer of music of the primitivism style?
answer
Igor Stravinsky
question
Igor Stravinsky was a composer from what country?
answer
Russia
question
When Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) premiered in Paris in 1913, the Parisian audience loved it because it contained the smooth, elegant, and graceful dancing that was traditionally found in ballet at the time.
answer
False
question
The story of Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) involves a young girl who, as part of pre-historic Russian pagan culture, has to dance herself to death in order to convince the gods to end winter and bring on spring.
answer
True
question
In twelve tone music, a tone row could be played forward (as written), in retrograde (backwards), in an inversion, or in an inverted retrograde.
answer
True
question
The serialism and twelve tone system was primarily created by what composer?
answer
Arnold Schoenberg
question
What is atonal music?
answer
Music that rejects tonality.
question
Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire is a song cycle about a _____.
answer
Clown
question
What is sprechstimme?
answer
A singing technique where the notes are half-sung, half-spoken.
question
What painting best exemplifies the aesthetic of Expressionism?
answer
The Scream by Edward Munch
question
Which factor in early 20th century society did not contribute to Expressionism?
answer
McCarthyism
question
The 2nd Viennese School was comprised of which three composers?
answer
Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern
question
Steve Reich and John Adams often compose music using a basic rhythmic motive on repeat for the entire piece. This serves to strip off nonessential elements and isolate a fundamental concept, subscribing to the mid-20th century artistic style called what?
answer
Minimalism
question
Expressionism sought to represent the world through the lens of emotion rather than reality.
answer
True
question
The greatest pop songwriter in 19th century America was _____. He composed songs like Camptown Races, My Old Kentucky Home, and Oh! Susanna.
answer
Stephen Foster
question
"Hoedown" from Rodeo was composed by which American composer?
answer
Aaron Copland
question
Who was the most successful marching band leader of America?
answer
John Philip Sousa
question
Composer Stephen Foster was from which country?
answer
The USA
question
Who composed The Stars and Stripes Forever?
answer
John Philip Sousa
question
Jazz was born in _____.
answer
New Orleans
question
_____ was a precursor to jazz. It contained much syncopation that reflected the non-European music of the slaves while following a very organized structure (an idea imported from European music). It was most popular among black piano players and involved no improvisation.
answer
Ragtime
question
Who was Scott Joplin?
answer
The most popular and successful composer and performer of ragtime music.
question
What do we call a note in which the singer (or instrumentalist) bends the note slightly lower or higher?
answer
A blue note
question
_____ became one of the most powerful trumpet players and most popular jazz musicians of all time.
answer
Louis Armstrong
question
Select all of the instruments that could belong to the rhythm section of a jazz band.
answer
Drums, Piano, Bass
question
One of the non-European musical concepts observed among slaves was ____ in which one person sings or plays a short musical melody while the rest of the group responds in a similar manner.
answer
Call and response
question
The bebop style was particularly popular among which jazz artists?
answer
Thelonious Monk, Dizzy Gillespie, and Charlie Parker
question
What kind of jazz attempted to merge rock and jazz?
answer
Fusion
question
Stephen Foster's American parlor music for amateur musicians was most similar to the Salon music of what European composer of the same century?
answer
Franz Schubert
question
Amy Beach was the first prominent female composer of American music.
answer
True
question
Lining out was a musical practice used in early American religious services.
answer
True
question
New York Free Jazz shared elements with what previously discussed European art movement?
answer
Expressionism
question
Bebop jazz was a NYC reaction to what popular Jazz style from what city?
answer
Big Band jazz from Chicago
question
Which element of Jazz does NOT come from African traditions?
answer
Formal structure
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question
What does the term "crescendo" suggest?
answer
Dynamics that gradually become louder
question
What does the term "decrescendo" mean?
answer
Dynamics that gradually become quieter
question
In music, what do we specifically call the regular and recurrent pulse?
answer
Beat
question
When discussing the speed of a piece of music, you are discussing what?
answer
Tempo
question
What do we call a melody with smooth and connected notes?
