Psychology exam 3 example #36113

21 June 2024
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question
The first in memory is________, the process by which information gets into memory storage.
answer
encoding
question
Albert is listening intently to his principal's lecture on the advancement of scientific research. In this scenario, Albert is most likely.
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encoding information
question
Which of the following scenarios best illustrates divided attention?
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Riley is trying to pay attention to her teacher while talking to her friend in class.
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Which of the following is true of the term "levels of processing" in memory?
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It refers to a continuum of memory processing.
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Which of the following is true of shallow processing in memory?
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Physical and perceptual features are analyzed in the process of shallow processing.
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Which of the following is a characteristic feature of the deepest level of processing in memory?
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It involves thinking about the meaning of a stimulus.
question
Vivian visits the public aquarium in her city. While looking at the fish tank, she notices an apple snail stuck to the glass wall of the tank. She feels nostalgic because she remembers collecting apple snails with her brothers when they were younger. Which of the following is most likely the highest level of processing Vivian has engaged in while encoding her childhood memory of apple snails?
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deep
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Caitlin, a documentary maker, wants to make a documentary about the Second World War. Her interviewees recall witnessing bombings and being on the run. In this scenario, Caitlin is trying to access her interviewees'
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flashbulb memory.
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Encoding failure occurs when
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the information never entered long-term memory.
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_____ refers to a situation in which material that was learned earlier disrupts the recall of material that was learned later.
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Proactive interference
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Approaches that attempt to explain observable behavior by investigating mental processes and structures that cannot be directly observed by individuals fall under _____ psychology.
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cognitive
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Concepts refer to
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mental categories that are used to group objects, events, and characteristics.
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Which of the following is a situation in which concept facilitates generalization?
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Irene, an infant, learns that all living things that fly are called birds.
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Freisha intends to learn cooking but is confused about the type of cuisine she aims to learn. According to the steps in problem-solving, the first step that must be taken by her is to
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find and frame the problem.
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Which of the following statements is true of subgoals?
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They are devised while developing problem-solving strategies.
question
Rose picks up a chocolate biscuit from a jar. The first biscuit she eats from the jar is stale. She empties all other biscuits from the jar into the dustbin as she believes that all the other biscuits must also be stale. Which of the following types of reasoning is Rose using in disposing the biscuits away?
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inductive
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Identify a true statement about deductive reasoning.
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It moves from a general principle to a specific case.
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Maria is extremely active in politics. She has strong conservative beliefs about what is correct and what is not. Each day when she reads the newspaper, she pays close attention to the editorial section in particular. According to the confirmation bias, what will she do when she reads them?
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She will only read the editorials that she agrees with.
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Being receptive to other ways of looking at things is referred to as
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open-mindedness.
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Which of the following statements is true of convergent thinking?
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It works best when a problem has only one right answer.
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_____ is the force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the way they do, resulting in behavior that is energized, directed, and sustained.
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Motivation
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Which of the following best defines an instinct?
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an innate biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout a species
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The feeling of hunger that initiates the act of opening a refrigerator for food best represents a(n)
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drive.
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Identify a true statement about the drive reduction theory.
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The goal of drive reduction theory is overlearning.
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Which of the following is true of the biology of hunger with regard to the human body?
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Hunger is triggered by a set of sugar receptors, located in the brain, when sugar levels fall too low
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_____ refers to the weight maintained when the individual makes no effort to gain or lose weight.
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Set point
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Identify a feature of anorexia nervosa.
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Anorexia nervosa has the lowest mortality rate of any physiological disorder.
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Which of the following is true of anorexia nervosa?
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Anorexia nervosa is said to have the highest mortality rate of any psychological disorder.
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Identify a true statement about bulimia nervosa.
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It typically begins in late adolescence.
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The highest and most elusive of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is
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self-actualization