study plan mypsychlab chapter 15

7 July 2024
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question
Rather than focusing on the behavior itself, _______ therapies focus on the distorted thinking and unrealistic beliefs that lead to maladaptive behavior. -humanistic -cognitive -dream interpretation -group
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cognitive
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Distortions of thinking in which a person blows a negative event out of proportion to its importance while ignoring relevant positive events is called: -arbitrary reference. -magnification and minimization. -overgeneralization. -selective thinking.
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magnification and minimization
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Who undertook one of the earliest studies into the question of whether psychotherapy really works? -Hans Eysenck -Carl Rogers -Josef Breuer -Phillipe Pinel
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Hans Eysenck
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In person-centered therapy, most of the work is done by: -medication. -the client or patient. -the client or patient's family. -the therapist.
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the client or patient
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Who founded Gestalt therapy? -Sigmund Freud -Fritz Perls -Carl Rogers -Hans Eysenck
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Fritz Perls
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A therapy style in which the therapist acts primarily as a sounding board is called _______ therapy. -insight -Gestalt -nondirective -action
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nondirective
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A therapy technique in which the therapist restates what the client says rather than interpreting the statements is known as: -modeling. -reinforcement. -reflection. -echoing.
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reflection
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_______ therapies are action based rather than insight based. -Psychoanalytic -Humanistic -Behavior -Gestalt
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Behavior
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The process in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an aversive stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior is called: -systematic desensitization. -reinforcement. -extinction. -aversion therapy.
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aversion therapy
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Therapies that directly affect the biological functioning of the body and brain are known as: -humanistic therapies. -biomedical therapies. -psychotherapies. -psychodynamic therapies.
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biomedical therapies
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The use of drugs to control or relieve the symptoms of psychological disorders is called: -psychopharmacology. -behavior control. -chemical dependence. -biomedical tolerance.
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psychopharmacology
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In _______, no one person is seen as the problem. -family therapy -a self-help group -psychodynamic therapy -cognitive therapy
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family therapy
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_______ seem(s) to work better in group settings than psychoanalysis and cognitive-behavioral therapies. -Biomedical therapies -Free association -Psychodynamic therapies -Behavior therapies
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Behavior therapies
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Joshua's sister had a bad day at school. As a result, she doesn't want to play with him. Joshua assumes she is angry with him. Joshua is experiencing: -arbitrary reference. -selective thinking. -magnification and minimization. -personalization.
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personalization
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Anthony has difficulty playing with other children. He often gets angry and stomps off when things don't go his way. To help him learn to deal with his anger, his parents engage him in a game of Candy Land. They respond the way they would like to see Anthony respond when he loses a turn or is forced to move backward on the board. Anthony's parents are using a behavior modification technique called: -reinforcement. -flooding. -modeling. -extinction.
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modeling
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In behavior therapy, the reduction of the undesired behavior is: -not easy to measure, but gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are easily evaluated. -easy to measure, and it is also just as easy to evaluate feelings of control and self-worth. -easy to measure, but gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are not easily evaluated. -not easy to measure, and gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are not easily discovered.
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easy to measure, but gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are not easily evaluated.
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Joy earns a gumball sticker for every chore she completes. She puts the stickers on her gumball chart. When the gumball chart is filled, Joy gets to choose a prize out of the prize box. Joy's parents are using: -a token economy. -participant modeling. -a contingency contract. -negative reinforcement.
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a token economy
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The first organized effort to do something with mentally ill persons began in: -Moscow. -Rome. -London. -Paris.
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London
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Dr. Phillipe Pinel is known for: -personally unchaining the inmates at an asylum in Paris. -organizing the first efforts to study the effects of treatment on the mentally ill. -determining that patients would speak more freely if lying on a couch. -creating the Gestalt therapy.
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personally unchaining the inmates at an asylum in Paris
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The main goal of _______ therapy is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly. -biomedical -insight -psychodynamic -action
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action
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Using methods such as drugs, surgical procedures, electric shock treatments, and noninvasive stimulation techniques to treat psychological disorders is a form of: -biomedical therapy. -psychodynamic therapy. -psychotherapy. -nondirective therapy.
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biomedical therapy
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Individuals who are extremely withdrawn or who suffer from psychotic symptoms are generally not good candidates for _______ treatment. -medication-based -psychodynamic -biomedical -psychopharmacological
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psychodynamic
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An insight therapy that emphasizes revealing unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that may be causing mental disorders is called: -psychoanalysis. -subliminal analysis. -biomedical analysis. -behavior analysis.
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psychoanalysis
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When the therapist becomes a symbol of a parental authority figure from the past, the patient is experiencing: -transference. -empathy. -nondirective therapy. -free association.
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transference
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_______ is a technique in which the patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations. -Insight theraphy -Person-centered therapy -Free association -Reflection
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Free association
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A technique in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to fear-provoking situations or objects and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is: -systematic desensitization. -aversion therapy. -flooding. -modeling.
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flooding
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A more recent version of behavior modification is known as applied behavior ___________ -therapy. -adaption. -analysis. -treatment.
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analysis
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Rather than focusing on unconscious, hidden conflicts, humanistic theorists focus on: -classical conditioning to change abnormal behavior. -distorted thinking and unrealistic beliefs that lead to maladaptive behavior. -conscious, subjective experiences of emotion and people's sense of self. -working with groups in therapy sessions to aid clients in navigating interpersonal relationships.