answer
Legato
question
If the notes of a melody are short, disconnected, and jumpy, those notes are what?
answer
Staccato
question
The term "dynamics" refers to what aspect of music?
answer
The volume of music
question
Which term describes a series of notes that add up to a recognizable whole?
answer
Melody
question
If melody is the horizontal aspect of music, what is the vertical?
answer
Harmony
question
Which of the following are NOT dynamic indicators?
answer
presto, adagio, vivace
question
Consonant harmony creates a sense of purity and lacks tension.
answer
True
question
A combination of notes that is considered unstable and tense is called a consonance.
answer
False
question
Mezzo forte means what?
answer
Moderately loud
question
Adding "issimo" to a dynamic, such as piano, means to make that dynamic an extreme of itself. (Piano means soft so pianissimo means extremely soft. Forte means strong so fortissimo means extremely strong.)
answer
True
question
Tones are synonymous with noise, defined by their irregular and inconsistent sound waves.
answer
False
question
Which statement best defines music?
answer
Music is an art, based on the organization of sounds in time
question
Dissonance adds variety and a sense of tension to be resolved.
answer
True
question
Definite and steady vibrations create what? (select all that apply)
answer
Tone, Pitch
question
Pitch is determined by the frequency of its vibration: slower vibration will create lower pitch.
answer
True
question
Which of the following correctly orders tempi moving from fastest to slowest?
answer
Prestissimo, Presto, Allegro
question
A composition that presents a musical idea in one voice then immediately presents it in a second voice is using a compositional technique called what?
answer
imitation
question
Ternary form consists of three or more musical sections. Musical works in ternary form generally conclude with a repeat of the opening melodic material.
answer
True
question
The term used to describe a central note, scale, or chord is what?
answer
key
question
A musical composition can include both polyphonic and homophonic textures.
answer
True
question
A singer accompanying themself with chords on a guitar is performing which type of music?
answer
homophony
question
A piece of music with one melodic line, no accompaniment, no harmony, and no chords is best described as what?
answer
monophony
question
Which of these scales do composers use to create dissonance for special, dramatic effects?
answer
chromatic
question
Monophony uses a single solo voice. Under no circumstances can it occur simultaneously in multiple instruments.
answer
False
question
When talking about the primary melodic line we can also what term?
answer
voice
question
Form
answer
the organization of musical ideas in time
question
Theme
answer
An important and returning melody in a musical composition
question
Binary
answer
A musical form consisting of two contrasting sections
question
Ternary
answer
a musical form consisting of a beginning section, a contrasting middle section, and then a repeat of the beginning
question
What key was historically assumed to have an exuberant and bright quality?
answer
D major
question
The shift from one key to another within a composition is called what?
answer
modulation
question
A written notation in music, used to help the performer identify if a piece is in major or minor, is called what?
answer
key signature
question
A musical texture, defined by multiple voices occurring simultaneously yet in contrast to each other, is called what?
answer
polyphony
question
What texture is most common in popular music?
answer
homophony
question
Which of the following is NOT a difference between major and minor scales?
answer
A major scale is considered to be tonal, whereas a minor scale is not.
question
Binary form can present as any of the following structures: ABA, AABBA, AABA, or ABBA.
answer
False
question
If your entire class sings the melody to "Take Me Home, Country Roads" simultaneously and does not add harmony, the class has created _____.
answer
monophony
question
The major scale has a number of lowered notes, which give it a "sadder" sound when compared with the minor scale.
answer
False
question
A woman starts singing "Row, Row, Row Your Boat," and when she gets to the third word, a second woman starts singing the same song from the beginning. What is this called?
answer
Imitation
question
For the violin, viola, cello, and double-bass, an object is commonly used to create sound from the instrument. This object is a long and thin piece of wood with horse hairs stretched from end to end. Those horsehairs are moved over the strings of the instrument to create sound. What is this object called?
answer
Bow
question
What do we call a group of voices that sing together?
answer
Choir
question
List these string family instruments from highest in pitch-range (1) to lowest in pitch-range (4).
