ART 111 Chapter 10

28 August 2022
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When light-sensitive film is exposed to light, ______ image is formed.
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a negative
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The ______ was an early form of camera.
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Camera obscura
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The most important difference between the photographic process invented by Louis-Jacques-MandΓ© Daguerre and the process devised by William Henry Fox Talbot was that Talbot's images could be ______.
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easily reproduced
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Because the camera appears to capture an image of an event exactly as it occurred, viewers often believe that the resulting photograph is ______ record of events.
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An absolutely accurate
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Photographs were only recently collected by fine art museums because for a long time they were considered by some not to be ______.
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True forms of art
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The earliest photographs were black and white because ______.
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color photography was impossible color processes were complicated color photography was impossible the chemistry used captured gray tones color was more expensive
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What does the word "photograph" mean?
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Writing with light
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The mechanics of the camera are very similar to those of ________.
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A human eye
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The first cameras were ________.
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Room-sized
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The name of the opening that lets light into any camera is called ________.
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The aperture
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When were the first successful photographs made using a camera?
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Early 1800s
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Daguerreotypes are made on ________.
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Polished metal plates
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A major benefit of the daguerreotype process is that ________.
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It creates very detailed images
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A major benefit of the calotype process is that ________.
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Calotypes are negatives that can be easily reproduced
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When she made the photograph called Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange:
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Did not know the mother's name
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One of the earliest surviving photographs is a still life by Daguerre featuring:
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Plaster casts, a framed picture, and a wine flask by a window
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The American photographer Edward Weston focused closely on the subject of his Pepper No. 30, making the viewer concentrate on the ________ and ________ of the vegetable.
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Form...texture
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In order for photojournalistic news photos to be effective they need to be seen as ________.
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Truthful
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The photographer of Afghan Girl was able to locate the girl many years later using ________ as a means of identification.
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Iris patterns from the original photograph
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What was the subject of the exhibition Here is New York, A Democracy of Photographs?
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September 11, 2001
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When did it become common for photographs to be collected in major fine arts museums?
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1980s
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In his photograph Two Ways of Life, Oscar Gustav Rejlander employed methods that emulated the process of ________.
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Painting
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Loretta Lux digitally manipulates such elements as ________ to create the effect she wants in her pictures.
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a. backgrounds b. proportion c. scale d. color
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The Steerage by Alfred Stieglitz depicts ________.
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Passengers on a steam ship
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What is it called when a photographer chooses to make a photograph look candid and spontaneous?
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Snapshot aesthetic
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Contemporary photographer Edward Burtynsky intends his Manufacturing series to make viewers think about human actions leading to ________.
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Environmental impact
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Shining a light through a film negative reverses the tones so that multiple positive prints can be made.
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True
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The visual effect created by a camera obscura can occur in any room, whether it is light or dark.
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False
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Photographic portraits can never be poetic or introspective.
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False
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Garry Winogrand frequently posed his subjects and set up his shots beforehand.
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False
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Match the early photographic innovator with his invention: 1. William Henry Fox Talbot: 2. Louis-Jacques MandΓ© Daguerre 3. John Herschel
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1. Calotype 2. Daguerrotype 3. Cyanotype
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What still photographer's experimentations with photography (and settling a bet) were instrumental in the development of motion pictures because he observed that sequential images were perceived as fluid movement.
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Eadweard Muybridge
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How was the camera obscura first used?
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To draw images
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As Eadweard Muybridge's experiments with motion showed, ________.
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The camera can capture what the human eye can't see
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Videos, like those Bill Viola creates, are designed to be art are often made to be presented ________.
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a. on television screens b. in art galleries or at art events c. in such a way that they transform a space d. projected on walls