Pharm Final (Chps 20-31)

25 July 2022
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163 test answers

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question
Common side effects of medications for endocrine diseases include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
no changes in growth and cardiac function
question
Which of the following are true of somatropin? 1. It is also known as growth hormone. 2. It is expensive to prescribe. 3. It should be used for any child who is of short stature. 4. It has a drug interaction with insulin. 5. Variations in its secretion may lead to acromegaly in adults and dwarfism in children.
answer
1, 2, 4, and 5
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Which of the following are true of glucocorticoids and other steroids? 1. They are potent anti-inflammatory agents. 2. Their adverse effects include "moon face," "pot belly," and "buffalo hump." 3. They cause the kidney to retain sodium. 4. They may be administered orally, intramuscularly, intravenously, intraarticularly, and topically. 5. They have distinct methods of administration that include alternate-day therapy and declining dosages.
answer
1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
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Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia/insulin shock include all of the following EXCEPT
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slow onset
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Glucose absorption inhibitors
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all of the above So it includes these: delay the absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines can be used alone or in combination with insulin, metformin, or sulfonylureas may cause flatulence, abdominal distention, and diarrhea b and c
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Hormones secreted by the pituitary gland include which of the following?
answer
a and c which are: tropic hormones oxytocin and ADH
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Sort the following insulin preparations from the shortest to the longest duration of action. 1. Lispro 2. Lantus 3. NPH 4. Regular
answer
1, 4, 3, 2
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When steroids are prescribed for long-term therapy, which of the following should be evaluated on a regular basis?
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all of the above which includes: blood pressure weight electrolyte balance cardiac function
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Which of the following is NOT true of Lispro insulin?
answer
A person taking Lispro insulin may have more carbohydrates in the diet.
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Which of the following is NOT true of insulin delivery systems?
answer
Implantable insulin pumps are readily available and are relatively inexpensive compared to other types of insulin delivery.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of TSH?
answer
It decreases the uptake of iodine.
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Which of the following is NOT true of thiazolidinediones or glitazones?
answer
They do not have an effect on oral contraceptives. (This is a guess)
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Hyperglycemics
answer
all of the above which includes: are used to increase blood sugars are used to treat diseases with hypersecretion of insulin may cause constipation, anorexia, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and heart conditions a and c
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Which of the following is true of insulin preparations?
answer
Guess: All the above are true... only regular insulin can be administered IV, IM and SC Humalog is a modified human derivative. Humulin 70/30 is regular 70% and NPH 30%. Both a and b are true. All of the above statements are true.
question
Which of the following statements are true concerning ophthalmic anti-inflammatory and antiinfective agents? 1. Most ophthalmic antiinfective/anti-inflammatory agents are effective on mucous membranes that have been injured or are inflamed. 2. To discourage drug-resistant strains of antiinfectives, antibiotics for ophthalmologic problems should be administered locally. 3. Any topical medication may be used in the eye. 4. With viral infections, both eyes may need to be treated. 5. In irrigating eyes, the head should be turned toward the affected side to prevent cross-contamination of the unaffected eye.
answer
1, 2, 4, and 5
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Which of the following statements is NOT true?
answer
Mydriatics are used to cause pupil constriction for diagnostic tests.
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OTC ophthalmic medications are always safe for use by all people because the FDA has approved the use of these drugs.
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false
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Agents that mimic the sympathetic nervous system bring about pupillary dilation, while cycloplegic agents cause paralysis of the ciliary muscles and prevent accommodation. These medications are used primarily for diagnostic testing.
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true
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Medications used in the ear often contain more than one ingredient so that more than one symptom or condition is treated at one time.
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true
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Symptoms of ototoxicity include tinnitus, loss of balance, and vertigo.
answer
true
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Corticosteroids may cause increased ocular pressure, while ibuprofen may alter color vision and may cause blurred vision.
answer
ture
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Which of the following is NOT true of agents for glaucoma?
answer
Medications used topically in the eye do not have side effects.
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Which of the following statements are true concerning ophthalmic anti-inflammatory and antiinfective agents? 1. Most ophthalmic antiinfective/anti-inflammatory agents are effective on mucous membranes that have been injured or are inflamed. 2. To discourage drug-resistant strains of antiinfectives, antibiotics for ophthalmologic problems should be administered locally. 3. Any topical medication may be used in the eye. 4. With viral infections, both eyes may need to be treated. 5. In irrigating eyes, the head should be turned toward the affected side to prevent cross-contamination of the unaffected eye.
answer
1, 2, 4, and 5
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If the ear is draining, medications should not be instilled in the ear without permission from the physician.
