psychology midterm ch 4 pt 1

18 June 2024
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question
________ is a disorder in which breathing briefly stops during sleep, causing the person to choke, gasp, and momentarily awaken. Sleep apnea Insomnia Narcolepsy Non-REM sleep
answer
sleep apnea
question
Periods of REM sleep alternate with periods of non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every ________ minutes or so. 30 90 150 210
answer
90
question
Which of these individuals has the highest risk of sleep apnea? John, 62 years old, who is overweight Angela, 21 years old, who is depressed Alicia, 42 years old, who is suffering from anorexia Juan, 8 years old, who is experiencing episodes of enuresis
answer
John, 62 years old, who is overweight
question
The hypothalamus controls the ________. hypnotic suggestibility ratio sleep-wake cycle frequency of nightmares growth hormones that occur during sleep
answer
sleep-wake cycle?
question
You are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep? alpha eventually replaced by theta delta eventually replaced by theta beta eventually replaced by alpha delta eventually replaced by beta
answer
alpha eventually replaced by theta
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The stage of sleep in which delta waves begin to appear is ________ sleep. Stage 1 (N1) Stage 2 (N2) Stage 3 (N3) Stage 4 (N4)
answer
Stage 3
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If you are awakened from sleep and you feel as though you had not even been asleep, then you were most likely in which stage of sleep? Stage 1 (N1) Stage 2 (N2) Stage 3 (N3) slow wave sleep
answer
Stage 1 (N1)
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CPAP stands for ________. continuous positive airway pressure cancer prevention application procedure controlled pulmonary air pump correctable pointed airflow problem
answer
continuous positive airway pressure
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A sleep disorder characterized by difficulty in falling asleep or remaining asleep throughout the night is ________. zombulism cataplexy narcolepsy insomnia
answer
insomnia
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Our sleep-wake cycle follows a(n) ________rhythm. infradian diurnal circadian ultradian
answer
circadian
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Which device would a sleep researcher use to monitor a sleeping person's brain waves? electromyograph (EMG) electrocardiograph (EKG) electro-oculograph (EOG) electroencephalograph (EEG)
answer
electroencephalograph (EEG)
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Melatonin is a ________. hormone sleeping pill depressant stimulant
answer
hormone
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What do we call a state of consciousness that can result from the use of alcohol, drugs, or hypnosis? daydreaming meditative absorption stream of consciousness altered state of consciousness
answer
altered state of consciousness
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Jim is 56 years old and slightly overweight. His wife reports that he snores loudly. What sleep disorder seems to fit Jim's symptoms? narcolepsy sleep apnea sleep terror REM sleep behavior
answer
sleep apnea
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You are telling a joke to your friend who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ________. enuresis narcolepsy sleep terror daytime insomnia
answer
narcolepsy
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REM sleep refers to ________. dreamless sleep sleep induced by sleeping pills sleep periods in which sleepwalking is likely sleep periods in which a person's eyes move rapidly
answer
sleep periods in which a person's eyes move rapidly
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A biological cycle, or rhythm, that is approximately 24 hours long is called a(n) ________ cycle. infradian circadian diurnal ultradian
answer
circadian
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What term do sleep researchers use to designate stages 1-4 of sleep? REM sleep non-REM sleep REMN sleep paradoxical sleep
answer
non-REM sleep
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Which of the following individuals is most likely to sleepwalk? a 10-year-old child a 24-year-old adult a 44-year-old adult a 74-year-old adult
answer
a 10-year-old child
question
Which of the following statements accurately reflects the relationship of the total amount of sleep that an individual receives as a function of age? We require more sleep as we age. As we age, we tend to get less sleep. We require much sleep during infancy and early childhood, less sleep in adolescence and early adulthood, and then more sleep in middle and older age. The amount of sleep we require solely depends on individual difference variables.
answer
As we age, we tend to get less sleep.
question
Which of the following can be an emotional symptom of sleep deprivation? hyperactivity cheerfulness depression nausea
answer
depression
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The deepest stage of sleep is ________ sleep. Stage 1 (N1) Stage 2 (N2) Stage 3 (N3) Stage 4 (N4)
answer
stage 4
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________, a hormone involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms, is secreted by the pineal gland. Serotonin Testosterone Estrogen Melatonin
answer
Melatonin
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To treat your sleep problem, you are told that you should not nap, you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day, and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing? enuresis narcolepsy insomnia REM sleep behavior disorder
answer
insomnia
question
Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of ________. self-awareness self-absorption waking consciousness altered states of consciousness
answer
altered states of consciousness