measure of consciousness 100%

14 June 2024
4.5 (154 reviews)
19 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (15)
question
Of the following patterns of brain waves, which is typical of a person who is extremely relaxed yet awake? theta waves beta waves delta waves alpha waves
answer
alpha waves
question
Describe the difference between Sigmund Freud's three levels of consciousness.
answer
At the conscious level Freud claimed that one is able to perceive personal thoughts and feelings and involves being aware of the surrounding environment. At the preconscious level a person stores their memories and knowledge acquired as a result of one's experiences. At the unconscious level, one stores repressed desires and impulses which the person is unaware of.
question
Psychologists would be most likely to compare consciousness to a __________. A. tire at the bottom of a pool B. raft traveling along a river C. lake filled with fish D. fish inside a fish tank
answer
b
question
Why can Freud's conception of consciousness be compared to an iceberg?
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: In Freud's conception, consciousness can be broken up into three distinct bands: the conscious level, the preconscious level, and the unconscious level. The conscious level, where we process our perceptions and thoughts, is like the part of the iceberg that is above the water. We are aware of our conscious level, just as we are aware of the top layer of an iceberg. The next level of consciousness, the preconscious level, is just below the surface of our consciousness and can be accessed when it is needed to recall memories and facts. This is similar to the level of the iceberg directly under the water: you can perceive it if you look carefully and are close enough. The last level of consciousness is the unconscious level, which a person has no active knowledge of. Like the vast underwater portion of an iceberg, the unconscious level is unseen but can be very influential. The unconscious mind has many urges, instincts, and desires, which it is constantly demanding be met. The unconscious mind can influence the behavior of an individual, sometimes in the disastrous ways an iceberg can threaten a ship.
question
An electroencephalograph is used by psychologists to __________. A. allow paraplegics to control computers with their minds B. map out the thoughts of an unconscious person C. give shocks to a person undergoing psychological testing D. measure the electrical output of the brain
answer
d
question
Harold is participating in a meditative yoga class. What kind of brain wave would you expect Harold to display? theta wave beta wave alpha wave delta wave
answer
alpha wave
question
Some scientists typically think of consciousness as a product of __________. A. the conversations and social interactions experienced in childhood B. the interaction of electrical signals from the brain's synapses C. an ancestral consciousness, shared among all organisms D. the cultural accumulation of knowledge and understanding
answer
b
question
The reason that people do not become overwhelmed by their environments is that consciousness allows people the awareness to __________. A. learn to observe all stimuli at once B. rewire the brain to have more capacity C. selectively focus on certain stimuli D. remember the feeling of calmness
answer
c
question
According to Freud, the deepest level of a person's consciousness will __________. affect the storage and recall of memories not influence a person's behaviors help the person process incoming stimuli be outside the awareness of the person
answer
be outside the awareness of the person
question
The differences between each stage of consciousness are easy to recognize. t/f?
answer
false
question
Freud identified four levels of consciousness. t/f?
answer
false
question
An EEG measures the electrical output of the brain by using sensors that are attached to someone's hands and feet. t/f?
answer
false
question
According to Freud, the preconscious level of consciousness would be used to __________. A. pay attention to one's sore feet B. perceive an approaching car C. recall one's memories of childhood D. urge one to eat more potato chips
answer
c
question
Delta waves are the type of brain waves associated with alertness. t/f?
answer
false
question
One's consciousness changes as one encounters new experiences. t/f?
answer
true
question
Sigmund Freud's three levels of consciousness include all of the following except the __________. A. unconscious B. preconscious C. postconscious D. conscious
answer
c
question
Consciousness appears to be an exclusive feature of organisms that develop civilizations. t/f?
answer
false
question
Consciousness refers to a state of awareness or alertness in which the subject is cognizant of one's environment and self. t/f?
answer
true
question
Of the following statements, which does not describe a key feature of consciousness? A. Consciousness is continuous. B. Consciousness is selective. C. Consciousness is permanent. D. Consciousness is private.
answer
c