The Cerebrum

25 July 2022
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10 test answers

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question
The corpus callosum is the outermost layer of the cerebrum.
answer
F
question
Identify what part of the brain deals primarily with memory and learning, and explain the process by which we use memory to help us learn.
answer
Memory and learning are functions of the cerebrum. We use our memory to help us learn through storage in short- and long-term memory. New information is stored in short-term memory. If it is information we want to keep, such as names, numbers, dates, and faces, it is transferred to long-term memory. To make sure information is properly stored, repetition is required. In the case of learning and memory, practice makes perfect.
question
The primary __________ cortex contains a map of the body based not on the size of body parts, but on the complexity and precision of movement in the body parts.
answer
A. motor
question
Define mirror neurons. Briefly explain how they were discovered and what researchers have linked them to.
answer
Mirror neurons are activated by performing an action or seeing another perform the action. They were found by chance during experiments with monkeys, when researchers discovered that the same neurons that fired while performing a behavior also fired while observing the behavior. Mirror neurons have been linked to motor skill development, imitating another's behavior, feeling empathy for another, understanding or comprehending social behavior, and language development.
question
The brain lobe associated most with processing visual information is the __________ lobe.
answer
occipital
question
Identify the primary cortex associated with each of the lobes in the cerebral cortex and explain the function of each.
answer
The primary cortex associated with the occipital lobe is the primary visual cortex, which is mainly responsible for processing visual information. The parietal lobe contains the primary somatosensory cortex and is mainly responsible for registering sensory input. The temporal lobe houses the primary auditory cortex and is primarily responsible for receiving and processing auditory information. The frontal lobe contains the primary motor cortex, which is responsible for controlling muscle movement.
question
Visual processing begins in the primary visual cortex, located in the the __________ lobe.
answer
B. occipital
question
Stimulation of the primary __________ cortex results in sensations similar to that of being touched on a part of one's body.
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somatosensory
question
The __________ is a thick band of axon fibers that connects the two hemispheres of the brain
answer
corpus callosum
question
Located in front of the occipital lobe, the _________ lobe contains the primary somatosensory cortex.
answer
B. parietal