answer
(1) violin (2) viola (3) cello (4) double-bass
question
As discussed in your book, list these brass family instruments from highest in pitch-range (1) to lowest in pitch-range (4).
answer
(1) trumpet (2) horn (3) trombone (4) tuba
question
When the keys of this instrument are pressed, air flows through specific metal pipes to create the needed pitch. Which instrument is this?
answer
organ
question
A group of musicians performing together is referred to as a/an_____.
answer
ensemble
question
In concert and rehearsal, orchestras, wind ensembles, choirs, and other large ensembles are led by whom?
answer
conductor
question
In music, the composer always leads the orchestra while the conductor always writes the music.
answer
False
question
In music, the composer always leads the orchestra while the conductor always writes the music.
answer
Choir
question
Which of the following techniques is used exclusively by harp and guitarists, and is achieved by using the finger to pluck a stringed instrument?
answer
pizzicato
question
Which of the following vocal ranges is typical performed by a female voice type?
answer
soprano
question
Which initialism represents the correct pitch range order, moving from highest to lowest, within an instrumental families?
answer
SATB
question
The piccolo is a member of the woodwind family.
answer
True
question
The "B" in SATB initialism stands for "Baritone."
answer
False
question
The term madrigalism was often synonymous with what other term?
answer
word painting
question
A secular vocal genre containing a short poem set in the vernacular, this type of music was for multiple voices, found during the renaissance period, and used word painting so frequently that the genre's title became synonymous with the word painting technique. What is this describing?
answer
madrigal
question
Music that is sung with no instrument accompaniment is called a capella.
answer
True
question
What is word painting?
answer
A musical concept in which melodies depict specific words that are sung (like notes going higher in pitch on the word "ascend").
question
1450-1600 marks the years of which musical period?
answer
Renaissance
question
This medieval period composer was an advocate of the ars nova (which brought great change to music). He was a well-educated poet-musician. Because of his preservation of music manuscripts (mainly by gifting them to patrons), his music was preserved. This helped push the music scene forward into the next musical period. Who was this composer?
answer
Guillaume de Machaut
question
When a second melodic line was added to Gregorian chant, the song was then referred to as _____.
answer
Organum
question
Who was Hildegard of Bingen?
answer
The main documented female composer of the medieval period.
question
Which musical period took place from 450-1450?
answer
Medieval
question
Select all musical characteristics that correctly define early Gregorian Chant.
answer
monophonic texture, modal ambiguity rather than major/minor, melody is derived from inflection of the sacred text
question
The section of the Mass that changes based on relevant events on the liturgical calendar is called the Proper.
answer
True
question
The Ordinary portion of Catholic Mass uses the same text and process all year.
answer
True
question
Medieval motets used sacred language rather than secular.
answer
False
question
Church doctrine during the Middle Ages portrayed life on Earth as the ultimate point of a person's existence. Cultural pluralism was embraced and celebrated.
answer
False
question
The most solemn service of the Catholic church, commemorating and reenacting the Last Supper, is called
answer
The Mass
question
The motet uses what kind of texture?
answer
Polyphony
question
Which statements regarding the "Ars Antiqua" style of music are true?
answer
Leonin and Perotin were pivotal composers of the style, Occurred during the 12th-14th century, compelled the creation of mensural notation
question
The main melody of a fugue is called the what?
answer
Subject
question
The exposition in a fugue includes the first statement of the subject only.
answer
False
question
Later in the baroque, royals and other aristocracy employed orchestras to provide music for their court.
answer
True
question
Which statement is true?
answer
By the end of the baroque era, instrumental music had gradually equaled or surpassed vocal music in popularity.
question
The countersubject of a fugue appears only at the very end of the piece.
answer
False
question
A toccata keyboard piece is characterized by which element(s)?
answer
many scale passages, rapid runs and trills, and massive chords.
question
Which painting from our lecture best represents the Baroque era aesthetic?
answer
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula by Caravaggio
question
The organic "spinning out" of a musical work based on the first few notes played is called what?
answer
Fortspinnung
question
What section of a fugue begins immediately after the exposition?