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true
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Otic antiinfective agents
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a, b, and c which are: may be either instillations or irrigations reduce swelling, promote drainage of infections, and relieve pruritus of the ear have side effects such as irritation, swelling, and urticaria
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The side effects of miotics include
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a, b, and c which include: eye irritation myopia and blurred vision headaches
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The rate of medication absorption through the skin depends on which of the following?
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all of the above which includes: the form of the drug the size of the drug molecule You Answered the base of the medication b and c
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Which of the following is NOT true of topical corticosteroids?
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They should be applied thickly so that the medication will stay in contact with the lesion for a longer period of time.
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Which of the following are true of topical fungal preparations? 1. They may be used on hair, nails, or skin. 2. Most are used to treat Candida and tinea infections. 3. Most are available OTC as well as by prescription. 4. They should be used completely even if symptoms improve. 5. Therapy for fungal infections is long-term.
answer
1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
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Topical anesthetics are found in all of the following forms EXCEPT
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foams and shampoos
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Topical creams and ointments for pediculosis should be applied to the affected area and left on for 12 hours, and then the area should be thoroughly washed.
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true
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With skin conditions, topical corticosteroids are less likely to cause systemic responses.
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true
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Which of the following is NOT true about skin preparations?
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Emollients are always used to soothe and do not contain medications.
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Common symptoms of skin disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
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fever and eschar
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Topical antiinfectives are indicated in superficial wound therapy but are not indicated for deep penetrating wounds.
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true
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications for seborrheic dermatitis?
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They routinely contain a topical antibiotic.
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Topical anesthetics are found in all of the following forms EXCEPT
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foams and shampoos
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Which of the following statements is NOT true of prophylactic agents?
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Sunscreens have no effect on premature aging or in precancerous conditions, although these products do prevent cancer.
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Which of the following is NOT true of topical corticosteroids?
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They should be applied thickly so that the medication will stay in contact with the lesion for a longer period of time.
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Common side effects of musculoskeletal medications include
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all of the above which includes: nausea and vomiting pain in abdomen headache constipation and diarrhea
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TNF inhibitors bock the immune response to prevent inflammation of joints.
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true
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The goal of arthritis therapy includes all of the following EXCEPT
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curing the disease
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Which of the following is an immunosuppressant agents and a DMARD?
answer
methotrexate
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Anticholinesterase agents increase muscle tone.
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true
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The same nostril may be used for administration of nasal calcitonin salmon.
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false
question
Which of the following is NOT true about the cox inhibitor?
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The drugs in this category can be safely used by persons who are allergic to penicillin and sulfa drugs.
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Which of the following is NOT true of alendronate?
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It may be given without regard to vitamin D.
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The use of colchicine is specific for gout.
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true
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Biphosphonates are used to prevent fractures.
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true
question
Which is NOT true of salicylate NSAIDs?
answer
GUESS!! They are relatively safe and have the advantage over other medications of not causing gastrointestinal symptomatology.
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Central-acting and direct-acting muscle relaxants are the drugs of choice for muscle spasticity.
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true
question
Which of the following are found in the names of gold salts?
answer
"au"
question
Which of the following is true concerning medications acting on gastrointestinal system tissues?
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All of the above statements are true except for d. so these are true: They may increase or decrease function of the tract by changing muscle tone. They may increase or decrease emptying time as foods passes through the stomach or changes the speed of peristalsis. They may relieve enzyme deficiencies.
question
Which of the following is true of oral antiviral agents?
answer
All of the above statements are true. which include: Treatment of oral viral infections is palliative. Acyclovir is used for symptomatic relief, such as local pain and encrusted lesions. They may be topical or systemic. Both b and c are true.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of gastric pump inhibitors?
answer
They are safe for treating ulcers before their confirmed diagnosis.
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Which of the following should not be given to persons with diabetes?
answer
phosphorated carbohydrate solution (Emetrol)
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Which of the following are indications for laxative use?
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all except b which include: emptying the intestines prior to diagnostic testing following the administration of anthelmintic medications
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Which of the following is NOT true of H2-receptor antagonists that interact with histamine to inhibit gastric secretions?
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They should not be used for GERD.
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Which of the following is NOT true about fluoride treatment?
answer
Fluoride tablets and solutions may be administered with meals and are better given with food because of the bad taste that follows administration.
