PS 204 Chapter 5

9 July 2024
4.4 (138 reviews)
25 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (21)
question
Which of the following best describes the correlative relationship between the type of executive in a country and the type of electoral system used to elect the legislature?
answer
There is no correlation between type of executive and the kind of electoral system used to elect the legislature.
question
Civil rights typically refers to the promotion of:
answer
equality
question
Which of the following statements about constitutional courts in the world is accurate?
answer
Trials have more influence on constitutional interpretation in countries with a fused appellate and constitutional court.
question
The origins of British democracy can be traced back to the:
answer
Magna Carta, 1215.
question
Which of the following statements about the relationships among democratization, modernization theory, and political elites is accurate?
answer
According to modernization theory, economic development is important to democratization, but a focus on elites shows that the type of wealth or resources has a big impact on the success of democratization.
question
Which of the following statements about semi-presidential systems is accurate?
answer
The prime minister is typically the initiator of policy.
question
Republicanism can be defined as:
answer
a system that emphasizes separation of powers and representation of the public through elected officials.
question
Bicameral systems can be traced back to different representation for:
answer
economic classes.
question
A political scientist notes that in a particular voting district, an elected representative has formed an especially close bond with her constituents, and that during her past term she even voted against the will of her party in order to better support the popular will of the people in her district. This political scientist would most likely use this observed relationship to argue that:
answer
single-member district systems are superior to proportional representation systems.
question
Which of the following was an effect of the rapid development of many Asian countries in the 1970s on the study of democracy?
answer
It helped to discredit modernization theory.
question
A national vote initiated by the government on a particular policy issue is commonly known as:
answer
a referendum.
question
In which of the following ways does a proportional representation (PR) system differ from a single-member district (SMD) system?
answer
Voters in a PR system are typically more willing to vote for smaller parties.
question
Proportional representation systems can be defined as:
answer
electoral systems in which the percentage of votes a party receives in a district will determine how many seats that party will win.
question
In a presidential system, the president typically serves as:
answer
both head of state and head of government.
question
In a parliamentary system, the prime minister serves as:
answer
head of government.
question
Which of the following statements about bicameralism is accurate?
answer
Bicameral systems were often retained in modern times to restrict the power of popularly elected lower houses of the legislature.
question
The idea of legal institutions to which everyone is subject is known as:
answer
the rule of law.
question
The ability of constitutional courts to strike down legislation even in the absence of a specific court case is known as ________ review.
answer
abstract
question
Which of the following statements about legislative structures is accurate?
answer
The majority of liberal democracies have bicameral systems.
question
Which of the following statements about referenda and initiatives is accurate?
answer
Formal power to call national referenda lies with the head of state in many European countries.
question
Which of the following is more likely to be a problem in a presidential system than in a parliamentary system?
answer
a policy disagreement between the legislative and executive that restricts lawmaking for a long period, even if the executive has become unpopular with the electorate
question
Which of the following accurately describes a component of a mixed electoral system?
answer
Voters are allowed two votes, one for a candidate and one for a party.
question
In which of the following ways does a parliamentary system differ from a presidential one?
answer
Prime ministers must command a majority to stay in office; presidents do not.
question
The electoral system that tends to produce a large number of political parties is:
answer
proportional representation.
question
The executive who symbolizes and represents the people is the:
answer
head of state.