answer
Episode
question
Which statement regarding the movements of J.S. Bach's Baroque dance suite is incorrect?
answer
The Sarabande, a slow dance in three, was sexual in nature and originated in FRANCE
question
What is a cantata?
answer
An often dramatic musical work for solo voice or choir with instrumental accompaniment (like a small orchestra). Similar to an opera but shorter and has no costumes, stage props, or acting.
question
Cantatas can be sacred or secular.
answer
True
question
What is J.S. Bach's Coffee Cantata about?
answer
A young girl who is addicted to coffee and her father who desperately tries to free her of this addiction.
question
George Frederic Handel's Messiah is a/an_____.
answer
Oratorio
question
Handel's Messiah focuses on what subject?
answer
The life of Jesus from the Bible
question
A _____ is a musical work where the main melody (the subject) is developed polyphonically. After the initial melody is heard, that same melody enters a few seconds later but at a different note-level. This process continues until all layers of melodies have entered and a complicated web of sound has been created.
answer
Fugue
question
What is improvisation as it relates to music?
answer
Music that is created by the performer during the moment of performance.
question
Johann Sebastian Bach lived during what musical period?
answer
Baroque
question
What do we call a multi-movement work where each movement is based on a particular popular dance? It is composed for a solo instrument and commonly found in the baroque period.
answer
Suite
question
Which of the following is NOT one of the dances commonly present in a baroque suite?
answer
Fantasia
question
Franz Joseph Haydn belonged to which musical period?
answer
Classical
question
What famous work influenced Franz Joseph Haydn so much that it led to his creating the oratorio The Creation?
answer
Handel's Messiah (specifically, the "Hallelujah" Chorus)
question
Mozart was a master of all music genres in existence during his time.
answer
True
question
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart belonged to which musical period?
answer
Classical
question
The title of Mozart's works are often followed by the letter "K" and a number (like K. 273). What does this number represent?
answer
Where in Köchel's chronological listing the Mozart piece can be found.
question
In sonata form, what section comes immediately after the exposition?
answer
Development
question
What is the traditional form of the first movement of a classical symphony?
answer
Sonata Form
question
In the exposition, what tool serves to "transition" between themes and keys?
answer
Bridge
question
What did Denis Diderot, with the help of other French philosophers, contribute to the belief in enlightenment and reason?
answer
He compiled and wrote the first encyclopedia.
question
Which of the following best exemplifies the classical period's emphasis on clear and balanced artistic style?
answer
The Death of Socrates, by Jacques-Louis David
question
Absolute music tells a story or seeks to portray a tangible picture.
answer
False
question
According to our lecture on the Classical period, what is the respective number of movements within a String Quartet, Solo Concerto, and Sonata?
answer
4, 3, 3-4
question
Which philosopher does not belong to the Age of Enlightenment and its emphasis on human truth as being rational?
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced Gur - ta)
question
The Classical Era refers to all music that we, in modern day, refer to as "classical music."
answer
False
question
Which description correctly describes the contrast between an "A" theme and "B" theme in the exposition of Sonata Form?
answer
The "A" theme is generally more energetic, the "B" theme is more lyric.
question
What is opera buffa?
answer
Comic opera
question
Of the three main types of opera in the classical period, which used spoken dialogue rather than recitative?
answer
Singspiel
question
Mozart was a master of all music genres in existence during his time.
answer
True
question
With what impairment did Beethoven struggle for much of his life?
answer
Deafness
question
In 1802, Beethoven wrote a letter in which he poured out his heart and revealed his struggles, inner turmoil, and thoughts of suicide. This letter, though, also included his drive to fight through his struggles and succeed. Which letter is this?
answer
Heiligenstadt Testament
question
The opening rhythmic motif of Beethoven's 5th Symphony is often nicknamed what?
answer
The fate motif
question
To which composer do we often look as helping move the musical world from the classical period into the romantic period?
answer
Ludwig van Beethoven
question
The French Revolution, a political upheaval with massive and long reaching consequences across Europe, began in what year?