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conscious, subjective experiences of emotion and people's sense of self
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Meredith tells her therapist, Dr. Shepherd, that her mother recently died and she's been experiencing suicidal thoughts. Dr. Shepherd responds by explaining that he can imagine that she must be feelings angry and abandoned. Dr. Shepherd is displaying ______, a key element in person-centered therapy. -unconditional positive regard -empathy -authenticity -reflection
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empathy
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Unlike psychodynamic and humanistic therapies, behavior therapies are: -insight based, rather than action based. -cognitively based, rather than action based. -action based, rather than insight based. -biomedically based, rather than action based.
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action based, rather than insight based
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Dr. Stevens is treating a client with depression. During their sessions together, Dr. Stevens focuses on the client's relationships with friends, family, and coworkers, as well as how the everyday events of the client's life affect his mood. Dr. Stevens is using ______ to treat his client. -Gestalt therapy -transference therapy -resistance therapy -interpersonal psychotherapy
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interpersonal psychotherapy
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Electroconvulsive therapy is still used to treat: -paranoia. -hallucinations. -phobias. -severe depression.
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severe depression
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An estimated _______ of people feel that psychotherapy has helped them. -35-40 percent -55-70 percent -15-25 percent -75-90 percent
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75-90 percent
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_______ is an insight therapy that emphasizes revealing the unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that are assumed to cause disordered emotions and behavior. -Gestalt therapy -Psychotherapy -Cleansing therapy -psychodynamic therapy
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Psychodynamic therapy
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A common distortion in thought that can cause negative feelings and unrealistic beliefs in people is "jumping to conclusions." This is referred to as: -arbitrary inference. -extinction. -selective thinking. -transference.
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arbitrary inference
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The first efforts to treat the mentally ill with kindness and guidance are known as: -therapeutic alliance. -moral treatment. -person-centered therapy. -humane care.
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moral treatment
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One of the goals of ______ is to use action-based therapies to change the way clients think from irrational, self-defeating thoughts to more rational, self-helping, positive thoughts. -interpersonal therapy -behavior therapy -personalization therapy -cognitive-behavioral therapy
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cognitive-behavioral therapy
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Early treatments such as bloodletting, beatings, ice baths, and induced vomiting were all methods used to: -scare the mentally ill back into health. -punish people with mental disorders. -cleanse the body of physical impurities so that the person's mind and soul could function more perfectly. -purge the demons from the mentally ill.
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cleanse the body of physical impurities so that the person's mind and soul could function more perfectly
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The goal of most psychotherapy is: -to control a person's behavior through intensive biomedical therapy. -to treat maladaptive behavior through the use of medication. -to desensitize a person to his or her own emotions. -to help both mentally healthy and psychologically disordered persons understand themselves better.
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to help both mentally healthy and psychologically disordered persons understand themselves better
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According to humanistic therapists, the ideal self and the real self should match as closely as possible. This is achieved through: -free association. -rational emotive therapy. -transference. -unconditional positive regard.
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unconditional positive regard
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Which of the following therapists would use leading questions and planned experiences, such as confronting clients about their own statements, in therapy sessions? -psychoanalysis -person-centered therapists -Gestalt therapists -behaviorists
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Gestalt therapists
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Pam has a dream that she's in the grocery store and can't find her children. Her therapist uses this actual dream imagery, or ______ content to learn about issues that might be important to Pam. He will first have to take his actual dream scenario and interpret it for its underlying symbols. -latent -directive -transference -manifest
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manifest
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One of the criticisms of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies is that: -these therapies always need to be paired with some type of biomedical therapy in order to see results. -they treat the symptom, not the cause. -it is difficult to determine if the therapy is really working. -they are often practiced on children and adolescents.
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they treat the symptom, not the cause
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_____ drugs are used to treat symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and other bizarre behavior. -Antipsychotic -Antidepressant -Antimanic -Antianxiety
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Antipsychotic
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The method of free association was developed by: -Adolph Meyer. -Philippe Pinel. -Sigmund Freud. -Josef Breuer.
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Josef Breuer
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Daniel failed a math test. Upon receiving his grade, Daniel believed that he must be bad at math and therefore would fail the class, be unable to get into college, and would have to work in fast food for the rest of his life. Daniel is exhibiting: -magnification and minimization. -overgeneralization. -selective thinking. -arbitrary inference.
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overgeneralization
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While treating a child with a fear of swimming, the therapist first approaches the water, then touches the water, then stands in the water waist-deep, and finally floats in the water. The therapist then repeats the steps with the child. This is an example of: -aversion therapy. -reinforcement. -classical conditioning. -participant modeling.
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participant modeling
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The word _____ means "a place of safety." -therapy -empathy -asylum -alliance
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asylum
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Which of the following is an advantage of group therapy? -fostering confrontation for people to transfer their hostilities in a safe environment -forcing shy people to overcome their issues -the opportunity for the therapist and the client to observe how the client interacts with others -the work of the therapist is essentially done by the other participants
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the opportunity for the therapist and the client to observe how the client interacts with others
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______ can be useful to treat disorders such as phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders by pairing a stimulus that normally causes an unwanted response with a neutral one, eventually creating desirable involuntary reactions. -Selective thinking -Extinction -Classical conditioning -Operant conditioning
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Classical conditioning