Mercutio advocates cynicism in terms of love and we see this here as he mocks Romeo for speaking of love like it matters. To Mercutio, only sexual love exists which is why he mocks Romeo here.
"prick love for pricking and you beat love down!"
Here Mercutio is making it sound like a game; it is a boyish thing to say. Romeo is hurting because of love and Mercutio wittily just tells him to hurt love back. He brushes off Romeo's feelings because he doesn't believe in it.
"not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door, but 'tis enough"
Mercutio is describing the wound that Tybalt gave him in the fight. He knows that it is fatal yet still makes a witty comment to describe it.
"I see Queen Mab hath been with you tonight."
The whole Queen Mab speech is Mercutio mocking Romeo and saying that the reason he feels so in love is because a fairy has drugged him in his sleep. Mercutio is imaginative and mad.
"a plague a'both your houses"
Mercutio is angry that he has died all because of the feud. This is foreshadowing what happens at the end of the play, as a plague in this context represents something bad; and something bad does happen to both houses (Romeo and Juliet die).
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