answer
1789
question
Beethoven's career can be divided into 3 periods, with the first period consisting of his time mastering the Classical style.
answer
True
question
Fearing mass protests, King Louis XVI banned the play-version of what Mozart opera, only to be eventually executed Guillotine anyway?
answer
The Marriage of Figaro
question
Franz Schubert's greatest compositional output was in the genre of the _____.
answer
Art Song
question
What do we call a song in which a poem is set to music and is designed to be performed by one singer and one pianist? These songs were most popular during the romantic period.
answer
Art Song
question
In German, art songs are referred to as _____.
answer
Lieder
question
Schubert's Der Erlkönig (The Elf King) follows which of the following plots?
answer
A father and son ride on horseback through the woods. The boy screams that the Elf King is after him (though the father dismisses it as a shadow or the wind). The Elf King comes into contact with the boy and when they arrive home, the boy is dead.
question
Frederic Chopin was from _____. He loved his country and was incredibly nationalistic.
answer
Poland
question
Clara Schumann was among the first pianists to perform concerts from memory (i.e., she didn't use any printed music).
answer
True
question
What do we call a piece of music for solo piano that reflects the peace and quiet of night time?
answer
Nocturne
question
During the romantic period, who was given the title Queen of the Piano?
answer
Clara Schumann
question
Who started the trend of turning the piano sideways in concerts to allow the audience to better see the hands of the pianist while also hearing the intricate sounds produced by the instrument?
answer
Franz Liszt
question
Few romantic composers could escape the influence of ______ symphonies.
answer
Beethoven's
question
Despite the popularity of Ludwig van Beethoven in the classical period, his influence was hardly felt in the romantic period (as musicians began to forget who he was).
answer
False
question
In response to his time in the United States, what did Antonín Dvořák nickname his ninth symphony?
answer
From the New World
question
The third movement of Gustav Mahler's first symphony quotes the children's tune Frère Jacques (Brother John).
answer
True
question
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was frequently nicknamed _____.
answer
The black Mahler
question
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor sought to establish dignity for black people.
answer
True
question
The Strophic song form uses new music for each verse of a song.
answer
False
question
Ballad is most similar to which art song form?
answer
Through-composed
question
P.I. Tchaikovsky is most famous for what work that he ironically also despised?
answer
The Nutcracker
question
Which of the following does NOT match with the aesthetics of Romanticism?
answer
Absolute Music
question
A Salon during the Romantic period entailed a private gathering of citizens to discuss and present artistic works.
answer
True
question
Arnold Bocklin's painting, Self-Portrait with Death Playing the Fiddle, corresponds with the aesthetic of which musical period?
answer
Romanticism
question
George Bizet's operas, especially Carmen, present life as indifferent to human emotion, the term that best describes this artistic tradition toward realism is what?
answer
Verismo
question
The invention of what modern device compelled painters to begin experimenting with Impressionism in the mid-1800's?
answer
Camera
question
What is program music?
answer
Music that uses the sounds of the instruments to recreate an image, scene, or event in the listener's mind.
question
Symphonie fantastique was like an autobiography of Hector Berlioz's feelings for ____.
answer
Harriet Smithson
question
What is an idée fixe?
answer
The concept of associating a melody with a person, object, or idea (similar to the leitmotifs found in Richard Wagner's music dramas).
question
Symphonie fantastique is a multi-movement symphony that greatly employs the technique of _____.
answer
Program music
question
Soon after the premiere of Symphonie fantastique (in which the Artist ultimately kills the Beloved), Harriet Smithson and Hector Berlioz get married.
answer
True
question
During the fifth movement of Symphonie fantastique, loud funeral bells are heard, followed by brass instruments that boldly play a parody of the _____ melody from the Catholic Requiem (Mass for the Dead).
answer
Dies Irae
question
_____ was an art style in which painters sought to capture an impression of a scene or subject rather than depicting it literally with crisp detail. Composers sought to mimic the style in music by emphasizing atmosphere and mood, avoiding pomp, and drifting melodies in and out smoothly.
answer
Impressionism
question
Impressionism was heard around the world, but it most thrived in _____.
