Reinforcement and Punishment example #57599

8 July 2024
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question
Research has indicated that physical punishment is the most effective kind of punishment.
answer
False
question
Read the scenario below and answer the question that follows. Justine starts yelling in the store when she wants something. Her parents buy her a toy in order to get Justine to stop yelling. What type of conditioning is shaping the parents' behavior? A. positive reinforcement B. negative reinforcement C. positive punishment D. negative punishment
answer
B
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According to research, the most powerful reinforcement technique in conditioning is __________. A. extinction B. negative reinforcement C. positive reinforcement D. punishment
answer
C
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Read the scenario below and answer the question that follows. Harrison sends an e-mail to his boss. Harrison expects a response within five minutes, but he can't help himself and checks every 30 seconds. After five minutes, a replying e-mail is delivered just as he expected. Which of the following statements is true? A. Harrison is on a fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement. B. Harrison is on a variable-interval schedule of reinforcement. C. Harrison is on a fixed-ratio schedule of reinforcement. D. Harrison is on a variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement.
answer
A
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Punishment is more effective when applied at least an hour after the target behavior has occurred.
answer
False
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Lighting a fire on a cold night to get warm is an example of a positive reinforcement.
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False
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When punishment is applied after every instance of an unwanted target behavior, it is generally more effective.
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True
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Both positive and negative reinforcement serve to strengthen wanted behavior.
answer
True
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Receiving an electrical shock when you forget to turn off the power before working on an electrical socket is an example of a negative punishment.
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False
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Read the scenario below and answer the question that follows. Glenda is a gymnast. She performs a perfect triple backflip off the high bars. After landing successfully, the crowd erupts in applause. Which type of operant conditioning is occurring in the scenario? A. positive reinforcement B. negative reinforcement C. positive punishment D. negative punishment
answer
A
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Both positive and negative reinforcement serve to strengthen wanted behavior.
answer
True
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One example of a fixed-interval reward schedule is the biweekly paycheck many workers earn.
answer
True
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When punishment is applied after every instance of an unwanted target behavior, it is generally more effective.
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True
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Positive punishment occurs when a pleasant stimulus is removed after demonstration of a behavior.
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False
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Read the scenario below and answer the question that follows. Molly is eating red and black jellybeans from a paper bag. She is not looking at the jellybeans as she eats them. She likes red jellybeans, but she does not like black jellybeans. The amount of jellybeans she has to take from the jar before she gets a red one is never the same. Which of the following statements is true? A. Molly is on a fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement. B. Molly is on a variable-interval schedule of reinforcement. C. Molly is on a fixed-ratio schedule of reinforcement. D. Molly is on a variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement.
answer
D
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Receiving an electrical shock when you forget to turn off the power before working on an electrical socket is an example of a negative punishment.
answer
False
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When a behavior is highly resistant to extinction, the organism takes longer to stop responding after a reinforcement is no longer given.
answer
True