question

A sociologist is studying the social media habits of high school students in a school district. The sociologist wants to estimate the average total number of minutes spent on social media per day in the population. A random sample of 50 high school students was selected, and they were asked, "How many minutes per day, on average, do you spend visiting social media sites?"
Which of the following is the most appropriate inference procedure for the sociologist to use?

answer

B. A one-sample t-interval for a population mean

question

To study the effectiveness of a certain adult reading program, researchers will select a random sample of adults who are eligible for the program. The selected adults will be given a pretest before beginning the program and a posttest after completing the program. The difference in the number of correct answers on the pretest and the number of correct answers on the posttest will be recorded for each adult in the sample.
Which of the following is the most appropriate inference procedure for the researchers to use to analyze the results?

answer

C. A matched-pairs t-interval for a population mean difference

question

A researcher studying the sleep habits of teens will select a random sample of n teens from the population to survey. The researcher will construct a t-interval to estimate the mean number of hours of sleep that teens in the population get each night. Which of the following is true about the t-distribution as the value of n decreases from 40 to 20 ?

answer

E. The center remains constant, and the area in the tails of the distribution increases.

question

What happens to a t-distribution as the degrees of freedom increase?

answer

E. The center remains constant, and the area in the tails decreases.

question

A recent study of 1,215 randomly selected middle school students revealed that the average number of minutes they spent completing homework during the school week was 180 minutes with a standard deviation of 45 minutes. Which of the following is the standard error, in minutes, of the sampling distribution of the mean number of minutes spent on homework per week for all middle school students?

answer

D. 45/β1,215

question

The mean and standard deviation of a random sample of 7 baby orca whales were calculated as 430 pounds and 26.9 pounds, respectively. Assuming all conditions for inference are met, which of the following is a 90 percent confidence interval for the mean weight of all baby orca whales?

answer

E. 430 Β± 1.943 (26.9/β7)

question

To estimate the average cost of flowers for summer weddings in a certain region, a journalist selected a random sample of 15 summer weddings that were held in the state. A graph of the sample data showed an approximately symmetric distribution with no outliers. The sample mean and standard deviation were $734 and $102, respectively. The journalist will create a 95 percent confidence interval to estimate the population mean. Have all conditions for inference been met?

answer

A. Yes, all conditions have been met.

question

At a high school with over 500 students, a counselor wants to estimate the mean number of hours per week that students at the school spend in community service activities. The counselor will survey 20 students in the Environmental Club at the school. The mean number of hours for the 20 students will be used to estimate the population mean.
Which of the following conditions for inference have not been met?
I. The data are collected using a random sampling method.
II. The sample size is large enough to assume normality of the distribution of sample means.
III. The sample size is less than 10 percent of the population size.

answer

D. I and II only

question

Researchers studying the sticky droplets found on spider webs will measure the widths of a random sample of droplets. From the sample, the researchers will construct a 95 percent confidence interval to estimate the mean width of all such droplets. Which of the following statements about a 95 percent confidence interval for the mean width is correct?

answer

B. The interval will be narrower if the researchers increase the sample size of droplets.

question

Researchers collected two different samples, X and Y, of temperatures, in degrees Celsius, of the habitat for Florida scrub lizards. The confidence interval 36 Β± 1.66 was constructed from sample X, and the confidence interval 36 Β± 1.08 was constructed from sample Y. Assume both samples had the same standard deviation. Which of the following statements could explain why the width of the confidence interval constructed from X is greater than the width of the confidence interval constructed from Y?

answer

E. The sample size is the same for X and Y, and the confidence level used for the interval constructed from X is greater than the confidence level used for the interval constructed from Y.

question

A linguist at a large university was studying the word length of papers submitted by students enrolled in humanities programs. From a random sample of 25 papers, the linguist counted the number of words used in each paper. The 95 percent confidence interval was calculated to be (20,995, 22,905).
Assuming all conditions for inference are met, which of the following is a correct interpretation of the interval?

answer

B. We are 95 percent confident that the mean word length for all papers submitted by students in humanities programs is between 20,995 words and 22,905 words.

question

Sociologists studying the behavior of high school freshmen in a certain state collected data from a random sample of freshmen in the population. They constructed the 90 percent confidence interval 6.46 Β± 0.41 for the mean number of hours per week spent by freshmen in extracurricular activities.
Assuming all conditions for inference are met, which of the following is a correct interpretation of the interval?

answer

E. We are 90 percent confident that the mean number of hours spent in extracurricular activities for freshmen in the state is between 6.05 hours and 6.87 hours per week.

question

In certain regions of the country, elk can cause damage to agricultural crops by walking through the fields. One strategy designed to limit elk from crossing a field is to surround the field with a fence. Some elk, however, will still be able to bypass the fence. For a period of one month, the number of elk found crossing a sample of fields with a fence was recorded and used to construct the 95 percent confidence interval (2.9, 4.4) for the mean number of elk. Assume that the conditions for inference were checked and verified.
The interval (2.9, 4.4) provides convincing statistical evidence for which of the following claims?

answer

C. The mean number of elk to cross all fields protected by a fence is greater than 2 per month.

question

A certain ambulance service wants its average time to transport a patient to the hospital to be 10 minutes. A random sample of 12 transports yielded a 95 percent confidence interval of 11.8 Β± 1.6 minutes.
Is the claim that the ambulance service takes an average of 10 minutes to transport a patient to the hospital plausible based on the interval?

answer

B. The claim is not plausible because 10 falls outside of the interval.