Psych Ch. 4 example #83652

20 June 2024
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question
Sleepwalking, night terrors, and restless leg syndrome are all examples of________.
answer
parasomnias
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Ali is aware of his feelings, emotions, and thoughts. He is also aware of his surroundings, the warmth of the sun, and the sound of nearby traffic. Ali is in a state of ________.
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consciousness
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When Brady is hot he sweats. When Brady is cold, he gets goose bumps on his skin so he will warm up more quickly. This is an example of how the body tries to achieve ________.
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homeostasis
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Most people are awake during the day and asleep at night because their ________ cycles are aligned with the outside world.
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circadian
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Which psychological perspective might advance the argument that our sleep patterns evolved as an adaptive response to predatory risks, which are higher during periods of darkness?
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evolutionary
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Mohammed is sleeping. His eyelids are quivering because his eyes are darting around. Mohammed is probably experiencing ________ sleep.
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REM
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Nancy is aware that she is dreaming when she has a nightmare, so she concentrates and changes her dream from bad to good. This is a good example of ________ dreaming.
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lucid
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Which of the following is a symptom of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD)?
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kicking and punching while asleep
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Marlowe wakes up from a dream about his teeth falling out. He looks in a dream dictionary and finds losing teeth is usually dream symbolism for anxiety. Marlowe is focused on the ________ content.
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latent
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Cataplexy is a symptom associated with ________.
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narcolepsy
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Tayla smokes marijuana. At first, just a few inhalations were enough to cloud her mind. Over time, she needs to smoke more and more to achieve the same affect. This is an example of ________.
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tolerance
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Alcohol is considered a ________ because it tends to suppress central nervous system activity
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depressant
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Individuals undergoing hypnosis ________.
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usually have clear memories of the hypnotic experience and are in control of their own behaviors
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Tariq depends on cigarettes to relieve his stress, though he smokes so infrequently that he experiences no significant, noticeable physical symptoms when he is not smoking. What does this exemplify?
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psychological dependence
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Cocaine is considered a ________ drug because it tends to increase overall levels of neural activity.
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stimulant
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While ________ is generally achieved through the interaction of a therapist and the person being treated, an individual can perform ________ alone.
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hypnosis; meditation
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Which of the following is an example of a synthetic opioid?
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methadone
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Morphine is considered a(n) ________ drug because it decreases pain.
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opioid
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Which of the following would be experienced during a euphoric high?
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feelings of intense elation and pleasure
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Shoresh suggests that Ted cluck like a chicken during the hypnosis not because he is experiencing an altered state of consciousness but because he is playing the role of a hypnotized person. This is a good example of the ________ theory of hypnotism.
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social-cognitive
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Mescaline is considered a ________ drug because it results in profound alterations in sensory and perceptual experiences.
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hallucinogenic
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________theory suggests that when people are hypnotized they have voluntarily divided their conscious: one half aware of reality and the other half tuned in to the hypnotist.
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dissociative
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A state of ________, as shown by EEG recordings of new practitioners, is not an altered state of consciousness; however, patterns of brain waves exhibited by expert practitioners may represent a unique state of consciousness.
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meditation
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Melatonin release is stimulated by ________ and inhibited by ________.
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darkness; light