VisualArts Terms

29 August 2022
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According to the author, one way to begin looking at art is to consider broad areas of meaning reflected in the art of many cultures throughout history. These areas of meaning are known as:
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Themes
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Which of the following is an example of a theme in art?
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The Natural World
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In the painting White Clouds over Xiao and Xiang by Wang Jian,
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The painter's inscription situates him in a centuries-old tradition of painterly and poetic meditations
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Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
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Both Sainte-Chapelle and the Great Mosque at Córdoba
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Iconoclasm means the ________ of images based on religious beliefs.
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Destruction
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Cimabue's Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT:
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They share the same iconography
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Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by enlightened beings known as:
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Bodhisattvas
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The Egyptians imagined the ________ as resembling earthly life in every detail
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Afterlife
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Pablo Picasso's Guernica was a protest against
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The bombing of a civilian population
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Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for:
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The Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World's Fair
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The subject matter of Edward Hopper's Gas
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Depict aspects of everyday life
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The range of this artist's work makes him difficult to categorize. In addition to paintings, prints, and combination pieces, he has done extensive set and costume design for Merce Cunningham and others, as well as graphic design for magazines and books.
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Robert Rauschenberg
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Jeff Wall's A Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai) is a ________ that refers to a ________.
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Photograph; print
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Eugene Delacroix' painting, Liberty Leading the People, was created in support of:
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The Revolution of 1830
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The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors and one of the finest examples features a bearded Marcus Aurelius:
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Romans
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One of the most delightfully eccentric figures in the history of art is the Japanese painter and woodcut designer known as:
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Hokusai
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Meta Warrick Fuller's poignant sculpture draws upon the_________ to create __________.
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History of slavery; Talking Skull
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The best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch is
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The Garden of Earthly Delights
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Although this artist survived a devastating streetcar accident, she suffered crippling pain for the remainder of her life. She often painted self-portraits as though to affirm that she still existed:
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Frida Kahlo
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Van Gogh's paintings are of high value because:
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His work had a major influence on subsequent artists There are a limited number of his paintings He plays a large role in Western art history His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
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When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
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Form
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During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts:
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painting, sculpture, and architecture
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What are the tasks of artists?
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1. They create places for human experience 2. extraordinary versions of ordinary objects, 3. record and commemorate, 4. give tangible form to the unknown, 5. give tangible form to feelings and ideas 6. refresh our vision to help us see the world in new ways.
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What term(s) describe artwork done by nonprofessionals?
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Brut (raw art), outsider art, folk art, naive art
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Philosophers determined that the pleasure of art was an intellectual pleasure and was perceived through:
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disinterested contemplation
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Vanitas
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Latin word for "vanity" refers to the fleeting. Nature of earthly life and happiness.
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Neolithic:
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of, relating to, or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed
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Aesthetics:
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Branch of philosophy dealing with feelings aroused by the sensory experiences of sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell.
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Megaliths:
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a large stone that forms a prehistoric monument (e.g., a menhir) or part of one (e.g., a stone circle or chamber tomb) "Stonehenge"
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Naturalistic Art:
Naturalistic Art:
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A form of representational art that faithfully records light and shadow, color, and space. First communion, Pablo Picasso
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Stylized Art:
Stylized Art:
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A form of representational art that conforms to a present style or convection. Ex: Harthor and Sety, Detail of pillar from tomb of Sety
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Abstract Art:
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Uses the appearances of the world only as starting point. Certain points are selected, then exaggerated. Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
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Disinterested contemplation:
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Refers to looking beyond the actual, partial, and personal in search of beauty and pleasure
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Trompe l'oeil:
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French for "fool the eye" lifelike art. House painter III, Duane Hanson
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Installation art:
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Work of art meant to be entered, explored, and experienced by the viewer.
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Theme
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is a broad idea or a message conveyed by a work, such as a performance, a painting, a motion picture, or a video game. This message is usually about life, society or human nature.
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Representational Art:
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Art that represents the visible world so that a likeness can be recognized. Ex: First communion, Pablo Picasso
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Content:
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What a work of art is about or its subject matter.
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Context:
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A work of art is closely associated to the life of its creator; the tradition it grows from and responds to; the audience it was made for; and the society in which it circulated.
