Pharmacology Practice Assessment A 2016

25 July 2022
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question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a prescription for trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?
answer
Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily
question
A nurse at an urgent care clinic is collecting a history from a female client who has a urinary tract infection. The nurse anticipates a prescription for ciprofloxacin. The nurse should identify that which of the following client statements indicates a contraindication for administering this medication?
answer
"I have tendonitis, so I haven't been able to exercise."
question
A nurse is teaching a client who has an upper respiratory infection about guaifenesin. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching?
answer
"Increase you fluid intake to at least 2 liters each day while taking this medication."
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A nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has schizophrenia and prescription for clozapine. Which of the following laboratory tests should the nurse review before administering the medication?
answer
Total cholesterol
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A nurse is developing a teaching plan for a client who has a new prescription for simvastatin. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching plan (SATA)?
answer
Report muscle pain to the provider Avoid taking the medication with grapefruit juice Expect therapy with this medication to be lifelong
question
A nurse is caring for a client who has heart failure and is receiving an IV infusion of dopamine. Which of the following findings indicates that the medication is effective?
answer
Increased cardiac output
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A nurse is caring for a client who is taking acetazolamide for chronic open-angle glaucoma. For which of the following adverse effects should the nurse instruct the client to monitor and report?
answer
Tingling of fingers
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A nurse is teaching a client who is starting to take amitriptyline. Which of the following findings should the nurse include in the teaching as an adverse effect of the medication?
answer
Urinary retention
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A nurse is monitoring a client who is receiving amphotericin B intermittent IV bolus for the treatment of histoplasmosis. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an adverse reaction to the medication?
answer
Oliguria
question
A nurse is preparing to administer a scheduled antibiotic at 0800 to a client and discovers the antibiotic is not present in the client's medication drawer. The nurse should identify that administration of the medication can occur at which of the following time periods without requiring an incident report?
answer
0830
question
A nurse in an emergency department is caring for a client who has heroin toxicity. The client is unresponsive with pinpoint pupils and a respiratory rate of 6/min. Which of the following medications should the nurse plan to administer?
answer
Nalozone
question
A nurse is planning discharge teaching for a client who has a prescription for furosemide. The nurse should plan to include which of the following statements in the teaching?
answer
"Drink a glass of milk with each dose of medication."
question
A nurse is caring for a client who reports lethargy and myalgia after taking clozapine for 6 months. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take?
answer
Obtain WBC with absolute neutrophil count
question
A nurse is teaching a client who is to start taking diltiazem. The nurse should instruct the client to report which of the following findings as an adverse effect of the medication?
answer
Shortness of breath
question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for phenytoin. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
answer
"I should let my dentist know I'm taking this medication."
question
A circulating nurse is planning care for a client who is scheduled for surgery and has a latex allergy. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan of care?
answer
Place monitoring cords and tubes in a stockinet
question
A nurse is providing teaching about insulin glargine to a client who has type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the instructions?
answer
Do not mix this medication in a syringe with other insulin
question
A nurse in an emergency department is caring for a client whose family reports the client has taken large amounts of diazepam. Which of the following medications should the nurse anticipate administering?
answer
Flumazenil
question
A nurse is caring for a client who is in labor. The client is receiving oxytocin by continuous IV infusion with a maintenance IV solution.The external FHR monitor indicates late decelerations. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
answer
Turn the client to a side-lying position
question
A nurse is reviewing the medication list of a client who wants to begin taking oral contraceptives. The nurse should identify that which of the following medications will interfere with the effectiveness of oral contraceptives?
answer
Carbamazepine
question
A nurse is teaching a client who is starting to take ketorolac. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching?
answer
"Check for bruising while taking this medication."
question
A nurse is preparing to teach a client who is to start a new prescription for extended release verapamil. Which of the following instructions should the nurse plan to include?
answer
Change positions slowly
question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client about the use of ethinyl estradiol/norelgestromin. The nurse should identify that which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
answer
"I will fold the sticky sides of the old patch together before disposing it."
question
A nurse is monitoring for adverse effects of hydrochlorothiazide after administering the medication to an older adult client who has heart failure. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an adverse effect of the medication?
answer
Orthostatic hypotension
question
A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving long-term treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus with prednisone. The nurse should inform the client to expect to undergo which of the following diagnostic tests to monitor for long-term complications of prednisone?
answer
Bone density scans
question
A nurse is teaching a client who is to start taking temazepam. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include?
answer
Plan to withdraw from the medication gradually
question
A nurse is assessing a client who has myasthenia gravis and is taking neostigmine. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse the client is experiencing an adverse effect?
answer
Miosis
question
A nurse is providing discharge instruction to a client who it so self-administer insulin at home. Which of the following client statements should indicate to the nurse that the teaching is effective?
answer
"I will store my unopened bottles of insulin in the refrigerator."
question
A nurse in a provider's office is assessing a client who has been taking aspirin daily for the past year. For which of the following findings should the nurse notify the provider immediately?
answer
Hyperventilation
question
A nurse is caring for a client who has diabetes mellitus and is taking glyburide. The client reports feeling confused and anxious. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
answer
Perform a capillary blood glucose test.
question
A nurse is preparing to administer amoxicillin 250 mg PO to a school-age child. The amount available is amoxicillin oral suspension 200 mg/5 ml. How many ml should the nurse administer per dose?
