# Chem Test Acid/base

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question
the gas that is produced when alkali metals react with water
Hydrogen
question
if KOH is added to pure water, then pH is
between 7 and 14
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substances that increase the concentration of hydronium [H₃O⁺]
acids
question
substances that increase the concentration of hydroxide [OH⁻]
bases
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if an equal amount of KOH and HCl were added to pure water, then pH is
equal to 7
question
if HCl is added to pure water, then pH is
between 0 and 7
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the concentration equilibrium constant (Kb) for a weak base has
a nonzero value in its denominator
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the concentration equilibrium constant (Ka) for a strong acid has
a zero in its denominator
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An aqueous solution has a pH of 2.7 at 298 K. Calculate the pOH of the aqueous solution. a. 12 b. 9.3 c. 17 d. 11
d. 11 pH + pOH = 14 → pOH = 14 - pH = 14 - 2.7 = 11.3
question
Which of the following is not a strong acid? a. HClO₄ b. HCl c. HNO₃ d. H₃AsO₄ e. HBr
d. H₃AsO₄ strong acids: HBr, HCl, HI, H2SO4, HNO3, HClO4 The correct answer is: H3AsO4
question
How many liters of water would be necessary to make a solution with 1 gram of calcium hydroxide and a pH = 10.45?
convert pH into [OH-] → 14 - pH = 3.55 = pOH = -log[OH-] → 10-pOH = [OH-] → [OH-] = 2.82e-4 M since Ca(OH)2 gives 2 [OH-] for each formula unit, this means 2.82e-4 / 2 = mol Ca(OH)2 needed per liter = 1.41e-4 mol / L 1 g Ca(OH)2 / 74.1 g / mol Ca(OH)2 = 0.0135 mol Ca(OH)2 given in one gram 0.0135 mol / x L = 1.41e-4 mol / L → x = 0.0135 mol / (1.41e-4 mol / L) = 95.77 L The correct answer is: 95.77
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A basic solution contains more _____ than ______ . a. oxygen, hydrogen b. hydroxide, hydronium c. hydronium, hydroxide d. hydrogen, oxygen
b. hydroxide, hydronium
question
Acid solutions taste bitter and basic solutions taste sour. True or False
False
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Calculate the hydronium ion concentration [H₃O+] of an aqueous solution, given the concentration of hydroxide ions [OH-] = 1 x 10⁻⁵ M, and the ion constant for water (Kw) = 10⁻¹⁴ a. 10⁻⁴ M b. 10⁻¹⁹ M c. 10⁻⁹ M d. 10⁻¹⁴ M
c. 10⁻⁹ M [H3O+][OH-] = Kw = 10-14 [H3O+] = 10-14 / [OH-] = 10-14 / 10-5 = 10-9 M [H3O+] The correct answer is: 10-9 M
question
A neutral solution contains more hydroxide ions (OH-) than hydronium ions (H₃O+). True or False
A neutral solution contains an equal concentration of hydroxide ions and hydrogen ions. these are equal when the solution is neutral. False
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A solution that contains equal concentrations of hydroxide ions (OH-) and hydronium ions (H₃O+) is _____. a. an acid b. neutral c. a base d. ionized
b. neutral
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An acidic solution contains more hydroxide ions (OH-) than hydronium ions (H3O+). True or False
False
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Given the same concentration, a weak acid produces fewer ions than a strong acid. True or False
True
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In solution, strong acids and bases ionize completely, but weak acids and bases ionize only partially. True or False
True
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Calculate the pOH of a 0.410 M Ca(OH)2 solution. a. 13.9 b. 0.178 c. 0.387 d. 0.0862
Ca(OH)2 → Ba2+ + 2 OH- 0.410 M → 0.820 M OH- -log[OH-] = pOH = -log(0.82) = 0.0862 The correct answer is: 0.0862 d. 0.0862
question
What is the pH of 20.00 g of KOH in 350.0 mL of water? a. -0.008 b. 1.02 c. 14.01 d. 0.0000045
c. 14.01 20 g KOH / (56.1 g / mol) = 0.3565 mol KOH / 0.35 L = 1.02 M KOH = [OH-] -log[OH-] = pOH = -log(1.02) = -0.008 pH + pOH = 14 → pH = 14 - (-0.008) = 14.008 The correct answer is: 14.01
question
If a solution has a pOH = 9.23, calculate the molar hydronium concentration [H₃O+] a. 9.3 · 10⁻³ M b. 5.9 · 10⁻¹⁰ M c. 4.8 · 10⁻³M d. 2.1 · 10⁻⁷ M e. 1.7 · 10⁻⁵ M
pOH = -log[OH-] → 10-pOH = [OH-] → 10-9.23 = 5.9e-10 M OH- Kw = [H3O+][OH-] = 10-14 → [H3O+] = 10-14 / [OH-] → [H3O+] = 10-14 / (5.9 · 10-10) [H3O+] = 1.7 · 10-5 M The correct answer is: 1.7 · 10-5 M
question
The hydronium ion concentration [H3O+] of a fruit juice is 2.5 · 10⁻⁵ M. What is the pH of the juice? a. 1.5 b. 5.5 c. 2.5 d. 4.6
-log[H3O+] = pH → -log(2.5e-5) = 4.6 The correct answer is: 4.6
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An aqueous solution of acid causes litmus paper to turn blue. True or False
False
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acids turn litmus paper red True or False