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Iconography:
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Identifying, describing, and interpreting subject. Knowledge of a specific time, belief, or culture can help us understand meanings that might have been missed.
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Outsider Art:
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Work of artwork created by a nonprofessional artist. Ex: Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations
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Pieta:
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a picture or sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding the dead body of Jesus Christ on her lap or in her arms.
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Know the social functions of art (What Do Artists Do?) from Chapter 1 and examples of each.
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Example: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial or Stonehenge "Creates a place for some human purpose" Example: Kente Cloth "Crete extraordinary versions of ordinary things" Example: Emperor Jahagir Resiving his Sons Khusrau"Record and commemorate" Example: Shiva as Lord of Dance "Give tangible form to unknown" Example: Starry Night "Give tangible form to feelings and ideas" Example: Torn Poster "Refresh our vision and help us to see the world in new ways
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Van Gogh's paintings are of high value because:
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His work had a major influence on subsequent artists There are a limited number of his paintings He plays a large role in Western art history His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
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During the Renaissance these works were separated into a different category from craft and became known as the fine arts.
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painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry
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Iconoclasm
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The destroying of religious arts figures. ex: protestants destroying catholic church
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8 Themes of Art
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1) politics/social order 2)stories/histories 3)human experience 4)invention/fantasy 5)natural world 6)art & art 7)here and now 8)sacred realms
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Eugene Delacroix liberty leading the people
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politics/social order - glorifies violence in service of democracy
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Pablo picasso: guernica
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politics/social order - protest against spanish civil war after germany bombed guernica
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Robert Rauschenberg - windward
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Here & Now - visual impact of life was too great for 1 picture. created collage of conceptually similar images
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Frida Kahlo self portrait with monkeys
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human experience. - Mexican with two pet monkeys and 2 wild ones. she painted only her own reality
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Johannes Vermeer: woman holding a balance
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human experience. meaning: shining pearls = temptation. mirror = self knowledge. pregnancy = renewal of life.
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Edward Hopper gas
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The here and now.
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Heironymus Bosch gardens of early delights
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Invention/fantasy
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Robert Smithson - spiral jetty
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Natural world
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Jeff Wall a sudden gust of wind
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Art & art. - Reflects Hokusai: "edgier in...province" with photographs depicting modern life.
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Cimabue madonna enthroned
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sacred realms
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Christian Boltanski - altar to chases high school
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stories/histories
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Sassetta St. Francis giving mantle to poor
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Stories/histories
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to help us see the world in the same way they see it
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Which is NOT a task for artist according to the text
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what is means to the viewer
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According to the author the most important meaning of an artwork is
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movement, expressiveness, technology, humor
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tim harkinson's work of art, incorperates
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Vietman Veterans Memorial
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The most famous of Maya Lin's works is
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art collectors
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Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
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Paleolithic Period
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Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
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Stonehenge
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the most famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
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learn language
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no society that we know for has lived without some form of art. the impulse to make and respoend to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the abilty to
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simple, timeless and pure
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the sculptor Constantin Brancusi spint his life searching for forms that were
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animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and the pwder pigment blown through hollow reeds
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Which are methods used by prehistoric painters
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to become aware of the process of looking itself
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the nature of perception suggest that the most important key to looking at art is
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Audrey Flack
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Wheel of Fortune was created by
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the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness
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Vanitas paintings meditate on
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Iconography
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involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subjsect matter in art
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middle ages
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during the _______________the term "art" ws used roughly in the same sense as "craft"
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naturalistic
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if a work of art is faithful to our visual experience. its style is
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installation
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Ann Hamilton's Mantle is an example of
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the portrait was almost miraculously lifelike
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according to the author, Leonardo da Vinci MOna Lisa dazzled his contemporarient because
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his work had a major infulence on the subsequent artist there are a limited numberl of his paintings he plays a roll in western art history his paintings allow the viewer to feel a connection with teh artist himself
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Van Gogh's paintings are of high value because
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form
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when discussing the size, shape, material, color, and compostiion of a work of art we are discussing its
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both are norepresentational is style
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Rebecca Purdum's chin up and KAndinsky's swinging have what in common
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the artist and the audience
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our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
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iconography
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to discover why the sculptor of the AMida Nyorai depicts the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures and a bun atop his head requires the use of
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Claude MOnet
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Fisherman's Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
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trompe l'oeil
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the term for extreme optical fidelity
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experts still debatet he work's iconograpy
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after much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
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an earthwork
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Robert Smithson's THe Spiral Jetty is an example of
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photograph; print
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Jeff Wall's A sudden Gust of Wind is a _____that refers to a _________.