answer
France
question
Claude Debussy was born in what country?
answer
France
question
Who composed Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun)?
answer
Claude Debussy
question
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) is best described with which musical style?
answer
Impressionism
question
What answer below best fits with the musical style of primitivism?
answer
Melodies do not flow smoothly (they are harsh and angular) and contain many unexpected accents.
question
Though his total compositional output included works beyond the style, which composer was the main composer of music of the primitivism style?
answer
Igor Stravinsky
question
Igor Stravinsky was a composer from what country?
answer
Russia
question
When Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) premiered in Paris in 1913, the Parisian audience loved it because it contained the smooth, elegant, and graceful dancing that was traditionally found in ballet at the time.
answer
False
question
The story of Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) involves a young girl who, as part of pre-historic Russian pagan culture, has to dance herself to death in order to convince the gods to end winter and bring on spring.
answer
True
question
In twelve tone music, a tone row could be played forward (as written), in retrograde (backwards), in an inversion, or in an inverted retrograde.
answer
True
question
The serialism and twelve tone system was primarily created by what composer?
answer
Arnold Schoenberg
question
What is atonal music?
answer
Music that rejects tonality.
question
Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire is a song cycle about a _____.
answer
Clown
question
What is sprechstimme?
answer
A singing technique where the notes are half-sung, half-spoken.
question
What painting best exemplifies the aesthetic of Expressionism?
answer
The Scream by Edward Munch
question
Which factor in early 20th century society did not contribute to Expressionism?
answer
McCarthyism
question
The 2nd Viennese School was comprised of which three composers?
answer
Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern
question
Steve Reich and John Adams often compose music using a basic rhythmic motive on repeat for the entire piece. This serves to strip off nonessential elements and isolate a fundamental concept, subscribing to the mid-20th century artistic style called what?
answer
Minimalism
question
Expressionism sought to represent the world through the lens of emotion rather than reality.
answer
True
question
The greatest pop songwriter in 19th century America was _____. He composed songs like Camptown Races, My Old Kentucky Home, and Oh! Susanna.
answer
Stephen Foster
question
"Hoedown" from Rodeo was composed by which American composer?
answer
Aaron Copland
question
Who was the most successful marching band leader of America?
answer
John Philip Sousa
question
Composer Stephen Foster was from which country?
answer
The USA
question
Who composed The Stars and Stripes Forever?
answer
John Philip Sousa
question
Jazz was born in _____.
answer
New Orleans
question
_____ was a precursor to jazz. It contained much syncopation that reflected the non-European music of the slaves while following a very organized structure (an idea imported from European music). It was most popular among black piano players and involved no improvisation.
answer
Ragtime
question
Who was Scott Joplin?
answer
The most popular and successful composer and performer of ragtime music.
question
What do we call a note in which the singer (or instrumentalist) bends the note slightly lower or higher?
answer
A blue note
question
_____ became one of the most powerful trumpet players and most popular jazz musicians of all time.
answer
Louis Armstrong
question
Select all of the instruments that could belong to the rhythm section of a jazz band.
answer
Drums, Piano, Bass
question
One of the non-European musical concepts observed among slaves was ____ in which one person sings or plays a short musical melody while the rest of the group responds in a similar manner.
answer
Call and response
question
The bebop style was particularly popular among which jazz artists?
answer
Thelonious Monk, Dizzy Gillespie, and Charlie Parker
question
What kind of jazz attempted to merge rock and jazz?
answer
Fusion
question
Stephen Foster's American parlor music for amateur musicians was most similar to the Salon music of what European composer of the same century?
answer
Franz Schubert
question
Amy Beach was the first prominent female composer of American music.
answer
True
question
Lining out was a musical practice used in early American religious services.
answer
True
question
New York Free Jazz shared elements with what previously discussed European art movement?
answer
Expressionism
question
Bebop jazz was a NYC reaction to what popular Jazz style from what city?
answer
Big Band jazz from Chicago
question
Which element of Jazz does NOT come from African traditions?
answer
Formal structure