History 1302 Chapter 16

28 August 2022
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Two of the Gilded Age's leading business figures were
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Thomas A. Scott and Andrew Carnegie
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The phrase that best captures the vision of the Knights of Labor is:
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Cooperative commonwealth
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hich of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
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Munn v. Illinois; Wabash v. Illinois; Interstate Commerce Act; Lochner v. New York
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Which of the following was not true of the second industrial revolution?
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A boom in automobile manufacture spurred the rise of oil, rubber, and steel production.
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Which of the following was not a major reason for the decline and subjugation of the American Indian?
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Indifference to the advantages of guns and horses weakened Indian resistance to U.S. military power.
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Which of the following was not a theme of Social Darwinism?
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The growing gulf between the haves and the have-nots poses a dire threat to American freedom.
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Which of the following was not a focus of debate between Democrats and Republicans during the Gilded Age?
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federal income tax levels
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Which of the following was not a key episode of the "great upheaval" of 1886?
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America's first nationwide railroad strike
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Which was not a central factor in the explosive economic growth in the second Industrial Revolution?
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low tariffs
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According to Eric Foner, the federal government contributed to the dynamic and expansive growth of the American economy in the late nineteenth century by:
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granting land to railroads, removing Indians from desirable lands in the West, and enacting high tariffs.
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By 1913, the United States produced how much of the world's industrial output?
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one-third
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Which census revealed for the first time that there were more non-farming jobs than farming jobs in the United States?
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1880
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Between 1870 in 1920, how many immigrants arrived from overseas?
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25 million
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The Industrial Revolution in the United States took place principally in:
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the Northeast and the Midwest.
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The spirit of innovation contributed importantly to the dynamic and expansive growth of the American economy in the late nineteenth century. Which of the following was not an innovation of the 1870s and 1880s?
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the airplane
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In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the years from 1873 to 1897 were known as:
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the Great Depression.
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All of the following were Captains of Industry except:
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samuel gompers
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In 1890 the distribution of wealth in the United States was:
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the top 1 percent of Americans owned more property than the remaining 99 percent
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What Indian chief said, "If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian he can live in peace. There need be no trouble. Treat all men alike. Give them the same law. Give them all and even chance to live and grow"? Answer Selected Answer:
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Chief Joseph
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The 1887 Dawes Act: Answer Selected Answer: .
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led to the loss of tribal lands, and the erosion of Indian cultural traditions
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The politics of Gilded Age America was said to be: Answer Selected Answer:
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a time of dishonesty and corruption in which corporations battled each other for special consideration by local state and federal governments.
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The political "boss" of New York City in the early 1870s was: Answer Selected Answer:
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William Marcy Tweed.
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In the late nineteenth century, the Republican Party found particularly strong support among all of the following except: Answer Selected Answer:
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Irish-Americans.
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The first federal agency intended to regulate economic activity, and ensure that railroad rates were reasonable and favoritism avoided was: Answer Selected Answer:
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The Interstate Commerce Commission
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What was the name of the organization that sought to organize both skilled and unskilled workers, women as well as men, blacks along with whites, and achieved a membership of nearly 800,000 in 1886? Answer Selected Answer:
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the Knights of Labor
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The book in which Henry George proposed a "single tax" on real estate that would replace all other taxes: Answer Selected Answer:
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Progress and Poverty
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Which of the following can be associated with the death of the Knights of Labor? Answer Selected Answer:
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Haymarket Square
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Which of the following best describes the "Ghost Dance?" Answer Selected Answer:
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feared by U. S. Army officials
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Which of the following was John D. Rockefeller's Company? Answer Selected Answer:
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Standard Oil Company
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Which type of industry did Andrew Carnegie make his fortune? Answer Selected Answer:
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steel
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During the second industrial revolution, wage labor became America's leading source of livelihood. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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With the mechanization of manufacture, skilled workers virtually disappeared from industrial America. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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Wage reductions were commonplace during economic downturns. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The West was a remarkably homogeneous regionβ€”only in the twentieth century would it become ethnically diverse. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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The extermination of the North American bison (buffalo) drastically undermined the livelihood of the Plains Indians. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The Democrats were the party of big government; the Republicans were the party of laissez-faire. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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Neither of the two main political parties embraced any serious federal program to cushion citizens from poverty or unemployment. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The Knights of Labor regarded inequalities of wealth and power as a growing threat to American democracy. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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During the two decades following the Civil War which were known as the golden age of the cattle kingdom, cowboys were highly paid. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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The new Indian tribes that migrated to the Great Plains were greeted with open arms and friendly words by the Indians already living there. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant announced a new "peace policy" in the West. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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Following the Civil War generals like Philip H. Sheridan set out to destroy the foundations of the Indian economy. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The most famous Indian victory in American history took place in June 1876 when General George A. Custer and his 250 men perished. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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On 29 December 1890, soldiers killed between 150 and 200 Indians, most women and children, near Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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By the early 1890s, a pension system for Union soldiers, their widows and children, consumed more than 40 percent of the federal budget. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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American presidents during the Gilded Age exerted strong, effective, executive leadership. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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The Civil Service Act of 1883 marked the first step in establishing a professional civil service and removing officeholding from the hands of political machines. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, which banned combinations and practices that restrain free trade, proved an immediate success, both for its clarity of language and ease of enforcement. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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According to Social Darwinism, government should seek to help the poor, and build an activist state to regulate the nation's corporations. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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Yale professor William Graham Sumner believed that America could achieve its ideals only with fair, progressive, taxation. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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The term "Lochnerism" derived from the 1905 Supreme Court decision Lochner v. New York, in which the Court voided the state's law establishing a 10-hour day maximum for bakers. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The Social Gospel movement concentrated on attacking individual sins such as drinking and Sabbath-breaking and saw nothing immoral about the pursuit of riches. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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The Haymarket Affair resulted in the hanging of four convicted anarchists. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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At the Battle of Little Big Horn, General George Armstrong Custer's troops were victorious. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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In the late 1800s, California tried to attract immigrants by advertising its pleasant climate and the availability of land, although large-scale corporate farms were coming to dominate the state's agriculture. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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"Vertically integration" is defined as one company controlling every phase of the business from raw materials to transportation, manufacturing, and distribution. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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The Electricity Building at the Chicago World's Fair of 1893 astonished visitors and illustrated how electricity was changing the visual landscape. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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Ida Tarbell authored the famous novel House of Mirth, which depicted the downfall of a young woman trying to "marry up" in society. Answer Selected Answer:
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False
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By the 1880s, the labor situation was as such that Texas cowboys even went on strike for higher pay. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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A significant amount of Mexican-era landholdings were made available for sale because United States courts only recognized land titles to individual plots of land. Answer Selected Answer:
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True
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Inspired in part by President Garfield's assassination by a disappointed office seeker, the Civil Service Act of 1883 created a merit system for federal employees, Answer Selected Answer:
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True