Lecci贸n 6 - Estructura 6.4 - Autoevaluaci贸n

6 September 2022
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question
*transformar*
answer
Make the singular sentences plural and the plural sentences singular. Follow the model.
Explanation: In Spanish, the word transformar" means "to transform." This is a verb that is used to describe the act of changing something into something else. For example, you could use the verb "transformar" to describe the act of turning a piece of paper into a origami crane."
question
1. Estas faldas elegantes est谩n de moda. 2. 驴Compraste aquel traje marr贸n? 3. Estos sombreros cuestan cuarenta d贸lares. 4. Pienso comprar aquellas camisas verdes. 5. Esa vendedora est谩 organizando los zapatos.
answer
1. Esta falda elegante est谩 de moda. 2. 驴Compraste aquellos trajes marrones? 3. Este sombrero cuesta cuarenta d贸lares. 4. Pienso comprar aquella camisa verde. 5. Esas vendedoras est谩n organizando los zapatos.
Explanation: 1. These elegant skirts are in fashion.2. Did you buy that brown suit?3. These hats cost forty dollars.4. I think I'll buy those green shirts.5. That saleswoman is organizing the shoes.
question
*Completar*
answer
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate demonstrative pronouns.
Explanation: The question is asking for the definition of the word completar."Completar means to finish or to complete."
question
1. Esa revista es aburrida. Prefiero _______ (this one). 2. 隆Hay muchas gangas aqu铆! Voy a comprar estas botas y tambi茅n _______ (those over there). 3. No me gustan esos museos. 驴Por qu茅 no visitamos _______ (this one)? 4. Yo trabajo en este restaurante y Joaqu铆n trabaja en _______ (that one). 5. Primero vamos a este almac茅n y luego vamos a _______ (that one over there).
answer
1. esta 2. aquellas 3. este 4. ese 5. aquel
Explanation: 1. This one is more interesting.2. Those are on sale, I'm going to buy them and those over there.3. I don't like those museums. Why don't we visit this one?4. I work at this restaurant and Joaquin works at that one.5. First we're going to this store and then we'll go to that one over there.
question
*Escoger*
answer
Select the appropriate demonstrative word and then write the correct form to complete each conversation.
Explanation: Escoger" is a Spanish verb that means "to choose." When conjugated, it changes to "escog铆," "escogiste," "escogi贸," "escogimos," "escogisteis," or "escogieron." In order to use this verb correctly, you must first identify the subject and then conjugate the verb accordingly. For example, if you wanted to say "I choose," you would say "escog铆.""
question
1. 鈥擬e gustan los abrigos que est谩n cerca de la caja. 鈥斅 _______ (este, ese) abrigos que est谩n all铆? 2. (con una llave en la mano) 鈥擲e帽ora, _______ (este, aquel) es la llave de su habitaci贸n. 鈥擥racias. Es la habitaci贸n n煤mero 512, 驴no? 3. 鈥擯erd贸n, 驴d贸nde est谩 la biblioteca? 鈥擳ienes que caminar un poco. 驴Ves _______ (este, aquel) puerta que est谩 all谩 (over there), detr谩s de la cafeter铆a? 4. 鈥斅縎abes qu茅? Los jugadores de este equipo hacen trabajo voluntario con ni帽os pobres. 鈥 _______ (este, eso) es muy interesante.
answer
1. Esos 2. esta 3. aquella 4. Eso
Explanation: 1. 鈥擨 like the coats that are near the box. 鈥擶hich ones? those coats that are there?2. (with a key in hand) 鈥擬a'am, this is the key to your room. 鈥擳hank you. Is that room number 512, right?3. 鈥擡xcuse me, where is the library? 鈥擸ou have to walk a little. Do you see that door that's over there, behind the cafeteria?4. 鈥擸ou know what? The players on this team do volunteer work with poor children. 鈥擳hat's very interesting.
question
*Oraciones*
answer
Write sentences with the information provided. Use the preterite and make any necessary changes.
Explanation: In Spanish, an *oraci贸n* (sentence) is a grammatical unit consisting of a subject (usually a noun or pronoun) and a predicate (usually a verb). A sentence typically expresses a complete thought and may include one or more subordinate clauses.In Spanish, as in other languages, a sentence must have a minimum of two words, a subject and a verb, in order to be considered grammatically complete. However, a sentence can be much longer and can include multiple subordinate clauses. The following are examples of Spanish sentences of varying length and complexity:* subject + verb: Juan come. (Juan is eating.)* subject + verb + direct object: Juan come manzanas. (Juan is eating apples.)* subject + verb + indirect object + direct object: Juan le da manzanas a Mar铆a. (Juan is giving apples to Maria.)* subject + verb + adverb: Juan come r谩pido. (Juan is eating quickly.)* subject + verb + prepositional phrase: Juan come en la cocina. (Juan is eating in the kitchen.)* subject + verb + subordinate clause: Juan come cuando Mar铆a no est谩. (Juan is eating when Maria isn't there.)In Spanish, as in other languages, the order of words in a sentence can be changed to emphasize certain words or to change the meaning of the sentence. For example, the sentence Juan come manzanas" (Juan is eating apples) can be changed to "Manzanas come Juan" to mean "Apples, Juan is eating them" (i.e., Juan is the one eating the apples, not someone else)."
question
1. yo / llevar / este / reloj / la semana pasada 2. 驴cu谩ndo / encontrar / (t煤) / ese / corbata? 3. ayer / nosotros / o铆r / este / m煤sica / en la fiesta 4. Juanjo / venderle / aquel / libros / a Raquel
answer
1. Yo llev茅 este reloj la semana pasada. 2. 驴Cu谩ndo encontraste esa corbata? 3. Ayer nosotros o铆mos esta m煤sica en la fiesta. 4. Juanjo le vendi贸 aquellos libros a Raquel.
Explanation: 1. I was wearing this watch last week.2. When did you find that tie?3. We heard this music yesterday at the party.4. Juanjo sold those books to Raquel.