Unit Test 80

25 August 2022
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question
Read the excerpt from Early Victorian Tea Set. Among the upper classes, tea had been popular since before 1700. It received celebrity endorsement from Charles II's queen, Catherine of Braganza, and from Queen Anne. It came from China, it was expensive, refreshingly bitter and drunk in tiny cups without milk or sugar. People kept their tea in locked tea caddies, as if it were a drug; for those who could afford it, it often was. In the 1750s Samuel Johnson confessed himself a happy addict: A hardened and shameless tea drinker, who has for twenty years diluted his meals with only the infusion of this fascinating plant, whose kettle scarcely has time to cool, who with Tea amuses the evening, with Tea solaces the midnights, and with Tea welcomes the morning. MacGregor's main purpose in providing the quote is to
answer
support his statement that people locked away their tea like it was a drug
question
Look at the picture of John Harrison painted by artist Philippe Joseph Tassaert. What is the best reason for adding this picture to Ship's Chronometer from HMS Beagle?
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** to help the reader understand Harrison's chronometer better
question
Look at the painting The Great Wave by Katsushika Hokusai. Which excerpt from the poem "The Great Wave: Hokusai" best supports the conclusion that the artist intended the wave to feel threatening?
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He stands half in and half out of the world; he is the men, But he cannot see below Fuji The shore the color of sky; he is the wave, he stretches His claws against strangers.
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Read the excerpt from "The Great Wave: Hokusai." It is because the sea is blue, Because Fuji is blue, because the bent blue Men have white faces, like the snow On Fuji, like the crest of the wave in the sky the color of their Boats. It is because the air Is full of writing, because the wave is still: that nothing Will harm these frail strangers, That high over Fuji in an earthcolored sky the fingers Will not fall; and the blue men Lean on the sea like snow, and the wave like a mountain leans Against the sky. The main subject of the poem is the relationship between ______ and man.
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oceans
question
Read the excerpt from Early Victorian Tea Set. In the eighteenth century Josiah Wedgwood had made some of the most expensive stoneware ceramics - in jasper and basalt - in Britain, but this tea set shows that by the 1840s, when Wedgwood produced it, the company was aiming at a much wider market. This is quite clearly mid-range pottery, simple earthenware of a sort that many quite modest British households were then able to afford. But the owners of this particular set must have had serious social aspirations, because all three pieces have been decorated with a drape of lacy hallmarked silver. Which descriptive details from the text best help the reader visualize the specific early Victorian tea set that is the central topic of the text?
answer
some of the most expensive stoneware ceramics
question
Read the poem "The Great Wave: Hokusai." It is because the sea is blue, Because Fuji is blue, because the bent blue Men have white faces, like the snow On Fuji, like the crest of the wave in the sky the color of their Boats. It is because the air Is full of writing, because the wave is still: that nothing Will harm these frail strangers, That high over Fuji in an earthcolored sky the fingers Will not fall; and the blue men Lean on the sea like snow, and the wave like a mountain leans Against the sky. In the painter's sea All fishermen are safe. All anger bends under his unity. But the innocent bystander, he merely 'Walks round a corner, thinking of nothing': hidden Behind a screen we hear his cry. He stands half in and half out of the world; he is the men, But he cannot see below Fuji The shore the color of sky; he is the wave, he stretches His claws against strangers. He is Not safe, not even from himself. His world is flat. He fishes a sea full of serpents, he rides his boat Blindly from wave to wave toward Ararat. Which is the best description of the poet's treatment of the subject of the poem?
answer
He uses imagery to present the subject
question
Read the excerpt from "Ship's Chronometer from HMS Beagle." Our object is one of those lower-cost chronometers, made in 1800 by Thomas Earnshaw. It is made of brass and is around the size of a large pocket watch, with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals and a smaller dial at the bottom for the second hand. The clock is suspended inside a swivelling brass ring fitted to the inside of a wooden box - this is the key to keeping the chronometer level even in an unsteady ship. Which details from the excerpt help readers visualize the chronometer? Check all that apply.
