question

A homogeneous equation is always consistent.

answer

TRUE - The trivial solution is always a solution.

question

The equation Ax = 0 gives an explicit descriptions of its solution set.

answer

FALSE - The equation gives an implicit description of the solution set

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The homogeneous equation Ax = 0 has the trivial solution if and only if the equation has at least one free variable.

answer

FALSE - The trivial solution is always a solution to the equation
Ax = 0.

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The equation x=p+tv describes a line through v parallel to p.

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False. The line goes through p and is parallel to v

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The solution set of Ax = b is the set of all vectors of the form w=p+vh wherevh isanysolutionoftheequationAx=0

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FALSE This is only true when there exists some vector p such that Ap = b.

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If x is a nontrivial solution of Ax = 0, then every entry in x is nonzero.

answer

FALSE. At least one entry in x is nonzero.

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The equation x = x2u + x3v, with x2 and x3 free (and neither u or v a multiple of the other), describes a plane through the origin

answer

TRUE

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The equation Ax = b is homogeneous if the zero vector is a solution.

answer

TRUE. If the zero vector is a solution then b=Ax=A0=0. So the equation is Ax=0, thus homogenous.

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The effect of adding p to a vector is to move the vector in the direction parallel to p

answer

TRUE. We can also think of adding p as sliding the vector along p.

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The solution set of Ax = b is obtained by translating the solution set of Ax = 0.

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FALSE. This only applies to a consistent system.

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The columns of the matrix A are linearly independent if the equation Ax = 0 has the trivial solution.

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FALSE. The trivial solution is always a solution.

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If S is a linearly dependent set, then each vector is a linear combination of the other vectors in S

answer

FALSE- For example, [1, 1] , [2, 2] and [5, 4] are linearly dependent but the last is not a linear combination of the first two.

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The columns of any 4 × 5 matrix are linearly dependent.

answer

TRUE. There are five columns each with four entries, thus by Thm 8 they are linearly dependent.

question

If x and y are linearly independent, and if {x,y,z} is linearly dependent, then z is in Span{x, y}.

answer

TRUE Since x and y are linearly independent, and {x, y, z} is linearly dependent, it must be that z can be written as a linear combination of the other two, thus in in their span.

question

Two vectors are linearly dependent if and only if they lie on a line through the origin.

answer

TRUE. If they lie on a line through the origin then the origin, the zero vector, is in their span thus they are linearly dependent.

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If a set contains fewer vectors then there are entries in the vectors, then the set is linearly independent.

answer

FALSE For example, [1, 2, 3] and [2, 4, 6] are linearly dependent

question

If x and y are linearly independent, and if z is in the Span{x, y} then {x, y, z} is linearly dependent.

answer

TRUE If z is in the Span{x, y} then z is a linear combination of the other two, which can be rearranged to show linear dependence.

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If a set in Rn is linearly dependent, then the set contains more vectors than there are entries in each vector

answer

False. For example, in R3 [1, 2, 3] and [3, 6, 9] are linearly dependent.

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A linear transformation is a special type of function.

answer

TRUE The properties are (i) T(u + v) = T(u) + T(v) and (ii) T(cu) = cT(u).

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If A is a 3×5 matrix and T is a transformation defined by T(x) = Ax, then the domain of T is R3.

answer

FALSE The domain is R5.

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If A is an m × n matrix, then the range of the transformation x → Ax is Rm

answer

FALSE Rm is the codomain, the range is where we actually land.

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Every linear transformation is a matrix transformation.

answer

FALSE. The converse (every matrix transformation is a linear transformation) is true, however. We (probably) will see examples of when the original statement is false later.

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A transformation T is linear if and only if
T(c1v1 + c2v2) = c1T(v1) + c2T(v2) for all v1 and v2 in the domain of T and for all scalars c1 and c2.

answer

TRUE If we take the definition of linear transformation we can derive these and if these are true then they are true for c1, c2 = 1 so the first part of the definition is true, and if v = 0, then the second part if true.

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Every matrix transformation is a linear transformation

answer

TRUE To actually show this, we would have to show all matrix transformations satisfy the two criterion of linear transformations.

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The codomain of the transformation x → Ax is the set of all linear combinations of the columns of A.

answer

FALSE The If A is m × n codomain is Rm. The original statement in describing the range.

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IfT :Rn →Rm isalineartransformationandifcisinRm, then a uniqueness question is "Is c is the range of T."

answer

FALSE this is an existence question

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A linear transformation preserves the operations of vector addition and scalar multiplication.

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TRUE This is part of the definition of a linear transformation.

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The superposition principle is a physical description of a linear transformation.

answer

TRUE

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A linear transformation T : Rn → Rm is completely determined by its effect on columns of the n × n identity matrix.

answer

TRUE The columns on the identity matrix are the basis vectors in Rn. Since every vector can be written as a linear combination of these, and T is a linear transformation, if we know where these columns go, we know everything.