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they share the same iconography
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Cimabue's Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these except
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Romans
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often created equestrian statues of the emperors
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a work of art may fall into more thn one theme
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according to the author, can a work a art have more thatn one theme
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self-potrait
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artist Frida Kahlo is well known for her
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bodhisattvas
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whereas the christian image by Cimabue depicits the central figure surraounded by angels,t he buddhist image in this cha[ter shows central figure surrounded by
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afterlife
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the Egyptians imagined teh _____ as resembling earthly life in every detail.
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destruction
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Iconoclasm means the ____ of images based on the religious beliefs
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tombs
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the pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
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Sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, the here and now, the human experience, invention and fantasy, art and nature, art and art
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themes of art
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values
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a blacka-nd -white photograph of a scene eleiminates the hues and intensities oft he scenes colors but captures the____of the colors
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line
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whicho f the visual elements can best be described as "the path of a moving point"
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the effects of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution
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common issues facing those who work to conserve works of art
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at the exact center of the picture, justbe hind the headoft he figure Jesus, andt on the horizon line
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the vanishing point in Leonardo da vinci's the Last Supper
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white
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in the additive process of mixing red light, greenl ight and blue light combine to produce ____light
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James Turrell
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Which artist uses light itself as teh main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world
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repetition
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a necessary feature in pattern
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motion
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during the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
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hatching
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Charles White Untitled illustrates the technique of
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secondary
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mixing two primary colors produces a ____color
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foreshortening
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in albercht durer's woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nudethe, draftsmani s using a devicet o help him achieve the effects of
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seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color's effects upon the mind and body
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"Passive Pink" refers to the color that
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position and overlap
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the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and other watching musicians and the acrobats utilzes teh two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
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conceptual
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rather that depend solely upon visual unity,artist will sometimes create____ unity by unifying the ideas is a work of art
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a square grid
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the ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create inages of the "correct" or "perfect" hman, as have many cultures both ancient aand modern. this set of proportions was created using
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a royal altar to the hand
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which workof art uses hierarchical scale
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the golden section
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the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor,a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based on
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size and placement of the figures directional linesof sightl eading to a focal point cantrasting values of dark skin against a pale background elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
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Henry Ossawa Tanner's THe Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
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Coosje van Bruggen
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_____collaborated with Cleas Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir
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distributing visual weight accordingly
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in a two-deminional work witha summetrical balance, the appearance is achieved by
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formalist, Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic
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Edouard MAnet's A bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in it subject and compostion. Interpertations of this painting include _____approaches
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proportional
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the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as____scale
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encourage ou active participation in a work help communicate a works mood lead our eyes around a work help communicate a works menaing
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in art, the design principle of balance functions to
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symmetry
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the Thirteen-Deity JNanadakini Mandala uses_____to suggest that there is a hidden orderin the universe
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the nib
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what part of the pen convey the ink to the drawing surface
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pointillism
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the style used by Georges Seurat in Cafe'-concert is
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make the drawing easier to copy
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Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to
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picasso
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because this 20th century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of hisl ife, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
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silk, papyrus, fired clay, cave walls
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_______is among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
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pigment
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the coloring material in vertually al drawing media in known as
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science, engineering, art, math
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de VINci used drawings to explore in
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creates large scale drawings with enormous physical presence
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Raymond Pettibon
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chinese
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the _____are credited with the invention of paper around 5ce
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the use of differnet binders
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the difference inthe color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to
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metal point
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the predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the renaissance is
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wire
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the metalpoint, lines are drawn witha silver____onto a suface coated with preliminary coating of paint
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diego rivera
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Which 20th century atist panted the fresco mixtec culture
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cartoon
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in fresco paintings, a drawing called a _____is transfered to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
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powder color
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what is pigmentin paint
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Jan van Eyck
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the first artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
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transperency
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watercolor's primary characteristic is its
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an almost infinite range of consistency a subtle blending of colors the papplication of layers of paint on top of one another the painting to be reworked indefinitely
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one of the advantages of oil paintings is that is drives slowly. this allows for
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collages
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pisacco and braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create
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Gouache
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_____is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
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michelangelo and raphael
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pope jullius II employed with 2 itlaiian renaissance artist to paint fresco for him
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jacob lawrence
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considered oneof the leading figures in teh 20th century american art. the painter____studied as the harlem Art Workshop and wason e of many prominant artist to work for the WPA during the Great depression
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dissolves in something other than water
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a nonaqueous paint is one that
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primer
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afterb uilding canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
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binder
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in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
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wet plaster
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in buon fresco, or true fresco pigment ism ixed with water and applied to
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oil paint
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which of the followingis a example ofa nonaqueous medium
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acrylic
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by the 1950's , this new paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium
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encaustic and fresco
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2 ancient painting media that are still used today
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diego rivera
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the 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work MIxtec Culture is
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No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
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reproduce
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Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
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the Paleolithic Period.
