Judaism is one of the oldest religions in history, and has been practiced for over 4,000 years. It is the religion of the Jewish people and their culture, as well as its various traditions and beliefs. It is based on the Torah, which was given to Moses at Mount Sinai. The core principles of Judaism focus on justice, loving-kindness and compassion towards others.Judaism holds that God created the world and gave humans a set of laws to live by so that they can be righteous in his sight. These laws are known as the Torah or the Law and are contained within five books; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. They cover topics such as religious observance, morality and ethics – particularly with regard to relationships between people – dietary rules (Kashrut) and ethical issues such as abortion. Beliefs are an important part of Judaism too; God is seen as a single being who exists beyond time or space but is also present within this world through miracles or other divine actions. Jews also believe that God rewards those who follow his commands with goodness in this life although it will not always be easy – while reserving punishment for those who go against his wishes in some way or another. Jews also believe that there will be a day when all wrongs will be righted by a Messiah figure who will bring peace to humanity at last. Jewish practices emphasize community involvement through prayer services (or minyan), synagogue gatherings (or shul) for study sessions or holiday celebrations, charitable works (tzedakah), fasting on important days such as Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement), celebrating life-cycle events such Shabbat (Sabbath) meals with family members every week etc., Additionally certain rituals have become staples among many Jews: lighting candles before Shabbat begins each Friday night; reciting blessings before eating food during meals; donning tefillin during weekday prayers; wearing a tallit during prayer services etc.. Through these rituals Jews strive to connect with their tradition while imprinting upon it their own unique understanding of what it means to be Jewish today.
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