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Which of the following is NOT true of stimulant laxatives?
answer
They require 10 to 12 hours to work.
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Which of the following are used in mouthrinses?
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all the above which includes: anesthetics fluorides oxygenating agents phenols
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Which of the following is NOT true of stool softeners?
answer
They have no relationship with water absorption.
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Which of the following is NOT a side effect of medications used in the gastrointestinal tract?
answer
excessive urination
question
Use the following to answer the following questions. 1. baking soda 2. Riopan 3. Amphojel 4. milk of magnesia 5. Tums 6. Gelusil 7. Alka Seltzer 8. Bromo Seltzer 9. Rolaids 10. Gaviscon Which are magnesium-based compounds?
answer
2,4,6 GUESS!!
question
Which of the following is true about diarrhea?
answer
All of the above statements are true. which include: Management of diarrhea depends on finding the underlying cause. Diarrhea may be caused by contaminated or spoiled food, bacterial infections, or nervous conditions. Diarrhea is usually self-limiting; therefore chronic diarrhea should be evaluated for its cause. Diarrhea in children may be a medical emergency.
question
Which of the following is NOT true?
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Sodium compounds do not cause diarrhea or constipation, nor do they change systemic pH.
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Cromolyn is for the prophylaxis of asthma.
answer
true
question
Which of the following is NOT true of histamine?
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It is not a problem with most upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.
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Which of the following is NOT true of decongestants?
answer
They are very safe for persons who have diabetes mellitus.
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Which of the following is NOT true of combination OTC products?
answer
If a patient has only a runny nose, a combination product is indicated.
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Which of the following is NOT true of expectorants?
answer
They are not found as combination medications.
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Chlorpheniramine is the antihistamine of choice in the elderly.
answer
false
question
Which of the following is NOT a use for antihistamines?
answer
chest congestion
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Which of the following is NOT true of treatment for COPD?
answer
Xanthine derivatives constrict smooth muscle, so sputum may be expectorated.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of expectorants?
answer
They are not found as combination medications.
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Mucolytics increase the viscosity of respiratory secretions.
answer
false
question
Which of the following is NOT true of histamine?
answer
It is not a problem with most upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of antihistamines?
answer
They may be used chronically for several years because tolerance does not develop.
question
Which of the following is NOT a common side effect of medications for respiratory disorders?
answer
fever and rhinorrhea
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Which of the following is NOT a common side effect of circulatory medications?
answer
edema and shortness of breath
question
Antihypertensives receive the same response in all ethnic and cultural groups.
answer
false
question
Which of the following are routes of administration for nitroglycerin?
answer
all of the above which includes: sublingual tablets oral tablets ointment transdermal patches
question
Which of the following is NOT true of hemorheologic agents?
answer
All of the above statements are true. which include: They improve the flow of blood and lower the viscosity of blood. They are used to treat peripheral vascular disease. They improve blood flow through arteriosclerotic and atherosclerotic blood vessels. Their side effects include dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of medications used to affect coagulation?
answer
Anticoagulants include vitamin K, heparin, and warfarin.
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Antihypertensives cure hypertension.
answer
false
question
Which of the following is NOT true of cardiac glycosides?
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They decrease congestion in the heart by increasing the force that increases the amount of blood pumped from the heart.
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Which of the following is NOT true of vasodilators?
answer
They alleviate edema.
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications used as antidysrhythmics?
answer
All of the above statements are true. .... class I antidysrhythmics are used to block sodium channels to slow the impulse conduction. Class II antidysrhythmics are beta-blockers that decrease the SA automaticity, AV velocity, and myocardial contractility and are similar to calcium channel blockers. Class III antidysrhythmics block potassium channels prolonging ventricular repolarization. Class IV antidysrhythmics are calcium channel blockers that have effects identical to those of beta-blockers.
question
Which of the following is NOT a type of angina pectoris?
answer
chronic
question
Which of the following is NOT true of hypertension and its treatment?
answer
Compliance with antihypertensive therapy is easily accomplished because the patient has headaches and lethargy that are reminders to take medications.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of nitroglycerin?
answer
Sublingual nitroglycerin is a stable medication and is effective until the expiration date whether the bottle has been opened or not.
question
Which of the following is NOT a medication group used in treating hypertension?
answer
cardiac glycosides
question
Which of the following is NOT true of diuretics?
answer
Electrolyte levels are not a problem when using diuretics.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of topical hemostatics?
answer
The size and place of a wound have no bearing on which topical hemostatic agent is used.
