-----------Verbs with Indirect Objects--------------
Do you recall how to use indirect object pronouns? Remember, indirect object pronouns are used to tell "to whom" or "for whom" something is done. In Spanish, they are used with verbs like gustar, hablar, and interesar. Here are the indirect object pronouns again: me, te, le, nos, os,and les.
Remember to use them when you are telling to whom or for whom something is done. Look at the sentences below:
Nos gusta la película. The film is pleasing to us.
Le hablaron en español. They spoke to him in Spanish.
Me interesa el libro. The book is interesting to me.
Did you also remember that the verb needs to agree with its subject, not with the direct or indirect object? In the first example above, the verb gusta; agrees with its subject, which is película. Don't make the error of trying to make the verb agree with the indirect object, which is nos.
Now let's take a few minutes to review the present perfect tense. Remember, the present perfect tense tells about something that happened in the past and may still be happening. To turn a verb into the present perfect tense, you need to use the auxiliary verb haber, which means "to have," plus a past participle.
Do you remember how to form a past participle? Just take the infinitive, drop the last two letters, and add one of the following endings:
For verbs ending in . . . add . . .
Here's an example of the present perfect tense for the verb hablar:
he hablado (I) have spoken
has hablado (you) have spoken
ha hablado (he/she/it/you, formal) has/have spoken
hemos hablado (we) have spoken
habéis hablado (you, pl.) have spoken
han hablado (they, you, pl.) have spoken
Once you get the hang of conjugating haber, it's not hard to form the present perfect tense. Remember, the present tense forms of haberare: he , has, ha, hemos, habéis, and han. The more you use it, the better you'll get at doing it!