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"All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone" was said by
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Anthony Caro.
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The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of "giving tangible form to the unknown." The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
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Shiva.
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Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
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The Starry Night.
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The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
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all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
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According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
answer
what it means to the viewer.
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Wheel of Fortune was created by
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Audrey Flack.
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Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh's
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All these answers are correct.
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The oldest drawings and paintings found the Chavet cave:
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used natural pigments and charcoal.
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Van Gogh's paintings are of high value because
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All these answers are correct.
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During the ________ the term "art" was used roughly in the same sense as "craft."
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Renaissance
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The field of philosophy called aesthetics asks the question
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All these answers are correct.
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Fisherman's Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
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Claude Monet.
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What term describes work done by nonprofessionals?
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All these answers are correct.
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To discover why the sculptor of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures, and a bun atop his head requires the use of
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iconography.
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The term style is used to categorize a work of art by its
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visual characteristics.
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Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
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the artist and the audience.
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During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
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were felt to provide pleasure.
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________ is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross.
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Pietà
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If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is
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naturalistic
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When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
answer
form
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During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts.
answer
painting, sculpture, and architecture
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After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
answer
they still debate the work's iconography.
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Context is a factor of ties that bind a work of art to the
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All these answers are correct.
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Ann Hamilton's Mantle is an example of
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installation
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Andy Warhol's images created from celebrities are portrayed through mass produced:
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multiple silkscreen images.
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Which statement is NOT true regarding James Hamilton's Throne of the Third Heaven... body of work?
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The artist intended the work to be viewed by everyone as a message of redemption.
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Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers:
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All of these answers are correct.
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According to the author,
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a work of art may fall into more than one theme.
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Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
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all of these: Sainte-Chapelle, the Great Mosque at Córdoba, and the Buddhas in Bamiyan, Afghanistan
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Cimabue's Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT
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they share the same iconography.
question
Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by
answer
bodhisattvas
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The pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
answer
tombs
question
The subject matter of Edward Hopper's Gas
answer
depict aspects of everyday life.
question
________ is the best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch.
answer
The Garden of Earthly Delights
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The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors.
answer
Romans
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Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
answer
the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World's Fair.
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Christian Boltanski draws upon the _______ to create his work _______.
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Holocaust; Altar to the Chases High School
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Nineteenth-century American painters employed the American landscape as a subject. One such artist was Thomas Cole who focused on an area of the Connecticut River to create
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The Oxbow.
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learn language
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No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
question
Cirque de Soleil
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The famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
question
the Paleolithic Period.
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Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
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all of these: creating order and structure; exploring aesthetic possibilities; and constructing images and forms that carry meaning.
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According to the author, the impulse to create art comes from basic human interests in
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Anthony Caro
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"All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone" was said by
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the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
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The most famous of Maya Lin's works is
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Shiva.
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The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of "giving tangible form to the unknown." The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
question
all of the above: a. to create places for some human purpose b. to create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects? c. to record and commemorate d. to give tangible form to the unknown
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Which are tasks for artists, according to the text?
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The Starry Night.
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Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
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a. sensitivity. c. playfulness. d. analytical skill. e. organizational skill.