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If T : R2 → R2 rotates vectors about the origin through an angle φ, then T is a linear transformation.

answer

TRUE. To show this we would show the properties of linear transformations are preserved under rotations.

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When two linear transformations are performed one after another, then combined effect may not always be a linear transformation.

answer

FALSE Again, check properties to show it is a linear transformation.

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A mapping T :Rn →Rm is onto Rm if every vector x in Rn maps onto some vector in Rm.

answer

FALSE A linear transformation is onto is the codomain is equal to the range.

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IfAisa3×2matrix,thethetransformationx→Axcannot be one-to-one.

answer

FALSE Since the transformation maps from R2 to R3 and 2 < 3 it can be one-to-one but not onto.

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Not every linear transformation from Rn to Rm is a matrix transformation.

answer

FALSE For a linear transformation from Rn to Rmwe se where the basis vector in Rn get mapped to. These form the standard matrix.

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The columns of the standard matrix for a linear transformation from Rn to Rm are the images of the columns of the n × n identity matrix.

answer

TRUE

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The standard matrix of a linear transformation from R2 to R2 that reflects points through the horizontal axis, the vertical
a 0 axis,ortheorignhastheform 0 d ,whereaandd are
±1

answer

TRUE We can check this by checking the images of the basis vectors.

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A mapping T : Rn → Rm is one-to-one if each vector in Rn maps onto a unique vector in Rm.

answer

FALSE A mapping is one-to-one if each vectors in Rm is mapped to from a unique vector in Rn.

question

IfAisa3×2matrix,thenthetransformationx→Axcannot map R2 onto R3

answer

TRUE You can not map a space of lower dimension ONTO a space of higher dimension

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Every elementary row operation is reversible.

answer

TRUE You can reverse multiplying by a constant by multiplying by its inverse. If you add row one to row two and replace row two, then you can subtract row one from row two to get it back.

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A 5×6 matrix has six rows

answer

FALSE 5 rows and 6 columns

question

The solution set of a linear system involving variables x1,...,xn is a list of numbers (s1,...sn) that makes each equation in the system a true statement when the values s1, ..., sn are substituted for x1, ..., xn, respectively.

answer

FALSE This describes one element of the solution set, not the entire set

question

Two fundamental questions about a linear system involve existence and uniqueness

answer

True pg. 7

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Elementary row operations on an augmented matrix never change the solution set of the associated linear system.

answer

TRUE because they can be changed back to original matrix

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Two matrices are row equivalent if they have the same number of rows.

answer

FALSE They are row equivalent if you can get from one to the other using elementary row operations.

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An inconsistent system has more than one solution

answer

FALSE Inconsistent system has no solutions!

question

Two linear systems are equivalent if they have the same solution set

answer

TRUE If they have the same solution set, they both reduce to the same matrix in reduced row echelon form, since row operations are reversible, we can then reverse one set of these to get from one matrix to the other by row operations, thus they are row equivalent.

question

In some cases a matrix may be row reduced to more than one matrix in reduced row echelon form, using different sequences of row operations

answer

FALSE Can only be reduced to one matrix (row reduced echelon form)

question

The row reduction algorithm applies only to augmented matrices for a linear system

answer

FALSE it can apply to coefficient Matrices

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A basic variable in a linear system is a variable that corresponds to a pivot column in the coefficient matrix

answer

TRUE it is in the same place as the pivot position is

question

Finding a parametric description of the solution set of a linear system is the same as solving the system.

answer

TRUE you need to solve the system in order to find parametric description of solution set

question

If one row in an echelon form of an augmented matrix is
[0 0 0 5 0 ], then the associated linear system is inconsistent.

answer

FALSE this is only true for the trivial solution

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The echelon form of a matrix is unique

answer

FALSE unique means it only has 1 solution

question

The pivot positions in a matrix depend on whether row
interchanges are used in the row reduction process

answer

FALSE it does not matter on the row interchanges, it only matters on row reduced echelon form

question

Reducing a matrix to echelon form is called the forward phase of the row reduction process.

answer

TRUE definition part of echelon form

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Whenever a system has free variables, the solution set contains many solutions

answer

TRUE the solution set does contain many solutions because the free variable can be anything

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A general solution of a system is an explicit description of all solutions of the system

answer

TRUE it tells the solutions

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The equation Ax = b is referred to as the vector equation

answer

FALSE

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The vector b is a linear combination of the columns of a matrix A if and only if the equation Ax = b has at least one solution

answer

TRUE

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The equation Ax = b is consistent if the augmented matrix [A b] has a pivot position in every row

answer

FALSE

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The first entry in the product Ax is a sum of products.

answer

TRUE

question

If the columns of an m×n matrix span Rm, then the equation
Ax = b is consistent for each b in Rm

answer

TRUE

question

If A is an m×n matrix and if the equation Ax=b is inconsistent for some b in Rm, then A cannot have a pivot position in every row.

answer

TRUE