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"around the size of a large pocket watch" "with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals" "suspended inside a swivelling brass ring"
question
Read the excerpt from A History of the World in 100 Objects. The drum was found by Kitchener's army near Khartoum after the Anglo-Egyptian reconquest of the city. Once again it was re-carved - or re-branded - to make a political statement: near the tail of the bush calf Kitchener added the emblem of the British Crown. It was then presented to Queen Victoria. Which conclusion about historical significance can be drawn from this information?
answer
The carving on the slit drum is representative of British rule over African territories.
question
Read the poem entitled "The Poison Tree" by William Blake. I was angry with my friend: I told my wrath, my wrath did end. I was angry with my foe: I told it not, my wrath did grow. And I watered it in fears Night and morning with my tears, And I sunned it with smiles And with soft deceitful wiles. And it grew both day and night, Till it bore an apple bright, And my foe beheld it shine, And he knew that it was mine, — And into my garden stole When the night had veiled the pole; In the morning, glad, I see My foe outstretched beneath the tree. Which statement best describes the poem's use of language?
answer
Blake reveals emotions being cultivated like a garden
question
Consider the poems. "The Corn Harvest" by William Carlos Williams Summer ! the painting is organized about a young reaper enjoying his noonday rest completely relaxed from his morning labors sprawled in fact sleeping unbuttoned on his back the women have brought him his lunch perhaps a spot of wine they gather gossiping under a tree whose shade carelessly he does not share the resting center of their workaday world. An excerpt from "After Apple Picking" by Robert Frost My long two-pointed ladder's sticking through a tree Toward heaven still. And there's a barrel that I didn't fill Beside it, and there may be two or three Apples I didn't pick upon some bough. But I am done with apple-picking now. Essence of winter sleep is on the night, The scent of apples; I am drowsing off. I cannot shake the shimmer from my sight I got from looking through a pane of glass I skimmed this morning from the water-trough, And held against the world of hoary grass. It melted, and I let it fall and break. But I was well Upon my way to sleep before it fell, And I could tell What form my dreaming was about to take. Magnified apples appear and reappear, Stem end and blossom end, And every fleck of russet showing clear. How is Frost's presentation of the subject different than Williams's?
answer
Williams speaks as an observer, but Frost speaks as a participant in the harvest.
question
Consider the poems. "The Corn Harvest" by William Carlos Williams Summer ! the painting is organized about a young reaper enjoying his noonday rest completely relaxed from his morning labors sprawled in fact sleeping unbuttoned on his back the women have brought him his lunch perhaps a spot of wine they gather gossiping under a tree whose shade carelessly he does not share the resting center of their workaday world. An excerpt from "After Apple Picking" by Robert Frost My long two-pointed ladder's sticking through a tree Toward heaven still. And there's a barrel that I didn't fill Beside it, and there may be two or three Apples I didn't pick upon some bough. But I am done with apple-picking now. Essence of winter sleep is on the night, The scent of apples; I am drowsing off. I cannot shake the shimmer from my sight I got from looking through a pane of glass I skimmed this morning from the water-trough, And held against the world of hoary grass. It melted, and I let it fall and break. But I was well Upon my way to sleep before it fell, And I could tell What form my dreaming was about to take. Magnified apples appear and reappear, Stem end and blossom end, And every fleck of russet showing clear. What subject is emphasized in both poems?
answer
he amount of work accomplished
question
Which techniques are used to engage a reader? Check all that apply.
answer
using a quotation giving an anecdote presenting a series of interesting facts asking a thought-provoking question
question
Read the poem entitled "Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost. Nature's first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. Her early leaf's a flower; But only so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So dawn goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay. What is the subject of this poem?
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the inevitability of change
question
When do listeners benefit from listening? Check all that apply.