answer
6.3 ml
question
A nurse is assessing a client who has received atropine eye drops during an eye examination. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect as an adverse effect of the medication?
answer
Blurred vision
question
A nurse is caring for the mother of a newborn. The mother asks the nurse when her newborn should receive his first diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTaP). The nurse should instruct the mother that her newborn should receive the immunization at which of the following ages?
answer
2 months
question
A nurse is administering cefotetan via intermittent IV bolus to a client who suddenly develops dyspnea and widespread hives. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
answer
Discontinue the medication IV infusion
question
A nurse is teaching a client about cyclobenzaprine. Which of the following client statements should indicate to the nurse that the teaching is effective?
answer
"I will taper off the medication before discontinuing it."
question
A nurse is preparing to administer to a client 0.9% sodium chloride 1,000 ml IV over 8 hr. The drop factor of the manual IV tubing is 15 gtt/ml. The nurse should set the manual IV infusion to deliver how many gtt/min?
answer
31 gtt/min
question
A nurse is teaching a client who is to start taking ranitidine for peptic ulcer disease. Which of the following client statements should the nurse identify as understanding of the teaching?
answer
"I know smoking makes ranitidine less effective."
question
A nurse is teaching about zolpidem with a client who has insomnia. The nurse should identify that which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of the teaching?
answer
"I will use this medication for a short period of time."
question
A nurse is caring for a client who is taking atenolol. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the medication is effective?
answer
The client has a decrease in blood pressure
question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client who is starting to take lisinopril. Which of the following findings is an adverse effect that the nurse should instruct the client to monitor and report to the provider?
answer
Dry cough
question
A nurse administers ceftazidime to a client who has a severe penicillin allergy. The nurse should identify which of the following client findings as an indication that she should complete an incident report?
answer
The client reports shortness of breath
question
A nurse is caring for a 20-year-old female client who has a prescription for isotretinoin for severe nodulocystic acne vulgaris. Before the client can obtain a refill, the nurse should advice the client that which of the following tests is required?
answer
Pregnancy test
question
A nurse is administering baclofen for a client who has a spinal cord injury. Which of the following should the nurse document as a therapeutic outcome?
answer
Decrease in flexor and extensor spasticity
question
A nurse is preparing to administer medication to a client who has gout. The nurse discovers that an error was made during the previous shift and the client received atenolol instead of allopurinol. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
answer
Obtain the client's blood pressure
question
A nurse is providing teaching to client who has a prescription for a MAOI inhibitor. Which of the following foods should the nurse instruct the client to avoid while taking this medication?
answer
Smoked sausage
question
A nurse is providing discharge teaching about handling medication to a client who is to continue taking oral transmucosal fentanyl raspberry-flavored lozenges on a stick. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching?
answer
Store unused medication sticks in a storage container
question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client who is to start taking sumatriptan. Which of the following adverse effects should the nurse instruct the client to monitor for and report to the provider?
answer
Chest pressure
question
A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving end-of-life care and has a prescription for fentanyl patches. Which of the following information regarding the adverse effects of fentanyl should the nurse plan to give to the client and family?
answer
Take a stool softener on a daily basis
question
A nurse is providing teaching for a client who has multiple sclerosis and a new prescription for methylprednisone. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include (SATA)?
answer
Blood glucose levels will be monitored during therapy Avoid contact with people who have known infections Grapefruit juice can increase the effects of the medication
question
A nurse is providing teaching for a patient who has a new prescription for ferrous sulfate. The nurse should instruct the client to take the medication with which of the following to promote absorption?
answer
Orange juice
question
A nurse is caring for a client who has cancer and is taking oral morphine and docusate sodium. The nurse should instruct the client that taking to docusate sodium on a daily basis can minimize which of the following adverse effects of morphine?
answer
Constipation
question
A nurse is teaching about self-administration of transdermal medication with a male client who has a new prescription for nitroglycerin. The nurse should identify that which of the following statements by the client indicates understanding of the teachings?
answer
"I will remove the patch after 14 hours."
question
A nurse is providing teaching to a client who is to start treatment for asthma with beclomethasone and albuterol inhalers. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?
answer
"Rinse your mouth after inhaling the beclomethasone."
question
A nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has hypertension. The nurse should identify which of the following findings as a contraindication to receiving propranolol?
answer
Asthma
question
A nurse is reviewing the prescriptions of a client who has tuberculosis. The nurse should identify that which of the following medications are used to treat tuberculosis (SATA)?
answer
Rifampin Isoniazid
question
A nurse is providing teaching about adverse effects of clindamycin to a client. Which of the following findings should the nurse instruct the client to report to the provider?
answer
Watery diarrhea
question
A nurse is preparing to administer heparin subcutaneously to a client. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take?
answer
Administer the medication outside the 5-cm (2 in) radius of the umbilicus
question
A nurse is caring for a client who has pneumonia. The client tells the nurse that she is pregnant and that she has not told her provider yet. The nurse should identify that pregnancy is a contraindication to receiving which of the following medications?
answer
Doxycycline
question
A nurse is caring for a client who is recovering from a deep vein thrombosis and is to start taking warfarin. For which of the following findings should the nurse monitor as an adverse effect of warfarin?
answer
Bleeding gums
question
A nurse is caring for a client who has sickle cell anemia and is taking hydroxyurea. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider (SATA)?
answer
Hemoglobin 7.0 g/dl Platelets 70,000/mm3 Potassium 5.2 meq/l