Psychology example #4783

10 July 2024
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Adolescence
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is the period between childhood and adulthood
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Puberty
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A biological event, not a social status. hormonal changes promote rapid physical growth and sexual maturity. For girls the onset of puberty typically occurs between 9 and 12 years of age For boys between 11 and 14 years.
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Major risks during adolescence
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Alcohol abuse, smoking, eating disorders, suicide, AIDS, risk-taking , violence and school failure.
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Maturing early (for boys)
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it enhances their self-image and gives them an advantage socially and athletically. early maturing boys tend to be more poised, relaxed, dominant, self-assured and popular but are more likely to get into trouble with drugs, alcohol, truancy, fighting and antisocial behavior
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Maturing late (for boys)
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Late maturing boys tend to be anxious about being behind in development. After catching up they tend to be more eager, talkative, self-assertive, and tolerant of themselves than average maturers.
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Maturing early (for girls)
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Physically advanced girls tend to have less prestige among peers. they also have poorer self-image this may be because they are larger and heavier than their classmates. In high school, this leads to a more positive body image, greater peer prestige, and adult approval. They are more independent and more active in school; they are also more often in trouble at school and more likely to engage in early sex.
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Maturing late (for girls)
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girls have the possible advantage of usually growing taller and thinner than early maturing girls.
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Problems in becoming an adult.
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Clothing for children and teenagers is increasingly adult-like. All grown up with no place to go.
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Anorexia
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Serious cases of undereating or self-starvation, are called anorexia nervosa By starving themselves, girls can limit figure development and stop menstruation. usually develop in childhood
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Problems in anorexia
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malnutrition menstruation stops, leading to infertility Gaining weight- miscarriage osteoporosis- your bones become too weak Heart problems- muscles become weak. Fat loss- no protection Low blood pressure Brain problems- nerve damages (confused thinking and extremely annoyed) contraption dizziness get small hairs on their face. Cannot regulate body temperature (sweating)
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Causes of anorexia
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There are some problems deep inside. wrong role model fuels anorexia parents getting divorced- prolonged issues
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Symptoms of bulimia
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Someone with bulimia might binge on food and then vomit (also called purge) in a cycle of binging and purging Fluctuated weight damages asphagus, teeth, and gums. engages in extreme exercises- exercise until they get faint an overconcern with weight and body shape. People with bulimia will try to hide their binging and purging behavior from others. This secrecy often makes it difficult to identify the actual problem until a serious complication from the physical self-abuse occurs. weakness, fatigue, abdominal pain, and loss of menstrual cycles. They may even complain of vomiting or diarrhea
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Binge
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Binge eating refers to quickly eating large amounts of food over short periods of time.
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Purging
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Purging involves forced vomiting, laxative use, excessive exercise, or fasting in an attempt to lose weight that might be gained from eating food or binging.
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Causes of Bulimia
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altered levels of the chemical serotonin in the brain play a role. Serotonin levels can be related to the development of clinical depression seek the acceptance of others.
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ADHD
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that appears in early childhood. ADHD makes it difficult for people to inhibit their responses that can involve everything from movement to speech to attentiveness. cannot concentrate but hyperactive- cannot wait How do we know the child has ADHD? Sbujective- no strict criteria- a normal child seems to have ADHD
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Brain Functioning in ADHD
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Current research indicates the frontal lobe, basal ganglia, caudate nucleus, cerebellum, as well as other areas of the brain, play a significant role in ADHD because they are involved in complex processes that regulate behavior
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Heredity as a Cause of ADHD
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Heredity is the most common cause of ADHD