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TMZ-SMZ is the abbreviation for trimethoprim-sulfonamide.
answer
false
question
Which of the following are NOT common side effects of medications for urinary tract disorders?
answer
enuresis and incontinence
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Which of the following statements about fluid and electrolyte balance is NOT true?
answer
Infants and obese persons have less fluid in their bodies than normal adults.
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Lower urinary tract infections are associated with all of the following symptoms EXCEPT
answer
headache
question
DDVAP acts in much the same manner as antidiuretic hormone.
answer
true
question
Drugs for enuresis reduce incontinence, frequency, and urgency due to spasms of the smooth muscles of the bladder.
answer
true
question
Skin rashes may occur as a side effect of UTI medications.
answer
true
question
Major electrolytes that need replacement include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
chlorides
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Signs of electrolyte loss include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
edema and constipation
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Sulfonamides suppress the synthesis of folic acid.
answer
true
question
DDAVP is an antidiuretic hormone.
answer
true
question
Nitrofurantoin (Furadantin) may be used for upper and lower UTIs.
answer
true
question
DDAVP is a drug used in older adults who have enuresis.
answer
True
question
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of sexually transmitted diseases?
answer
congenital malformations
question
Which of the following is NOT true of testosterone replacement therapy?
answer
The treatment and dosage are the same for all males, regardless of the diagnosis.
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The treatment and dosage are the same for all males, regardless of the diagnosis.
answer
All IUDs provide long-term contraception of 8 years and are intrauterine progesterone inserts.
question
Which of the following medication classes is NOT used to treat premenstrual syndrome?
answer
progesterone and calcium
question
Which of the following is true of sildenafil (Viagra)?
answer
All of the above statements are true. .... It was first released to treat hypertension. Men taking nitrates should not use sildenafil. It should be used once a day, 1 hour prior to sexual activity. It is used for erectile dysfunction
question
Which of the following is NOT true of oral contraceptives?
answer
All oral contraceptives are combinations of estrogen and progestins.
question
Which of the following is NOT true concerning infertility and its treatment?
answer
All of the above statements are true. ... The major cause of infertility treated by pharmaceutical means is anovulation. Medications for infertility promote the maturation of the follicle and ovulation. Treatments include clomiphene, gonadorelin, and menotropin. Medications for infertility must be matched to the cause of infertility, so accurate medical histories are important.
question
The side effects of testosterone replacement therapy include all of the following except
answer
a decrease in libido but never an increase
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Which of the following is NOT a common symptom of male reproductive tract diseases?
answer
all of the above are common symptoms ... oliguria genital lesions frequency, urgency, and pain on urination psychologic response to hormone changes
question
Which of the following is NOT true of estrogens?
answer
They do not change the shape of the cornea and have no effect on the fitting of contact lenses.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of medications used to treat endometriosis?
answer
Women taking danazol (Danocrine) may become pregnant any time during the treatment of endometriosis.
question
Which of the following is true about treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy?
answer
All of the above statements are true. .... The goal of treatment is to relieve the bothersome symptoms. Alpha-adrenergic blockers are used to treat patients with relatively small prostate glands. Alpha-adrenergic blockers relax the smooth muscle of the bladder neck and prostate for ease of voiding. Finasteride (Proscar) is the drug of choice for males with large prostate glands.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of testosterone?
answer
It has no use in females.
question
Common side effects of medications for neurological conditions include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
muscle turgidity or spasticity
question
Beta-blockers are the drugs of choice in migraine headache prophylaxis.
answer
true
question
Which of the following is NOT needed in patient teaching with analgesics?
answer
Medication may be stopped at any time owing to the dangers of physical dependence and habituation.
question
Which of the following is NOT true about the use of CNS stimulants as anorexiants and for narcolepsy?
answer
They may be taken after 6:00 PM in persons desiring to lose weight and for narcolepsy without causing excessive stimulation.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of adrenergic agonists?
answer
They are not sympathomimetic medications and do not simulate the "fight-or-flight" response of the body.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of anesthetics?
answer
Allied health professionals in an ambulatory care setting have no responsibility in preparing a patient for general anesthesia; this is the responsibility of the surgeon and anesthetist.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of adrenergic blocking agents?
answer
They may be alpha-, beta-, or gamma-blockers.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of parasympatholytic medications?
answer
Parasympatholytic agents and anticholinergic medications are entirely different compounds that have similar actions.