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The list of traits that creative people seem to possess, given in this chapter, include all of the following
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all of the following: a. movement. b. expressiveness. c. technology. d. humor.
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Tim Hawkinson's work of art, pictured in this chapter, incorporates
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all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
answer
The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
question
to become aware of the process of looking itself.
answer
The nature of perception suggests that the most important key to looking at art is
question
what it means to the viewer.
answer
According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
question
the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness.
answer
Vanitas paintings meditate on
question
Audrey Flack
answer
Wheel of Fortune was created by
question
all of these: animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and powdered pigments blown through hollow reeds
answer
Which are methods used by prehistoric painters?
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art collectors.
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Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
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all of the following: a. art dealer. b. brother. c. financial supporter. d. emotional supporter.
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Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh's
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the many letters he wrote to friends and relatives.
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We owe our access to Vincent van Gogh's thoughts and feelings about many of his paintings to
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Colors which appear oppisite each other on the color wheel are known as ___________.
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complementary
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__________ can best be described as the path traced by a moving point.
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line
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The term _____________ refers to the board on which artists mix colors or the artist's range of color.
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palette
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The 18th century Indian painting Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are position and ___________.
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overlapping
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In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___________ shapes.
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organic
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A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene's colors, but captures the ______ of the colors.
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value
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In drawing, the outer boundaries of 2D forms are defined by________, while the outer boundaries perceived among 3D forms are defined by__________.
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outlines, contour lines
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In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.
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chiaroscuro
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The ______________ in Leonardo Da Vinci's the Last Supper is at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line.
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vanishing point
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During the 20th century, _______ became a recognized element of art.
answer
time and motion
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In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.
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white
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Artists who use tiny dots in varying concentrations to indicate light and shadow are using the __________ drawing technique.
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stippling
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Textures we experience through the sense of touch are called actual texture or _______ textures.
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tactile
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_____________ describes the process of sunlight being broken up into a spectrum or rainbow band.
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refraction
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Parallel lines receding into the distance, in linear perspective, seem to converge at a vanishing point which is located on the ___________.
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horizon line
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The shapes we perceive as figures, we call ____________ shapes.
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positive
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________________ relates to the visual information surrounding a shape that we detach and focus on.
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ground
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A hue darker that the hue's normal value is called a ______.
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shade
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Any three color equally distant from each other on the color wheel form a_______ harmony.
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triadic
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In a 2D art form, the actual flat surface on which the work is executed is called the _________.
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picture plane
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Artists can portray ______ textures that are created to look like something other that a flat painted surface.
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visual
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Raphael's The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a _____.
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triangle
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___________ perceptive is the viewpoint from above and parallel lines do not converge in the distance.
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isometric
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A necessary feature of a pattern is _______.
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repetition
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A drawing using only lines or dots can indicate shadows.
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t
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Analogous color harmonies are those in which the colors are close to ones another on the color wheel.
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t
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A rainbow is the result of reflection of light from a still surface.
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f
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Foreshortening is the term fro the effect produced by applying the logic of linear perspective to every form that recedes into the distance, including people and animals.
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t
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Secondary colors cannot be mixed from primaries.
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f
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Atmospheric perspective is never used in Chinese paintings and drawings.
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f
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Texture can be either implied or actual.
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t
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Raphael's the Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a circle.
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f
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Geometric shapes and masses look more natural than man made.
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f
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Lines are sometimes used in art to indicate direction and movement.
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t
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On the color wheel, yellow, red and blue are primary colors.
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t
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Many of the sculptures of Calder can be classified as kinetic.
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t
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The colors in a drawing or painting can be translated into values by black and white photography.
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t
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The term "atmospheric perspective" can best be applied to marble sculptures.
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f
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The "vanishing point" is the level at which paintings are hung on the wall.
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f
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Isometric perceptive is only used by architects.
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f
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Monochromatic harmonies are composed of any three colors equidistant from each other on the color wheel.
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f
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Mixing 2 primary colors produces a triad color.
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f
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Implied lines guide a viewer's eyes around a work of art.
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t
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The common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is: the effect of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution.
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t
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Tint
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A color lighter that the hue's normal value.
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Shade
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A color darker than the hue's normal value.