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when the narrator emphasizes key words when the narrator pauses for effect when sound effects are used
question
Consider the paragraph and image. In the early 1900s, a handy invention lightened laundry loads by squeezing water out of garments. Homemakers could attach a clothes wringer to a bucket with built-in vice clamps and crank individual pieces of laundry through two sturdy rollers. A clothes wringer. How does the image enhance the paragraph?
answer
by reinforcing the description of the clothes wringer
question
Which line would be best to include in a summary of "Early Victorian Tea Set"?
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MacGregor shows that the British desire for tea changed many nations around the world.
question
Read the excerpt from A History of the World in 100 Objects. In the early nineteenth century Japan had been effectively closed off from the world for 200 years. It had simply opted out of the community of nations. Kings are burning somewhere, Wheels are turning somewhere, Trains are being run, Wars are being won, Things are being done In the early nineteenth century How does the author's hook engage the reader?
answer
It makes the reader wonder how the quotation from the poem relates to the topic of the passage.
question
Read the excerpt from "Hokusai's The Great Wave." But there are other ways of reading Hokusai's Great Wave. Look a little closer and you see that the beautiful wave is about to engulf three boats with frightened fishermen, and Mount Fuji is so small that you, the spectator, share the feeling that the sailors in the boats must have as they look to shore - it's unreachable, and you are lost. This is, I think, an image of instability and uncertainty. The Great Wave tells us about Japan's state of mind as it stood on the threshold of the modern world, which the US was soon going to force it to join. Which is the best summary of this excerpt?
answer
The author suggests that The Great Wave is a symbol of Japan as it entered into international trade.
question
Read the excerpt from A History of the World in 100 Objects. This object has on it the image of a king, but this particular example has been appropriated by women - disfigured by a slogan as an act of female protest against the laws of the state. It is a British penny with King Edward VII in elegant profile, but his image has been defaced in what was then a criminal act. Stamped all over the king's head in crude capitals are the words VOTES FOR WOMEN. Why does the author include this description of the penny in beginning of the chapter?
answer
to make the reader visualize the coin and become interested in learning more about the culturally significant artifact
question
Which excerpt from Early Victorian Tea Set best expresses MacGregor's viewpoint about tea?
answer
"[T]he drink which has become the worldwide caricature of Britishness has nothing indigenous about it, but is the result of centuries of global trade and a complex imperial history."
question
Read the excerpt from Early Victorian Tea Set. Desire for the drink increased in the eighteenth century, but government taxes kept the price high, so a vigorous smuggling trade developed to avoid the excise duty. The phrase "________" acts as a synonym context clue to help the reader understand "excise duty."
answer
government taxes
question
Asher wants to compare the subjects of the poems "The Great Wave: Hokusai" and "Landscape with the Fall of Icarus" by analyzing their structures. Asher should pay the most attention to
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the length and complexity of the lines in each text.
question
In Ship's Chronometer from HMS Beagle, MacGregor includes a thought-provoking question, interesting facts, and detailed descriptions as techniques to _______ the reader.
answer
engage
question
Read the excerpt from Ship's Chronometer from HMS Beagle. It is made of brass and is around the size of a large pocket watch, with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals and a smaller dial at the bottom for the second hand. The clock is suspended inside a swivelling brass ring fitted to the inside of a wooden box - this is the key to keeping the chronometer level even in an unsteady ship. The author uses ______ to explain the importance of the chronometer and help the reader visualize it.
answer
descriptive details
question
Read the excerpt from Ship's Chronometer from HMS Beagle. Nigel Thrift explains: The chronometer, an exceptionally accurate clock, meant that gradually an ever more accurate measure of time became possible, and that of course worked through other things in the nineteenth century to produce ever more standardized time. A good example of that is the railway, where standard time based on the meridian was first applied by the Great Western Railway in 1840 and gradually that standard time became general. MacGregor mainly engages the reader through the use of a(n)
answer
description.