With the nondirective counseling approach, the senior asks open-ended questions, listens, and draws the junior out. The senior helps the junior to analyze the situation and to develop the solution or plan for improvement. This approach is "junior centered." The junior is encouraged to talk, to be trouble free, and to have a clear mind while the senior helps the junior, mostly by listening. The goal of the nondirective approach is to help the junior become more mature and to develop personal resources. The junior "owns" the problem and the solution.