PSY210 – Ch 4 – Practice Quiz

26 June 2024
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question
What is characteristic of the emotions that develop over the course of the first 2 years of life?
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They are spontaneous and uncensored.
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When a baby is upset because a caregiver is leaving, the baby is exhibiting
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separation anxiety.
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According to psychoanalytic theory, the prime focus of pleasure in early infancy is
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the mouth.
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In Erikson's theory, the infant's earliest task is described as that of
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learning whether the world can be trusted to meet basic needs.
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According to cognitive theory, infants use their early relationships to develop a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference they may use later in life. Such a set of assumptions is called a
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working model.
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What acronym might you use to remember the Big Five personality traits?
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OCEAN
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A crucial aspect of synchrony is
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mutual interaction.
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"Proximity-seeking" and "contact-maintaining" behaviors are displays of
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attachment.
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In the Strange Situation, a sign of secure attachment is
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smiling at Mother when she returns to the room.
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When playing with their children, fathers are more likely than mothers to
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engage in physical play.
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At what age can you expect a normally developing infant to walk well, run, and have a vocabulary of 50-100 words?
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18 months
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An increased level of cortisol is associated with an infant's
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sadness.
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Researchers placed a dot of rouge on babies' noses and then had them look into a mirror. At what average age did most babies touch their noses when they saw their reflection?
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18 months
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How do people become "fixated" in a Freudian stage?
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Their normal developmental urges are frustrated.
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The autonomy versus shame and doubt crisis involves the child's
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trying to control his or her own actions.
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Concerning temperament and personality, research has found that
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temperament is linked to biological patterns that appear in infancy.
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A lasting emotional bond that an infant forms with a caregiver defines
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attachment.
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A 9-month-old explores new environments when her mother is present but shows distress when her mother leaves the room. The child's behavior illustrates
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secure attachment.
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A parent and a toddler meet someone the toddler does not know but who makes the parent nervous. The toddler will probably
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act anxious.
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Infant day care is of high quality if caregivers emphasize, among other things
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sensorimotor exploration.