Unit 3 Test

25 August 2022
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question
In this excerpt from "A Modest Proposal" by Johnathan Swift, what does the author list? I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor household furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it. a. reforms that had failed to improve Ireland's situation b. the unrealistic measures discussed by Irish government officials c. viable measures that could improve Ireland's situation d. measures that would help unify the populace of Ireland
answer
c. viable measures that could improve Ireland's situation
question
Which line in this excerpt from "The Rape of the Lock" by Alexander Pope suggests that women in eighteenth-century England were expected to readily accept proposals from rich gentlemen without much opposition? What dire offence from am'rous causes springs, What mighty contests rise from trivial things, I sing — This verse to Caryl, Muse! is due: This, ev'n Belinda may vouchsafe to view: Slight is the subject, but not so the praise, If She inspire, and He approve my lays. Say what strange motive, Goddess! could compel A well-bred Lord t' assault a gentle Belle? O say what stranger cause, yet unexplor'd, Could make a gentle Belle reject a Lord? In tasks so bold, can little men engage, And in soft bosoms dwells such mighty Rage?
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O say what stranger cause, yet unexplor'd, Could make a gentle Belle reject a Lord?
question
Which trait is common to the narrators in these excerpts? CORRECT
answer
The narrators were separated from their birth parents.
question
Complete the sentences based on your reading of this excerpt from "A Modest Proposal" by Jonathan Swift: For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of Papists, with whom we are yearly over-run, being the principal breeders of the nation, as well as our most dangerous enemies, and who stay at home on purpose with a design to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of so many good Protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country, than stay at home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate.
answer
The "principal breeders" of the nation refer to the Catholic population. (CORRECT) In the last line, the writer talks about the "good Protestants" to criticise Protestants who abandoned their country
question
Which of these quotes from The Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan contains an underlying allegory representing humanity's resistance to change and lack of will? So I saw in my dream that the man began to run. Now, he had not run far from his own door, but his wife and children, perceiving it, began to cry after him to return. The name of the one was Obstinate and the name of the other Pliable. Now, by this time, the man was got a good distance from them; but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they did, and in a little time they overtook him. Then said the man, Neighbours, wherefore are ye come? I see it to be so; and, dying there, sooner or later, you will sink lower than the grave, into a place that burns with fire and brimstone: be content, good neighbours, and go along with me.
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The name of the one was Obstinate and the name of the other Pliable. Now, by this time, the man was got a good distance from them; but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they did, and in a little time they overtook him.
question
Each character in The Pilgrim's Progress has a symbolic meaning. Match each character with the idea it represents. CORRECT
answer
To search for religious truth--> Christian Resistance and the inability to adapt to change---> Obstinate Humanity's weak will and lack of resolution ---> Pliable Ability to guide humans by sending messengers---> Evangelist
question
Upon what source did John Bunyan model his writing style in The Pilgrim's Progress? the English Bible Martin Luther's "The Ninety-Five Theses" Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales the English dictionary CORRECT (in notes)
answer
The English Bible
question
Which of the following is not a principle of Puritanism? People have no control over whether they go to heaven or hell. A person can earn salvation through good deeds and a pious life. Humans are flawed and sinful beings. People should view the Bible as their sole authority.
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A person can earn salvation through good deeds and a pious life.
question
Read the excerpt from Annus Mirabilis by John Dryden. What viewpoint does the excerpt reflect? The undistinguish'd seeds of good and ill, Heaven, in his bosom, from our knowledge hides: And draws them in contempt of human skill, Which oft for friends mistaken foes provides. It is hard for humans to evaluate events in terms of potential outcomes. It is difficult for humans to maintain a firm faith in God. It is often difficult for humans to learn from their experiences. It is not possible for humans to be friends with their foes. It is difficult for humans to think well of their enemies.
answer
It is hard for humans to evaluate events in terms of potential outcomes.
question
Read the passage and choose the correct word to complete the sentences that follow: Eventually, the English throne was brought back to power. Despite the return to normalcy, the second half of the seventeenth century was full of constant religious and political upheaval. Although anti-Catholicism was widespread, King Charles II who had Catholic leanings, urged tolerance.
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In 1688, THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION forced out Charles's successor, the Catholic king James II, and brought Protestantism back to Great Britain. When compared to the previous two centuries, the seventeenth century VOLATILE. if not volatile its eventful--- the 18th century was stable not the 17th
question
John Dryden's critical essays foreshadow the satire of which eighteenth-century writer?
answer
Jonathan Swift
question
How does John Milton link the mirth of "L'Allegro" with the melancholy of "Il Pensoroso" in these two excerpts? In notes, with many a winding bout Of linked sweetnes long drawn out, With wanton heed, and giddy cunning, The melting voice through mazes running; Untwisting all the chains that tie The hidden soul of harmony. (from "L'Allegro") To the full voic'd Quire below, In Service high, and Anthems cleer, As may with sweetnes, through mine ear, Dissolve me into extasies, And bring all Heav'n before mine eyes. And may at last my weary age Find out the peaceful hermitage, (from "Il Penseroso") He suggests that both mirth and melancholy make human life peaceful. He suggests that both mirth and melancholy put human life under the authority of God. He links melancholy and mirth by saying they both help people find their true nature and soul. He uses musical imagery to show that both mirth and melancholy lead to satisfying ends. He uses the concept of careless youth and wise old age to show that mirth and melancholy are interlinked.
answer
He links melancholy and mirth by saying they both help people find their true nature and soul.
question
Which lines in this excerpt from John Milton's Paradise Lost reflect Satan's apparent regret that he can never experience love? Imparadis't in one anothers arms The happier Eden, shall enjoy their fill Of bliss on bliss, while I to Hell am thrust, Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire, Among our other torments not the least, Still unfulfill'd with pain of longing pines; Yet let me not forget what I have gain'd From their own mouths; all is not theirs it seems: One fatal Tree there stands of Knowledge call'd, Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidd'n? Suspicious, reasonless. Why should their Lord Envie them that? can it be sin to know,
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Of bliss on bliss, while I to Hell am thrust, Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire Still unfullfill'd with pain of long pines
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Instructions:Select the correct text in the passage. Which lines in this excerpt from John Milton's Paradise Lost show that Satan acknowledges the goodness of God, despite his claim that God is a dictator? Into our room of bliss thus high advanc't Creatures of other mould, earth-born perhaps, Not Spirits, yet to heav'nly Spirits bright Little inferior; whom my thoughts pursue With wonder, and could love, so lively shines In them Divine resemblance, and such grace The hand that formd them on their shape hath pourd. Ah gentle pair, yee little think how nigh Your change approaches, when all these delights Will vanish and deliver ye to woe...
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Little inferior; whom my thoughts pursue With wonder, and could love, so lively shines In them Divine resemblance and such grace The hand that formed them on their shape hath proud.
question
Match the underlined words in the lines from John Milton's Paradise Lost with their definitions. You may use a dictionary or any other reference material if you do not know the meaning of a word based on the context alone. CORRECT
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With hideous ruine and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell: ETERNAL PUNISHMENT Under a tuft of shade that on a green Stood whispering soft, by a fresh Fountain side: GRASSY AREA Both of lost happiness and lasting pain Torments him; round he throws his baleful eyes That witness'd huge affliction and dismay Mixt with obdurate pride and stedfast hate: DISTRESS Th' infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv'd: CUNNING