Nutrition - Health Chapter 11

25 July 2022
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27 test answers
question
Which of the following individuals would MOST likely have the lowest basal metabolic rate? A) a 28-year-old conditioned male athlete B) a 28-year-old overweight woman C) a 28-year-old pregnant woman D) a 28-year-old normal weight male
answer
28-year-old overweight woman
question
Which of the following does NOT define a "healthy body weight?"
answer
a weight that is acceptable to society
question
Which of the following is NOT an example of a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet?
answer
the DASH diet
question
What is the National Weight Control Registry?
answer
an ongoing project detailing the habits of people who have lost at least 30 pounds and maintained their weight for at least one year
question
The cells in the hypothalamus that are triggered by low blood glucose and signal hunger are known as:
answer
feeding cells
question
Approximately what percentage of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food?
answer
5 to 10 percent
question
An apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for which kind of disease?
answer
heart disease
question
The primary determinant of basal metabolic rate is an individual's:
answer
lean body mass
question
People with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 are considered:
answer
overweight
question
Over winter break, Matthew returned home and celebrated the holidays with his extended family. With all of the rich meals he enjoyed at several holiday feasts, and the plentiful snacks while watching football games, he gained 5 pounds in twenty-one days. On average, how many Calories per day did he consume in excess of his body's needs?
answer
833 calories
question
A body weight that exceeds 100% of the normal standard for a given height is called
answer
morbid obesity
question
A protein hormone produced in the stomach that stimulates appetite is:
answer
ghrelin
question
Serena is 5'8" tall and weighs 180 pounds. Serena's BMI indicates that she is:
answer
overweight
question
Which of the following does NOT result in satiety?
answer
decrease in blood sugar
question
The thrifty gene theory suggests that:
answer
some people possess a gene that causes them to expend less energy than other people
question
The energy the body needs to maintain its basic functions and to perform all levels of movement and activity:
answer
energy expenditure
question
Which of the following correctly describes the energy balance equation?
answer
energy consumed equals energy expended
question
Individuals with a body mass index less than 18.5 kg/m2 are classified as
answer
underweight
question
The label on a ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kilocalories are there in two cups of this cereal?
answer
324
question
Ghrelin is:
answer
a gastric protein that stimulates appetite
question
The three components of total energy expenditure include:
answer
basal metabolic rate, physical activity, and the thermic effect of food
question
The amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called:
answer
the thermic effect of food
question
Obesity is NOT associated with an increased risk of:
answer
type 1 diabetes
question
Maria typically consumes about 2,000 Calories per day. How many Calories per day should she strive to eat in order to safely lose one pound per week?
answer
1,500
question
Gastric bypass surgery reduces food intake by:
answer
attaching the lower part of the small intestine to the stomach
question
How many minutes per day, for 5 days a week, does the Institute of Medicine recommend as the minimum amount of physical activity needed daily?
answer
30
question
Which of the following social factors does NOT appear to influence obesity risk?
answer
societal attitudes about childhood "baby fat"
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question
Which of the following individuals would MOST likely have the lowest basal metabolic rate? A) a 28-year-old conditioned male athlete B) a 28-year-old overweight woman C) a 28-year-old pregnant woman D) a 28-year-old normal weight male
answer
28-year-old overweight woman
question
Which of the following does NOT define a "healthy body weight?"
answer
a weight that is acceptable to society
question
Which of the following is NOT an example of a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet?
answer
the DASH diet
question
What is the National Weight Control Registry?
answer
an ongoing project detailing the habits of people who have lost at least 30 pounds and maintained their weight for at least one year
question
The cells in the hypothalamus that are triggered by low blood glucose and signal hunger are known as:
answer
feeding cells
question
Approximately what percentage of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food?
answer
5 to 10 percent
question
An apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for which kind of disease?
answer
heart disease
question
The primary determinant of basal metabolic rate is an individual's:
answer
lean body mass
question
People with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 are considered:
answer
overweight
question
Over winter break, Matthew returned home and celebrated the holidays with his extended family. With all of the rich meals he enjoyed at several holiday feasts, and the plentiful snacks while watching football games, he gained 5 pounds in twenty-one days. On average, how many Calories per day did he consume in excess of his body's needs?
answer
833 calories
question
A body weight that exceeds 100% of the normal standard for a given height is called
answer
morbid obesity
question
A protein hormone produced in the stomach that stimulates appetite is:
answer
ghrelin
question
Serena is 5'8" tall and weighs 180 pounds. Serena's BMI indicates that she is:
answer
overweight
question
Which of the following does NOT result in satiety?
answer
decrease in blood sugar
question
The thrifty gene theory suggests that:
answer
some people possess a gene that causes them to expend less energy than other people
question
The energy the body needs to maintain its basic functions and to perform all levels of movement and activity:
answer
energy expenditure
question
Which of the following correctly describes the energy balance equation?
answer
energy consumed equals energy expended
question
Individuals with a body mass index less than 18.5 kg/m2 are classified as
answer
underweight
question
The label on a ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kilocalories are there in two cups of this cereal?
answer
324
question
Ghrelin is:
answer
a gastric protein that stimulates appetite
question
The three components of total energy expenditure include:
answer
basal metabolic rate, physical activity, and the thermic effect of food
question
The amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called:
answer
the thermic effect of food
question
Obesity is NOT associated with an increased risk of:
answer
type 1 diabetes
question
Maria typically consumes about 2,000 Calories per day. How many Calories per day should she strive to eat in order to safely lose one pound per week?
answer
1,500
question
Gastric bypass surgery reduces food intake by:
answer
attaching the lower part of the small intestine to the stomach
question
How many minutes per day, for 5 days a week, does the Institute of Medicine recommend as the minimum amount of physical activity needed daily?
answer
30
question
Which of the following social factors does NOT appear to influence obesity risk?
answer
societal attitudes about childhood "baby fat"