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Pattern
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Any decorative, repetitive motif or design.
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Kinetic Art
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Art the incorporates real or apparent movement.
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Restricted Palette
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Limited to a few colors and their mixtures.
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Open Palette
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All colors are permitted to be used.
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Value
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The relative lightness or darkness of a hue, or of a neutral varying from white to black.
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Simultaneous Contrast
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The perceptual phenomenon whereby complementary colors appear most brilliant when side by side.
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Refraction
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The bending of a ray of light, for example, when it passes through a prism.
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Picture Plane
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The literal surface of a painting imagined as a window.
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Vanishing Point
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In linear perspective, the point on the horizon where parallel lines appear to converge
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Hue
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The "family name" of a color, independent of its particular value or saturation.
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Ground
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The information that is perceived as secondary in a 2D image.
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Figure
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In 2D images, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant.
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Palette
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The range of colors used by an artist, or a surface used for mixing paints.
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Foreshortening
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The visual phenomenon whereby an elongated object projecting toward or away from a viewer appear shorter than its actual length, as though compressed.
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Chiaroscuro
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Italian for "light-dark". In 2D, non representational art, the technique of using values to record light and shadow, especially as they provide information about 3D form.
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Implied Lines
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Lines that do not exist, but the viewer perceives.
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Afterimage
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An image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased.
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Geometric
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Shapes and masses that approximate the regular, names shapes and volumes of geometry.
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Organic
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Shapes and masses that evoke the living forms of nature.
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Horizon Line
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A dividing line that delineates the ground from sky.
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Contour
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Gives us 3D shaping of an object.
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Outline
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Defines a 2D shape.
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Direction
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A line that guides the eyes.
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Movement
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The suggestion of motion in a work of art.
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Area
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The extent of space.
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Implied
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Doesn't actually exist.
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Volume
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Mass or Quantity.
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Cross Hatching
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Single and Across lines (create values)
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Hatching
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Single lines (create values)
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Model
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Creating the illusion of a 3D object on a 2D surface by using highlights and shadows
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Implied Light
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2D light that doesn't actually exist, it's an illusion.
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Stippling
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Tiny dots (create values)
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Color Wheel
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The arrangement of colors in a circle.
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Cool Colors
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The colors on the blue-green side.
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Primary Colors
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Red, Yellow, Blue. Cannot be dividing into two or more colors. Base Colors.
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Secondary Colors
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Created by combining two primaries. Green, orange, purple.
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Tertiary Colors
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Creating by combing a primary and adjacent secondary. Ex. blue-green.
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Warm Colors
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The colors on the red-orange side.
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Analogous Color Harmony
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Three colors adjacent to one another.
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Complementary Color Harmony
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Two colors directly across from each other on the color wheel. (simultaneous contrast)
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Monochromatic Color Harmony
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One color plus shades/tints.
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Triadic Color Harmony
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Three colors equally spaced apart on the color wheel.
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Optical Color Mixture
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The viewer's eyes will blend colors placed side by side.
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Pointillism
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Points of pure color applied to a support and allowing the viewer's eyes to mix or blend those colors.
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Actual/Tactile Texture
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Textures we experience through the sense of touch.
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Visual Texture
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Textures that are created to look lie something other than a flat painted surface.
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Atmospheric Perspective
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Looking at broad, receding landscapes.
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Implied Space
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The illusion of depth on a 2D surface.
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Isometric Perspective
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Looking down from above.
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3D Space
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Visual depth.
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Linear Perspective
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Forms seem to get smaller as they recede from us. Parallel lines converge on the horizon line where they disappear.
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Overlapping
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To cover and extend beyond.
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Placement/Position
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Arrangement of objects.
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Seven Visual Elements
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Line Shape and Mass Pattern and Texture Light Color Time and Motion Space
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Three types of Directional Lines and What Movement they Suggest
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Horizontal-Passive, No Movement Vertical- Potential For Movement Diagonal- Movement
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Three Types of Perspective
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Linear Atmospheric Isometric
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Three Techniques for Creating Values using Linear Mode
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Hatching Cross-Hatching Stippling
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Two Ways to Create Depth without using a Form of Perspective
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Placement/Position Overlapping
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Four Color Harmonies
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Monochromatic Complementary Analogous Triadic
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Learn lang.
