HIST 2020 Chapter 20

24 August 2022
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question
Which group or groups took part in the February 1892 St. Louis gathering, which evolved into the People's Party?
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Farmers, labor unionists, and women's leaders
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What issues formed the basis of farmers' dissatisfaction in the late nineteenth century?
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Banking, railroading, and speculation
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Which of the following describes the relationship between Southern Farmers' Alliance and the Colored Farmers' Alliance?
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They disagreed on some issues but worked together on others.
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The Farmers' Alliance movement of the 1880s aimed to help farmers
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by sponsoring cooperatives that would give them greater economic independence
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By 1892, the Farmers' Alliance had become
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The People's Party
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How did the Populists propose to help American farmers in the 1890s?
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They recommended creating a government-sponsored sub-treasury.
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The Populists' plan to help western farmers in the 1890s included
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land reform and government ownership of railroads and telegraph lines.
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The platform of the People's Party in the 1890s
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presented an alternative vision of economic democracy
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What occurrence sparked the Homestead lockout and the ensuing strike in 1892?
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The Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers tried to renew its contract.
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What decision made by Henry Clay Frick led to the deaths and injuries that took place at the Homestead mill in 1892?
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The hiring of Pinkertons to enter the plant via the river
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Which of the following characterizes the workers' strike at the Homestead plant in 1892?
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A contest between workers' rights and property rights
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What was the outcome of the four-and-a-half-month-long strike at the Homestead mill?
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The strikers returned to work minus their union leaders.
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What issue triggered the Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894?
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Owners attempted to lengthen the workday from eight to ten hours.
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Compared to the Homestead lockout, labor's success at Cripple Creek demonstrated
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the importance of state support in the outcome of labor disputes.
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Which of the following problems was a drawback of living in the town of Pullman, Illinois?
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The high rents
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One of the root causes of the major strike at the Pullman plant in 1893 was
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the company's attempts to control the work process.
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Which event led to the end of the Pullman strike of 1893?
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The courts issued an injunction leading to the imprisonment of Eugene Debs.
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After his six-month jail sentence for his part in the Pullman strike, union leader Eugene Debs believed that
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workers must take control and establish a socialist state.
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Which one of the United States allowed women to vote in 1890?
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Wyoming
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Why did the American temperance movement attract women in the late nineteenth century?
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Drunkenness adversely affected women in many ways
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After Frances Willard assumed the presidency of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union in 1879, the focus of the organization gradually changed to include
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social action, labor conditions, and women's voting rights
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By 1900, the WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Union) could claim credit for
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providing a generation of women with experience in political action.
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Which of the following describes the National Woman Suffrage Association, which Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony formed in 1869?
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It demanded the vote for women.
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The unification of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890 signaled
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the beginning of a promising new era in women's fight for the vote.
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What was one outcome of the depression of 1893 in the United States?
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The unemployment of nearly half of the labor force
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In 1894, Jacob S. Coxey led thousands of unemployed people to Washington to propose a plan to
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put the jobless to work building roads.
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How did the People's Party fare in the presidential election of 1892?
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The People's Party captured more than a million votes
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In the mid-1890s, the American press portrayed the Populist Party as
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Cranks, lunatics, and idiots
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Which issue sparked conflict in the Democratic and Republican Parties as the election of 1896 approached and the depression worsened?
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The unlimited coinage of silver
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Which candidate made the he eloquent plea for free silverβ€”"Do not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold"β€” in 1896?
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William Jennings Bryan
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What factor posed a major obstacle to the alignment of the Populists and Democrats in the election of 1896?
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William Jennings Bryan's running mate, Arthur Sewall
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At the St. Louis People's Party convention in 1896, the Populist delegates decided to
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nominate Tom Watson for vice president despite Bryan's resistance to the idea.
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What made presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan's 1896 campaign particularly notable?
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He set a new style for presidential campaigning by traveling and speaking widely.
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What was the impact of the 1896 election on the Populist Party?
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The Populist Party was the biggest loser
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What made America's foreign policy paradoxical in 1900?
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The country wanted to keep the Western Hemisphere closed to outside influences yet also desired access to Asia
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Some Americans called for U.S. expansion in the 1890s to
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Acquire new markets
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How did the federal government respond when American sugar interests requested that the United States annex Hawaii in 1893?
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President Cleveland withdrew the annexation request from Congress when he learned the Hawaiians opposed it
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In addition to economic motivations, which factor contributed to U.S. expansion overseas in the 1890s?
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Christian missionaries' eagerness to spread the gospel
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The Boxer uprising in China in 1899 targeted
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Missionaries and their families
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What were the chief priorities of American diplomacy at the end of the nineteenth century?
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The protection of the Monroe Doctrine and Open Door policy from German and Japanese expansion into the Pacific and Asia
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What position did President Cleveland take in the 1895 border dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana that tested the Monroe Doctrine?
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America had the right to step in and mediate.
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The U.S. role in the 1895 border crisis in Venezuela signaled to the world that
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the United States had achieved hegemony in Latin America and the Caribbean.
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Secretary of State John Hay initiated the Open Door policy in 1900
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to guarantee access to trade in China for all colonial powers.
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What did the United States hope to gain through the Spanish-American War?
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Cuban independence from Spain, American trade with Cuba, and Asian expansion
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What occurrence provoked America's entrance into the Spanish-American War in 1898?
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Pressure by the press and the sinking of the Maine
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Which of these men became the most famous man in America after the Spanish-American War?
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Theodore Roosevelt
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The Platt Amendment in the 1898 Cuban constitution
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Gave the United States the power to oversee Cuban debt
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The Treaty of Paris that ended the war with Spain ceded which islands to the United States?
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Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
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For what reason was it difficult for the United States to win control of the Philippines after 1898?
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Filipino revolutionaries fought against the United States for seven years.
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For what reason did William Jennings Bryan and other anti-imperialists oppose foreign acquisitions for the United States?
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Those acquisitions would lead to higher taxes and the need for a larger standing army