# AP Statistics Unit 7 Progress Check: MCQ Part A

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question
A sociologist is studying the social media habits of high school students in a school district. The sociologist wants to estimate the average total number of minutes spent on social media per day in the population. A random sample of 50 high school students was selected, and they were asked, "How many minutes per day, on average, do you spend visiting social media sites?" Which of the following is the most appropriate inference procedure for the sociologist to use?
B. A one-sample t-interval for a population mean
question
To study the effectiveness of a certain adult reading program, researchers will select a random sample of adults who are eligible for the program. The selected adults will be given a pretest before beginning the program and a posttest after completing the program. The difference in the number of correct answers on the pretest and the number of correct answers on the posttest will be recorded for each adult in the sample. Which of the following is the most appropriate inference procedure for the researchers to use to analyze the results?
C. A matched-pairs t-interval for a population mean difference
question
A researcher studying the sleep habits of teens will select a random sample of n teens from the population to survey. The researcher will construct a t-interval to estimate the mean number of hours of sleep that teens in the population get each night. Which of the following is true about the t-distribution as the value of n decreases from 40 to 20 ?
E. The center remains constant, and the area in the tails of the distribution increases.
question
What happens to a t-distribution as the degrees of freedom increase?
E. The center remains constant, and the area in the tails decreases.
question
A recent study of 1,215 randomly selected middle school students revealed that the average number of minutes they spent completing homework during the school week was 180 minutes with a standard deviation of 45 minutes. Which of the following is the standard error, in minutes, of the sampling distribution of the mean number of minutes spent on homework per week for all middle school students?
D. 45/âˆš1,215
question
The mean and standard deviation of a random sample of 7 baby orca whales were calculated as 430 pounds and 26.9 pounds, respectively. Assuming all conditions for inference are met, which of the following is a 90 percent confidence interval for the mean weight of all baby orca whales?
E. 430 Â± 1.943 (26.9/âˆš7)
question
To estimate the average cost of flowers for summer weddings in a certain region, a journalist selected a random sample of 15 summer weddings that were held in the state. A graph of the sample data showed an approximately symmetric distribution with no outliers. The sample mean and standard deviation were \$734 and \$102, respectively. The journalist will create a 95 percent confidence interval to estimate the population mean. Have all conditions for inference been met?
A. Yes, all conditions have been met.
question
At a high school with over 500 students, a counselor wants to estimate the mean number of hours per week that students at the school spend in community service activities. The counselor will survey 20 students in the Environmental Club at the school. The mean number of hours for the 20 students will be used to estimate the population mean. Which of the following conditions for inference have not been met? I. The data are collected using a random sampling method. II. The sample size is large enough to assume normality of the distribution of sample means. III. The sample size is less than 10 percent of the population size.
D. I and II only
question
Researchers studying the sticky droplets found on spider webs will measure the widths of a random sample of droplets. From the sample, the researchers will construct a 95 percent confidence interval to estimate the mean width of all such droplets. Which of the following statements about a 95 percent confidence interval for the mean width is correct?
B. The interval will be narrower if the researchers increase the sample size of droplets.
question
Researchers collected two different samples, X and Y, of temperatures, in degrees Celsius, of the habitat for Florida scrub lizards. The confidence interval 36 Â± 1.66 was constructed from sample X, and the confidence interval 36 Â± 1.08 was constructed from sample Y. Assume both samples had the same standard deviation. Which of the following statements could explain why the width of the confidence interval constructed from X is greater than the width of the confidence interval constructed from Y?
E. The sample size is the same for X and Y, and the confidence level used for the interval constructed from X is greater than the confidence level used for the interval constructed from Y.
question
A linguist at a large university was studying the word length of papers submitted by students enrolled in humanities programs. From a random sample of 25 papers, the linguist counted the number of words used in each paper. The 95 percent confidence interval was calculated to be (20,995, 22,905). Assuming all conditions for inference are met, which of the following is a correct interpretation of the interval?