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No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse and respond of art appears to have the ability to.
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Paleothic Period
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Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans back to the.
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Anthony Caro
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All art is basically Paleothic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on.
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Shiva
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The 10th century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work on an artist performing the role of "giving tar unknown". The unknown in this case physical form of the deity
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The Starry Night
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Although Vincent Van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible from.
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Audrey Flack
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The Wheel of Fortune was created by
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All of these
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Theo Van Gogh was Vincent Van Gogh's
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All these answers are correct
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Van Gogh's paintings are high of value because
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All these answers are correct
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The field of philosophy called aesthetics ask the question
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Claude Monet
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Fishermans Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
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All these answers are correct
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What term describes work by nonprofessionals
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Iconography
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To discover why the sculpture of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated, specific hand gestures head requires the use of
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Visual characteristic
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The term style is used to categorize a work of art is
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The artist and audience
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Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
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Were felt to provide pleasure
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During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
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Pieta
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Is the name for a standard subject in Christan art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after the cross
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Naturalistic
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If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, it's style is
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Form
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When discussing size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
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Painting, sculpture, and architecture
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During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ____ came to be regarded as the more elevated of arts.
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They still debate the works iconography
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After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
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All these answers are correct
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Context is a factor that ties that bind a work of art to the
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Installation
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Ann Hamilton's Mantle is an example of
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All these answers are correct
answer
Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers
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They share the same iconography
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Cimabues Madonna enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these
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Bodhisattvas
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Whereas the Christan image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in the central figure surrounded by
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Tombs
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The pyramids of Giza in Egypt where built as
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Romans
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The ____ often created equestrian statues of their emperors
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The Spanish pavilion Paris world fair
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Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
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Line
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Which of the visual elements can best be described as " the path of a moving point"?
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Motion
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During the 20th Century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
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All these answers are correct
answer
Lines are used in art to indicate
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Organic
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In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___ shapes.
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Triangle
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Raphael's The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a
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Position and over lap
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The 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
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Values
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A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensifies of the scenes color
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Outlines, contour lines
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In drawing, the outer boundaries of two dimensional forms are defined by ____
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Chiaroscuro
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In painting and drawing, artists often use the the technique of___ to describe the way shadows and light define.
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Hatching
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Charles White's Untitled illustrates the technique of
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James Turrell
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Which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence?
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White
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In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light, combine to produce ____ light.
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Secondary
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Mixing two primary colors produces a _____ color.
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Seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of colors effects upon the mind and body
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"Passive pink" refers to the color that
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Repetition
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A necessary feature of pattern is
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All of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus
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The vanishing point in Leonardo de Vinic's The Last Supper
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All these answers are correct
answer
One common issue facing those who work to conserve work of art is
question
Foreshortening
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In Albrecht Durer's woodcut The Draftman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him
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The Rocky Mountains, Landers Peak by Albert Bierstadt
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The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
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Visual
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Artist can portray ____ textures that are created to look like something often than a flat painted surface.
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Disturbing visual weight accordingly
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In a two dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by
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Conceptual
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Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create ____ unity the ideas.
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Along the vertical axis down the center of the composition
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In a two dimensional work of art is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is:
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Symmetry
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The thirteen- diety Jnanadakini Mandala uses ____ to suggest that there is a hidden order to the universe.
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Conceptual unity
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Annette Messager's Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell's The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of:
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Squared grid
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The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create images of the "correct" or "perfect"
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Symmetrical balance
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Georgia O'Keeffe's painting Deers Skull with Pedermal is a prime example of:
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Vanitas
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Pablo Picassos Girl before a mirror explores the traditional theme of:
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Order and authority
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Symmetrical balance, as used by Georgia O'Keeffe, expresses:
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Informal balance
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Another term for asymmetrical balance is
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All of these answers correct
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In art, the design principle of balance functions to:
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All of these answers correct
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Henry Ossawa Tanner The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through:
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Scale
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Claes Oldenburg and Coosje Van Bruggen created shock value through use of:
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A royal altar to the hand
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Which word of art uses hierarchical scale?
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The circle and square
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The ancient Roman Architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect
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Hierarchical
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The use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as ____ scale.