Chapter 2 Sample Mc Questions Soc101

6 September 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
21 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (17)
question
Voluntary participation is the right of a research subject to _________
answer
decide whether to participate in a study.
question
A researcher observes that most women entering a cafรฉ choose to sit near other occupied tables, whereas most men choose a table that is farther away from other customers. The researcher then theorizes that women like to feel part of a larger group of people, whereas men are more comfortable being alone. This is an example of which kind of research approach?
answer
inductive reasoning
question
Comparative research usually involves studying which of the following?
answer
two or more units of analysis that have a number of things in common but differ on a dimension (or dimensions) of interest
question
Which of the following data collection methods are commonly used in social research?
answer
historical methods, participant observation, interviews
question
In an interview with the text's author, Mitchell Duneier describes his desire to conduct research that adheres to the ethical guidelines of social research. If Duneier had interviewed street vendors by secretly recording their interactions, what ethical guideline would he have violated?
answer
informed consent
question
Which of the following elements describe(s) feminist approaches to social research?
answer
- observing female and male behaviors that traditional social scientists have not thought significant - taking the role of the researcher into account - engaging in research that may bring about policy changes to help improve women's lives
question
Which of the following is an example of a panel survey?
answer
a study of 1,000 high school seniors who are then contacted every 2 years for a 10-year period to participate in a follow-up survey
question
Social research that tries to engage a nonacademic audience and influence society is often referred to as ________
answer
public sociology.
question
Amber is conducting research on the negative portrayal of Hispanics in the media. She searches through newspapers to document instances of discriminatory language toward Hispanics. What type of research is Amber conducting?
answer
content analysis
question
Which of the following is the best example of a quantitative research method?
answer
conducting a survey of how often people read
question
a correlation is
answer
a relationship between two variables.
question
In social research, a hypothesis is defined as ________
answer
a proposed relationship between two variables.
question
A thermometer that consistently gives readings that are five degrees cooler than the actual temperature is ________
answer
reliable but not valid.
question
What three factors are needed to establish causation?
answer
correlation, time order, and ruling out alternative explanations
question
What is the meaning of the term reflexivity with regard to social research?
answer
being aware of the effects that researchers have on the processes and relationships they are studying
question
What is a moderating variable?
answer
a factor that affects the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
question
Which of the following is an example of a negative relationship between an independent and a dependent variable?
answer
Employees with more responsibility are less likely to miss work.
question
In social research, the term "protected populations" refers to ________
answer
segments of the population that a researcher may need special approval to study.
question
Hypothesis: Children in families that eat dinner together at least four times per week experience fewer behavior problems in school. In this hypothesis, what is the dependent variable?
answer
how often children misbehave in school
question
Which of the following describes the deductive approach to research?
answer
A researcher starts with a theory, forms a hypothesis, makes observations, and then analyzes the data to confirm, reject, or refine the original theory
question
In his experiment, Duncan Watts created a website where respondents could rate songs. His sample size was 14,341 respondents. If Watts selected a new sample of 14,341 different respondents and their average ratings of each song were significantly different than the first sample, what problem would Watts's research suffer from?
answer
low reliability