question
Medications to prevent migraine headache share all the following characteristics EXCEPT
answer
Both b and d are not true statements. .... The prophylactic drugs of choice for migraine headache are beta-blockers. All of these preparations are safe for use in pregnancy.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of sedatives and hypnotics?
answer
The generally accepted rule for therapy with hypnotics or sedatives is short-term use at the moderate to high dosage for as long as needed.
question
Common signs and symptoms of neurological disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
diarrhea or constipation
question
Which of the following is NOT true of local anesthetics?
answer
The onset of most local anesthetics is slow, and they last for prolonged periods of time.
question
Which of the following is NOT needed in patient teaching with analgesics?
answer
Medication may be stopped at any time owing to the dangers of physical dependence and habituation.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of parasympathomimetic medications?
answer
Cholinergic medications have few side effects and are considered safe for use in most patients.
question
Mental health is concerned with which of the following aspects of a person? 1. physical health 2. cognitive health and affective being 3. behavioral and social health 4. the environment
answer
1, 2, 3, and 4
question
Psychotherapeutic agents were first introduced in the ______. Before that time, psychotic patients were institutionalized.
answer
1950s
question
Antipsychotics are also called
answer
a and c ..... major tranquilizers neuroleptics
question
Antipsychotics include
answer
a, b, and c .... phenothiazines, such as chlorpromazine butyrophenone derivatives, such as haloperidol atypical medications, such as clozapine
question
Common signs and symptoms of mental disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
proper work ethics and work skills
question
Reasons for using medications in psychotherapy include
answer
all of the above .... modification of behavior to reduce and modify symptoms of mental conditions as sedatives for older adults to calm a patient without causing sedation
question
Which of the following is NOT important patient education for compliance with benzodiazepines?
answer
Physical dependence is common, so benzodiazepines shouldn't be used
question
Tricyclic antidepressants are generally not recommended for children under 12 years of age.
answer
true
question
Antipsychotics are classified by
answer
all except c .... potency traditional antipsychotics atypical antipsychotics
question
The medication(s) approved by the FDA for Alzheimer's disease is/are
answer
b and c
question
Which of the following is NOT important in patient education with antipsychotic medications?
answer
Assure the patient that antipsychotics are not addictive.
question
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
answer
all except d .... have fewer side effects than MAOIs should be administered in the mornings cause sexual dysfunction
question
Antidepressant medications include
answer
a, b, and c .... tricyclic antidepressants monoamine oxidase inhibitors selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
question
The major forms of psychosis include
answer
a and b .... schizophrenia severe depression
question
The most commonly prescribed medications for neurosis are benzodiazepines. Side effects include
answer
a, b, and c ... drowsiness, confusion, nausea, dry mouth, constipation, and extrapyramidal reactions sensitivity to sunlight interactions with alcohol
question
The side effects of smoking cessation include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
decreased appetite, nausea, and diarrhea
question
Which is NOT true of drugs used with alcoholism?
answer
Disulfiram should be given to a person who abuses alcohol whether the person desires to stop consuming alcohol or not.
question
The half-life of cocaine is fairly long, leading to toxicity and the chance of acute intoxication.
answer
False
question
Which of the following is NOT true of abused central nervous system stimulants?
answer
There is an antidote for amphetamine and cocaine toxicity that stops the toxic effects with few side effects.
question
Which of the following is NOT a hallucinogen, psychedelic, or psychomimetic?
answer
marijuana
question
Which of the following is NOT true of central nervous system depressants?
answer
Withdrawal from barbiturates and benzodiazepines should be done rapidly to prevent long-term withdrawal signs and symptoms.
question
The side effects of smoking cessation include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
decreased appetite, nausea, and diarrhea
question
Not all socioeconomic, ethnic, or cultural classes have problems with drug and substance abuseโ€”just those persons at the opposite ends of the cultural spectrum.
answer
false
question
Which of the following are the most frequently abused substances?
answer
A and C are correct .. alcohol nicotine
question
Personal characteristics of drug misusers and abusers include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
feelings of self-worth
question
Which of the following is NOT true of marijuana?
answer
The potency of marijuana is always the same.
question
When smoked, marijuana has its effect in 5 to 15 minutes, peaking in 30 to 90 minutes, and lasting for 3 to 4 hours.
answer
true
question
Which of the following is NOT true of ethyl alcohol?
answer
It has no medicinal indications.
question
Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of drug abuse/misuse that should be recognized by allied health professionals?
answer
keeping medical appointments and maintaining good health practices